Map of the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle in 1799 by John Cary
Ratification of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 in Münster by Gerard Terborch
Geographic map of North Rhine-Westphalia
Cologne
Düsseldorf
Landtag in Düsseldorf
ThyssenKrupp headquarters in Essen
Transportsystem Rhein-Ruhr in 2014
Stadtbahn in Dortmund
Autobahn A40 in Essen
Airport in front of Cologne's skyline
RWTH Aachen
Signal Iduna Park, the stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund, is the largest stadium in Germany.
Medieval architecture in Aachen
Cölner Hofbräu Früh in Cologne
Reinoldikirche and Alter Markt in Dortmund
The Historical City Hall in Münster
Gate and Tower of the medieval town-fortification in Warburg
Timber framing in Monschau
Schloss Nordkirchen
Eckmaenneken-House in Warburg; eldest-dated timber-framed-house of Westphalia
The Imperial Abbey of Corvey
Hermann's Monument nearby Detmold
Externsteine
Paderborn Cathedral
The Zeche Zollern in Dortmund
Hotel Römischer Kaiser in Düsseldorf
Neuer Zollhof in Düsseldorf
Haus Lange and Haus Esters in Krefeld
The Langen Foundation in Neuss
The Schwebebahn in Wuppertal
MARTa Herford
Augustusburg and Falkenlust
Aachen Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral
The Zollverein Coal Mine

In all German states, except for the three city states, the primary administrative subdivision higher than a Gemeinde (Municipality) is the Landkreis (official term in all but two states) or Kreis (official term in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein).

- Districts of Germany

The state consists of five government regions (Regierungsbezirke), divided into 31 districts (Kreise) and 23 urban districts (kreisfreie Städte).

- North Rhine-Westphalia

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The Kingdom of Prussia (light gray) within the German Empire (1871–1918)

States of Germany

The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (Land (state), plural Länder (states); commonly informally Bundesland / federated state, plural Bundesländer / federated states).

The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (Land (state), plural Länder (states); commonly informally Bundesland / federated state, plural Bundesländer / federated states).

The Kingdom of Prussia (light gray) within the German Empire (1871–1918)
The states of the Weimar Republic in 1925, with the Free State of Prussia as the largest
West Germany (blue) and East Germany (red) and West Berlin (yellow)
Composition of German states' governing coalitions
Map of German districts. Yellow districts are urban, white are sub-urban or rural.

Initially, the states of the Federal Republic were Baden (until 1952), Bavaria (in German: Bayern), Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse (Hessen), Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), Schleswig-Holstein, Württemberg-Baden (until 1952), and Württemberg-Hohenzollern (until 1952).

The Districts of Germany (Kreise) are administrative districts, and every state except the city-states of Berlin and Hamburg and the state of Bremen consists of "rural districts" (Landkreise), District-free Towns/Cities (Kreisfreie Städte, in Baden-Württemberg also called "urban districts", or Stadtkreise), cities that are districts in their own right, or local associations of a special kind (Kommunalverbände besonderer Art), see below.