Dominion of Pakistan

PakistanQueen of PakistanKing of PakistanDominionPakistaniBritish monarchyState of PakistanGovernment of PakistanMonarchMonarchy of Pakistan
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য '; undefined '), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan.wikipedia
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Pakistan Movement

independencemovementMovement for Pakistan
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য '; undefined '), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan.
The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan (পাকিস্তান আন্দোলন, Pakistan Andolon; undefined – ) was a religious political movement in the 1940s that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Dominion of Pakistan from the Muslim-majority areas of the British Indian Empire.

Dominion

DominionsBritish Dominiondominion status
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য '; undefined '), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan. The British monarch became head of state of the new dominion, with Pakistan sharing a king with the United Kingdom and the other Dominions of the British Commonwealth, but the monarch's constitutional roles were delegated to the Governor-General of Pakistan, and most real powers resided with the new government headed by Jinnah.
"Dominion status" was a constitutional term of art used to signify an independent Commonwealth realm; they included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The dominion, which included much of modern-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, was conceived under the two-nation theory as an independent country composed of the Muslim-majority areas of the former British India.
Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
The dominion, which included much of modern-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, was conceived under the two-nation theory as an independent country composed of the Muslim-majority areas of the former British India. The dominion began as a federation of five provinces: East Bengal (later to become Bangladesh), West Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, and the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP).
The borders of modern Bangladesh were established with the separation of Bengal and India in August 1947, when the region became East Pakistan as a part of the newly formed State of Pakistan, demarcated by the Boundary of the Partition of India.

Princely states of Pakistan

princely state of Pakistanprincely statesprincely state
At the dominion's creation in 1947, it did not include the princely states of Pakistan, which acceded slowly over the next year. Before August 1947, about half of the area of present-day Pakistan was part of the Presidencies and provinces of British India, in which the agents of the sovereign as Emperor of India had full authority, while the remainder was a series of princely states in subsidiary alliances with the British, enjoying internal self-government.
The princely states of Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان کی نوابی ریاستیں; Sindhi: پاڪستان جون نوابي رياستون ) were former princely states of the British Indian Empire which acceded to the new Dominion of Pakistan between 1947 and 1948, following the Partition of (British) India and its independence.

Indian Independence Act 1947

Indian independenceindependenceIndian Independence Act
Section 1 of the Indian Independence Act 1947 provided that from "the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan."
6.)) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.

Governor-General of Pakistan

Governor-GeneralGovernor GeneralGovernor General of Pakistan
The British monarch became head of state of the new dominion, with Pakistan sharing a king with the United Kingdom and the other Dominions of the British Commonwealth, but the monarch's constitutional roles were delegated to the Governor-General of Pakistan, and most real powers resided with the new government headed by Jinnah.
The Governor-General of Pakistan (undefined), was the representative in Pakistan of the British monarch, from the country's independence in 1947.

East Bengal

Eastern BengalEastGovernment of East Bengal
The dominion began as a federation of five provinces: East Bengal (later to become Bangladesh), West Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, and the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP).
East Bengal (পূর্ব বাংলা Purbô Bangla) was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Liberation War

Liberation War of Bangladeshliberation warBangladesh War of Independence
In 1971 East Pakistan seceded from the union to become Bangladesh.
The Dominion of Pakistan comprised two geographically and culturally separate areas to the east and the west with India in between.

Dominion of India

Indian UnionUnion of IndiaIndia
The Dominion of India held seventy-five percent of the territory and eighty percent of the population of the former British India. The controversial Radcliffe Award, not published until 17 August 1947 specified the Radcliffe Line which demarcated the border between the parts of British India allocated to the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan. During the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953, she was crowned as Queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries, including Pakistan, which was still a dominion at the time, whereas India was not, as the dominion of India had become a republic under the new Indian constitution of 1950.
The Partition of British India on 15 August 1947 led to the creation of two sovereign states, both dominions: Pakistan (which later split into the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh in 1971) and India (later the Republic of India).

Emperor of India

Empress of IndiaKaisar-i-HindKing of India
Before August 1947, about half of the area of present-day Pakistan was part of the Presidencies and provinces of British India, in which the agents of the sovereign as Emperor of India had full authority, while the remainder was a series of princely states in subsidiary alliances with the British, enjoying internal self-government.
The title was abandoned on 22 June 1948, after the Indian Independence Act 1947 had made George VI king of the two new dominions of India and Pakistan.

Presidencies and provinces of British India

British IndiaIndiaBritish
The dominion, which included much of modern-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, was conceived under the two-nation theory as an independent country composed of the Muslim-majority areas of the former British India. The Dominion of India held seventy-five percent of the territory and eighty percent of the population of the former British India. Before August 1947, about half of the area of present-day Pakistan was part of the Presidencies and provinces of British India, in which the agents of the sovereign as Emperor of India had full authority, while the remainder was a series of princely states in subsidiary alliances with the British, enjoying internal self-government.
Independence from British rule was achieved in 1947 with the formation of two nations, the Dominions of India and Pakistan, the latter including East Bengal, present-day Bangladesh.

Bahawalpur (princely state)

BahawalpurBahawalpur StateNawab of Bahawalpur
They included Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Swat, Dir, Hunza, Chitral, Makran, and the Khanate of Kalat.
When India became independent of British rule in 1947 and partitioned into two states, India and Pakistan, Bahawalpur joined the Dominion of Pakistan.

Dir (princely state)

DirD(h)irDir state
They included Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Swat, Dir, Hunza, Chitral, Makran, and the Khanate of Kalat.
For some months it was unaligned, until February 1948, when its accession to the new Dominion of Pakistan was accepted.

Khanate of Kalat

KalatKalat StateKalat Khanate
They included Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Swat, Dir, Hunza, Chitral, Makran, and the Khanate of Kalat.
It was briefly independent from 12 August 1947 until 27 March 1948, when the Khan acceded his state to the new Dominion of Pakistan.

Radcliffe Line

Radcliffe AwardRadcliffe Commissionnewly drawn borders
The controversial Radcliffe Award, not published until 17 August 1947 specified the Radcliffe Line which demarcated the border between the parts of British India allocated to the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.
The Act also stipulated the partition of the Presidencies and provinces of British India into two new sovereign dominions: the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan.

Coronation of Elizabeth II

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth IIcoronationher coronation
During the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953, she was crowned as Queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries, including Pakistan, which was still a dominion at the time, whereas India was not, as the dominion of India had become a republic under the new Indian constitution of 1950.
During the service, Elizabeth took an oath, was anointed with holy oil, invested with robes and regalia, and crowned Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).

Pakistan Day

Republic Day23 March 195623 March
Pakistan ceased being a dominion on 23 March 1956 on the adoption of a republican constitution.
Pakistan Day (undefined, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan commemorating the Lahore Resolution passed on 23 March 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য '; undefined '), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan.
The partition of India in 1947 was the division of British India into two independent dominion states, the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Bengal was similarly divided into East Bengal (in Pakistan) and West Bengal (in India).
The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971.

Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth IIthe QueenQueen
When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon.

Constitution of Pakistan

Constitution1973 Constitution1973 Constitution of Pakistan
Pakistan ceased being a dominion on 23 March 1956 on the adoption of a republican constitution.
The British Empire divided the Raj into two parts, India and Pakistan.

Head of the Commonwealth

HeadCommonwealthHeadship of the Commonwealth
The Queen visited Pakistan as Head of the Commonwealth in 1961 and 1997, accompanied by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
In 1949, King George VI was king of each of the countries that then comprised the British Commonwealth (later the Commonwealth of Nations): the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, and Ceylon.

Bengali language

BengaliBanglaBengali-language
The Bengali Language Movement was a popular ethno-linguistic movement in the former East Bengal (today Bangladesh), which was a result of the strong linguistic consciousness of the Bengalis to gain and protect spoken and written Bengali's recognition as a state language of the then Dominion of Pakistan.

George VI

King George VIGeorge VI of the United KingdomDuke of York
During the ministry of Clement Attlee, British India became the two independent Dominions of India and Pakistan in 1947.