Official portrait, 2017
Kim in April 2019
Putin in 2021
Map of countries affected by Executive Order 13769. Collectively, the order applies to over 200 million people (approximate population of the seven countries) while about 90,000 people from these countries currently hold a US immigrant or non-immigrant visa.
Trump at the New York Military Academy in 1964
The Liebefeld-Steinhölzli public school in Köniz, Switzerland, reportedly attended by Kim Jong-un
Five-year-old Vladimir Putin with his mother, Maria, in July 1958
President Trump signs an executive order at a ceremony at DHS headquarters
Trump (far right) and wife Ivana in the receiving line of a state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
"Kim Jong-un" in Chosŏn'gŭl (top) and hancha (bottom) scripts
Putin in the KGB, c. undefined 1980
Peter Navarro, Director of the White House National Trade Council, addresses President Donald Trump's promises to American people, workers, and domestic manufacturers (Declaring American Economic Independence on June 28, 2016) in the Oval Office with Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross before President Trump signs two Executive Orders regarding trade in March 2017
Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
People paying homage to the statues of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il, April 2012
Putin's Stasi "Ausweis" (identification card). He was assigned as a KGB agent in Dresden, as a mid-level liaison to the "Stasi" (East German intelligence agency) in 1985. He held a job as a translator as a "cover" for his KGB work.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (left) and President Donald Trump (right) meet in Washington in February 2017
Entrance of the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City
Portraits of Kim Jong-un's father and grandfather (Arirang Festival mass games in Pyongyang)
Putin, Lyudmila Narusova and Ksenia Sobchak at the funeral of Putin's former mentor Anatoly Sobchak, Mayor of Saint Petersburg (1991–1996)
The 2017 Women's March in Chicago
Trump and New Jersey Generals quarterback Doug Flutie at a 1985 press conference in the lobby of Trump Tower
North Korean soldiers saluting at the Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery in Pyongyang, 2012
Putin as FSB director, 1998
Judge Neil Gorsuch, his wife Louise, and President Donald Trump during the announcement in the East Room of the White House
Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
A selection of Kim Jong-un's works, translated to different languages
Putin with President Boris Yeltsin on 31 December 1999, when Yeltsin announced his resignation
Unemployment in the United States 2009–2016. Jobless rate was 4.5 in March 2017.
Trump at a New York Mets baseball game in 2009
People in Pyongyang watch Kim Jong-un on North Korean TV, 2015
Vladimir Putin as acting president on 31 December 1999
March 4 Trump support rally in Washington, D.C.
Trump and President Bill Clinton in June 2000
Model of a Unha-9 rocket on display at a floral exhibition in Pyongyang, 30 August 2013
Putin taking the presidential oath beside Boris Yeltsin, May 2000
Trump speaking at CPAC 2011
Kim and South Korean President Moon Jae-in shake hands during the 2018 inter-Korean Summit, April 2018
Putin with Tom Brokaw before an interview on 2 June 2000
Trump campaigning in Arizona, March 2016.
Kim and U.S. President Donald Trump shake hands at the start of the 2018 North Korea–United States Summit, June 2018
Putin with Junichiro Koizumi, Jacques Chirac, Gerhard Schröder, George W. Bush and other state leaders in Moscow during the Victory Day parade, 9 May 2005.
2016 electoral vote results. Trump won 304–227
Kim meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin during the North Korea–Russia Summit, April 2019
Putin, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush and Lyudmila Putina at the state funeral of Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, April 2007
Women's March in Washington on January 21, 2017
Kim (holding envelope) with Chung Eui-yong. Kim's sister Kim Yo-jong (on the right) is said to be very close to him
Putin with Dmitry Medvedev, March 2008
Trump is sworn in as president by Chief Justice John Roberts
Nikolai Patrushev is believed to be one of the closest advisors to Putin
Trump speaks to automobile workers in Michigan, March 2017
Putin at a bilateral meeting with U.S. president Barack Obama during the G8 summit in Ireland, 17 June 2013
Trump and group of officials and advisors on the way from White House complex to St. John's Church
Putin in talks with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande, 17 October 2014
Trump examines border wall prototypes in Otay Mesa, California.
Putin meets with U.S. president Barack Obama in New York City to discuss Syria and ISIL, 29 September 2015
Trump with the other G7 leaders at the 45th summit in France, 2019
Putin and the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin meeting with members of Mishustin's Cabinet, 21 January 2020
Trump and Xi Jinping at 2018 G20 Summit.
Putin (dressed in the yellow hazmat suit) visits coronavirus patients at a Moscow hospital, 24 March 2020
Trump, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, and Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi at the 2017 Riyadh summit in Saudi Arabia
Putin's first deputy chief of staff Sergey Kiriyenko (left) is in charge of Russia's domestic politics.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meeting with Taliban delegation in Qatar in September 2020
