Digital television transition

digital switchoveranalog shutdowntransitionswitchoveranalog switchoffdigital transitionswitched offprocess of conversionAnalogue Switch Offanalogue switch-off
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover (DSO), the analog switch-off (ASO), the digital migration, or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting technology is converted to and replaced by digital television.wikipedia
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Digital terrestrial television

digitalDTTdigital terrestrial
Conducted by individual nations on different schedules, this primarily involves the conversion of analog terrestrial television broadcasting infrastructure to digital terrestrial (DTT), a major benefit being extra frequencies on the radio spectrum and lower broadcasting costs, as well as improved viewing qualities for consumers.
Test broadcasts began in 1998 with the changeover to DTTV (aka Analog Switchoff (ASO) or Digital Switchover (DSO)) beginning in 2006 and is now complete in many countries.

Analog television

analoganalogueanalogue television
Conducted by individual nations on different schedules, this primarily involves the conversion of analog terrestrial television broadcasting infrastructure to digital terrestrial (DTT), a major benefit being extra frequencies on the radio spectrum and lower broadcasting costs, as well as improved viewing qualities for consumers. The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover (DSO), the analog switch-off (ASO), the digital migration, or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting technology is converted to and replaced by digital television.
Motivated by the lower bandwidth requirements of compressed digital signals, since the 2000s a digital television transition is proceeding in most countries of the world, with different deadlines for cessation of analog broadcasts.

Digital television

digitaldigital TVDTV
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover (DSO), the analog switch-off (ASO), the digital migration, or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting technology is converted to and replaced by digital television.
However, after the transition of many countries to digital TV, no portable radio manufacturer has yet developed an alternative method for portable radios to play just the audio signal of digital TV channels.

ATSC standards

ATSCdigitalATSC standard
In addition, governments can also have a say with the broadcasters as to what digital standard to adopt - either DVB-T, ATSC, ISDB-T, or DTMB.
Other former users of NTSC, like Japan, have not used ATSC during their digital television transition because they adopted their own system called ISDB.

Broadcasting

broadcastbroadcasterbroadcasters
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover (DSO), the analog switch-off (ASO), the digital migration, or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting technology is converted to and replaced by digital television.

SECAM

SÉCAMCIS-SECAMSECAM L
All the countries using SECAM are currently in the process of conversion, or have already converted to DVB, the new pan-European standard for digital television.

PAL

colour television25pPAL-N
All the countries using PAL are currently in the process of conversion, or have already converted standards to DVB, ISDB or DTMB.

NTSC

analogNTSC-M30p
All the countries using NTSC are currently in the process of conversion, or have already converted to the ATSC standard, or to DVB, ISDB or DTMB.

Coupon-eligible converter box

CECBCECBsdigital converter boxes
In the United States, the government subsidized the purchase of such boxes for consumers via their coupon-eligible converter box program in 2009, funded by a small part of the billions of dollars brought in by a spectrum auction.
The subsidy program was enacted to provide over-the-air television viewers with an affordable way to continue receiving free digital over-the-air television services after the nation's television service transitioned to digital transmission and analog transmissions ceased.

Very high frequency

VHFVHF radioVHF band
This date was generally viewed as an internationally mandated analog switch-off date, at least along national borders - except for those operating on the VHF band which would be allowed until 17 June 2020.
As part of the worldwide transition to digital terrestrial television most countries require broadcasters to air television in the VHF range using digital rather than analog format.

DVB-T2

T2DVB T2DVB-T2 (where available)
Ofcom published its final decision on 3 April 2008, for HDTV using DVB-T2 and H.264: BBC HD would have one HD slot after digital switchover (DSO) at Granada.

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
Digital television transition has been completed in 2015 with DVB-T2 standard for signal transmission.

Spectrum auction

auctionFCC Spectrum auctionauctions
In the United States, the government subsidized the purchase of such boxes for consumers via their coupon-eligible converter box program in 2009, funded by a small part of the billions of dollars brought in by a spectrum auction.
Before the auction the Slovak Republic executed the process of releasing the 790–862 MHz frequency band (e.g. digital television transition), defined as a digital dividend for broadband networks to provide electronic telecommunication services.

Television set

TV settelevision receivertelevisions
It is an involved process because the existing analog television receivers owned by viewers cannot receive digital broadcasts; viewers must either purchase new digital TVs, or converter boxes which change the digital signal to an analog signal or some other form of a digital signal (i.e. HDMI) which can be received on the older TV.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
Since the digital switchover in April 2010, the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh.

Set-top box

set top boxset-top boxesSTB
The transition to digital terrestrial television after the turn of the millennium left many existing television receivers unable to tune and display the new signal directly.

Freeview (UK)

FreeviewFreeview HDFreeview+
On 16 July 2013, Ofcom announced that up to 10 new HD channels would be launched by early 2014, using new capacity made available by the digital switchover.

Digital dividend after digital television transition

digital dividendDDDigital Dividend (EU)
The digital dividend refers to the radio spectrum which is released in the process of digital television transition.

New Caledonia

New-CaledoniaNouvelle-CalédonieNCL
Analogue television broadcasts ended in September 2011, completing the digital television transition in New Caledonia.

Wilmington, North Carolina

WilmingtonWilmington, NCWilmington, N.C.
As the area's official conduit of emergency information, WUNJ did not participate in the early analog switchoff, and kept their analog signal on until the national digital switchover date of June 12, 2009.

Mildura

Mildura, VictoriaMildura, AustraliaVictoria
The Sunraysia region, including the city of Mildura, was the first region in Australia to switch off analogue TV broadcast in the implementation of the country's DTV transition process.

Class A television service

Class AClass A televisionClass A television station
Unlike full-service stations, class-A television stations are not subject to limits on common ownership which restrict full-power twinstick or duopoly operations; they were required to cease analog broadcasting in 2015, as opposed to 2009 for full-power stations.

ISDB

ISDB-TIntegrated Services Digital BroadcastingISDB-S
In addition, governments can also have a say with the broadcasters as to what digital standard to adopt - either DVB-T, ATSC, ISDB-T, or DTMB.
This service used the VHF band, 207.5–222 MHz which began to be utilised after Japan's switchover to digital television in July 2011.

StarTimes

StarTimes (Africa)StarTimes SportsStarTimes Uganda
Africa is going through digital television migration.

Radio spectrum

bandradio bandspectrum
Conducted by individual nations on different schedules, this primarily involves the conversion of analog terrestrial television broadcasting infrastructure to digital terrestrial (DTT), a major benefit being extra frequencies on the radio spectrum and lower broadcasting costs, as well as improved viewing qualities for consumers.