Dominatrix

femdomFemale dominancedominatricesDommefemale dominationprofessional dominatrixdominatrixesMistressFem-DomFemale-led relationship
A dominatrix (, plural dominatrices ), is a woman who takes the dominant role in BDSM activities.wikipedia
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List of dominatrices in popular culture

depictions of dominatrices in film and television
As fetish culture is increasingly becoming more prevalent in Western media, depictions of dominatrices in film and television have become more common.
A dominatrix (plural dominatrices or dominatrixes) or mistress is a woman who takes the dominant role in bondage and discipline, dominance and submission or BDSM.

BDSM

sadomasochisticsado-masochismsado-masochistic
A dominatrix (, plural dominatrices ), is a woman who takes the dominant role in BDSM activities.
Sometimes the female-specific terms "mistress", "domme" or "dominatrix" are used to describe a dominant woman, instead of the gender-neutral term "dom".

Eric Stanton

Blunder BroadStantoons
The term was taken up shortly after by the Myron Kosloff title Dominatrix (with art by Eric Stanton) in 1968, and entered more popular mainstream knowledge following the 1976 film Dominatrix Without Mercy. During the twentieth century, the imagery associated with dominatrices was developed by the work of a number of artists including the costume designer and photographer Charles Guyette, the publisher and film director Irving Klaw, and the illustrators Eric Stanton and Gene Bilbrew who drew for the fetish magazine Exotique.
While Stanton began his career as a bondage fantasy artist for Irving Klaw, the majority of his later work depicted gender role reversal and proto-feminist female dominance scenarios.

Venus in Furs

book of the same namenovel of the same nameAustrian novel of the near-same name
Although the term dominatrix was not used, the classic example in literature of the female dominant-male submissive relationship is portrayed in the 1870 novella Venus in Furs by Austrian writer Leopold von Sacher-Masoch.
The novel draws themes, like female dominance and sadomasochism, and character inspiration heavily from Sacher-Masoch's own life.

Theresa Berkley

Theresa Berkeley
Amongst the well-known "dominatrix governesses" were Mrs Chalmers, Mrs Noyeau, the late Mrs Jones of Hertford Street and London Street, the late Mrs Theresa Berkley, Bessy Burgess of York Square and Mrs Pyree of Burton Cres. The most famous of these Governess "female flagellants" was Theresa Berkley, who operated her establishment on Charlotte Street in the central London district of Marylebone.
Theresa Berkley or Berkeley (died September 1836) was a 19th-century English dominatrix who ran a brothel in Hallam Street, just to the east of Portland Place, Marylebone, London, specialising in flagellation.

Pandora's Box (BDSM)

Pandora's Box
Mistress Raven, founder and manager of Pandora's Box, one of New York's best known BDSM studios, was featured in Nick Broomfield's 1996 documentary film Fetishes.
Pandora's Box is a professional domination BDSM studio founded and managed for over a decade by Mistress Raven in New York City at the time one of the most famous dominatrixes in America.

Fetishes (film)

FetishesFetishes'' (film)
Mistress Raven, founder and manager of Pandora's Box, one of New York's best known BDSM studios, was featured in Nick Broomfield's 1996 documentary film Fetishes.
The film contains interviews with professional dominatrices and their clients including the New York filmmaker Maria Beatty.

Canada (AG) v Bedford

Bedford v. CanadaCanada (Attorney General) v. BedfordTerri-Jean Bedford
The Canadian dominatrix Terri-Jean Bedford, who was one of three women who initiated an application in the Ontario Superior Court seeking invalidation of Canada's laws regarding brothels, sought to differentiate for clarity her occupation as a dominatrix rather than a prostitute to the media, due to frequent misunderstanding and conflation by the public of the two terms.
Terri-Jean Bedford, born 15 October 1959, was formerly a prostitute and now works as a professional dominatrix.

Domenica Niehoff

Domenica Niehoff worked as a dominatrix in Hamburg and appeared on talk shows on German television from the 1970s onwards, campaigning for sex workers' rights.
Later she opened a studio and became known as a dominatrix.

Thigh-high boots

thigh-length bootsthigh-highkinky boots
Other common signifying footwear of the dominatrix are thigh-high boots in leather or shiny PVC, which have long held a fetishistic status and are sometimes called kinky boots, along with the very high stiletto heel.
Cheaper thigh boots are often worn by prostitutes and professional dominatrices, so many people consider them icons of such trades.