Putin holds a video call with U.S. president Joe Biden on 7 December 2021
Trump meets Kim Jong-un at the Singapore summit, June 2018
Putin visited China and met with Chinese leader Xi Jinping on 4 February 2022. China had allegedly requested that Russia delay the invasion until after the completion of the Beijing Winter Olympics.
Putin and Trump shaking hands at the G20 Osaka summit, June 2019
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan met with Putin in Moscow just hours after Russia's invasion of Ukraine began.
Trump and his third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett.
Protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in Nice, France, 27 February 2022
Trump conducts a COVID-19 press briefing with members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force on March 15, 2020
Putin hosted a meeting of the Russian-led military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), in Moscow, Russia, 16 May 2022
Poland's president Andrzej Duda visited the White House on June 24, 2020, the first foreign leader to do so since the start of the pandemic.
In May 2000, Putin introduced seven federal districts for administrative purposes. In January 2010, the 8th North Caucasus Federal District (shown here in purple) was split from the Southern Federal District. In March 2014, the new 9th Crimean Federal District was formed after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. In July 2016, it was incorporated into the Southern Federal District.
Trump boards helicopter for COVID-19 treatment on October 2, 2020
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (beyond 2014 are forecasts)
Trump discharged on October 5, 2020, from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Putin with religious leaders of Russia, February 2001
Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment, December 18, 2019
Putin with Russia's long-serving minister of defense, Army General Sergey Shoygu, in the Eastern Military District, 2013
Trump displaying the front page of The Washington Post reporting his acquittal by the Senate
Russian opposition protest in Moscow, 26 February 2017
Trump at a 2020 campaign rally in Arizona
Putin attends the Orthodox Christmas service in the village Turginovo in Kalininsky District, Tver Oblast, 7 January 2016
2020 Electoral College results, Trump lost 232–306
Putin's visit to the United States, November 2001
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi signing the second impeachment of Trump
Putin with Indian prime minister Modi in New Delhi
Trump speaks at the "Rally to Protect Our Elections" in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2021.
Putin with Xi Jinping during a state visit to Moscow, May 2015
Trump talking to the press, March 2017
Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Turkmenistan, in October 2017
Fact-checkers from The Washington Post, the Toronto Star, and CNN compiled data on "false or misleading claims" (orange background), and "false claims" (violet foreground), respectively.
Ukrainian president Zelenskyy, German chancellor Merkel, French president Macron and Putin met in Paris on 9 December 2019 in the "Normandy Format" aimed at ending the War in Donbass.
Putin with Pope John Paul II and Holy See's Secretary of State Angelo Sodano on 5 June 2000.
Putin with Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi and U.S. president George W. Bush at the NATO-Russia Council meeting in Rome on 28 May 2002.
Putin with U.S. president Donald Trump at the summit meeting in Helsinki, Finland, 16 July 2018
Putin held a meeting in Sochi with German chancellor Angela Merkel to discuss Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline in May 2018
According to Putin, he and Russia have a particularly good relationship to neighboring country Finland. Picture of Putin handshaking with Sauli Niinistö, the president of Finland, in August 2019.
Putin and his wife Lyudmila meeting with Queen Elizabeth II, her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2005
Putin and Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro on 22 May 2015
Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro and Putin in Moscow, on 16 February 2022, few days before the war in Ukraine. The meeting was urgently scheduled by Putin to discuss and detail important points about the two countries and the world. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS
Putin with Iranian president Hassan Rouhani and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, September 2018
Putin opens the Wall of Grief, a monument to victims of Stalinist repression, October 2017
Vladimir Putin's public approval 1999–2020 (Levada, 2020)
The Levada Center survey showed that 58% of surveyed Russians supported the 2017 Russian protests against high-level corruption.
Putin driving a Formula One car, 2010 ([[:File:Vladimir Putin driving a Formula 1.ogv|video]])
Putin and Lyudmila Putina at their wedding, 28 July 1983
Putin's close associate Arkady Rotenberg is mentioned in the Panama Papers, pictured 2018
Putin receives Barack Obama at his residence in Novo-Ogaryovo, 2009
Putin and wife Lyudmila in New York at a service for victims of the 11 September attacks, 16 November 2001
Normandy Format talks in October 2016 where Lavrov is the right-hand man of Putin while to his left is Vladislav Surkov; Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Angela Merkel and Petro Poroshenko are identifiable participants to this round table of twelve
Putin with the chairman of the African Union and Senegalese President Macky Sall in Sochi, Russia, 3 June 2022

