A report on Donald Trump and Saudi Arabia

Official portrait, 2017
Trump at the New York Military Academy in 1964
Trump (far right) and wife Ivana in the receiving line of a state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
Anthropomorphic stela (4th millennium BC), sandstone, 57x27 cm, from El-Maakir-Qaryat al-Kaafa (National Museum of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh)
Entrance of the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City
Trump and New Jersey Generals quarterback Doug Flutie at a 1985 press conference in the lobby of Trump Tower
The "Worshipping Servant" statue (2500 BC), above 1 m in height, is much taller than any possible Mesopotamian or Harappan models. Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Korea.
Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Qaṣr Al-Farīd, the largest of the 131 rock-cut monumental tombs built from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD, with their elaborately ornamented façades, at the extensive ancient Nabatean archaeological site of Hegra located in the area of Al-'Ula within Al Madinah Region in the Hejaz. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.
Trump at a New York Mets baseball game in 2009
Colossal statue from Al-'Ula in the Hejaz (6th–4th century BC), it followed the standardized artistic sculpting of the Lihyanite kingdom, the original statue was painted with white
Trump and President Bill Clinton in June 2000
At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) covered 11100000 km2 and 62 million people (29 per cent of the world's population), making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. It was also larger than any previous empire in history.
Trump speaking at CPAC 2011
The Battle of Badr, 13 March 624 CE
Trump campaigning in Arizona, March 2016.
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founding father and first king of Saudi Arabia
2016 electoral vote results. Trump won 304–227
Political map of Saudi Arabia
Women's March in Washington on January 21, 2017
Map of Saudi Arabian administrative regions and roadways
Trump is sworn in as president by Chief Justice John Roberts
Map of oil and gas pipelines in the Middle-East
Trump speaks to automobile workers in Michigan, March 2017
King Fahd with US President Ronald Reagan and future US President Donald Trump in 1985. The US and Saudi Arabia supplied money and arms to the anti-Soviet mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan.
Trump and group of officials and advisors on the way from White House complex to St. John's Church
As many as 500 princes, government ministers, and business people, including Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, were arrested by Saudi Arabian authorities as part of the 2017 Saudi Arabian purge
Trump examines border wall prototypes in Otay Mesa, California.
Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh with Bogdan Borusewicz in the Polish Senate, 26 May 2014
Trump with the other G7 leaders at the 45th summit in France, 2019
Verses from the Quran. The Quran is the official constitution of the country and a primary source of law. Saudi Arabia is unique in enshrining a religious text as a political document.
Trump and Xi Jinping at 2018 G20 Summit.
U.S. President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and the President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, 21 May 2017
Trump, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, and Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi at the 2017 Riyadh summit in Saudi Arabia
U.S. President Barack Obama meets King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, July 2014
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meeting with Taliban delegation in Qatar in September 2020
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is named after a Saudi king. The kingdom is a strong ally of Pakistan. WikiLeaks claimed that Saudis are "long accustomed to having a significant role in Pakistan's affairs".
Trump meets Kim Jong-un at the Singapore summit, June 2018
Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir with then British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (now Prime Minister) in London, 16 October 2016
Putin and Trump shaking hands at the G20 Osaka summit, June 2019
Major Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict locations
Trump and his third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett.
Flag of Al-Qaeda, a transnational terrorist group formed by Osama bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national of Yemeni and Syrian extraction who was stripped of his Saudi passport in 1994.
Trump conducts a COVID-19 press briefing with members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force on March 15, 2020
"The Saudi pilots training in Italy 1935"—a scene from 'Our Eagles', one of four video wall shows made for the Royal Saudi Air Force Museum
Poland's president Andrzej Duda visited the White House on June 24, 2020, the first foreign leader to do so since the start of the pandemic.
Saudi soldiers from the First Airborne Brigade.
Trump boards helicopter for COVID-19 treatment on October 2, 2020
Deera Square, central Riyadh. It is a former site of public be-headings.
Trump discharged on October 5, 2020, from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Saudi Arabia topography
Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment, December 18, 2019
Harrat Khaybar seen from the International Space Station. Saudi Arabia is home to more than 2000 dormant volcanoes. Lava fields in Hejaz, known locally by their Arabic name of harrat (the singular is harrah), form one of Earth's largest alkali basalt regions, covering some 180000 km2, an area greater than the state of Missouri.
Trump displaying the front page of The Washington Post reporting his acquittal by the Senate
A proportional representation of Saudi Arabia exports, 2019
Trump at a 2020 campaign rally in Arizona
Office of Saudi Aramco, the world's most valuable company and the main source of revenue for the state
2020 Electoral College results, Trump lost 232–306
The hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims.
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi signing the second impeachment of Trump
King Abdullah Financial Center is one of the largest investment centres in the Middle East, located in Riyadh
Trump speaks at the "Rally to Protect Our Elections" in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2021.
Al-Hasa is known for its palm trees and dates. Al-Hasa has over 30 million palm trees which produce over 100 thousand tons of dates every year.
Trump talking to the press, March 2017
Saudi Arabia population density (people per km2)
Fact-checkers from The Washington Post, the Toronto Star, and CNN compiled data on "false or misleading claims" (orange background), and "false claims" (violet foreground), respectively.
Laboratory buildings at KAUST
The Al-Yamamah Private University in Riyadh
UIS literacy rate Saudi Arabia population, 15 plus, 1990–2015
Historical development of life expectancy in Saudi Arabia
Supplicating pilgrim at Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque) in Mecca. The Kaaba is the cubic building in front of the pilgrim.
Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the Islamic holy city of Mecca
Sarah Attar is a track and field athlete who competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics as one of the first two female Olympians representing Saudi Arabia.
The Masjid al-Haram is the holiest Islamic site, located in Mecca
The Mosque of the Prophet in Medina containing the tomb of Muhammad
King Abdullah practising falconry, a traditional pursuit in the country
Arabic coffee is a traditional beverage in Arabian cuisine
Uruguay – Saudi Arabia match at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
The 3000-year-old ancient historical city of Dumat al-Jandal in Al Jawf Province
The old city of Jeddah
Jabal Sawda ({{convert|3000|m|ft|abbr=on|disp=or}}) located in the 'Asir subrange of the Sarat Mountains
Abha City, located {{convert|2270|m|ft|abbr=on}} above sea level in the 'Asir Region
Beach promenade in Al-Wajh
Dhi 'ain village located in Al Bahah Province
The desert of Al-Rub' Al-Khali (The Empty Quarter)
Saad Khader from left and right Mohammad Al-Ali in 1979

