Distance education

distance learningcorrespondence courseonline educationEducational-access televisiononlinecorrespondence coursescorrespondence schooldistance-learningcorrespondenceonline university
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.wikipedia
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Society to Encourage Studies at Home

The first correspondence school in the United States was the Society to Encourage Studies at Home, which was founded in 1873.
The Society to Encourage Studies at Home (1873 - ca. 1897) (often abbreviated as SH) was the first correspondence school in the United States.

University of London (Worldwide)

external studentUniversity of Londonexternal
The University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Programme in 1858.
, there are over 100,000 University of London distance learning alumni across the world, which include 7 Nobel laureates, 6 presidents or prime ministers, current and former leaders of Commonwealth of Nations, government ministers and Members of Parliament, academicians and notable Judges.

Open University

The Open UniversityOpenOpen University Business School
The Open University in the United Kingdom was founded by the-then Labour government led by Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, based on the vision of Michael Young.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and the biggest university in the UK for undergraduate education.

University of South Africa

UnisaUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)South Africa
In South Africa, the University of South Africa, formerly an examining and certification body, started to present distance education tuition in 1946.
UNISA is a dedicated open distance education institution.

Academic degree

degreedegreesuniversity degree
The issue soon boiled down to which institutions had degree-granting powers and which institutions did not.
An online degree is an academic degree (usually a college degree, but sometimes the term includes high school diplomas and non-degree certificate programs) that can be earned primarily or entirely on a distance learning basis through the use of an Internet-connected computer, rather than attending college in a traditional campus setting.

National University of Distance Education

UNEDNational Distance Education UniversitySpanish National Open University
The Open University inspired the creation of Spain's National University of Distance Education (1972) and Germany's FernUniversität in Hagen (1974).
The National University of Distance Education, known in Spanish as Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), is a distance learning and research university founded in 1972 and is the only university run by the central government of Spain.

Athabasca University

Athabasca University, Canada's Open University, was created in 1970 and followed a similar, though independently developed, pattern.
Athabasca University (AU) is a Canadian university specializing in online distance education and one of four comprehensive academic and research universities in Alberta.

University of Hagen

Fernuni Hagen (Germany)FernUniversitätFernuniversität Hagen
The Open University inspired the creation of Spain's National University of Distance Education (1972) and Germany's FernUniversität in Hagen (1974).
The University of Hagen (FernUniversität in Hagen, informally often referred to as FU Hagen) is a public research university that is primarily focused on distance teaching.

Educational television

Educationaleducational TVEducation
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Educational television or learning television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Although not as widely used in everyday communications as audio-only and text communication, useful applications include sign language transmission for deaf and speech-impaired people, distance education, telemedicine, and overcoming mobility issues.

Asynchronous learning

asynchronousasynchronouslyasynchronous distance learning
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
This approach combines self-study with asynchronous interactions to promote learning, and it can be used to facilitate learning in traditional on-campus education, distance education, and continuing education.

Instructional television

instructionalinstructional programmingITV
Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, instructional television are examples of synchronous technology, as are direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), internet radio, live streaming, telephone, and web-based VoIP.
Instructional television (ITV) is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.

Open educational resources

open educational resourceOEROpen Education
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
The OER movement originated from developments in open and distance learning (ODL) and in the wider context of a culture of open knowledge, open source, free sharing and peer collaboration, which emerged in the late 20th century.

Scranton, Pennsylvania

ScrantonScranton, PAPennsylvania
Enrollment in the largest private for-profit school based in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the International Correspondence Schools grew explosively in the 1890s.
Penn Foster High School, a distance education high school, is headquartered in Scranton.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
As Sheldon Rothblatt states: "Thus arose in nearly archetypal form the famous English distinction between teaching and examining, here embodied in separate institutions."
India is developing technologies that will bypass land-based telephone and Internet infrastructure to deliver distance learning directly to its students.

Charles Wedemeyer

Charles Wedemeyer of the University of Wisconsin–Madison also promoted new methods.
Charles A. Wedemeyer (1911–1999) was a pioneer in the field of independent and distance learning.

Connected Education

The first completely online courses for graduate credit were offered by Connected Education, starting in the Fall of 1985, leading to the MA in Media Studies from The New School.
Connected Education - also known as Connect Ed - was a pioneering online education organization founded and administered by Paul Levinson and Tina

Virtual school

online schoolonline high schoolvirtual
The widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning easier and faster, and today virtual schools and virtual universities deliver full curricula online.
Sometimes referred to as "distance learning", correspondence schools offered students an alternative to the traditional brick and mortar meetings within a schoolhouse.

Virtual university

virtual universitiesonline-onlyvirtual educational space
The widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning easier and faster, and today virtual schools and virtual universities deliver full curricula online.
They are regarded as a form of distance education.

Online degree

online degreesaccredited online master's degreee-degrees
New York University, International University Canada, for example, offers online degrees in engineering and management-related fields through NYU Tandon Online.
Improvements in technology, the increasing use of the Internet worldwide, and the need for people to have flexible school schedules while they are working have led to a proliferation of online colleges that award associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

Distance Education Accrediting Commission

Distance Education and Training Council (DETC)Accrediting Commission of the Distance Education and Training CouncilDEAC
In the US, the Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC) specializes in the accreditation of distance education institutions.
The Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC), formerly known as the National Home Study Council and then as the Distance Education and Training Council, is a non-profit national educational accreditation agency in the United States specializing in the accreditation of (51 percent or more) distance education programs of study and institutions.

PBS

Public Broadcasting Servicepublic televisionPBS television
The Adult Learning Service of the US Public Broadcasting Service came into being and the “wrapped” series, and individually produced telecourse for credit became a significant part of the history of distance education and online learning.
Many member stations have historically also broadcast distance education and other instructional television programs, typically during daytime slots; though with the advent of digital television, which has allowed stations to carry these programs on digital subchannels in lieu of the main PBS feed or exclusively over the Internet, many member stations/networks have replaced distance education content with children's and other programming,.

Diploma mill

degree milldiploma millsdegree mills
Levels of accreditation vary: widely respected universities such as Stanford University and Harvard now deliver online courses—but other online schools receive little outside oversight, and some are actually fraudulent, i.e., diploma mills.
Author John Bear, a distance learning and diploma mills expert, has written that fake degrees are risky for buyers and consumers:

Massive open online course

MOOCmassive open online coursesMOOCs
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOOC s. Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning. Massive open online courses (MOOCs), offering large-scale interactive participation and open access through the World Wide Web or other network technologies, are recent developments in distance education.
MOOCs are a recent and widely researched development in distance education, first introduced in 2006 and emerged as a popular mode of learning in 2012.

Open university

open universitiesopen education program
Most open universities use distance education technologies as delivery methods, though some require attendance at local study centres or at regional "summer schools".
Open universities may employ specific teaching methods, such as open supported learning or distance education.