Diplomatic mission

embassyembassiesdiplomatic missionsmissionHead of ChanceryPermanent Missionambassadorial residencemission levelchancerymissions
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.wikipedia
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Diplomacy

diplomatic relationsdiplomatdiplomatic
In practice, the phrase diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy, which is the main office of a country's diplomatic representatives to another country; this is usually, but not necessarily, in the receiving state's capital city.
Since the early 20th century, diplomacy has become increasingly professionalized, being carried out by accredited career diplomats supported by staff and diplomatic infrastructure, such as consulates and embassies.

Ambassador

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaryambassadorscultural ambassador
The head of an embassy is known as an ambassador or high commissioner.
The host country typically allows the ambassador control of specific territory called an embassy, whose territory, staff, and vehicles are generally afforded diplomatic immunity in the host country.

Apostolic nunciature

nunciatureApostolic Nunciopapal nunciature
Some countries have more particular naming for their missions and staff: a Vatican mission is headed by a nuncio (Latin for "envoy") and consequently known as an apostolic nunciature.
An Apostolic Nunciature is a top-level diplomatic mission of the Holy See, equivalent to an embassy.

Chancery (diplomacy)

chancerychancerieschancellery
The term embassy is commonly used also as a section of a building in which the work of the diplomatic mission is carried out, but, strictly speaking, it is the diplomatic delegation itself that is the embassy, while the office space and the diplomatic work done is called the chancery.
A chancery is the type of building that houses a diplomatic mission or an embassy.

Nuncio

Apostolic Nunciopapal nuncioApostolic Delegate
Some countries have more particular naming for their missions and staff: a Vatican mission is headed by a nuncio (Latin for "envoy") and consequently known as an apostolic nunciature.
A nuncio is appointed by and represents the Holy See, and is the head of the diplomatic mission, called an Apostolic Nunciature, which is the equivalent of an embassy.

Legation

legationslegateLegation Office
In the past, a diplomatic mission headed by a lower-ranking official (an envoy or minister resident) was known as a legation.
A legation was a diplomatic representative office of lower rank than an embassy.

Embassy of the United Kingdom, Washington, D.C.

British EmbassyBritish Embassy in WashingtonBritish Embassy in Washington, D.C.
For instance, the United Kingdom has its Embassy of the United Kingdom in Washington, D.C., but also maintains seven consulates-general and four consulates elsewhere in the US.
The British Embassy Washington (commonly known in the United States as the Embassy of the United Kingdom, Washington, D.C.) is the British sovereign's diplomatic mission to the United States of America, representing the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom's interests.

Extraterritoriality

extraterritorialextraterritorial rightsextraterritorial status
Contrary to popular belief, most diplomatic missions do not enjoy full extraterritorial status and – in those cases – are not sovereign territory of the represented state.
Extraterritoriality can also be applied to physical places, such as foreign embassies, military bases of foreign countries, or offices of the United Nations.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

Vienna Convention1961 Vienna Convention1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
Rather, the premises of diplomatic missions usually remain under the jurisdiction of the host state while being afforded special privileges (such as immunity from most local laws) by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.
It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country.

List of people who took refuge in a diplomatic mission

fled to the Embassy
See the list of people who took refuge in a diplomatic mission for a list of some notable cases.
Because diplomatic missions, such as embassies and consulates, may not be entered by the host country without permission (even though they do not enjoy extraterritorial status), persons have from time to time taken refuge from a host-country's national authorities inside the embassy of another country.

Consul (representative)

consulconsulateConsul General
Consulates, on the other hand, are smaller diplomatic missions which are normally located in major cities of the receiving state (but can be located in the capital, usually when the sending country has no embassy in the receiving state).
The office of a consul is a consulate and is usually subordinate to the state's main representation in the capital of that foreign country (host state), usually an embassy or – between Commonwealth countries – high commission.

