Donald Garland

Flying Officer Garland
Donald Edward Garland, VC (28 June 1918 – 12 May 1940) was a bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.wikipedia
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Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School

Cardinal Vaughan SchoolThe Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School
Born in Ballinacor, County Wicklow, Garland was a pupil at Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School, Holland Park, London from 1929 to 1935, and left with a good all-round School Certificate.
Thirty-nine old boys who were killed in the War are named in the School's Roll of Honour, including the first VC of the War in the Royal Air Force, Flying Officer Donald Edward Garland.

No. 12 Squadron RAF

No. 12 Squadron12 Squadron12
Garland was 21 years old, and a flying officer in No. 12 Squadron during the Second World War, when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.
They met an intensive anti-aircraft fire, but the mission was accomplished, much of the success being due to the coolness and resource of the pilot Flying Officer Garland of the leading aircraft and the navigation of Sergeant Gray.

Thomas Gray (VC)

Thomas GraySergeant Gray
Garland and his navigator, Sergeant Thomas Gray, attacked the bridge at Veldwezelt.
Gray was 25 years old, and a sergeant in No. 12 Squadron RAF, Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War when the following deed took place for which he and his pilot Flying Officer Donald Garland were awarded the VC in a joint citation.

Fairey Battle

BattleBattlesFairey "Battle" bomber
The RAF was ordered to demolish one of these vital bridges, and five Fairey Battle bombers were despatched with Flying Officer Garland leading the attack.
Two Victoria Crosses were awarded posthumously for the action, to Flying Officer Donald Garland and air observer/navigator sergeant Thomas Gray of Battle serial P2204 coded PH-K, for pressing home the attack in spite of the heavy defensive fire.

Heverlee Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery

Heverlee War Cemetery
Garland is buried at the Heverlee War Cemetery in Leuven, Belgium.
Donald Garland (1918–1940)

Amifontaine

On the day of the attack on the bridge, Garland and his crew flew from the grass airfield near the village of Amifontaine, France, where 12 Squadron had been based since December 1939, No memorial to the airfield, and to the men who flew from it, has been reported to exist in the area.
Flying Officer Garland and Sergeant Gray were both awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses for "most conspicuous bravery".

Victoria Cross

VCV.C.VCs
Donald Edward Garland, VC (28 June 1918 – 12 May 1940) was a bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Royal Air Force

RAFairmanBritish
Donald Edward Garland, VC (28 June 1918 – 12 May 1940) was a bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth nations
Donald Edward Garland, VC (28 June 1918 – 12 May 1940) was a bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

County Wicklow

WicklowCo. WicklowCounty of Wicklow
Born in Ballinacor, County Wicklow, Garland was a pupil at Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School, Holland Park, London from 1929 to 1935, and left with a good all-round School Certificate.

Albert Canal

Canal AlbertMaas-Schelde canalMeuse–Escaut Canal
On 12 May 1940, over the Albert Canal, Belgium, two bridges, Veldwezelt and Vroenhoven, were being used by the invading army, with protection from fighter aircraft, anti-aircraft and machine-guns.

Lanaken

RekemVeldwezeltReckheim
They died either crashing in the village of Lanaken, or in the hospital in Maastricht, Netherlands.

Maastricht

Maastricht, NetherlandsMaastricht, The NetherlandsGovernor of Maastricht
They died either crashing in the village of Lanaken, or in the hospital in Maastricht, Netherlands.

Leuven

LouvainLeuven, BelgiumLeuven (Louvain)
Garland is buried at the Heverlee War Cemetery in Leuven, Belgium.

Royal Air Force Museum

RAF MuseumRoyal Air Force Museum LondonRAF Museum Cosford
Garland's Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon, England.

Hendon

Hendon, MiddlesexHendon, LondonBrent Street
Garland's Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon, England.

Vickers VC10

VC10VC-10Super VC10
A Vickers VC-10 Serial 'XR807' of 101 Squadron was named 'Donald Garland VC & Thomas Gray VC'.

No. 101 Squadron RAF

101 SquadronNo. 101 Squadron101
A Vickers VC-10 Serial 'XR807' of 101 Squadron was named 'Donald Garland VC & Thomas Gray VC'.

Panavia Tornado

TornadoTornado GR4Tornados
During 2005, to mark its 90th anniversary, No.12 Squadron RAF flew a Tornado GR4 with Flying Officer Garland's and Sgt Gray's name painted under the cockpit as a mark of respect.

The National Archives (United Kingdom)

National ArchivesThe National ArchivesUK National Archive
Grey] in The Art of War exhibition at the UK National Archives

Flying officer

F/Oflight sub-lieutenantSection Officer
Garland was 21 years old, and a flying officer in No. 12 Squadron during the Second World War, when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

Garland (surname)

Donald Edward Garland (1918–1940), Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross