Dominican Republic

DominicanDOMDominicansthe Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoDom. Rep.República DominicanaRepublica Dominicanade facto ruler of the Dominican RepublicDominican Rep
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana, ) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.wikipedia
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Haiti

Republic of HaitiHaïtiHaitian
It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of only two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two sovereign states.
It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic.

Taíno

TainoTaínosTaíno people
The native Taíno people had inhabited Hispaniola since the 7th century, dividing it into five chiefdoms.
At the time of European contact in the late fifteenth century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Jamaica, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas and the northern Lesser Antilles.

Hispaniola

San DomingoSanto DomingoIsland of Hispaniola
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana, ) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Since 1808, the 76192 km2 island has been divided into two separate, sovereign nations: the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic (48,445 km 2, 18,705 sq mi) to the east and French / French-based Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti (27,750 km 2, 10,710 sq mi) to the west.

Dominican War of Independence

Dominican independenceIndependenceWar of Independence
Independence came 22 years later after victory in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844.
The Dominican Independence War gave the Dominican Republic autonomy from Haiti on February 27, 1844.

Rafael Trujillo

Rafael Leónidas TrujilloTrujilloRafael Leonidas Trujillo
The United States occupied the country between 1916 and 1924; a subsequent calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez was followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo until 1961.
Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (, ; 24 October 1891 – 30 May 1961), nicknamed El Jefe (, "The Chief" or "The Boss"), was a Dominican politician, soldier, and dictator, who ruled the Dominican Republic from February 1930 until his assassination in May 1961.

Joaquín Balaguer

Joaquin BalaguerBalaguerJoaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo
A civil war in 1965, the country's last, was ended by U.S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer (1966–1978 and 1986–1996), Antonio Guzmán (1972–1978) and Salvador Jorge Blanco (1982–1986).
Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo (1 September 1906 – 14 July 2002) was the President of the Dominican Republic who served three non-consecutive terms for that office from 1960 to 1962, 1966 to 1978, and 1986 to 1996.

Dominican Restoration War

Restoration WarDominican War of RestorationWar of Restoration
Over the next 72 years the Dominican Republic experienced mostly internal conflicts and a brief return to Spanish colonial status before permanently ousting the Spanish during the Dominican War of Restoration of 1863–1865.
The Dominican Restoration War was a guerrilla war between 1863 and 1865 in the Dominican Republic between nationalists and Spain, who had recolonized the country 17 years after its independence.

Leonel Fernández

Leonel Fernández ReynaLeonel FernandezFernández
Since 1996 the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and was led by Leonel Fernández for much of the period until 2012.
Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna (born December 26, 1953) is a Dominican lawyer, academic, and was President of the Dominican Republic from 1996 to 2000 and from 2004 to 2012.

Hipólito Mejía

Hipolito MejiaHipolito MejíaHipólito Mejía Domínguez
Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republic's current president, succeeded Fernández in 2012, winning 51% of the electoral vote over his opponent ex-president Hipólito Mejía.
Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínguez (born 22 February 1941) is a Dominican politician who served as President of the Dominican Republic from 2000 to 2004.

Salvador Jorge Blanco

A civil war in 1965, the country's last, was ended by U.S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer (1966–1978 and 1986–1996), Antonio Guzmán (1972–1978) and Salvador Jorge Blanco (1982–1986).
He was the 48th President of the Dominican Republic, from 1982 to 1986.

Horacio Vásquez

Horacio Vásquez LajaraHoracio VasquezHoracio Vasquez Lajara
The United States occupied the country between 1916 and 1924; a subsequent calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez was followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo until 1961.
Felipe Horacio Vásquez Lajara (October 22, 1860 – March 25, 1936) was a Dominican general and political figure.

Merengue music

merenguemerenguesDominican Merengue
Music and sport are of great importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music, and baseball as the most popular sport.
Merengue is a type of music and dance originating in the Dominican Republic, which has become a very popular genre throughout Latin America, and also in several major cities in the United States which have Hispanic communities.

Greater Antilles

GreaterGreater AntilleanAntillas Mayores
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana, ) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Six island states share the region of the Greater Antilles in total, with Haiti and the Dominican Republic sharing the island of Hispaniola.