On 20 May 2017, President Donald Trump and King Salman signed a series of letters of intent for Saudi Arabia to purchase arms from the United States totalling US$110 billion immediately and $350 billion over 10 years.

- Saudi Arabia

Trump actively supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Houthis and in 2017 signed a $110 billion agreement to sell arms to Saudi Arabia, In 2018, the USA provided limited intelligence and logistical support for the intervention.

- Donald Trump
Official portrait, 2017

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Detainees listening to speeches in a camp in Lop County, Xinjiang, April 2017

Xinjiang internment camps

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The Xinjiang internment camps, officially called vocational education and training centers (职业技能教育培训中心) by the government of China, are internment camps operated by the government of Xinjiang and the Chinese Communist Party Provincial Standing Committee.

The Xinjiang internment camps, officially called vocational education and training centers (职业技能教育培训中心) by the government of China, are internment camps operated by the government of Xinjiang and the Chinese Communist Party Provincial Standing Committee.

Detainees listening to speeches in a camp in Lop County, Xinjiang, April 2017
Number of re-education related government procurement bids in Xinjiang, 2016–2018, according to the Jamestown Foundation
Pages from the China Cables
Camp locations identified by the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and Australian Strategic Policy Institute
People of Xinjiang protesting against the human rights violations in Bern, Switzerland
NPR reported that "Kazakhstan and its neighbors in the mostly Muslim region of Central Asia that have benefited from Chinese investment aren't speaking up for the Muslims inside internment camps in China".
Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman has defended China's re-education camps.

🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia

In June 2020, Trump's former national security adviser John Bolton claimed that President Donald Trump told Chinese leader Xi Jinping that China's decision to detain Uyghurs in re-education camps was "exactly the right thing to do".

Official portrait, 2018

Mike Pompeo

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Official portrait, 2018
U.S. congressional delegation at the Halifax International Security Forum in 2014
Official portrait of Mike Pompeo as CIA Director
World War II veterans being honored at Bastille Day celebrations on July 13, 2017
Pompeo with Kim Jong-un
Pompeo with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, April 29, 2018
Pompeo with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman on October 18, 2018
Pompeo with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Pompeo and Vladimir Putin met in Sochi on May 14, 2019.
Pompeo with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, in Khartoum, Sudan, on August 25, 2020
Pompeo with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Vadym Prystaiko in Kyiv, January 31, 2020
Pompeo with General Austin S. Miller in Kabul on June 25, 2019
Pompeo departs the Department of State on January 20, 2021
President Trump, joined by Pompeo and Netanyahu behind, signs the proclamation recognizing Israel's 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights, March 25, 2019.
Pompeo and Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping
Pompeo at the Values Voter Summit in Washington, D.C.
Congressman Pompeo at FreedomWorks New Fair Deal rally outside the U.S. Capitol, April 2013
Mike Pompeo (center) with wife Susan and son Nicholas in 2018

Michael Richard Pompeo (born December 30, 1963) is an American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served under President Donald Trump as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 2017 to 2018 and as the 70th United States secretary of state from 2018 to 2021.