The first 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency began on January 20, 2017, the day Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States.

- First 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency

In 2018 and 2019, Kim took part in summits with South Korean President Moon Jae-in and US President Donald Trump.

- Kim Jong-un

Trump met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un three times, but made no progress on denuclearization.

- Donald Trump

On 25 April 2019, Kim held his first summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Vladivostok, Russia.

- Kim Jong-un

In January 2017, a U.S. intelligence community assessment expressed high confidence that Putin personally ordered an influence campaign, initially to denigrate Hillary Clinton and to harm her electoral chances and potential presidency, then later developing "a clear preference" for Donald Trump.

- Vladimir Putin

The BBC reported on April 19 that China "was 'seriously concerned" about nuclear threats" as tensions between North Korea and the United States escalated with a "war of words" between North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un and the Trump administration. Recent threats included Vice President Mike Pence's statement that the period of "strategic patience" was over and his April 19 statement that the US "would meet any attack with an 'overwhelming response'". North Korea recently warned of "full-out nuclear war if Washington takes military action against it." Trump has called for China to rein in North Korea, but state media outlet China Daily reported that "Washington must be aware of the limitations to Beijing's abilities, and refrain from assuming that the matter can be consigned entirely to Beijing alone." China Daily considered the U.N. Security Council statement adopted on April 20 condemning North Korea's recent attempted missile launch, as an indication that the Trump administration is considering a "diplomatic solution".

- First 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency

According to a Reuters report on February 9, 2017, in his first 60-minute telephone call with Putin, Putin inquired about extending New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russia signed in 2010, which was expected to last until 2021.

- First 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency

Trump repeatedly praised and rarely criticized Russian president Vladimir Putin, but opposed some actions of the Russian government.

- Donald Trump

500 related topics


Bashar al-Assad

Syrian politician who is the 19th president of Syria, since 17 July 2000.

Assad in 2018
Assad in 2022
Hafez al-Assad with his family in the early 1970s. From left to right: Bashar, Maher, Anisa, Majd, Bushra and Bassel
The al-Assad family, c. 1993. At the front are Hafez and his wife, Anisa. At the back row, from left to right: Maher, Bashar, Bassel, Majd and Bushra
Bassel al-Assad, Bashar's older brother, died in 1994, paving the way for Bashar's future presidency.
Bashar al-Assad and his wife Asma with then-Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the President Pratibha Patil in New Delhi, 2008
Assad in January 2001
Protests in Douma, 8 April 2011
Pro-Assad demonstration in Latakia, 20 June 2011
Destroyed vehicle on a devastated Aleppo street, 6 October 2012
A poster of Bashar al-Assad at a checkpoint on the outskirts of Damascus
Assad greeting Russian President Vladimir Putin, 21 October 2015
Bashar al-Assad meets with Iran's supreme leader Ali Khamenei, 25 February 2019
Bashar al-Assad meets with Iran's representative on Syrian affairs, Ali Akbar Velayati, 6 May 2016
Billboard with a portrait of Bashar al-Assad and the text 'Syria is protected by God' on the old city wall of Damascus in 2006
Assad with Indian President Pratibha Patil in Damascus in 2010
Assad with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in 2010
Golan Heights has been occupied and administered as part of Israel since 1967.
Assad greeting Iran's supreme leader Ali Khamenei
Assad meets with U.S. Senator Ted Kaufman in 2009
Military situation in the Syrian civil war in July 2015
Military situation in January 2019
Ethno-religious makeup of Syria
Bashar al-Assad wearing the "Grand Collar" of the National Order of the Southern Cross, accompanied by Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Brasília, 30 June 2010
Bashar al-Assad with his wife Asma in Moscow, 27 January 2005
Bashar al-Assad and his wife Asma al-Assad

