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Docufiction

docu-fictiondocu-fiction filmdocufiction film
Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational, observational, and even 'docufiction'.
Docufiction (or docu-fiction), often confused with docudrama, is the cinematographic combination of documentary and fiction, this term often meaning narrative film.

John Grierson

Grierson
In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana (1926), published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer" (a pen name for Grierson).
John Grierson CBE (26 April 1898 – 19 February 1972) was a pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film.

YouTube

youtube.comYouTube channelYouTuber
Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information.
Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos.

Film

motion picturemoviecinema
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium for educating—or indoctrinating—citizens.

Dziga Vertov

Dzyha VertovVertovDziga Vertof
In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" (that is, life filmed surreptitiously) and "life caught unawares" (life provoked or surprised by the camera).
Dziga Vertov (Дзига Вертов; born David Abelevich Kaufman, Дави́д А́белевич Ка́уфман, and also known as Denis Kaufman; 2 January 1896 – 12 February 1954) was a Soviet pioneer documentary film and newsreel director, as well as a cinema theorist.

The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight

the Corbett-Fitzsimmons boxing match
One notable film clocked in at over an hour and a half, The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight.
The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight is an 1897 documentary film directed by Enoch J. Rector depicting the 1897 boxing match between James J. Corbett and Bob Fitzsimmons in Carson City, Nevada on St. Patrick's Day.

Moana (1926 film)

Moana1926Moana'' (1926 film)
In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana (1926), published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer" (a pen name for Grierson).
Moana is a 1926 American documentary film, or more strictly a work of "docufiction" that was directed by Robert J. Flaherty, the creator of Nanook of the North (1922).

Bolesław Matuszewski

Boleslaw Matuszewski
Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film.
Bolesław Matuszewski (August 19, 1856 Pińczów, – c.1943 or 1944; in French texts Boleslas Matuszewski) - Polish businessman, photographer and cameraman, pioneer of cinematography and documentary film.

Robert J. Flaherty

Robert FlahertyFlaherty Film SeminarFlaherty, Robert
In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana (1926), published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer" (a pen name for Grierson). With Robert J. Flaherty's Nanook of the North in 1922, documentary film embraced romanticism; Flaherty filmed a number of heavily staged romantic films during this time period, often showing how his subjects would have lived 100 years earlier and not how they lived right then.
Robert Joseph Flaherty, (February 16, 1884 – July 23, 1951) was an American filmmaker who directed and produced the first commercially successful feature-length documentary film, Nanook of the North (1922).

Nanook of the North

Nanook of the North: A Story Of Life and Love In the Actual Arctic
With Robert J. Flaherty's Nanook of the North in 1922, documentary film embraced romanticism; Flaherty filmed a number of heavily staged romantic films during this time period, often showing how his subjects would have lived 100 years earlier and not how they lived right then.
Nanook of the North (also known as Nanook of the North: A Story Of Life and Love In the Actual Arctic) is a 1922 American silent documentary film by Robert J. Flaherty, with elements of docudrama, at a time when the concept of separating films into documentary and drama did not yet exist.

With Our King and Queen Through India

Early color motion picture processes such as Kinemacolor—known for the feature With Our King and Queen Through India (1912)—and Prizmacolor—known for Everywhere With Prizma (1919) and the five-reel feature Bali the Unknown (1921)—used travelogues to promote the new color processes.
With Our King and Queen Through India (1912) is a British documentary.

Grass (1925 film)

GrassGrass: A Nation's Battle for Life1925
Paramount Pictures tried to repeat the success of Flaherty's Nanook and Moana with two romanticized documentaries, Grass (1925) and Chang (1927), both directed by Merian Cooper and Ernest Schoedsack.
Grass: A Nation's Battle for Life (1925) is a documentary film which follows a branch of the Bakhtiari tribe of Lurs in Persia as they and their herds make their seasonal journey to better pastures.

Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy

Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy (1898), The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies (1899), A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis (1899), The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy (1900), and Illnesses of the Muscles (1901).
Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy (1898) is the first documentary film in the world, created by Romanian neurologist Gheorghe Marinescu.

Kinemacolor

Kinemacolor Film CompanyKinemacolor Film CompanyKinemacolour
Early color motion picture processes such as Kinemacolor—known for the feature With Our King and Queen Through India (1912)—and Prizmacolor—known for Everywhere With Prizma (1919) and the five-reel feature Bali the Unknown (1921)—used travelogues to promote the new color processes.
The company then produced the documentary films With Our King and Queen Through India (also known as The Durbar at Delhi, 1912), and the notable recovery of £750,000 worth of gold and silver bullion from the wreck of P&O's SS Oceana in the Strait of Dover (1912).

Man with a Movie Camera

Man with the Movie CameraChelovek s kino-apparatomfilm of the same name
Walter Ruttman, 1927) and The Man with a Movie Camera (dir.
Man with a Movie Camera is an experimental 1929 Soviet silent documentary film, directed by Dziga Vertov and edited by his wife Elizaveta Svilova.

Newsreel

newsreelscinema newsreelcinema newsreels
The newsreel tradition is important in documentary film; newsreels were also sometimes staged but were usually re-enactments of events that had already happened, not attempts to steer events as they were in the process of happening.
A newsreel is a form of short documentary film, containing news stories and items of topical interest, that was prevalent between the 1910s and the late 1960s.

Documentary practice

documentary practices
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects.
A practice that Howard Rheingold and Justin Hall have labeled p2p Journalism, now exists at the blurred boundary where traditional definitions of journalism and documentary meet and influence each other.

Manhatta

City symphony films include Manhatta (dir.
Manhatta (1921) is a short documentary film directed by painter Charles Sheeler and photographer Paul Strand.

Luis Buñuel

BuñuelBunuelLuis '''Buñuel
Luis Buñuel directed a "surrealist" documentary Las Hurdes (1933).
His work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western.

Land Without Bread

Las Hurdes: Tierra Sin PanLas Hurdes
Luis Buñuel directed a "surrealist" documentary Las Hurdes (1933).
Las Hurdes: Tierra Sin Pan (English: Land Without Bread or Unpromised Land) is a 1933 documentary film (ethnofiction) directed by Luis Buñuel and co-produced by Buñuel and Ramón Acin.

The River (1938 film)

The River1938River, The
Pare Lorentz's The Plow That Broke the Plains (1936) and The River (1938) and Willard Van Dyke's The City (1939) are notable New Deal productions, each presenting complex combinations of social and ecological awareness, government propaganda, and leftist viewpoints.
The River is a 1938 short documentary film which shows the importance of the Mississippi River to the United States, and how farming and timber practices had caused topsoil to be swept down the river and into the Gulf of Mexico, leading to catastrophic floods and impoverishing farmers.

The City (1939 film)

The City1939City, The
Pare Lorentz's The Plow That Broke the Plains (1936) and The River (1938) and Willard Van Dyke's The City (1939) are notable New Deal productions, each presenting complex combinations of social and ecological awareness, government propaganda, and leftist viewpoints.
The City is a pioneering short documentary film from 1939 that contrasts the problems of the contemporary urban environment with the superior social and physical conditions that can be provided in a planned community.

National Film Board of Canada

NFBNational Film BoardStudio D, the women's studio of the National Film Board of Canada
In Canada, the Film Board, set up by John Grierson, was created for the same propaganda reasons.
An agency of the Government of Canada, the NFB produces and distributes documentary films, animation, web documentaries, and alternative dramas.

Auguste and Louis Lumière

Lumière brothersLumièreLouis Lumière
Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations.
Their actuality films, or actualités, are often cited as the first, primitive documentaries.

Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis

Berlin: Die Sinfonie der GroßstadtBerlin: Symphony of a Great CityBerlin
But the most famous city symphony films are Berlin, Symphony of a Great City (dir.
The film is an example of the 'city symphony' film genre.