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Born-digital

born digitaldigital-borndigitally born
It involves planning, resource allocation, and application of preservation methods and technologies, and it combines policies, strategies and actions to ensure access to reformatted and "born-digital" content, regardless of the challenges of media failure and technological change.
It is most often used in relation to digital libraries and the issues that go along with said organizations, such as digital preservation and intellectual property.

File fixity

fixity
File fixity is the property of a digital file being fixed, or unchanged.
File fixity is a digital preservation term referring to the property of a digital file being fixed, or unchanged.

Emulator

emulationemulatedemulate
Without the source code an adaption (Porting) on modern computing hardware or operating system is most often impossible, therefore the original hardware and software context needs to be emulated.
Emulation is a strategy in digital preservation to combat obsolescence.

Digitization

digitizeddigitizingdigitize
It involves planning, resource allocation, and application of preservation methods and technologies, and it combines policies, strategies and actions to ensure access to reformatted and "born-digital" content, regardless of the challenges of media failure and technological change.
A fundamental aspect of planning digitization projects is to ensure that the digital files themselves are preserved and remain accessible; the term "digital preservation," in its most basic sense, refers to an array of activities undertaken to maintain access to digital materials over time.

Open Archival Information System

OAISOpen Archival Information System (OAIS)(OAIS)
To standardize digital preservation practice and provide a set of recommendations for preservation program implementation, the Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) was developed.
Although originally developed by the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, a body dedicated to overseeing space agencies, as digital preservation has become a discipline unto itself, the OAIS has become the standard model for digital preservation systems at many institutions and organizations.

Digital Curation Centre

Digital Curation Center
Digital Repository Audit Method Based On Risk Assessment (DRAMBORA), introduced by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC) and DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE) in 2007, offers a methodology and a toolkit for digital repository risk assessment.
The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) was established to help solve the extensive challenges of digital preservation and digital curation and to lead research, development, advice, and support services for higher education institutions in the United Kingdom.

Library science

librarianshiplibraryLibrary and Information Science
In library and archival science, digital preservation is a formal endeavor to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible and usable.
Examples of activities managed by preservation librarians include binding, conservation, digital and analog reformatting, digital preservation, and environmental monitoring.

Luciana Duranti

Under the direction of archival science professor Luciana Duranti, the project began in 1999 with the first phase, InterPARES 1, which ran to 2001 and focused on establishing requirements for authenticity of inactive records generated and maintained in large databases and document management systems created by government agencies.
Since 1998, she has been the director of the electronic records research project, InterPARES.

Jeffrey Schnapp

Jeffrey T. Schnapp
The ongoing maintenance necessary to digital preservation is analogous to the successful, centuries-old, community upkeep of the Uffington White Horse (according to Stuart M. Shieber) or the Ise Grand Shrine (according to Jeffrey Schnapp).
It discusses the importance of databases, digital preservation, mobile libraries, serendipity, cloistering, and meatspaces, and mentions initiatives such as Rio de Janeiro's Manguinhos Library Park, the pop-up Occupy Wall Street Library, Chattanooga Public Library's makerspace, the Digital Public Library of America, and London's Idea Store.

Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies

PREMISPreservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS)PREMIS (Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies)
Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS), an international working group, sought to "define implementable, core preservation metadata, with guidelines/recommendations" to support digital preservation efforts by clarifying what the metadata is and its usage.

Archival appraisal

appraisalappraisingDutch Manual
Archival appraisal (or, alternatively, selection ) refers to the process of identifying records and other materials to be preserved by determining their permanent value.
Other informational professionals have also connected appraisal to digital curation of data, saying that one of the key areas of digital curation and digital preservation is selection and appraisal of materials.

Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems

CCSDSCCSDS JDConsultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS)
A system for the "audit and certification of trustworthy digital repositories" was developed by the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and published as ISO standard 16363 on 15 February 2012.
Other standards include XML Telemetric and Command Exchange and frameworks such as the Mission Operations Services Concept and the Open Archival Information System, the latter a model also adopted by the broader Digital preservation and Data curation community.

Digital repository audit method based on risk assessment

DRAMBORA
Digital Repository Audit Method Based On Risk Assessment (DRAMBORA), introduced by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC) and DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE) in 2007, offers a methodology and a toolkit for digital repository risk assessment.
The digital repository audit method based on risk assessment (DRAMBORA) is a methodology and associated software-based toolkit developed by Digital Curation Centre (DCC) and DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE) to support the assessment of digital preservation repositories.

Digital obsolescence

obsolescencePhysical media obsolescencesoftware is technologically obsolete
Physical media obsolescence can occur when access to digital content requires external dependencies that are no longer manufactured, maintained, or supported.

Preservation metadata

Preservation metadata is a key component of digital preservation, and includes information that documents the preservation process.

National Digital Preservation Program

National Digital Preservation Program (NDPP)
Keeping the foresight of rapidly changing technologies and rampant digital obsolescence, in 2008, the R & D in IT Group, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India envisaged to evolve Indian digital preservation initiative.

File format

formatfile formatsformats
This may include conversion of resources from one file format to another (e.g., conversion of Microsoft Word to PDF or OpenDocument) or from one operating system to another (e.g., Windows to Linux) so the resource remains fully accessible and functional.
Although not yet widely used outside of UK government and some digital preservation programmes, the PUID scheme does provide greater granularity than most alternative schemes.

List of digital preservation initiatives

This is a list of digital preservation initiatives aimed at the digitisation of previously existing media or preserve existing digital archives.

Data degradation

bit rotData rotbitrot
Refreshing is the transfer of data between two types of the same storage medium so there are no bitrot changes or alteration of data.

Charles M. Dollar

Charles DollarCharles M Dollar
Charles M Dollar, an internationally recognized expert on the life cycle management of electronic records, particularly electronic records archiving, pioneered research into digital preservation of electronic records.

Web archiving

Web Archivearchivedarchived websites
Web archiving is the process of collecting portions of the World Wide Web to ensure the information is preserved in an archive for future researchers, historians, and the public.

Digital dark age

Dark Agesdigital "dark age
The digital dark age also applies to the problems which arise due to obsolete file formats.

UVC-based preservation

Universal Virtual ComputerUVC
Raymond A. Lorie has suggested a Universal Virtual Computer (UVC) could be used to run any software in the future on a yet unknown platform.
UVC-based preservation is an archival strategy for handling the preservation of digital objects.

Enumerate (project)

ENUMERATE
ENUMERATE is a collaborative project, led by Collections Trust in the United Kingdom and funded by the European Commission, to create "a reliable baseline of statistical data about digitization, digital preservation and online access to cultural heritage in Europe".