On 4 September 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Russia was providing the Assad government with sufficiently "serious" help: with both logistical and military support.

After the election of Donald Trump, the priority of the United States concerning Assad was unlike the priority of the Obama administration, and in March 2017 United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley stated the U.S. was no longer focused on "getting Assad out", but this position changed in the wake of the 2017 Khan Shaykhun chemical attack.

Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea and Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un has expressed support for Assad in face of a growing civil war.

Hillary Clinton

American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker who served as the 67th United States secretary of state from 2009 to 2013, as a United States senator representing New York from 2001 to 2009, and as first lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001 as the wife of President Bill Clinton.

Clinton in 2016
Mementos of Hillary Rodham's early life, shown at the William J. Clinton Presidential Center
Rodham in Maine South High School's 1965 yearbook
Rodham (center) campaigning for Wellesley College Government President in 1968, an election which she later won
Hillary and Bill lived in this house in Little Rock's Hillcrest neighborhood while he was Arkansas Attorney General (1977–1979).
Bill and Hillary Clinton with President Ronald and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Clinton in 1992
Clinton presenting her health care plan, September 1993
Hillary Clinton speaks about the 1993 health care plan at GWU Hospital.
Read Across America Day in Maryland, 1998
Inauguration Day walk down Pennsylvania Avenue to start Bill's second term as president, January 20, 1997
Results of the 2000 United States Senate election in New York. Clinton won the counties in blue.
Reenactment of Hillary Rodham Clinton's swearing-in as a U.S. senator by Vice President Al Gore in the Old Senate Chamber, as Bill and Chelsea look on
Official photo as U.S. senator
Clinton listens as the chief of naval operations, Admiral Michael Mullen, responds to a question during his 2007 confirmation hearing with the Senate Armed Services Committee
Clinton at the 2007 CDA National Convention
Clinton campaigning at Augsburg College in Minneapolis, Minnesota, two days before Super Tuesday, 2008
State-by-state popular votes in the Democratic primaries and caucuses, shaded by percentage won: Obama in purple, Clinton in green. (Popular vote winners and delegate winners differed in New Hampshire, Nevada, Missouri, Texas and Guam.)
Clinton speaks on behalf of her former rival, Barack Obama, during the second night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention
Official secretary of state portrait, 2009
Associate Judge Kathryn Oberly of the D.C. Court of Appeals administers the oath of office of secretary of state to Hillary Rodham Clinton as her husband Bill Clinton holds the Bible
Clinton and Obama at the 21st NATO summit, April 2009
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Clinton hold a "reset button", March 2009
Greeting service members at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, October 2010
The London meeting to discuss NATO military intervention in Libya, March 29, 2011
Clinton with Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi during her December 2011 visit to Myanmar
Clinton, along with members of the national security team, receive an update on Operation Neptune Spear in the White House Situation Room on May 1, 2011. Everyone in the room is watching a live feed from drones operating over the Osama bin Laden complex.
Obama and Clinton honor the Benghazi attack victims at the Transfer of Remains Ceremony, held at Andrews Air Force Base on September 14, 2012
Clinton addressing email controversy with the media at the UN Headquarters on March 10, 2015
Clinton in September 2014
Clinton campaigning for president in Manchester, New Hampshire, in October 2016, with Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren (seated)
Clinton, accepting Senator Bernie Sanders' endorsement in New Hampshire, July 2016
Clinton delivering her concession speech
The Clintons at Donald Trump's inauguration
Clinton and her husband attend a wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery after the inauguration of Joe Biden
Copies of What Happened at an event on Clinton's book tour promoting the memoir
2016 presidential campaign logo
Clinton worked at Rose Law Firm for fifteen years. Her professional career and political involvement set the stage for public reaction to her as the first lady.
Clinton in April 2015

