Diuretic

diureticsdiuretic medicationsdiuretic uselow-ceilingwater pillsdiareticdiuereticdiuresisdiuretic medicationDiuretic therapy
A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine.wikipedia
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Diuresis

osmotic diuresisforced diuresisimmersion diuresis
A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine.
Many people with health problems such as heart failure and kidney failure need diuretic medications to help their kidneys deal with the fluid overload of edema.

Heart failure

congestive heart failurecardiac failurechronic heart failure
In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, influenza, water poisoning, and certain kidney diseases.
Diuretics are useful for preventing fluid retention and the resulting shortness of breath.

Thiazide

thiazide diureticsthiazide diureticthiazides
The antihypertensive actions of some diuretics (thiazides and loop diuretics in particular) are independent of their diuretic effect. Thiazide-type diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide act on the distal convoluted tubule and inhibit the sodium-chloride symporter leading to a retention of water in the urine, as water normally follows penetrating solutes.
Thiazide refers to both a class of sulfur-containing organic molecules and a class of diuretics based on the chemical structure of benzothiadiazine.

Bulimia nervosa

bulimiabulimicbulimics
Diuretics are sometimes abused by people with an eating disorder, especially people with bulimia nervosa, with the goal of losing weight.
Other efforts to lose weight may include the use of diuretics, stimulants, water fasting, or excessive exercise.

Antihypertensive drug

antihypertensiveantihypertensivesantihypertensive agent
The antihypertensive actions of some diuretics (thiazides and loop diuretics in particular) are independent of their diuretic effect.
Among the most important and most widely used medications are thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and beta blockers.

Loop diuretic

loop diuretics
The antihypertensive actions of some diuretics (thiazides and loop diuretics in particular) are independent of their diuretic effect.
Loop diuretics are diuretics that act at the ascending limb of the loop of Henle in the kidney.

Antidiuretic

anti-diureticantidiuresisantidiuretic agents
Alternatively, an antidiuretic, such as vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), is an agent or drug which reduces the excretion of water in urine.
Its effects are opposite that of a diuretic.

Acetazolamide

DiamoxAK-ZolDiureticum-Holzinger
Some diuretics, such as acetazolamide, help to make the urine more alkaline and are helpful in increasing excretion of substances such as aspirin in cases of overdose or poisoning.
Acetazolamide is in the diuretic and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor families of medication.

Hydrochlorothiazide

HydrodiurilOreticApresazide
Thiazide-type diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide act on the distal convoluted tubule and inhibit the sodium-chloride symporter leading to a retention of water in the urine, as water normally follows penetrating solutes.
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ or HCT) is a diuretic medication often used to treat high blood pressure and swelling due to fluid build up.

Antimineralocorticoid

aldosterone antagonistaldosterone antagonistsmineralocorticoid antagonist
An antimineralocorticoid, MCRA, or an aldosterone antagonist, is a diuretic drug which antagonizes the action of aldosterone at mineralocorticoid receptors.

Spironolactone

AldactoneAldactazideSpironalactone
On its own, spironolactone is only a weak diuretic because it primarily targets the distal nephron (collecting tubule), where only small amounts of sodium are reabsorbed, but it can be combined with other diuretics to increase efficacy.

Eplerenone

Inspra
Classed as a selective aldosterone receptor antagonist (SARA), it is similar to the diuretic spironolactone, though it is much more selective for the mineralocorticoid receptor in comparison (i.e., does not possess any antiandrogen, progestogen, glucocorticoid, or estrogenic effects), and is specifically marketed for reducing cardiovascular risk in patients following myocardial infarction.

Osmotic diuretic

Osmotic diuretics (e.g. mannitol) are substances that increase osmolarity but have limited tubular epithelial cell permeability.
An osmotic diuretic is a type of diuretic that inhibits reabsorption of water and sodium (Na).

Urine

urinaryhuman urinepiss
A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine. Some diuretics, such as acetazolamide, help to make the urine more alkaline and are helpful in increasing excretion of substances such as aspirin in cases of overdose or poisoning.
The exception occurs when diuretics are consumed, in which case urine can be clear and copious and the person still be dehydrated.

Water intoxication

water poisoningoverhydrationcan be dangerous
In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, influenza, water poisoning, and certain kidney diseases.

Aquaretic

aquaresisaquaretics
As a diuretic is any substance that promotes the production of urine, aquaretics that cause the excretion of free water are a sub-class.
Strictly speaking, aquaretics are not diuretics, but are sometimes classified as such.

Cirrhosis

cirrhosis of the liverliver cirrhosisliver fibrosis
In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, influenza, water poisoning, and certain kidney diseases.
People with decompensated cirrhosis generally require admission to a hospital, with close monitoring of the fluid balance, mental status, and emphasis on adequate nutrition and medical treatment – often with diuretics, antibiotics, laxatives or enemas, thiamine and occasionally steroids, acetylcysteine and pentoxifylline.

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

carbonic anhydrase inhibitorscarbonic anhydrase
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors inhibit the enzyme carbonic anhydrase which is found in the proximal convoluted tubule.
Their clinical use has been established as anti-glaucoma agents, diuretics, antiepileptics, in the management of mountain sickness, gastric and duodenal ulcers, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, neurological disorders, or osteoporosis.

Potassium

KK + potassium ion
These are diuretics which do not promote the secretion of potassium into the urine; thus, potassium is retained and not lost as much as with other diuretics.
Supplements of potassium are most widely used in conjunction with diuretics that block reabsorption of sodium and water upstream from the distal tubule (thiazides and loop diuretics), because this promotes increased distal tubular potassium secretion, with resultant increased potassium excretion.

Potassium-sparing diuretic

potassium-sparingpotassium-sparing diureticspotassium sparing diuretic
Potassium-sparing diuretics are diuretic drugs that do not promote the secretion of potassium into the urine.

Etacrynic acid

ethacrynic acidEdecrin
Other examples of high ceiling loop diuretics include ethacrynic acid and torasemide.
As a diuretic, ethacrynic acid can cause frequent urination, but this usually resolves after taking the drug for a few weeks.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
In medicine, diuretics are used to treat heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension, influenza, water poisoning, and certain kidney diseases.
The first was chlorothiazide, the first thiazide diuretic and developed from the antibiotic sulfanilamide, which became available in 1958.

Bendroflumethiazide

BendrofluazideCorzideNaturetin
Bendroflumethiazide, formerly bendrofluazide, trade name Aprinox, is a thiazide diuretic used to treat hypertension.

Lithium (medication)

lithiumlithium saltslithium salt
Lithium plasma concentrations are known to be increased with concurrent use of diuretics—especially loop diuretics (such as furosemide) and thiazides—and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen.

Triamterene

DyreniumDytac
This combination is in a class of medications called diuretics or 'water pills', and causes the kidneys to get rid of the body's unneeded water and sodium through the urine.