Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminateotheringdiscriminatednon-discriminationethnic discriminationsocial discriminationdiscriminatinginstitutional discrimination
In human social behavior, discrimination is prejudiced treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction towards, a being based on the group, class, or category to which they are perceived to belong.wikipedia
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Ageism

age discriminationageageist
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
Ageism, also spelled agism, is stereotyping and/or discrimination against individuals or groups on the basis of their age.

Height discrimination

Heightismheightheightist
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
Height discrimination (also known as heightism) is prejudice or discrimination against individuals based on height.

Racism

racistracial prejudiceracial discrimination
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
The term may also mean prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against other people because they are of a different race or ethnicity.

Discrimination based on skin color

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These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
Discrimination based on skin color, also known as colorism or shadeism, is a form of prejudice or discrimination usually from members of the same race in which people are treated differently based on the social implications from cultural meanings attached to skin color.

Sexism

sexistgender discriminationsex discrimination
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
Occupational sexism refers to discriminatory practices, statements or actions, based on a person's sex, occurring in the workplace.

Reverse discrimination

reverse racismaffirmative actiondefensive
In some places, controversial attempts such as quotas have been used to benefit those who are believed to be current or past victims of discrimination—but they have sometimes been called reverse discrimination.
Reverse discrimination is discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, in favor of members of a minority or historically disadvantaged group.

Social exclusion

marginalizedmarginalizationsocial inclusion
It involves the group's initial reaction or interaction going on to influence the individual's actual behavior towards the group leader or the group, restricting members of one group from opportunities or privileges that are available to another group, leading to the exclusion of the individual or entities based on illogical or irrational decision making.
Such exclusionary forms of discrimination may also apply to people with a disability, minorities, LGBTQ+ people, drug users, institutional care leavers, the elderly and the young.

Class discrimination

classismclassistclass
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
Class discrimination, also known as classism, is prejudice or discrimination on the basis of social class.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Americans with Disabilities ActADAADA-accessible
In the United States, the Americans with Disabilities Act mandates the provision of equality of access to both buildings and services and is paralleled by similar acts in other countries, such as the Equality Act 2010 in the UK.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 or ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability.

Ableism

ableistdisabilitydisability discrimination
These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
English), anapirophobia, anapirism, and disability discrimination) is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities or who are perceived to have disabilities.

Human Rights Watch

HRWAmericas WatchHuman Right Watch
According to UNICEF and Human Rights Watch, caste discrimination affects an estimated 250 million people worldwide.
This includes capital punishment and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.

Employment discrimination

workplace discriminationdiscriminationemployment
Discrimination on the basis of nationality is usually included in employment laws (see above section for employment discrimination specifically).
Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers.

Anti-Quebec sentiment

Quebec bashingQuebec in generalstridently critical remarks against French Canadians
Notable examples are the Anti-French sentiment in the United States as well as the Anti-Quebec sentiment in Canada targeting people who speak the French language.
The French language was discriminated against even in parts of Quebec.

Affirmative action

positive discriminationemployment equityaffirmative-action
In its report, it recommended affirmative action, which is the consideration of an employee's gender and race in hiring and promotion decisions, as a means to end this form of discrimination.
Affirmative action describes policies that support members of a disadvantaged group that has previously suffered discrimination (and may continue to) in such areas as education, employment, or housing.

Transphobia

transphobicmisgenderingcissexism
Transgender individuals, whether trans women, trans men, or non-binary, often experience transphobic problems that often lead to dismissals, underachievement, difficulty in finding a job, social isolation, and, occasionally, violent attacks against them.
Transphobia is a type of prejudice and discrimination, similar to racism and sexism, and transgender people of color are often subjected to all three forms of discrimination at once.

Family

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These include age, caste, criminal record, height, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, colour, race and ethnicity, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, social class, species, as well other categories.
These include the right to decide on issues regarding the number of children born, family planning, contraception, and private life, free from coercion and discrimination; as well as the right to access health services and adequate information.

Homophobia

homophobichomophobeanti-gay
They may experience hatred from others because of their sexuality; a term for such hatred based upon one's sexual orientation is often called homophobia.
Homophobia is observable in critical and hostile behavior such as discrimination and violence on the basis of sexual orientations that are non-heterosexual.

Gender

gender issuessexgenders
Though gender discrimination and sexism refer to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person, such beliefs and attitudes are of a social nature and do not, normally, carry any legal consequences.
In legal cases alleging discrimination, sex is usually preferred as the determining factor rather than gender as it refers to biology rather than socially constructed norms which are more open to interpretation and dispute.

Homosexuality

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This research found that of the 80 countries around the world that continue to consider homosexuality illegal, five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity, and two do in some regions of the country.
The percentage of people who are gay or lesbian and the proportion of people who are in same-sex romantic relationships or have had same-sex sexual experiences are difficult for researchers to estimate reliably for a variety of reasons, including many gay and lesbian people not openly identifying as such due to prejudice or discrimination such as homophobia and heterosexism.

Racial profiling

profilingethnic profilingracially profiled
In the United States, the racial profiling of minorities by law-enforcement officials has been called racial discrimination.
Notably, civil liberties organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) have labeled racial profiling as a form of discrimination, stating, "Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, religion, nationality or on any other particular identity undermines the basic human rights and freedoms to which every person is entitled."

Discrimination against drug addicts

Drug use discriminationstigma
Drug use discrimination is the unequal treatment people experience because of the drugs they use.
Discrimination against drug addicts is a form of discrimination against individuals who suffer from a drug addiction.

Civil and political rights

civil rightscivil rights activistpolitical rights
Ideas of self-ownership and cognitive liberty affirm rights to use drugs, whether for medicine recreation, or spiritual fulfilment.
They ensure one's entitlement to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.

Trans woman

trans womentransgender womentransgender woman
Transgender individuals, whether trans women, trans men, or non-binary, often experience transphobic problems that often lead to dismissals, underachievement, difficulty in finding a job, social isolation, and, occasionally, violent attacks against them.
Trans women, like all gender variant people, face a vast amount of discrimination and transphobia.

Sendhil Mullainathan

Using a field experiment, Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan showed that applications from job candidates with white-sounding names received 50 percent more callbacks for interviews than those with African-American-sounding names in the United States at the start of this millennium.
He has also made innovative additions to the literature on development topics, such as discrimination, corruption, and corporate governance.

Racial discrimination

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Racial discrimination is any discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin colour, or racial or ethnic origin.