Discourse analysiswikipedia
Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.
discourse analysisdiscoursediscourse analystDiscourse Studiesbasic construction beyond the sentence leveldiscourse-analyticalanalysisvideo based discourse analysisanalysis of discoursediscourses

Linguistics

linguisticslinguistlinguistic
Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, including linguistics, education, sociology, anthropology, social work, cognitive psychology, social psychology, area studies, cultural studies, international relations, human geography, communication studies, biblical studies, and translation studies, each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.
The study of parole (which manifests through cultural discourses and dialects) is the domain of sociolinguistics, the sub-discipline that comprises the study of a complex system of linguistic facets within a certain speech community (governed by its own set of grammatical rules and laws).

Text linguistics

text linguisticstextologytext linguist
Text linguistics is a closely related field.
In general it is an application of discourse analysis at the much broader level of text, rather than just a sentence or word.

Zellig Harris

Zellig HarrisHarrisZellig S. Harris
However, the term first came into general use following the publication of a series of papers by Zellig Harris from 1952 reporting on work from which he developed transformational grammar in the late 1930s.
Originally a Semiticist, he is best known for his work in structural linguistics and discourse analysis and for the discovery of transformational structure in language.

Discourse

discoursediscursivelanguage
The objects of discourse analysis (discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event) are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech, or turns-at-talk.

Conversation analysis

conversation analysisconversationturn taking
The objects of discourse analysis (discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event) are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech, or turns-at-talk.
It is particularly influential in interactional sociolinguistics, discourse analysis and discursive psychology.

Stylistics

stylisticsstylestylistic
Stylistics as a conceptual discipline may attempt to establish principles capable of explaining particular choices made by individuals and social groups in their use of language, such as in the literary production and reception of genre, the study of folk art, in the study of spoken dialects and registers, and can be applied to areas such as discourse analysis as well as literary criticism.

Intonation (linguistics)

intonationintonationalintonations
An influential development in British studies of intonation has been Discourse Intonation, an offshoot of Discourse Analysis first put forward by David Brazil.

Discursive psychology

discursive psychologydiscursive analysisdiscursive
Discursive psychology (DP) is a form of discourse analysis that focuses on psychological themes in talk, text, and images.

Robert E. Longacre

In the meantime, Kenneth Lee Pike, a professor at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, taught the theory, and one of his students, Robert E. Longacre developed it in his writings.
Robert E. Longacre (August 13, 1922–April 20, 2014) was an American linguist and missionary who worked on the Triqui language and a text-based theory and method of discourse analysis.

Social science

social sciencessocial sciencesocial scientist
Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, including linguistics, education, sociology, anthropology, social work, cognitive psychology, social psychology, area studies, cultural studies, international relations, human geography, communication studies, biblical studies, and translation studies, each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.
However, language does not exist in a vacuum, or only in the brain, and approaches like contact linguistics, creole studies, discourse analysis, social interactional linguistics, and sociolinguistics explore language in its social context.

Interactional sociolinguistics

interactional sociolinguisticsinteractional sociolinguistsinteractional
Interactional sociolinguistics is a subdiscipline of linguistics that uses discourse analysis to study how language users create meaning via social interaction.

Cultural studies

cultural studiescultural theorycultural
Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, including linguistics, education, sociology, anthropology, social work, cognitive psychology, social psychology, area studies, cultural studies, international relations, human geography, communication studies, biblical studies, and translation studies, each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.

Essex School of discourse analysis

The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.

Anthropology

anthropologyanthropologistanthropological
Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, including linguistics, education, sociology, anthropology, social work, cognitive psychology, social psychology, area studies, cultural studies, international relations, human geography, communication studies, biblical studies, and translation studies, each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.
Linguistic anthropologists often draw on related fields including sociolinguistics, pragmatics, cognitive linguistics, semiotics, discourse analysis, and narrative analysis.

Foucauldian discourse analysis

Foucauldian analysissocial relations of powerdiscourse analysis
Foucauldian discourse analysis is a form of discourse analysis, focusing on power relationships in society as expressed through language and practices, and based on the theories of Michel Foucault.

Rhetoric

rhetoricrhetoricianrhetorical
It is important to note that the object of rhetorical analysis is typically discourse, and therefore the principles of "rhetorical analysis" would be difficult to distinguish from those of "discourse analysis."

Applied linguistics

applied linguisticsapplied linguistapplied
Major branches of applied linguistics include bilingualism and multilingualism, conversation analysis, contrastive linguistics, sign linguistics, language assessment, literacies, discourse analysis, language pedagogy, second language acquisition, language planning and policy, interlinguistics, stylistics, pragmatics, forensic linguistics and translation.

Interactional linguistics

emergent grammarinteractional linguisticsemergence of syntactic structure
Interactional linguistics has developed in linguistic discourse analysis and conversation analysis, and is used to investigate the relationship between grammatical structure and real-time interaction and language use.

Critical discourse analysis

critical discourse analysiscritical linguisticscritical linguist
Although CDA is sometimes mistaken to represent a 'method' of discourse analysis, it is generally agreed upon that any explicit method in discourse studies, the humanities and social sciences may be used in CDA research, as long as it is able to adequately and relevantly produce insights into the way discourse reproduces (or resists) social and political inequality, power abuse or domination.

Sociology of knowledge approach to discourse

Here, for example, the sociologist Reiner Keller developed his widely recognized 'Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse (SKAD)'.
Keller combines this approach with Michel Foucault's discourse theory, whose work responsible for the prominent role of discourse concepts in social science and inspired several approaches to discourse analysis in other scientific disciplines.

Dialogical analysis

dialogic syntax
Although dialogical analysis tends to focus on discourse, it is distinct from discourse analysis and conversation analysis because its focus goes beyond the question of how people speak and what they achieve by speaking.

Michel Foucault

FoucaultMichel FoucaultFoucauldian
It was translated into French by Michel Foucault.
They claim that through discourse analysis, hierarchies may be uncovered and questioned by way of analyzing the corresponding fields of knowledge through which they are legitimated.

Policy analysis

policy analysispolicy analystpolicy analysts
Policy analysis requires discourse analysis to be effective from the post-positivist perspective.

Naomi Sager

Harris's methodology disclosing the correlation of form with meaning was developed into a system for the computer-aided analysis of natural language by a team led by Naomi Sager at NYU, which has been applied to a number of sublanguage domains, most notably to medical informatics.
In particular, the team drew on Zellig Harris's discourse analysis methodology to develop a system for computer analysis of natural language.

Aron K. Barbey

Barbey and colleaguesCognitive neuroscience of discourse comprehension
His research has helped to identify and characterize the neural systems underlying general intelligence, emotional intelligence, social intelligence, fluid intelligence, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and discourse comprehension.