Division of Korea

partition of Korea38th Paralleldivideddivisiondivision of the peninsulaKorea's divisiondemarcation betweendivided Koreadivision of North and South KoreaKorea was divided
The Division of Korea began at the end of World War II in 1945.wikipedia
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Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
With the declaration of the Soviet-Japanese War, the Soviet Union occupied the north of Korea, and the United States occupied the south, with the boundary between their zones being the 38th parallel.
Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
The subsequent Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953, ended with a stalemate and has left the two Koreas separated by the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) up to the present day.
As a product of the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the United States divided Korea into two sovereign states in 1948 with the border set at the 38th parallel.

2018–19 Korean peace process

Korean peace process2018 Korean peace processseries of summits
Diplomatic initiatives have so far failed to end the division.
In 1945, at the end of World War II, Korea was divided.

Cold War

The Cold WarCold War eraCold-War
With the onset of the Cold War, negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union failed to lead to an independent and unified Korean state.
General Douglas MacArthur then advanced across the 38th Parallel into North Korea.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Division of Korea began at the end of World War II in 1945.
Korea, formerly under Japanese rule, was divided and occupied by the Soviet Union in the North and the United States in the South between 1945 and 1948.

Lyuh Woon-hyung

Yuh Woon-HyungYeo Un-hyeong1945–1946
Throughout August, Koreans organized people's committee branches for the "Committee for the Preparation of Korean Independence" (CPKI, 조선건국준비위원회), led by Lyuh Woon-hyung, a left-wing politician.
Lyuh Woon-hyung or Yo Un-hyung (May 25, 1886 – July 19, 1947) was a Korean politician who argued that Korean independence was essential to world peace, and a reunification activist who struggled for the independent reunification of Korea since its national division in 1945.

People's Republic of Korea

KoreaPeople’s Republic of Koreapopularly established committees
On 6 September 1945, a congress of representatives was convened in Seoul and founded the short-lived People's Republic of Korea.
It was proclaimed on September 12, 1945, as Korea was being divided into two occupation zones, with the Soviet Union occupying the north, and the United States occupying the south.

Dean Rusk

David Dean RuskRuskRusk, Dean
On 10 August 1945 two young officers – Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel – were assigned to define an American occupation zone.
In the same year, he suggested splitting Korea into spheres of U.S. and of Soviet influence at the 38th parallel north.

Charles H. Bonesteel III

Charles BonesteelCharles H. Bonesteel, IIIC. H. Bonesteel III
On 10 August 1945 two young officers – Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel – were assigned to define an American occupation zone.
On August 10, 1945 with Soviet forces already moving through Manchuria into northern Korea, Bonesteel proposed the 38th parallel as the Division of Korea.

Jeju uprising

Jeju massacreJejuApril 3 massacre
In April, Jeju islanders rose up against the looming division of the country.
Residents of Jeju opposed to the Division of Korea had protested and struck since 1947 against elections scheduled by the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea to be held only in the territory controlled by the United States Army Military Government in Korea.

General Order No. 1

on behalf oftemporary administration
The agreement was incorporated into General Order No. 1 (approved on 17 August 1945) for the surrender of Japan.
It also had the effect of leading to the eventual division of Korea at the 38th Parallel in that Japanese forces to the north of this parallel were ordered to surrender to the Commander in Chief of Soviet Forces in the Far East, and those to the south were directed to surrender to the Commander in Chief, U.S. Army Forces in the Pacific, in accordance with Section 1, paragraphs (b) and (e), respectively.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
On 15 August, the "Republic of Korea" (Daehan Minguk) formally took over power from the U.S. military, with Syngman Rhee as the first president.
After World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S.-administered zones, with the latter becoming the Republic of Korea in August 1948.

Joseph Stalin

StalinJosef StalinJosif Stalin
Roosevelt raised the idea with Joseph Stalin at the Tehran Conference in November 1943 and the Yalta Conference in February 1945.
At the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union and the United States divided up the Korean Peninsula, formerly a Japanese colonial possession, along the 38th parallel, setting up a communist government in the north and a pro-Western government in the south.

North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
In the North, the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk) was declared on 9 September, with Kim Il-sung as prime minister.
At the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States.

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
The subsequent Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953, ended with a stalemate and has left the two Koreas separated by the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) up to the present day.

Soviet–Japanese War

declared war on JapanSoviet-Japanese WarSoviet–Japanese War (1945)
With the declaration of the Soviet-Japanese War, the Soviet Union occupied the north of Korea, and the United States occupied the south, with the boundary between their zones being the 38th parallel.
The division of Korea between Soviet and US occupations led to the creation of the separate states of North and South Korea.

Terenty Shtykov

Terentii ShtykovTerenty Fomich Shtykov
In 1946, Colonel-General Terentii Shtykov took charge of the administration and began to lobby the Soviet government for funds to support the ailing economy.
Following the division of Korea, Joseph Stalin sought to turn northern Korea into a socialist buffer state between the Soviet bloc and the American occupation in the southern half of the peninsula.

Cho Man-sik

Jo Mansik
When Soviet troops entered Pyongyang, they found a local branch of the Committee for the Preparation of Korean Independence operating under the leadership of veteran nationalist Cho Man-sik.
Cho also affiliated this committee to the Committee for the Preparation of Korean Independence (CPKI).

Korean conflict

Korean Crisisconflict between the two statesKorean dilemma
The division of Korea by external powers occurred at the end of World War II, starting in 1945, and tensions erupted into the Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953.

History of North Korea

North Korean historycommunist northMilitary history of North Korea
The surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea at the 38th parallel, with the Soviet Union occupying the north, and the United States occupying the south.

North Korea–South Korea relations

inter-Korean relationsrelations with South Korearelations between North and South Korea
Formerly a single nation that was annexed by Japan in 1910, the two nations have been divided since the end of World War II in 1945 and engaged in the Korean War from 1950–1953.

Korean reunification

reunificationreunification of KoreaKorean unification
After World War II and beginning in the Cold War, Korea was divided into two countries along the 38th parallel (now the Korean Demilitarized Zone).

Pacific War

Pacific TheaterPacificPacific Theatre
At the Tehran and Yalta Conferences, Stalin promised to join his allies in the Pacific War in two to three months after victory in Europe.

History of South Korea

Sixth RepublicSixth Republic of South Koreademocratization of South Korea
The unconditional surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea into two occupation zones (similar to the four zones in Germany), with the United States administering the southern half of the peninsula and the Soviet Union administering the area north of the 38th parallel.

List of border incidents involving North and South Korea

List of border incidents involving North KoreaKorean maritime border incidentsBorder incidents involving North Korea