In February 2017, Pompeo traveled to Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

Uyghurs

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The Uyghurs ( or ), alternatively spelled Uighurs, Uygurs or Uigurs, are a Turkic ethnic group originating from and culturally affiliated with the general region of Central and East Asia.

The Uyghurs ( or ), alternatively spelled Uighurs, Uygurs or Uigurs, are a Turkic ethnic group originating from and culturally affiliated with the general region of Central and East Asia.

A Uyghur girde naan baker
Uyghur man in traditional clothing, playing a tambur, a traditional Uyghur instrument.
A possible Tocharian or Sogdian monk (left) with an East Asian Buddhist monk (right). A fresco from the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, dated to the 9th or 10th century (Kara-Khoja Kingdom).
Uyghur hunter in Kashgar
Uyghur schoolchildren in Kashgar (2011)
Uyghur princes from Cave 9 of the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, Xinjiang, China, 8th–9th century AD, wall painting
An 8th-century Uyghur Khagan
Uyghur Khaganate in geopolitical context c. 820 AD
Chagatai Khanate (Moghulistan) in 1490
Ethnolinguistic map of Xinjiang in 1967
Map showing the distribution of ethnicities in Xinjiang according to census figures from 2000, the prefectures with Uyghur majorities are in blue.
Protesters Amsterdam with the Flag of East Turkestan
A Uyghur mosque in Khotan
Map of language families in Xinjiang
Leaf from an Uyghur-Manichaean version of the ‘‘Arzhang’’.
Uyghur Meshrep musicians in Yarkand
Wall painting at Bezeklik caves in Flaming Mountains, Turpan Depression.
Xinjiang carpet factory
Uyghur polu (پولۇ, полу)
Doppa Maker, traditional Uyghur hats, Kashgar
A Uyghur man having his head shaved in a bazaar. Shaving of head is now seen mostly among the older generation.
Uyghur girl in clothing made of fabric with design distinctive to the Uyghurs
Uyghur women on their way to work, Kashgar. 2011

Smaller communities live in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Australia, Russia and Sweden.

In June 2020, former United States President Donald Trump signed the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act, which authorizes the imposition of U.S. sanctions against Chinese government officials responsible for re-education camps.

Official portrait, 2017

Jim Mattis

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Retired United States Marine Corps four-star general who served as the 26th US secretary of defense from January 2017 to January 2019.

Retired United States Marine Corps four-star general who served as the 26th US secretary of defense from January 2017 to January 2019.

Official portrait, 2017
Mattis addressing Marines at Camp Commando, Kuwait during Operation Enduring Freedom in February 2003.
Official portrait as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation
Letter written by Mattis on the eve of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, addressed to members of the 1st Marine Division
Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, Admiral Mike Mullen and General Mattis in Baghdad, Iraq, September 2010
General Lloyd Austin and Command Sgt. Maj. Joseph R. Allen greet Mattis as he arrives in Baghdad for the end-of-mission ceremony in December 2011.
Mattis with President Trump and Vice President Pence
Mattis with Finnish president Sauli Niinistö in Helsinki, Finland, in November 2017
Mattis and Turkish Defense Minister Nurettin Canikli at NATO headquarters in Brussels, February 2018
Mattis with Indonesian president Joko Widodo during a visit to Jakarta, Indonesia, in January 2018.
Mattis and Australian Minister for Defense Marise Payne visiting Victoria Barracks in Sydney, Australia, June 2017.
Mattis and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in April 2017
Mattis with Saudi Arabia's prince Mohammad in March 2017
Mattis and Tillerson with Chinese General Fang Fenghui and State Councilor Yang Jiechi, June 2017
Mattis receiving the Distinguished Military Leadership Award from Michael Mullen at the annual Atlantic Council Awards Gala in Washington, D.C.

Mattis was nominated as secretary of defense by president-elect Donald Trump, and confirmed by the Senate on January 20, 2017.

In a January 2017 phone call with Saudi Arabia's deputy crown prince Mohammed bin Salman, Mattis "reaffirmed the importance of the US–Saudi Arabia strategic relationship".

Chinese-style minaret of the Great Mosque of Xi'an, one of China's oldest mosques.

Islam in China

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Islam has been practiced in China since the 7th century CE.

Islam has been practiced in China since the 7th century CE.

