Donald Ewen Cameron

Ewen CameronDonald Ewan CameronEwan CameronD Ewen CameronD. Ewen CameronDonald CameronDonald E. CameronDr. D. Ewen CameronDr. Donald Cameronintrapsychic
Donald Ewen Cameron (December 24, 1901 – September 8, 1967) — known as '''D.wikipedia
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World Psychiatric Association

World Congress of PsychiatryWPA
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).
Donald Ewen Cameron became president of the World Psychiatric Association at its formal founding in 1961.

Psychic driving

over and over
Decades after his own death, the psychic driving technique he developed continued to see extensive use in the torture of prisoners around the world.
The procedure was pioneered by Dr. D. Ewen Cameron, and used and funded by the CIA's Project MKUltra program in Canada.

American Psychiatric Association

APAAmerican Medico-Psychological AssociationAmerican Psychiatry Association
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).

Gartnavel Royal Hospital

Glasgow Royal Mental HospitalGlasgow Royal Lunatic AsylumGlasgow Royal Asylum
Cameron began his training in psychiatry at the Glasgow Royal Mental Hospital in 1925.
Prominent clinicians who worked at the hospital included Sir David Henderson, who was physician-superintendent at the hospital from 1921 to 1932, Donald Ewen Cameron, who worked at the hospital during the 1920s and R. D. Laing, who worked at the hospital for a number of years during the 1950s.

David Henderson (psychiatrist)

David HendersonDavid Kennedy HendersonDr David Kennedy Henderson
In 1926, Cameron served as Assistant Medical Officer there and was introduced to psychiatrist Sir David Henderson, a student of Swiss-born US psychiatrist Adolf Meyer.
Henderson taught Donald Ewan Cameron, who also worked at the Gartnavel Hospital, would write an obituary for Henderson in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Burghölzli

Burghölzli Mental HospitalBurghölzli psychiatric clinicBurghölzli Swiss Mental Hospital
In 1928, Cameron left Baltimore for the Burghölzli, the psychiatric hospital of the University of Zurich, in Switzerland, where he studied under Hans W. Maier, the successor of Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler, who had significantly influenced psychiatric thinking.
The psychological torture master Ewen Cameron studied at Burghölzli in the late 1920s.

Montreal experiments

He commuted from Albany to Montreal every week to work at McGill's Allan Memorial Institute and was paid $69,000 from 1957 to 1964 to carry out MKUltra experiments there, known as the Montreal experiments.
The experiments were conducted at the Allan Memorial Institute of McGill University between 1957 and 1964 by the Scottish psychiatrist Donald Ewen Cameron and funded by the CIA as part of Project MKUltra, which lasted until 1973 and was only revealed to the public in 1975.

The Sleep Room

This was made into a TV mini-series directed by Anne Wheeler in 1998, called The Sleep Room, which also dramatizes the lawsuit of Cameron's ex-patients against the CIA.
The Sleep Room was a 1998 Canadian television movie about experiments on Canadian mental patients that were carried out in the 1950s and 1960s by Donald Ewan Cameron and funded by the CIA's MK Ultra program.

Allan Memorial Institute

Allan Memorial Institute of Psychiatry
He commuted from Albany to Montreal every week to work at McGill's Allan Memorial Institute and was paid $69,000 from 1957 to 1964 to carry out MKUltra experiments there, known as the Montreal experiments. With a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, money from John Wilson McConnell of the Montreal Star, and a gift of Sir Hugh Allan's mansion on Mount Royal, the Allan Memorial Institute for psychiatry was founded.
MKUltra experimentation was undertaken at the Institute between 1957 and 1964 by its founding director, Donald Ewen Cameron.

The Shock Doctrine

Disaster capitalismThe Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalismdisaster capitalist
Naomi Klein states in her book The Shock Doctrine that Cameron's research and his contribution to MKUltra were not about mind control and brainwashing, but "to design a scientifically based system for extracting information from 'resistant sources.' In other words, torture."
Part 1 begins with a chapter on psychiatric shock therapy and the covert experiments conducted by the psychiatrist Ewen Cameron in collusion with the Central Intelligence Agency.

Project MKUltra

MKULTRAMK-ULTRAMK Ultra
Some of this work took place in the context of the Project MKUltra program for the developing of mind control and torture techniques, psychoactive poisons, and behavior modification systems.
The CIA exported experiments to Canada when they recruited British psychiatrist Donald Ewen Cameron, creator of the "psychic driving" concept, which the CIA found interesting.

Psychiatry

psychiatricpsychiatristpsychiatrists
Discredited psychiatrists who operated outside the norms of medical ethics include Harry Bailey, Donald Ewen Cameron, Samuel A. Cartwright, Henry Cotton, and Andrei Snezhnevsky.

Anne Collins (author)

Anne Collins
In her book, In the Sleep Room: The Story of the CIA Brainwashing Experiments in Canada, author Anne Collins explored the history of Cameron and Montreal's Allan Memorial Institute.
In the Sleep Room explored the history of Dr. Ewen Cameron and Montreal's Allen Memorial Institute and was made into a movie directed by Anne Wheeler in 1998.

Sidney Gottlieb

Dr. Sidney GottliebJoe from Paris
He sponsored physicians such as Ewen Cameron and Harris Isbell in controversial psychiatric research including nonconsensual human experiments.

William Sargant

His work was inspired and paralleled by the psychiatrist William Sargant, who was also involved with the Intelligence Services and experimented extensively on his patients without their consent, causing similar long-term damage.
Donald Ewen Cameron was experimenting along similar lines in Canada, and it later emerged that his work was in part funded by the CIA.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).

Psychiatrist

psychiatristsclinical psychiatristconsultant psychiatrist
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).

American Psychopathological Association

American Psychopathological Society
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).

Unethical human experimentation

human experimentationlethal human experimentationabuses
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Child sexual abuse

child molestationchild molestermolested
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Electroconvulsive therapy

electroshock therapyelectroshockshock therapy
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Curare

Curare poisoningcurariformcurarizing
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Informed consent

consentPrior Informed Consentconsensual
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Psychological torture

psychologicalpsychological painpsychologically abused
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.

Medical torture

torturedtorturing
In spite of his high professional reputation, he has been criticized for, among other things, his experimentation on adults and children as well as his involvement in child sexual abuse, administering electroconvulsive therapy and experimental drugs, including poisons such as curare, to patients and prisoners without their informed consent, and his role in the history of the development of psychological and medical torture techniques.