Dominion of New England

Dominion of New-England in AmericaNew EnglandDominionDominion of New England in AmericaNew England Dominionthe Dominion of New England in America
The Dominion of New England in America (1686–89) was an administrative union of English colonies covering New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies (except for the Colony of Pennsylvania).wikipedia
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New England

Southern New EnglandNorthern New EnglandNew England region
The Dominion of New England in America (1686–89) was an administrative union of English colonies covering New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies (except for the Colony of Pennsylvania).
He therefore established the Dominion of New England, an administrative union comprising all of the New England colonies.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

MassachusettsMassachusetts Bay CompanyMassachusetts Bay
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine.
King James II established the Dominion of New England in 1686 to bring all of the New England colonies under firmer crown control.

Province of New Hampshire

New HampshireProvince of New-HampshireColony of New Hampshire
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine.
After a brief period as a separate province, the territory was absorbed into the Dominion of New England in 1686.

Connecticut Colony

ConnecticutColony of ConnecticutProvince of Connecticut
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine.
Connecticut Colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the New World with its refusal to surrender local authority to the Dominion of New England, an event known as the Charter Oak incident which occurred at Jeremy Adams' inn and tavern.

1689 Boston revolt

Boston Revolthave Andros arresteda revolt
News of the Glorious Revolution in England reached Boston in 1689, and the Puritans launched the 1689 Boston revolt against Andros, arresting him and his officers.
The 1689 Boston revolt was a popular uprising on April 18, 1689 against the rule of Sir Edmund Andros, the governor of the Dominion of New England.

Leisler's Rebellion

Leisler RebellionLeisleriandissident government of New-York
Leisler's Rebellion in New York deposed the dominion's lieutenant governor Francis Nicholson.
The uprising took place in the aftermath of Britain's Glorious Revolution and the 1689 Boston revolt in the Dominion of New England, which had included New York.

Francis Nicholson

Lieutenant Governor Nicholson
Leisler's Rebellion in New York deposed the dominion's lieutenant governor Francis Nicholson.
He previously was the Governor of Nova Scotia from 1712 to 1715, the Governor of Virginia from 1698 to 1705, the Governor of Maryland from 1694 to 1698, the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1690 to 1692, and the Lieutenant Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1688 to 1689.

Middle Colonies

MiddleMid-Atlantic Colonies
The Dominion of New England in America (1686–89) was an administrative union of English colonies covering New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies (except for the Colony of Pennsylvania).
In May 1688 the province briefly became part of the Dominion of New England.

Joseph Dudley

DudleyGovernor DudleyJoseph
A provisional commission was issued on October 8, 1685 to Massachusetts Bay native Joseph Dudley as President of the Council of New England, due to delays in developing the commission for Kirke's intended successor Sir Edmund Andros.
He had a leading role in the administration of the Dominion of New England (1686–1689) which was overthrown in the 1689 Boston revolt.

Plymouth Colony

PlymouthPlymouth PlantationColony of New-Plimouth
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine.
In 1686, the entire region was reorganized under a single government known as the Dominion of New England; this included the colonies of Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and New Hampshire.

Province of New York

New Yorkcolony of New YorkNew York Colony
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine. The resulting Province of Massachusetts Bay combined the territories of Massachusetts and Plymouth along with Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands that had been part of Dukes County in the Province of New York. On May 7, 1688, the provinces of New York, East Jersey, and West Jersey were added to the Dominion.
In May 1688 the province was made part of the Dominion of New England.

Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

Rhode IslandColony of Rhode IslandRhode Island Colony
The Dominion encompassed a very large area from the Delaware River in the south to Penobscot Bay in the north, composed of the Province of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Province of New York, and Province of New Jersey, plus a small portion of Maine.
Charles' successor James II introduced the Dominion of New England in 1686 as a means to accomplish these goals.