A member of the Democratic Party, she was the party's nominee for president in the 2016 presidential election, becoming the first woman to win a presidential nomination by a major U.S. political party; Clinton won the popular vote, but lost the Electoral College vote, thereby losing the election to Donald Trump.

Relations would worsen considerably, however, following Vladimir Putin's return to the position in 2012.

Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

American intelligence agencies concluded that Russian president Vladimir Putin personally ordered the covert operation, code named Project Lakhta, while Putin denied the allegations. At the 2018 Helsinki summit, Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.–Russia relationship.
The Russian Institute for Strategic Studies began working for the Russian presidency after 2009.
Initially in 2016 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, "I think the idea that fake news on Facebook influenced the election in any way, I think is a pretty crazy idea."
Former site of the Internet Research Agency in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Debbie Wasserman Schultz resigned her position as chairperson of the DNC.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange
John O. Brennan, Assistant to the President for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security, in the Oval Office, January 4, 2010
James R. Clapper
President Obama ordered the United States Intelligence Community to investigate election hacking attempts since 2008.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel criticized the CAATSA sanctions against Russia, targeting EU–Russia energy projects.
Special counsel Robert Mueller directed the FBI from 2001 to 2013.
Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak met with a number of U.S. officials.
Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions talked with the Russian ambassador during the Trump campaign and recused himself from the investigation.
Jared Kushner, President Trump's son-in-law and senior advisor, failed to disclose meetings with Russian officials.
Hillary Clinton said Vladimir Putin held a grudge against her due to her criticism of the 2011 Russian legislative election.
Trump's transition team dismissed the U.S. Intelligence community conclusions.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov called American accusations "nonsense".

The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goals of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political and social discord in the United States.

According to the U.S. intelligence community, the operation—code named Project Lakhta —was ordered directly by Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Mike Pence

American politician, broadcaster, and lawyer who served as the 48th vice president of the United States from 2017 to 2021.

Official portrait, 2017
Pence with President Ronald Reagan at the White House in 1988
Pence as a U.S. congressman in 2010
Congressman Pence visits U.S. soldiers in Mosul, Iraq, in 2006.
Results of the 2012 Indiana gubernatorial election; Pence won the counties in red.
Pence was sworn in as governor of Indiana on January 14, 2013.
Governor Pence speaks at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland, on February 27, 2015.
Governor Pence (right) with President Barack Obama (left) and Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin, February 25, 2013
Governor Pence at the dedication of a new veterans' clinic, March 30, 2016
Pence addresses supporters at a church service, September 2016.
Pence at the 500 Festival Parade in Indianapolis, 2015
Pence speaks at a campaign rally in Phoenix, Arizona, August 2016.
The Trump–Pence ticket won the 2016 presidential election with 306 of the 538 available electoral votes, later reduced to 304
 due to a faithless elector.
Pence with President Donald Trump
Vice President Mike Pence, Second Lady Karen Pence, and Major General Courtney P. Carr stand for the National Anthem.
Pence with South Korean president Moon Jae-in at the 2018 Winter Olympics
Pence (second from left) during the U.S. military raid on ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi on October 26, 2019
Former Vice President and fellow Hoosier Dan Quayle and Marilyn Quayle with Pence in 2019.
Pence and members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force brief the media in March 2020.
Pence and his wife Karen at the inauguration of Joe Biden
Pence speaks at the 2017 March for Life in Washington, D.C.
U.S. representative Pence (third from left) behind Governor Mitch Daniels at a 2008 press conference in Martinsville, Indiana
Pence speaks at a Tea Party rally in 2011.
Pence as vice president in 2017
Pence swears in John F. Kelly at DHS Headquarters on January 25, 2017.
Pence visits the Western Wall in Jerusalem.
Pence and Trump with Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammad bin Salman on March 14, 2017
Joint press conference with the Baltic states presidents and Pence, July 31, 2017
Representative Pence with President George W. Bush
Pence speaks to police officers in Youngstown, Ohio, June 25, 2020.