Chinese-style minaret of the Great Mosque of Xi'an, one of China's oldest mosques.
Guang Ta minaret, Huaisheng Mosque. The minaret was built in the 10th century. Photograph from 1860
The tombs of Sa-Ke-Zu and Wu-Ko-Shun at Mount Lingshan, Quanzhou
Puhaddin Mausoleum complex in Yangzhou
Jinan Great Southern Mosque was completed during the reign of Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan.
Weizhou Grand Mosque, constructed during the Ming dynasty
Hu Dahai was a Chinese Muslim general of the Hongwu Emperor.
Chinese Muslim explorer and admiral, Zheng He.
Giraffe brought to China, by Zheng He's Treasure Fleet.
The seventh voyage of Zheng He
Depiction of a Central Asian Muslim from Altishahr, during the Qing dynasty
Chinese Muslims during the 1800s by Julien-Léopold Boilly
290x290px
Pagoda composed of the Shahada and other Islamic prayers; section of an 1845 scroll
1939, Northwest China, Chinese Muslim fighters gather to fight against the Japanese
Dead bodies of the Chinese Hui Muslim Ha family who were slaughtered and raped by the Japanese in Nanjing
An ethnic Hui family celebrating Eid ul-Fitr in Ningxia
Eid al-Adha at Jiangwan Mosque, Shanghai
Muslim, Bonan children
Uyghur Muslims in a livestock market in Kashgar.
99 names of Allah, in Chinese Sini
Chinese Muslim students
Late 19th century map of Hajj pilgrimage routes, by land and by sea, from China to Mecca.
Headquarters of the Islamic Association of China in Beijing
The Niujie Mosque in Beijing
Id Kah Mosque
Locations of Chinese Muslim Sites (2018)
Number of Chinese Muslim Sites per county (2018)
A halal butcher shop at Huxi Mosque in Shanghai
Sini-style Arabic calligraphy of the first Shahada (La 'ilāha 'illā Allāh) at the Great Mosque of Xi'an
A Chinese-Arabic-Xiaoerjing dictionary from the early days of the People's Republic of China

On 17 June 2020, President Donald Trump signed the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act, which authorizes the imposition of U.S. sanctions against Chinese government officials responsible for re-education camps.

Salafi movement, which is increasing in China due to fund from Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, both are major backers of Salafism, had facilitated a number of Chinese Salafi mosques.

Central Intelligence Agency

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Civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, officially tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT) and performing covert actions.

Civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, officially tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT) and performing covert actions.

William Joseph Burns, the current Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Chart showing the organization of the Central Intelligence Agency.
The 113 stars on the CIA Memorial Wall in the original CIA headquarters, each representing a CIA officer killed in action
CIA director Allen Dulles on the cover of Time magazine, 1953
When democratically elected President Jacobo Árbenz attempted a modest redistribution of land, he was overthrown in the 1954 CIA Guatemalan coup d'état
President Kennedy presents the National Security Medal to Allen Dulles, November 28, 1961
Suspended from the ceiling of the glass-enclosed atrium: three models of the U-2, Lockheed A-12, and D-21 drone. These models are exact replicas at one-sixth scale of the real planes. All three had photographic capabilities. The U-2 was one of the first espionage planes developed by the CIA. The A-12 set unheralded flight records. The D-21 drone was one of the first crewless aircraft ever built. Lockheed Martin Corporation donated all three models to the CIA.
The CIA recruited Sam Giancana (pictured), Santo Trafficante and other mobsters to assassinate Fidel Castro.
Lockheed U-2 "Dragon Lady", the first generation of near-space reconnaissance aircraft
Early CORONA/KH-4B imagery IMINT satellite
The USAF's SR-71 Blackbird was developed from the CIA's A-12 OXCART.
Operation Condor participants. Green: active members. Blue: collaborator (United States).
Critics assert that funding the Afghan mujahideen (Operation Cyclone) played a role in causing the September 11 attacks.
The CIA prepared a series of leaflets announcing bounties for those who turned in or denounced individuals suspected of association with the Taliban or al Qaeda.
US Special Forces help Northern Alliance troops away from a CIA-operated MI-17 Hip helicopter at Bagram Airbase, 2002
Former CIA director Robert Gates meets with Russian Minister of Defense and ex-KGB officer Sergei Ivanov, 2007
President Gerald Ford meets with CIA Director-designate George H. W. Bush, December 17, 1975
Former CIA deputy director Michael Morell (left) apologized to Colin Powell for the CIA's erroneous assessments of Iraq's WMD programs.

In 1991, bin Laden returned to his native Saudi Arabia protesting the presence of troops, and Operation Desert Storm.

It was reported in July 2017 that President Donald Trump had ordered a "phasing out" of the CIA's support for anti-Assad rebels.