Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdisciplinefield of studyacademic disciplinesacademic fieldfieldcross-disciplinarydomainsacademic fields
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.wikipedia
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Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
For example, the branches of science are commonly referred to as the scientific disciplines, e.g. physics, chemistry, and biology. Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. In the twentieth century, the natural science disciplines included: physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy.
Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest.

Interdisciplinarity

interdisciplinarymultidisciplinarymulti-disciplinary
While academic disciplines in and of themselves are more or less focused practices, scholarly approaches such as multidisciplinarity/interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and cross-disciplinarity integrate aspects from multiple academic disciplines, therefore addressing any problems that may arise from narrow concentration within specialized fields of study.
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).

Transdisciplinarity

transdisciplinarymulti-disciplinarytrans-disciplinary
While academic disciplines in and of themselves are more or less focused practices, scholarly approaches such as multidisciplinarity/interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and cross-disciplinarity integrate aspects from multiple academic disciplines, therefore addressing any problems that may arise from narrow concentration within specialized fields of study.
Transdisciplinarity connotes a research strategy that crosses many disciplinary boundaries to create a holistic approach.

Theology

theologiantheologicaltheologians
The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts.
It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries.

Mode 2

Some researchers believe that academic disciplines may be replaced by what is known as Mode 2 or "post-academic science", which involves the acquisition of cross-disciplinary knowledge through collaboration of specialists from various academic disciplines.
It is also founded on a conceptualization of science as separated into discrete disciplines (e.g., a biologist does not bother about chemistry).

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.
Social science is a category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.

Curriculum

curriculacore curriculumcore
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.
Personal formation via curricula is studied both at the personal and group levels, i.e. cultures and societies (e.g. professional formation, academic discipline via historical experience).

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
In the early twentieth century, new academic disciplines such as education and psychology were added.
It is an academic discipline of immense scope and diverse interests that, when taken together, seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of epiphenomena they manifest.

Media studies

mediamedia theorymedia critic
In the 1970s and 1980s, there was an explosion of new academic disciplines focusing on specific themes, such as media studies, women's studies, and Africana studies.
Media studies is a discipline and field of study that deals with the content, history, and effects of various media; in particular, the mass media.

Geology

geologicalgeologistgeologic
In the twentieth century, the natural science disciplines included: physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy.
Geology is a major academic discipline, and it plays an important role in geotechnical engineering.

Outline of academic disciplines

academic disciplineacademic disciplinesdiscipline
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.

Knowledge

knowhuman knowledgesituated knowledge
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.

Chemistry

chemistchemicalChemical Sciences
For example, the branches of science are commonly referred to as the scientific disciplines, e.g. physics, chemistry, and biology. Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. In the twentieth century, the natural science disciplines included: physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy.

Biology

biologicalbiologistbiological sciences
For example, the branches of science are commonly referred to as the scientific disciplines, e.g. physics, chemistry, and biology. Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. In the twentieth century, the natural science disciplines included: physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy.

Expert

expertiseexpertsspecialist
Individuals associated with academic disciplines are commonly referred to as experts or specialists.

Systems theory

systems thinkinginterdependencegeneral systems theory
Others, who may have studied liberal arts or systems theory rather than concentrating in a specific academic discipline, are classified as generalists.

University of Paris

SorbonneParisthe Sorbonne
The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts.

Medicine

medicalmedical sciencemedicinal
The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts.

Canon law

canonecclesiastical lawcanons
The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts.

Liberal arts education

liberal artsArtsliberal studies
The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts. Others, who may have studied liberal arts or systems theory rather than concentrating in a specific academic discipline, are classified as generalists.

Secularization

secularizedsecularisationsecularised
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

Political science

political scientistpolitical analystpolitical sciences
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.