Pence withdrew from his gubernatorial reelection campaign in July 2016 to become the running mate of Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, who went on to win the 2016 presidential election.

Pence also sat in on calls made by President Trump to foreign heads of government and state such as Russian president Vladimir Putin and Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull.

Over the next few months, the North Koreans started communicating more with their neighbors, as Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un secretly met with Chinese paramount leader Xi Jinping in March and then Moon Jae-in in an historic inter-Korean summit in April, and around the same time, a meeting between Trump and Kim was also proposed.

Mike Pompeo

Official portrait, 2018
U.S. congressional delegation at the Halifax International Security Forum in 2014
Official portrait of Mike Pompeo as CIA Director
World War II veterans being honored at Bastille Day celebrations on July 13, 2017
Pompeo with Kim Jong-un
Pompeo with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, April 29, 2018
Pompeo with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman on October 18, 2018
Pompeo with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Pompeo and Vladimir Putin met in Sochi on May 14, 2019.
Pompeo with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, in Khartoum, Sudan, on August 25, 2020
Pompeo with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Vadym Prystaiko in Kyiv, January 31, 2020
Pompeo with General Austin S. Miller in Kabul on June 25, 2019
Pompeo departs the Department of State on January 20, 2021
President Trump, joined by Pompeo and Netanyahu behind, signs the proclamation recognizing Israel's 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights, March 25, 2019.
Pompeo and Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping
Pompeo at the Values Voter Summit in Washington, D.C.
Congressman Pompeo at FreedomWorks New Fair Deal rally outside the U.S. Capitol, April 2013
Mike Pompeo (center) with wife Susan and son Nicholas in 2018

Michael Richard Pompeo (born December 30, 1963) is an American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served under President Donald Trump as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 2017 to 2018 and as the 70th United States secretary of state from 2018 to 2021.

During Easter weekend 2018, Pompeo visited North Korea and met with Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un to discuss the upcoming 2018 North Korea–United States summit between Kim and Trump.

In February 2022, right before Russia invaded Ukraine, Pompeo gave an interview in which he praised Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign

Trump at an early campaign event in New Hampshire on July 16, 2015
Trump signs the Republican loyalty pledge promising to support the candidate nominated by the party and to not run as a third-party candidate, if he failed to clinch the nomination.
Trump and supporters attend a rally in Muscatine, Iowa, in January 2016
Trump campaign logo during the primaries and prior to selection of Mike Pence as running mate
Anti-Trump protesters outside arena as Chicago rally is shut down on March 11, 2016
Kellyanne Conway at the Conservative Political Action Conference 2016
Candidate Trump and running mate Mike Pence at the Republican National Convention, July 2016
Trump became the first Republican since the 1980s to win the states of Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
Director Peter Navarro addresses President Donald Trump's promises to American people, workers, and domestic manufacturers (Declaring American Economic Independence on June 28, 2016) in the Oval Office with Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross before President Trump signs Executive Orders regarding trade in March 2017
The initial campaign wordmark was featured extensively in campaign merchandise.
Initial updated Trump campaign logo reflecting the adoption of Mike Pence as Donald Trump's vice-presidential candidate, but later replaced
Make America Great Again slogan worn by a Trump supporter
Trump speaks at an Arizona rally in March 2016.
Trump delivering a speech in August 2016
Donald Trump speaking at a rally in Phoenix, Arizona
Speaker Paul Ryan meets with Donald Trump and Mike Pence on Capitol Hill after their election victory
Trump, his wife Melania, Ivanka Trump, Jared Kushner and Eric Trump, February 1, 2016
Supporters and protesters outside the August 9, 2016, campaign event at UNC-Wilmington's Trask Coliseum in Wilmington, North Carolina
A protester holding a sign toward Trump supporters asking for Trump to publicly release his tax returns, at an August 9, 2016, campaign event in Wilmington, North Carolina
Donald Trump's tweet activity from his first tweet in May 2009. His tweet activity pattern has changed from 2013.
Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan, held informal talks with the President-elect on November 17, 2016.
A protest sign in New York City

The 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump was formally launched on June 16, 2015, at Trump Tower in New York City.

