Diplomacy

diplomatic relationsdiplomatdiplomaticforeign relationsdiplomatsenvoyinternational diplomacydiplomatic tiesrelationsdiplomatic negotiations
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.wikipedia
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Diplomatic mission

embassyembassiesdiplomatic missions
Since the early 20th century, diplomacy has become increasingly professionalized, being carried out by accredited career diplomats supported by staff and diplomatic infrastructure, such as consulates and embassies.
In practice, the phrase diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy, which is the main office of a country's diplomatic representatives to another country; this is usually, but not necessarily, in the receiving state's capital city.

International relations

international affairsinternational politicsforeign relations
It usually refers to the conduct of international relations through the intercession of professional diplomats with regard to a full range of topical issues.
The scope of international relations encompasses issues such as globalization, diplomatic relations, state sovereignty, international security, ecological sustainability, nuclear proliferation, nationalism, economic development, global finance, terrorism, and human rights.

Politician

statesmanpolitical figurepoliticians
International treaties, agreements, alliances, and other manifestations of foreign policy are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians.

Sun Tzu

SunziSun TsuSun Wu
One of the earliest realists in international relations theory was the 6th century BC military strategist Sun Tzu (d.
The text outlines theories of battle, but also advocates diplomacy and the cultivation of relationships with other nations as essential to the health of a state.

Sublime Porte

PorteOttoman PorteHigh Porte
Relations with the government of the Ottoman Empire (known to Italian states as the Sublime Porte) were particularly important to Italian states.
"Sublime Porte" was used in the context of diplomacy by Western states, as their diplomats were received at the porte (meaning "gate").

Renaissance

the RenaissanceEarly RenaissanceEuropean Renaissance
In Europe, early modern diplomacy's origins are often traced to the states of Northern Italy in the early Renaissance, with the first embassies being established in the 13th century.
In politics, the Renaissance contributed to the development of the customs and conventions of diplomacy, and in science to an increased reliance on observation and inductive reasoning.

Diplomatic rank

MinisterSpecial EnvoyFirst Secretary
After the fall of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna of 1815 established an international system of diplomatic rank.
Diplomatic rank is a system of professional and social rank used in the world of diplomacy and international relations.

Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty

peace treatyearliest known peace treatyEgyptian-Hittite peace treaty
Following the Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC during the Nineteenth dynasty, the pharaoh of Egypt and the ruler of the Hittite Empire created one of the first known international peace treaties, which survives in, now generally called the Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty.
In that light, it became increasingly important for Ramesses to obtain an international victory through diplomacy to bolster his deeds as pharaoh.

Persona non grata

personae non grataetravel banpersona non-grata
If a diplomat does commit a serious crime while in a host country he or she may be declared as persona non grata (unwanted person).
In diplomacy, a persona non grata (Latin: "person not appreciated", plural: personae non gratae) is a foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government.

Consul (representative)

consulconsulateConsul General
Since the early 20th century, diplomacy has become increasingly professionalized, being carried out by accredited career diplomats supported by staff and diplomatic infrastructure, such as consulates and embassies.

Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer
Another notable event in Chinese diplomacy was the Chinese embassy mission of Zhou Daguan to the Khmer Empire of Cambodia in the 13th century.
Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (EU), Japan, and Russia.

Diplomatic immunity

immunitydiplomats immunity from arrestimmune
This sanctity has come to be known as diplomatic immunity.
The incident caused a breakdown in diplomatic relations until Libya admitted "general responsibility" in 1999.

American Institute in Taiwan

American Institute in Taiwan (AIT)AITAmerican Cultural Center
Currently, the United States and other nations maintain informal relations through de facto embassies, with names such as the American Institute in Taiwan.
The establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1979 required acknowledgment of the "One-China policy" and subsequent termination of diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan).

Track II diplomacy

Track IImulti-track diplomacyback-channel
Informal diplomacy (sometimes called Track II diplomacy) has been used for centuries to communicate between powers.
Track II diplomacy or "backchannel diplomacy" is the practice of "non-governmental, informal and unofficial contacts and activities between private citizens or groups of individuals, sometimes called 'non-state actors. It contrasts with track I diplomacy, which is official, governmental diplomacy that occur inside official government channels. However, track two diplomacy is not a substitute for track one diplomacy. Rather, it is there to assist official actors to manage and resolve conflicts by exploring possible solutions derived from the public view and without the requirements of formal negotiation or bargaining for advantage. In addition, the term track 1.5 diplomacy is used by some analysts to define a situation where official and non-official actors cooperate in conflict resolution.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
As foreign powers such as France and Spain became increasingly involved in Italian politics the need to accept emissaries was recognized.
After the return of democracy following the death of Franco in 1975, Spain's foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations, enter the European Community, and define security relations with the West.

Twitter diplomacy

Twitter
Technological advances and the advent of digital diplomacy now allow instant communication with foreign public, and methods such as Facebook diplomacy and Twitter diplomacy are increasingly used by world leaders and diplomats.
Twitter diplomacy, also "Twiplomacy" or "hashtag diplomacy", is the use of social network and microblogging website, Twitter, by heads of state, leaders of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), and their diplomats to conduct diplomatic outreach and public diplomacy.

International law

public international lawinternationallaw of nations
The need for skilled individuals to staff embassies was met by the graduates of universities, and this led to a great increase in the study of international law, French, and history at universities throughout Europe.
If addressed, it may be through diplomacy and the consequences upon an offending state's reputation, submission to international judicial determination, arbitration, sanctions or force including war.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Today there are a number of independent entities without widespread diplomatic recognition, most notably the Republic of China (ROC)/Taiwan on Taiwan Island.
Both TECRO and TECO are "unofficial commercial entities" of the ROC in charge of maintaining diplomatic relations, providing consular services (i.e. visa applications), and serving the national interests of the ROC in other countries.

Diplomatic recognition

recognizedrecognitioninternational recognition
Diplomatic recognition is an important factor in determining whether a nation is an independent state.
Withdrawal of recognition of a government is a more severe act of disapproval than the breaking of diplomatic relations.

Ambassador

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaryambassadorscultural ambassador
The top rank of representatives was an ambassador.

Ernest Mason Satow

Ernest SatowSir Ernest SatowSatow
In retirement (1906–1929) at Ottery St Mary in Devon, England, he wrote mainly on subjects connected with diplomacy and international law.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

Foreign policy

foreign affairsforeignforeign relations
Diplomacy is the main instrument of foreign policy, which consists of the broader goals and strategies that guide a state's interactions with the rest of the world.

Treaty

treatiesinternational treatyinternational treaties
International treaties, agreements, alliances, and other manifestations of foreign policy are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians.

Amarna letters

Amarna letterAmarna letters–phrases and quotationsAmarna
Some of the earliest known diplomatic records are the Amarna letters written between the pharaohs of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt and the Amurru rulers of Canaan during the 14th century BC.