Edward Randolph (colonial administrator)

Edward RandolphEdmund Randolph
Edward Randolph had served as the crown agent investigating affairs in New England, and he was appointed to the council, as well.
Called "evil genius of New England and her angel of death", his reports to the Lords of Trade (predecessors to the 18th century Board of Trade) convinced King Charles II to revoke the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1684, and he was a leading figure in the unpopular Dominion of New England.

Board of Trade

Lords of TradeLord of TradeCommission of Trade
Following the revocation of the Massachusetts charter, Charles II and the Lords of Trade moved forward with plans to establish a unified administration over at least some of the New England colonies.
They brought New Hampshire under the Crown, modified Penn's charter, refused a charter to the Plymouth colony, and taking advantage of the concessions of the charters of Massachusetts and New York, created the Dominion of New England in 1685, thereby transforming all the territory from the Kennebec to the Delaware into a single crown colony.

Thomas Hinckley

Gov. Thomas HinckleyGovernor Thomas Hinckley
In Plymouth, dominion councilor Nathaniel Clark was arrested on April 22, and previous governor Thomas Hinckley was reinstated.
He served in a variety of political and military offices before becoming governor of the colony in 1680, a post he held (excluding the interregnum of the Dominion of New England 1686-1689) until the colony was folded into the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1692.

Robert Treat

Andros' commission included Connecticut, and he asked Connecticut Governor Robert Treat to surrender the colonial charter not long after his arrival in Boston.
First elected Governor in 1683, Treat was supplanted by Sir Edmund Andros in 1687, making Connecticut part of the Dominion of New England.

Edmund Andros

Sir Edmund AndrosGovernor AndrosAndros
A provisional commission was issued on October 8, 1685 to Massachusetts Bay native Joseph Dudley as President of the Council of New England, due to delays in developing the commission for Kirke's intended successor Sir Edmund Andros. Governor Sir Edmund Andros tried to make legal and structural changes, but most of these were undone and the Dominion was overthrown as soon as word was received that King James II had left the throne in England.
He was the governor of the Dominion of New England during most of its three-year existence.

Walter Clarke (governor)

Walter ClarkeWalter
Rhode Island authorities organized a resumption of its charter with elections on May 1, but previous governor Walter Clarke refused to serve, and the colony continued without one.
His time in office was very short, because the new English king, James II put most of the American colonies under a single royal governor, Edmund Andros, and Rhode Island fell under the Dominion of New England for three years.

King William's War

1688Indian warsSecond Indian War
This was particularly problematic in Massachusetts, whose long frontier with New France saw its defenders recalled in the aftermath of the revolt, and was exposed to French and Indian raids after the outbreak of King William's War in 1689.
In North America, there was significant tension between New France and the northern English colonies, which had in 1686 been united in the Dominion of New England.

Province of Massachusetts Bay

MassachusettsMassachusetts BayProvince of Massachusetts
The resulting Province of Massachusetts Bay combined the territories of Massachusetts and Plymouth along with Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands that had been part of Dukes County in the Province of New York.
In 1686, Charles II's successor King James II formed the Dominion of New England which ultimately created a single political unit out of the British territories from Delaware Bay to Penobscot Bay.

Charter Oak

Joseph WadsworthChartera failed attempt
It was said to have been hidden in a nearby oak tree (referred to afterward as the Charter Oak) so that a search of nearby buildings could not locate the document.

Increase Mather

IncreaseMatherMather, Increase
The religious leaders of Massachusetts, led by Cotton and Increase Mather, were opposed to the rule of Andros, and organized dissent targeted to influence the court in London.
In 1686 James revoked the Charter of Massachusetts in the process of creating the Dominion of New England.

East Jersey

Province of East JerseyEastEast New Jersey
On May 7, 1688, the provinces of New York, East Jersey, and West Jersey were added to the Dominion.

History of New England

New England17th-century New Englandearly colonial history of New England
He decreed the Dominion of New England in 1686, an administrative union of all the New England colonies, and the Province of New York and the Province of New Jersey were added into it two years later.

West Jersey

Province of West JerseyWest New JerseyWest
On May 7, 1688, the provinces of New York, East Jersey, and West Jersey were added to the Dominion.