A joint U.S. intelligence community review ordered by President Barack Obama stated with high confidence that "Russian President Vladimir V. Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia's goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency," and boost the candidacy of Donald Trump.

In January 2016, Trump commented on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, first saying he's a "maniac", but then stating "you gotta give him credit" for the "incredible" way he eliminated his opponents to take charge of the country.

Xi Jinping

Chinese politician who has been serving as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) since 2012, and President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 2013.

Xi Jinping greeting U.S. President George W. Bush in August 2008.
Xi Jinping with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 28 September 2010.
Portrait of Xi in Beijing, September 2015
Holographic portraits of Mao Zedong and Xi Jinping in a shop in China
Xi giving a speech at the U.S. Department of State in 2012, with then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and then Vice-President Joe Biden in the background. Seated in the front row is former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
BRICS leaders Vladimir Putin, Narendra Modi, Dilma Rousseff, Xi Jinping and Jacob Zuma at the G20 summit in Brisbane, Australia, 15 November 2014
Xi with the first lady during the Moscow Victory Day Parade on 9 May 2015
Xi with Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, 23 January 2016
U.S. President Donald Trump arrives in China, 8 November 2017
Xi in an official visit to Warsaw, where he and Poland's President Andrzej Duda signed a declaration on strategic partnership
Xi, who was on a four-day state visit to the UK, addressed both Houses of Parliament at Westminster, 21 October 2015
World leaders assemble for 'family photo' at G20 summit in Hamburg
Countries that signed cooperation documents related to the Belt and Road Initiative
According to the Qiushi, the Chinese Dream is about Chinese prosperity, collective effort, socialism, and national glory.
A billboard promoting Xi Jinping Thought in Shenzhen
The Governance of China in different languages presented at Shanghai Library
Hong Kong protesters throw eggs at Xi Jinping's portrait on National Day
Xi Jinping met with then-Taiwanese president Ma Ying-jeou in November 2015 in their capacity as the leader of mainland China and Taiwan respectively.
Xi Jinping, Peng Liyuan and U.S. President Barack Obama in the Lincoln Bedroom
Xi with Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, 23 January 2016

Relations with the U.S. soured after Donald Trump became president in 2016.

Xi and Russian President Vladimir Putin met on 4 February 2022 during the run up to the 2022 Beijing Olympics during the massive Russian build-up of force on the Ukrainian border, with the two expressing that the two countries are nearly united in their anti-US alignment and that both nations shared "no limits" to their commitments.

Angela Merkel

Retired German politician and scientist who served as the chancellor of Germany from 2005 to 2021.

Merkel in 2019
Merkel's paternal grandparents when engaged, Margarethe and her betrothed, Ludwik Marian Kaźmierczak in his Polish Blue Army uniform
Official portrait with the Merkel-Raute, 2010
Lothar de Maizière and Merkel, 1990
Merkel in a CDU campaign poster, 1995
Merkel and Russian president Vladimir Putin, 2002
Merkel in 2007
Merkel at the signing of the coalition agreement for the 18th election period of the Bundestag, December 2013
Spanish prime minister Pedro Sánchez and Merkel in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, 2018
Migrants in Germany, October 2015
Merkel with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Sochi, May 2017
Merkel with Polish and Italian prime ministers Donald Tusk (left) and Silvio Berlusconi (right), 2008
Merkel at the 2012 congress of the European People's Party (EPP)
Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, Merkel, and US vice-president Joe Biden, 7 February 2015
Merkel at the EPP Congress in Helsinki, November 2018
Angela Merkel's tenure as Chancellor compared to heads of government in the EU and UK
Merkel with Argentine president Mauricio Macri in the Casa Rosada, 2017
U.S. president Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Merkel, and her husband Joachim Sauer, 2009
Merkel speaking at the 2011 German Evangelical Church Assembly in Dresden
Merkel, often depicted as the unofficial leader of Europe, at the 2019 G20 Osaka summit
The decisions of Chancellor Angela Merkel in 2015 on migration policies have led to much discussion and commotion, in the whole Western world
Protestors rally against the NSA's mass surveillance, Berlin, June 2013

