Official portrait, 2017
Robert Mueller was appointed in May 2017 as special counsel.
Trump at the New York Military Academy in 1964
Matthew Whitaker, who served as the Acting Attorney General from November 2018 to February 2019
Trump (far right) and wife Ivana in the receiving line of a state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Manafort speaking to media at the 2016 Republican National Convention
Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
Entrance of the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City
Trump and New Jersey Generals quarterback Doug Flutie at a 1985 press conference in the lobby of Trump Tower
Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Trump at a New York Mets baseball game in 2009
Trump and President Bill Clinton in June 2000
Trump speaking at CPAC 2011
Trump campaigning in Arizona, March 2016.
2016 electoral vote results. Trump won 304–227
Women's March in Washington on January 21, 2017
Trump is sworn in as president by Chief Justice John Roberts
Trump speaks to automobile workers in Michigan, March 2017
Trump and group of officials and advisors on the way from White House complex to St. John's Church
Trump examines border wall prototypes in Otay Mesa, California.
Trump with the other G7 leaders at the 45th summit in France, 2019
Trump and Xi Jinping at 2018 G20 Summit.
Trump, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, and Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi at the 2017 Riyadh summit in Saudi Arabia
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meeting with Taliban delegation in Qatar in September 2020
Trump meets Kim Jong-un at the Singapore summit, June 2018
Putin and Trump shaking hands at the G20 Osaka summit, June 2019
Trump and his third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett.
Trump conducts a COVID-19 press briefing with members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force on March 15, 2020
Poland's president Andrzej Duda visited the White House on June 24, 2020, the first foreign leader to do so since the start of the pandemic.
Trump boards helicopter for COVID-19 treatment on October 2, 2020
Trump discharged on October 5, 2020, from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment, December 18, 2019
Trump displaying the front page of The Washington Post reporting his acquittal by the Senate
Trump at a 2020 campaign rally in Arizona
2020 Electoral College results, Trump lost 232–306
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi signing the second impeachment of Trump
Trump speaks at the "Rally to Protect Our Elections" in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2021.
Trump talking to the press, March 2017
Fact-checkers from The Washington Post, the Toronto Star, and CNN compiled data on "false or misleading claims" (orange background), and "false claims" (violet foreground), respectively.

The 2017–2019 special counsel investigation led by Robert Mueller established that Russia interfered in the 2016 election to benefit the Trump campaign, but not that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with Russia.

- Donald Trump

In January 2017, an assessment was released by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, then headed by Obama appointee James Clapper, which asserted that Russian leadership had favored presidential candidate Donald Trump over rival candidate Hillary Clinton, adding that Russian President Vladimir Putin had personally ordered an "influence campaign" to harm Clinton's electoral chances and "undermine public faith in the US democratic process".

- Special Counsel investigation (2017–2019)
Official portrait, 2017

22 related topics

Alpha

American intelligence agencies concluded that Russian president Vladimir Putin personally ordered the covert operation, code named Project Lakhta, while Putin denied the allegations. At the 2018 Helsinki summit, Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.–Russia relationship.

Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

American intelligence agencies concluded that Russian president Vladimir Putin personally ordered the covert operation, code named Project Lakhta, while Putin denied the allegations. At the 2018 Helsinki summit, Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.–Russia relationship.
The Russian Institute for Strategic Studies began working for the Russian presidency after 2009.
Initially in 2016 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, "I think the idea that fake news on Facebook influenced the election in any way, I think is a pretty crazy idea."
Former site of the Internet Research Agency in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Debbie Wasserman Schultz resigned her position as chairperson of the DNC.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange
John O. Brennan, Assistant to the President for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security, in the Oval Office, January 4, 2010
James R. Clapper
President Obama ordered the United States Intelligence Community to investigate election hacking attempts since 2008.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel criticized the CAATSA sanctions against Russia, targeting EU–Russia energy projects.
Special counsel Robert Mueller directed the FBI from 2001 to 2013.
Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak met with a number of U.S. officials.
Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions talked with the Russian ambassador during the Trump campaign and recused himself from the investigation.
Jared Kushner, President Trump's son-in-law and senior advisor, failed to disclose meetings with Russian officials.
Hillary Clinton said Vladimir Putin held a grudge against her due to her criticism of the 2011 Russian legislative election.
Trump's transition team dismissed the U.S. Intelligence community conclusions.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov called American accusations "nonsense".

The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goals of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political and social discord in the United States.

The FBI's work was taken over in May 2017 by former FBI director Robert Mueller, who led a Special Counsel investigation until March 2019.

Official portrait, 2019

William Barr

Official portrait, 2019
Barr with President Ronald Reagan in the Oval Office in 1983
Barr and Dan Quayle watch as President George H. W. Bush signs the Civil Rights Commission Reauthorization Act in the Rose Garden of the White House in 1991.
Official photo of Barr during his first tenure as Attorney General
Barr is sworn in as Attorney General by Chief Justice John Roberts in 2019.
Barr with Senator Mitt Romney in February 2019

William Pelham Barr (born May 23, 1950) is an American attorney who served as the 77th and 85th United States attorney general in the administrations of Presidents George H. W. Bush and Donald Trump.

