Dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire

dissolvecollapse of the Holy Roman Empiredeclared the Holy Roman Empire to be dissolveddissolutiondissolution in 1806dissolvedEmpire abolishedEmpire collapsedfallthe dissolution of the Empire
The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire occurred de facto on 6 August 1806, when Emperor Francis II abdicated his title and released all imperial states and officials from their oaths and obligations to the empire.wikipedia
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Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire occurred de facto on 6 August 1806, when Emperor Francis II abdicated his title and released all imperial states and officials from their oaths and obligations to the empire.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Imperium Romanum; Heiliges Römisches Reich), also known as Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
With his victory over Austria at the Battle of Austerlitz on 2 December 1805, the French Emperor Napoleon I "transformed himself from the guarantor of the Reich to the arbiter of its fate."
Napoleon shattered this coalition with decisive victories in the Ulm Campaign and a historic triumph over the Russian Empire and Austrian Empire at the Battle of Austerlitz which led to the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.

De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire occurred de facto on 6 August 1806, when Emperor Francis II abdicated his title and released all imperial states and officials from their oaths and obligations to the empire.

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis IIFrancis IFrancis I of Austria
The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire occurred de facto on 6 August 1806, when Emperor Francis II abdicated his title and released all imperial states and officials from their oaths and obligations to the empire.

Battle of Austerlitz

AusterlitzAusterlitz 1805Austerlitz campaign
With his victory over Austria at the Battle of Austerlitz on 2 December 1805, the French Emperor Napoleon I "transformed himself from the guarantor of the Reich to the arbiter of its fate."

Peace of Pressburg (1805)

Peace of PressburgTreaty of PressburgTreaty of Pressburg (1805)
The subsequent Peace of Pressburg (26 December) created deliberate ambiguities in the imperial constitution.

Electorate of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianElectorate
Bavaria, Baden and Württemberg were to have plénitude de la souveraineté (full sovereignty) while remaining a part of the Conféderation Germanique (Germanic Confederation), a novel name for the Empire.

Electorate of Baden

BadenElector of BadenElector
Bavaria, Baden and Württemberg were to have plénitude de la souveraineté (full sovereignty) while remaining a part of the Conféderation Germanique (Germanic Confederation), a novel name for the Empire.

Electorate of Württemberg

WürttembergElector of WürttembergDuke of Württemberg
Bavaria, Baden and Württemberg were to have plénitude de la souveraineté (full sovereignty) while remaining a part of the Conféderation Germanique (Germanic Confederation), a novel name for the Empire.

Duchy of Cleves

ClevesCount of ClevesCounty of Cleves
Likewise, it was left deliberately unclear whether the Duchy of Cleves, the Duchy of Berg and the County of Mark—imperial territories transferred to Joachim Murat—were to remain imperial fiefs or become part of the French Empire.

Grand Duchy of Berg

BergGrand Duke of Bergearldom Berg
Likewise, it was left deliberately unclear whether the Duchy of Cleves, the Duchy of Berg and the County of Mark—imperial territories transferred to Joachim Murat—were to remain imperial fiefs or become part of the French Empire.

County of Mark

MarkCounts of the MarkCount of Mark
Likewise, it was left deliberately unclear whether the Duchy of Cleves, the Duchy of Berg and the County of Mark—imperial territories transferred to Joachim Murat—were to remain imperial fiefs or become part of the French Empire.

Joachim Murat

MuratGioacchino MuratMarshal Murat
Likewise, it was left deliberately unclear whether the Duchy of Cleves, the Duchy of Berg and the County of Mark—imperial territories transferred to Joachim Murat—were to remain imperial fiefs or become part of the French Empire.

Imperial Knight

imperial knightsReichsritterFree Imperial Knights
The Free Imperial Knights, who had survived the attack on their rights in Rittersturm of 1803–04, were subject to a second attack and a spate of annexations by those states allied to Napoleon in November–December 1805.

Rittersturm

The Free Imperial Knights, who had survived the attack on their rights in Rittersturm of 1803–04, were subject to a second attack and a spate of annexations by those states allied to Napoleon in November–December 1805.

List of German monarchs

King of GermanyGerman KingKing of East Francia
Also listed are the heads of the various German confederations between the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (of which Germany was a part) in 1806 until the collapse of the German Empire in 1918.

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie LouiseMarie Louise of AustriaMarie-Louise
A series of military defeats at the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte had inflicted a heavy human toll on Austria and led Francis to dissolve the Holy Roman Empire.

Margraviate of Brandenburg

BrandenburgElectorate of BrandenburgMarch of Brandenburg
The Margraviate of Brandenburg ended with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806.

German mediatisation

mediatisedsecularisationGerman mediatization
In reluctant recognition of Napoleon's dismemberment of imperial territory, on 6 August 1806, the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II declared the Empire abolished, and claimed as much power as he could retain as ruler of the Habsburg realms.

History of international law

History of public international lawhistorian of international law
After the fall of the Roman Empire and the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire into independent cities, principalities, kingdoms and nations, for the first time there was a real need for rules of conduct between a large international community.

Hermannsdenkmal

Hermann monumentHermann’s Monumentthe German statue
At that point, the old Empire had been dissolved, the Kingdom of Prussia had been defeated and partially dismembered by Napoleon and all hopes of a German Great Power emerging in the foreseeable future seemed lost.

Austro-Hungarian Navy

Austrian NavyAustro-HungarianNavy
Believing his position as Holy Roman Emperor to be untenable, Francis abdicated the throne of the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, and declared the Holy Roman Empire to be dissolved in the same declaration.

Imperial vicar

County Palatine of SaxonyCount Palatine of SaxonySaxony
In 1806, Emperor Francis II abdicated the imperial throne and also declared the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire itself in the wake of defeats by France and the defection of much of southern and western Germany from the Empire to join the new Confederation of the Rhine.

Germany in the early modern period

GermanyGermanearly modern Germany
The 18th century history of Germany sees the ascendancy of the Kingdom of Prussia and the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars which lead to the final dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806.

Princely Abbey of Fulda

Fulda AbbeyImperial Abbey of FuldaFulda
Prince William Frederick refused to join the Confederation of the Rhine and, following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in August 1806, fled to Berlin.