Distance educationwikipedia
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.
distance learningdistance educationcorrespondence courseonline educationEducational-access televisiononlinecorrespondence coursescorrespondence schooldistance-learningcorrespondence

Massive open online course

massive open online courseMOOCmassive open online courses
Massive open online courses (MOOCs), offering large-scale interactive participation and open access through the World Wide Web or other network technologies, are recent developments in distance education. Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
MOOCs are a recent and widely researched development in distance education which were first introduced in 2006 and emerged as a popular mode of learning in 2012.

University of London

LondonUniversity of LondonLondon University
The University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Programme in 1858.
The university has over 52,000 distance learning external students and 161,270 campus-based internal students, making it the largest university by number of students in the United Kingdom.

Society to Encourage Studies at Home

The first correspondence school in the United States was the Society to Encourage Studies at Home, which was founded in 1873.
The Society to Encourage Studies at Home (1873 - ca. 1897) (often abbreviated as SH) was the first correspondence school in the United States.

University of London (Worldwide)

external studentUniversity of LondonInternational Programmes
The University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Programme in 1858.
, there are over 100,000 University of London distance learning alumni across the world, which include 7 Nobel laureates, 6 presidents or prime ministers, current and former leaders of Commonwealth of Nations, government ministers and Members of Parliament, academicians and notable Judges.

Open University

The Open UniversityOpen UniversityOpen University Business School
The Open University in the United Kingdom was founded by the-then Labour government led by Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, based on the vision of Michael Young.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.

University of South Africa

UnisaUniversity of South AfricaUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)
In South Africa, the University of South Africa, formerly an examining and certification body, started to present distance education tuition in 1946.
UNISA is a dedicated open distance education institution.

National University of Distance Education

UNEDSpanish National Open UniversityUniversidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
The Open University inspired the creation of Spain's National University of Distance Education (1972) and Germany's FernUniversität in Hagen (1974).
The National University of Distance Education, known in Spanish as Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), is a distance learning and research university founded in 1972 and is the only university run by the central government of Spain.

Athabasca University

Athabasca University
Athabasca University, Canada's Open University, was created in 1970 and followed a similar, though independently developed, pattern.
Athabasca University (AU) is a Canadian university specializing in online distance education and one of four comprehensive academic and research universities in Alberta.

University of Hagen

Hagen UniversityFernUniversitätFernuniversität Hagen
The Open University inspired the creation of Spain's National University of Distance Education (1972) and Germany's FernUniversität in Hagen (1974).
The University of Hagen (FernUniversität in Hagen, informally often referred to as FU Hagen) is a public research university that is primarily focused on distance teaching.

Academic degree

degreeacademic degreedegrees
The issue soon boiled down to which institutions had degree-granting powers and which institutions did not.
An online degree is an academic degree (usually a college degree, but sometimes the term includes high school diplomas and non-degree certificate programs) that can be earned primarily or entirely on a distance learning basis through the use of an Internet-connected computer, rather than attending college in a traditional campus setting.

Educational television

educational televisionEducationaleducational TV
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Educational television or learning television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Although not as widely used in everyday communications as audio-only and text communication, useful applications include sign language transmission for deaf and speech-impaired people, distance education, telemedicine, and overcoming mobility issues.

Educational technology

e-learningeducational technologyICT
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
Accordingly, virtual education refers to a form of distance learning in which course content is delivered by various methods such as course management applications, multimedia resources, and videoconferencing.

Asynchronous learning

asynchronous learningasynchronousasynchronously
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
This approach combines self-study with asynchronous interactions to promote learning, and it can be used to facilitate learning in traditional on-campus education, distance education, and continuing education.

Instructional television

instructional televisioninstructionalinstructional programming
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Instructional television (ITV) is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.

Connected Education

Connected Education
The first completely online courses for graduate credit were offered by Connected Education, starting in the Fall of 1985, leading to the MA in Media Studies from The New School.
Connected Education - also known as Connect Ed - was a pioneering online education organization founded and administered by Paul Levinson and Tina

Virtual school

virtual schoolonline schoolonline high school
The widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning easier and faster, and today virtual schools and virtual universities deliver full curricula online.
Sometimes referred to as "distance learning", correspondence schools offered students an alternative to the traditional brick and mortar meetings within a schoolhouse.

Charles Wedemeyer

Charles Wedemeyer of the University of Wisconsin–Madison also promoted new methods.
Charles A. Wedemeyer (1911–1999) was a pioneer in the field of independent and distance learning.

Virtual university

virtual universitiesvirtual universityonline-only
The widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning easier and faster, and today virtual schools and virtual universities deliver full curricula online.
They are regarded as a form of distance education.

Online degree

online degreeonline degreese-degrees
New York University, for example, offers online degrees in engineering and management-related fields through NYU Tandon Online.
Improvements in technology, the increasing use of the Internet worldwide, and the need for people to have flexible school schedules while they are working have led to a proliferation of online colleges that award associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

Distance Education Accrediting Commission

Distance Education and Training Council (DETC)Accrediting Commission of the Distance Education and Training CouncilDETC
In the US, the Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC) specializes in the accreditation of distance education institutions.
The Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC), formerly known as the National Home Study Council and then as the Distance Education and Training Council, is a non-profit national educational accreditation agency in the United States specializing in the accreditation of (51 percent or more) distance education programs of study and institutions.

Low-residency program

low-residencylow residencylow-residency program
A low-residency program (or limited residency program) is a form of education, normally at the university level, which involves some amount of distance education and brief on-campus or specific-site residencies—residencies may be one weekend or several weeks.

Linda Harasim

Linda Marie Harasim is a pioneer and self-professed leading theorist of online education.

Scranton, Pennsylvania

ScrantonScranton, PAPennsylvania
Enrollment in the largest private for-profit school based in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the International Correspondence Schools grew explosively in the 1890s.
Penn Foster High School, a distance education high school, is headquartered in Scranton.

PBS

PBSPublic Broadcasting Servicepublic television
The Adult Learning Service of the US Public Broadcasting Service came into being and the “wrapped” series, and individually produced telecourse for credit became a significant part of the history of distance education and online learning.
Many member stations have historically also broadcast distance education and other instructional television programs, typically during daytime slots; though with the advent of digital television, which has allowed stations to carry these programs on digital subchannels in lieu of the main PBS feed or exclusively over the Internet, many member stations/networks have replaced distance education content with children's and other programming.