Antonio Guzmán Fernández

Antonio GuzmánAntonio Guzman FernandezPresident Guzmán
A civil war in 1965, the country's last, was ended by U.S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer (1966–1978 and 1986–1996), Antonio Guzmán (1972–1978) and Salvador Jorge Blanco (1982–1986).
Silvestre Antonio Guzmán Fernández (February 12, 1911 – July 4, 1982), best known as Antonio Guzmán, was a Dominican businessman and a politician.

Santo Domingo

Ciudad TrujilloSanto Domingo, Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo de Guzmán
The Dominicans established a house of high studies in the island of Santo Domingo that today is known as the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo and dedicated themselves to the protection of the native Taíno people, who were subjected to slavery, and to the education of the inhabitants of the island.
Santo Domingo ( meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.

Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo

University of Santo DomingoAutonomous University of Santo DomingoUniversidad Autonoma de Santo Domingo
The Dominicans established a house of high studies in the island of Santo Domingo that today is known as the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo and dedicated themselves to the protection of the native Taíno people, who were subjected to slavery, and to the education of the inhabitants of the island.
The Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo (UASD) (Autonomous University of Santo Domingo) is the public university system in the Dominican Republic with its flagship campus in the Ciudad Universitaria of Santo Domingo and with regional campuses in many cities of the Republic.

List of countries by real GDP growth rate

Real GDP growth ratefastest growing economiesGDP growth rate
Over the two decades to 2012, the Dominican Republic has had one of the fastest-growing economies in the Americas – with an average real GDP growth rate of 5.4% between 1992 and 2014.

Pico Duarte

Pico Trujillo
A geographically diverse nation, the Dominican Republic is home to both the Caribbean's tallest mountain peak, Pico Duarte, and the Caribbean's largest lake and point of lowest elevation, Lake Enriquillo.
The mountain lies in the Cordillera Central range, the greatest of the Dominican Republic's mountain chains.

Bachata (music)

bachatabachata musicbachatas
Music and sport are of great importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music, and baseball as the most popular sport.
The first recorded compositions of Bachata were done by José Manuel Calderón from the Dominican Republic.

Gran Colombia

Republic of Gran ColombiaColombiaGreater Colombia
The leader of the independence movement José Núñez de Cáceres, intended the Dominican nation to unite with the country of Gran Colombia, but the newly independent Dominicans were forcefully annexed by Haiti in February 1822.
This prestige, added to the figure of Simón Bolívar, attracted to the nation unionist ideas of independence movements in Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, which sought to form an associated state with the republic.

Emilio Prud’Homme

Emilio Prud'Homme
The author of its lyrics, Emilio Prud'Homme, consistently uses the poetic term "Quisqueyans" (Quisqueyanos).
Emilio Prud’Homme y Maduro (August 20, 1856- July 21, 1932) was a Dominican lawyer, writer, and educator.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana, ) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
The tropical rainforest climates include lowland areas near the Caribbean Sea from Costa Rica north to Belize, as well as the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, while the more seasonal dry tropical savanna climates are found in Cuba, northern Colombia and Venezuela, and southern Yucatán, Mexico.

Pueblo Viejo mine

Pueblo Viejo
The country is the site of the second largest gold mine in the world, the Pueblo Viejo mine.
The Pueblo Viejo mine is a gold mine located in the north-central region of the Dominican Republic in the Sánchez Ramírez Province.

Santiago de los Caballeros

SantiagoSantiago, Dominican RepublicSantiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
Two major mining areas resulted, one along San Cristóbal-Buenaventura, and another in Cibao within the La Vega-Cotuy-Bonao triangle, while Santiago de los Caballeros, Concepcion, and Bonao became mining towns.
Santiago de los Caballeros or simply Santiago (English: Saint James of the Knights) is the second-largest city in the Dominican Republic, and the fourth-largest city in the Caribbean.

Puerto Plata Province

Puerto PlataPuerto Plata, Dominican Republicprovince of Puerto Plata
On Columbus's return during his second voyage he established the settlement of La Isabela in what is now Puerto Plata on Jan. 1494, while he sent Alonso de Ojeda to search for gold in the region.
Puerto Plata (, Silver Port) is one of the northern provinces of the Dominican Republic.