Obama's farewell visit to Berlin in November 2016 was widely interpreted as the passing of the torch of global liberal leadership to Merkel as Merkel was seen by many as the new standard bearer of liberal democracy since the election of Donald Trump as US president.

Merkel was twice been named the world's second most powerful person, following Vladimir Putin, by Forbes magazine, the highest ranking ever achieved by a woman.


Intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.

West Germany joined NATO in 1955, which led to the formation of the rival Warsaw Pact during the Cold War.
The Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marked a turning point in NATO's role in Europe, and a section of the wall is now displayed outside NATO Headquarters.
NATO planes engaging in aerial bombardments during Operation Deliberate Force after the Srebrenica massacre
German KFOR soldiers on patrol in southern Kosovo in 1999
KFOR-MSU Carabinieri Patrols in front of the Ibar Bridge in Mitrovica, Kosovo, 2019
The September 11 attacks in the United States caused NATO to invoke its collective defence article for the first time.
General Austin S. Miller (right) became commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan in September 2018 and oversaw the withdrawal until July 2021.
USS Farragut (DDG-99) destroying a Somali pirate skiff in March 2010
Libyan Army Palmaria howitzers destroyed by the French Air Force near Benghazi in March 2011
Partnership for Peace conducts multinational military exercises like Cooperative Archer, which took place in Tbilisi in July 2007 with 500 servicemen from four NATO members, eight PfP members, and Jordan, a Mediterranean Dialogue participant.
The North Atlantic Council convening in 2010 with a defence/foreign minister configuration
Protestors at a February 2022 rally against Russia's invasion of Ukraine march past the statue of Tsar Alexander II in Senate Square in Helsinki

On 30 November 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that an expansion of NATO's presence in Ukraine, especially the deployment of any long-range missiles capable of striking Russian cities or missile defence systems similar to those in Romania and Poland, would be a "red line" issue for Russia.

Chuck Schumer

American politician serving as Senate Majority Leader since January 20, 2021.

Official portrait, 2017
Schumer during the 100th Congress
Schumer during the 107th Congress
Schumer with his fellow congressional leaders in January 2020
Schumer attending the Inauguration of Donald Trump as president of the United States, January 20, 2017
Schumer is among the members of the Senate leadership meeting with Donald Trump and Mike Pence in the Oval Office, January 24, 2017.
Schumer and Hillary Clinton at Erie Canal Harbor opening ceremony
Schumer and President Barack Obama in October 2013
Schumer at the Binghamton St. Patrick's Day Parade on March 5, 2016
Schumer attended an anti-Trump march in New York City on January 21, 2017.
Schumer meeting with Supreme Court nominee Ketanji Brown Jackson
Schumer attended the congressional leadership meeting with Trump in the White House Situation Room on January 2, 2019.
Schumer at New York City's gay pride parade in 2007

In May 2017, after President Donald Trump fired Comey, Schumer told reporters that they were aware the FBI had been investigating whether the Trump campaign had colluded with Russia and pondered whether the investigation was "getting too close to home for the president".

In May 2018, Schumer called for Kim Jong-un to be removed from the commemorative coin memorializing the 2018 North Korea–United States summit, calling Kim a "brutal dictator" and offering the Peace House as a more appropriate alternative.

In discussing the importance of Russia's cooperation, Schumer wrote, "Mr. Putin is an old-fashioned nationalist who seeks to regain the power and greatness Russia had before the fall of the Soviet Union."