Inanna

IshtarIštarInana
The history of the dominatrix is argued to date back to rituals of the Goddess Inanna (or Ishtar as she was known in Akkadian), in ancient Mesopotamia.
Author and historian Anne O. Nomis has cited the portrayal of Inanna in the myth of Inanna and Ebih as an early example of the dominatrix archetype, characterizing her as a powerful female who forces gods and men into submission to her.

Charlotte Street

Upper Charlotte StreetCharlotte Street Fitzrovia
Amongst the well-known "dominatrix governesses" were Mrs Chalmers, Mrs Noyeau, the late Mrs Jones of Hertford Street and London Street, the late Mrs Theresa Berkley, Bessy Burgess of York Square and Mrs Pyree of Burton Cres. The most famous of these Governess "female flagellants" was Theresa Berkley, who operated her establishment on Charlotte Street in the central London district of Marylebone.

Exotique

During the twentieth century, the imagery associated with dominatrices was developed by the work of a number of artists including the costume designer and photographer Charles Guyette, the publisher and film director Irving Klaw, and the illustrators Eric Stanton and Gene Bilbrew who drew for the fetish magazine Exotique.
The 36 issues featured photos and illustrations of dominatrix-inspired vamps (including wife Tana Louise and iconic model Bettie Page) wearing exotic leather and rubber ensembles, corsets, stockings/garters, boots, and high heels.

PVC clothing

vinylPVCPVC clothes
Examples include PVC clothing, latex clothing and garments drawn from the leather subculture.
A popular stereotype is the image of a dominatrix wearing a skin-tight PVC catsuit, usually jet-black.

The Avengers (TV series)

The AvengersAvengersSteed and Mrs. Peel
The spill-over into mainstream culture, occurred with catsuits being worn by strong female protagonists in popular 1960s TV programs like The Avengers, and in the comic super-heroines such as Catwoman, in which the catsuit represented the independent woman capable of "kick-ass" moves and antics, enabling complete freedom of movement.
In "A Touch of Brimstone", Mrs. Peel dresses in a dominatrix outfit of corset, laced boots and spiked collar to become the "Queen of Sin".

Dominance and submission

dominantsubmissivedominance
Such historical use of corporal punishment and suspension, in a setting of domination roleplay, connects very closely to the practices of modern-day professional dominatrices.
The term dominatrix usually refers to a female sex worker who dominates others for pay.

Fetish fashion

fetish clothingfetishfetish wear
Dominatrices often wear clothing made from fetish fashion materials.
An example of a fetish costume worn by women is the dominatrix costume.

Maîtresse Françoise

Annick FoucaultFoucault, Annick
Maîtresse Françoise (pen name Annick Foucault) is a publicly known dominatrix in Paris, France.

Melissa Febos

She is the author of Whip Smart (St Martin.s Press 2010), a memoir of her work as a professional dominatrix while she was studying at The New School.

Financial domination

Some dominatrices practice financial domination, or findom, a fetish in which a submissive is aroused by sending money or gifts to a dominatrix at her instruction.
Many pro-dommes and femdommes found this to be a natural extension for any professional dominatrix who is already being paid for fetish services, and began to exploit it with clients who shared her fetish.

Clothed female, naked male

clothed female/nude male
As a result, CFNM frequently includes the clothed female taking on the role of a dominatrix over the nude male.

Bonding (TV series)

BondingBonding'' (TV series)
Another prominent example is the TV series Bonding, in which Tiffany "Tiff" Chester, portrayed by Zoe Levin, is a psychology student by day, and dominatrix "Mistress May" by night.
Bonding, which is reported to be loosely based on the personal experience of its creator Rightor Doyle, follows the story of Tiff (Zoe Levin), a psychology student moonlighting as a dominatrix.

Bruno Zach

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The props she may brandish will strongly signify her role as dominatrix, such as bearing a flogger, whip or riding crop as illustrated in the artwork of Bruno Zach in the early 20th century, in conventional representation.
Zach became a prolific creator of sculptures featuring tall, athletic, dominating women in bronze and ivory, the combination of the two in art casting sometimes being referred to as “chryselephantine”.

Male submission

A woman who dominates a male submissive is referred to as a dominant, domme (feminine form of "dominant") or dominatrix.