Disruptive innovation

disruptive technologydisruptive technologiesdisruptiondisruptivedisruptdisrupteddisruptingDisruptive Innovatoralternativebusiness disruption
In business, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances.wikipedia
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Clayton M. Christensen

Clayton ChristensenChristensenChristensen, Clayton M.
The term was defined and first analyzed by the American scholar Clayton M. Christensen and his collaborators beginning in 1995, and has been called the most influential business idea of the early 21st century.
He is best known for his theory of "disruptive innovation"—first introduced in his first book, The Innovator's Dilemma—which has been called the most influential business idea of the early 21st century.

Innovation

pioneerinnovativeinnovator
In business, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances.
According to Clayton Christensen, disruptive innovation is the key to future success in business.

Startup company

startupstartupsstartup companies
Disruptive innovations tend to be produced by outsiders and entrepreneurs in startups, rather than existing market-leading companies.
In contrast to this profile is the originator which has a management style that is highly entrepreneurial and in which a radical invention or a disruptive innovation (totally new standard) is being developed.

The Innovator's Dilemma

He describes the term further in his book The Innovator's Dilemma.
Through this compelling multi-industry study, Christensen introduces his seminal theory of "disruptive innovation" that has changed the way managers and CEOs around the world think about innovation.

Innosight

Christensen and Mark W. Johnson, who cofounded the management consulting firm Innosight, described the dynamics of "business model innovation" in the 2008 Harvard Business Review article "Reinventing Your Business Model".
Innosight uses methods based on the concept of disruptive innovation, a theory defined by Christensen in his book The Innovator's Dilemma.

Digital media

digital editingdigitalonline media
Combined with the Internet and personal computing, digital media has caused disruptive innovation in publishing, journalism, public relations, entertainment, education, commerce and politics.

Music industry

Musicmusic businessrecording industry
At the dawn of the early 20th century, the development of sound recording began to function as a disruptive technology to the commercial interests which published sheet music.

Telephony

digital telephonytelephonedigital
VoIP has proven to be a disruptive technology that is rapidly replacing traditional telephone infrastructure technologies.

Typewriter

typewriterselectric typewritertypewritten
Although these changes reduced prices—and greatly increased the convenience—of typewriters, the technological disruption posed by word processors left these improvements with only a short-term low-end market.

High-speed photography

high-speedhigh speed photographyhigh speed
The introduction of CMOS sensor technology again revolutionized high-speed photography in the 1990s and serves as a classic example of a disruptive technology.

List of emerging technologies

recent technological advancementsemerging technologiesList of emerging transportation technologies
General:Disruptive innovation, Industrial Ecology, List of inventors, List of inventions, Sustainable development, Technology readiness level, Anthropogenics Diffusion of innovations

Business administration

business managementadministrationadministrator
In business, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances.

Market (economics)

marketmarketsglobal market
In business, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances.

Value network

Valuing people
In business, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances.

Car

automobileautomobilescars
For example, the first automobiles in the late 19th century were not a disruptive innovation, because early automobiles were expensive luxury items that did not disrupt the market for horse-drawn vehicles.

Horse-drawn vehicle

horse-drawnhorse and carthorse-drawn vehicles
For example, the first automobiles in the late 19th century were not a disruptive innovation, because early automobiles were expensive luxury items that did not disrupt the market for horse-drawn vehicles.

Ford Model T

Model TModel T FordModel Ts
The market for transportation essentially remained intact until the debut of the lower-priced Ford Model T in 1908.

Entrepreneurship

entrepreneurFounderentrepreneurs
Disruptive innovations tend to be produced by outsiders and entrepreneurs in startups, rather than existing market-leading companies.

Complex system

complex systemscomplexity theorycomplexity science
Beyond business and economics disruptive innovations can also be considered to disrupt complex systems, including economic and business-related aspects.

Hydraulic machinery

hydraulichydraulicallyhydraulics
Innovator's Dilemma explored the cases of the disk drive industry (which, with its rapid generational change, is to the study of business what fruit flies are to the study of genetics, as Christensen was advised in the 1990s ) and the excavating equipment industry (where hydraulic actuation slowly displaced cable-actuated movement).

Harvard Business Review

HBRThe Harvard Business ReviewHARBUS
Christensen and Mark W. Johnson, who cofounded the management consulting firm Innosight, described the dynamics of "business model innovation" in the 2008 Harvard Business Review article "Reinventing Your Business Model".

Market share

sharemarket-sharemarket
At that time, the established firm in that network can at best only fend off the market share attack with a me-too entry, for which survival (not thriving) is the only reward.

Profit margin

marginprofit marginsmargins
These companies tend to ignore the markets most susceptible to disruptive innovations, because the markets have very tight profit margins and are too small to provide a good growth rate to an established (sizable) firm.