Deputy chief of mission

Deputy Head of MissionDeputy AmbassadorDCM
This is less drastic than cutting diplomatic relations completely, and the mission will still continue operating more or less normally, but it will now be headed by a chargé d'affaires (usually the deputy chief of mission) who may have limited powers.
A deputy chief of mission (DCM, in Europe the term deputy head of mission - DHoM or DHM is used instead), is the number-two diplomat assigned to an embassy or other diplomatic mission.

High commissioner (Commonwealth)

High CommissionerBritish High CommissionerHigh Commissioners
The head of an embassy is known as an ambassador or high commissioner.
In the Commonwealth of Nations, a high commissioner is the senior diplomat (generally ranking as an ambassador) in charge of the diplomatic mission of one Commonwealth government to another.

Japanese embassy hostage crisis

Japanese Embassy tunnelling under them126-day hostage crisis
Notable violations of embassy extraterritoriality include repeated invasions of the British Embassy, Beijing (1967), the Iran hostage crisis (1979–1981), and the Japanese embassy hostage crisis at the ambassador's residence in Lima, Peru (1996-1997).
Although strictly speaking the crisis took place at the ambassadorial residence in the upscale district of San Isidro rather than at the embassy proper, the media and others referred to it as the "Japanese embassy" hostage crisis, and that is how it is conventionally known.

Permanent representative

Permanent DelegatePermanent RepresentativesAmbassador to the United Nation
In the case of the UN's Food Agencies, the Head of Mission to the Italian Republic is usually accredited as permanent representative.
A permanent representative is a diplomat who is the head of a country’s diplomatic mission to an international organisation.

Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office

Taipei Economic and Cultural Officerepresents the interestsrepresentative office
Examples are the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices that represent the government of the Republic of China; Somaliland's Representative Offices in London, Addis Ababa, Rome, and Washington, D.C.; the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices that represent the government of that territory.
The Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO), also known as Taipei Economic and Cultural Office (TECO) or Taipei Representative Office (TRO), is an alternative to an embassy or a consulate which handles the foreign affairs and citizen services of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in countries that have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC, commonly "China").

Embassy chapel

chapel within a foreign embassy
Chapels and churches in embassies can be a very particular type of chapel, sometimes acting as clandestine churches or havens from religion persecution.

Embassy Row

Massachusetts Avenue Historic DistrictMassachusetts Avenue Historic District (Washington, D.C.)Massachusetts Avenue
Embassy Row is the informal name for the section of Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. between Scott Circle and the North side of the United States Naval Observatory, in which embassies, diplomatic missions, and other diplomatic representations are concentrated.

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office

representative officeEconomic and Trade OfficesHong Kong Economic & Trade Office in Jakarta
Examples are the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices that represent the government of the Republic of China; Somaliland's Representative Offices in London, Addis Ababa, Rome, and Washington, D.C.; the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices that represent the government of that territory.
HKETO London serves concurrently as Hong Kong's permanent mission to the International Maritime Organization, HKETO Brussels to the European Union, and HKETO Geneva to the World Trade Organization.

Diplomatic immunity

immunitydiplomats immunity from arrestimmune
Diplomats themselves still retain full diplomatic immunity, and (as an adherent to the Vienna Convention) the host country may not enter the premises of the mission without permission of the represented country, even to put out a fire.
Right after the accident, he drove directly into the Lebanese embassy compound and refused to cooperate with the local police investigation, claiming his diplomatic immunity.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Examples are the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices that represent the government of the Republic of China; Somaliland's Representative Offices in London, Addis Ababa, Rome, and Washington, D.C.; the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices that represent the government of that territory.
The ROC maintains unofficial relations with most countries via de facto embassies and consulates called Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices (TECRO), with branch offices called "Taipei Economic and Cultural Offices" (TECO).

Lists of diplomatic missions

This is a list of lists of diplomatic missions, sorted by receiving and sending country.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
In practice, the phrase diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy, which is the main office of a country's diplomatic representatives to another country; this is usually, but not necessarily, in the receiving state's capital city.