Barr was publicly critical of the special counsel investigation.

Former Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein

Mueller report

Former Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein
Former FBI Director James Comey
Don McGahn, former White House Counsel to President Trump

The Mueller report, officially titled Report On The Investigation Into Russian Interference In The 2016 Presidential Election, is the official report documenting the findings and conclusions of former Special Counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian efforts to interfere in the 2016 United States presidential election, allegations of conspiracy or coordination between Donald Trump's presidential campaign and Russia, and allegations of obstruction of justice.

Robert Mueller

American lawyer and government official who served as the sixth director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 2001 to 2013.

American lawyer and government official who served as the sixth director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 2001 to 2013.

Mueller as a Marine lieutenant
Mueller as Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division, 1992
Official portrait, circa 2001
Mueller with President George W. Bush and Attorney General John Ashcroft, August 6, 2002
President George W. Bush is presented with an honorary FBI Special Agent credential by Mueller, 2008
Mueller at the White House in April 2013, discussing the Boston Marathon bombing, with (from left) President Obama, National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, Attorney General Eric Holder, Director of CIA John O. Brennan, and Lisa Monaco, Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism
Protect Mueller protest in Washington, D.C., 2018

On May 17, 2017, Mueller was appointed by Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein as special counsel overseeing an investigation into allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election and related matters.

On February 16, 2018, Mueller indicted 13 Russian individuals and 3 Russian companies for attempting to trick Americans into consuming Russian propaganda that targeted Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and later President-elect Donald Trump.

Rod Rosenstein

American attorney who served as the 37th United States deputy attorney general from April 2017 until May 2019.

American attorney who served as the 37th United States deputy attorney general from April 2017 until May 2019.

Rosenstein during his time working for the Independent Counsel. Brett Kavanaugh, Alex Azar, and Ken Starr are present.
Rosenstein being sworn in as Deputy Attorney General

President Donald Trump nominated Rosenstein to serve as deputy attorney general for the United States Department of Justice on February 1, 2017.

The New York Times reported in August 2020 that concerns about a possible counterintelligence threat posed by Trump's personal and financial dealings with Russia increased after his May 9 firing of Comey, prompting the FBI to open an inquiry separate from the Crossfire Hurricane (FBI investigation) and the incipient Mueller investigation.

Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign

Trump at an early campaign event in New Hampshire on July 16, 2015
Trump signs the Republican loyalty pledge promising to support the candidate nominated by the party and to not run as a third-party candidate, if he failed to clinch the nomination.
Trump and supporters attend a rally in Muscatine, Iowa, in January 2016
Trump campaign logo during the primaries and prior to selection of Mike Pence as running mate
Anti-Trump protesters outside arena as Chicago rally is shut down on March 11, 2016
Kellyanne Conway at the Conservative Political Action Conference 2016
Candidate Trump and running mate Mike Pence at the Republican National Convention, July 2016
Trump became the first Republican since the 1980s to win the states of Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
Director Peter Navarro addresses President Donald Trump's promises to American people, workers, and domestic manufacturers (Declaring American Economic Independence on June 28, 2016) in the Oval Office with Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross before President Trump signs Executive Orders regarding trade in March 2017
The initial campaign wordmark was featured extensively in campaign merchandise.
Initial updated Trump campaign logo reflecting the adoption of Mike Pence as Donald Trump's vice-presidential candidate, but later replaced
Make America Great Again slogan worn by a Trump supporter
Trump speaks at an Arizona rally in March 2016.
Trump delivering a speech in August 2016
Donald Trump speaking at a rally in Phoenix, Arizona
Speaker Paul Ryan meets with Donald Trump and Mike Pence on Capitol Hill after their election victory
Trump, his wife Melania, Ivanka Trump, Jared Kushner and Eric Trump, February 1, 2016
Supporters and protesters outside the August 9, 2016, campaign event at UNC-Wilmington's Trask Coliseum in Wilmington, North Carolina
A protester holding a sign toward Trump supporters asking for Trump to publicly release his tax returns, at an August 9, 2016, campaign event in Wilmington, North Carolina
Donald Trump's tweet activity from his first tweet in May 2009. His tweet activity pattern has changed from 2013.
Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan, held informal talks with the President-elect on November 17, 2016.
A protest sign in New York City

The 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump was formally launched on June 16, 2015, at Trump Tower in New York City.

In May 2017, Acting Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III as Special Counsel to oversee an investigation into "any links and/or coordination between the Russian government and individuals associates with the campaign of President Donald Trump; and (ii) any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation."

Manafort speaking with media prior to the 2016 Republican National Convention

Paul Manafort

American lobbyist, political consultant, attorney and convicted fraudster.

American lobbyist, political consultant, attorney and convicted fraudster.

Manafort speaking with media prior to the 2016 Republican National Convention
Manafort greeting President Gerald Ford, 1976
Manafort with President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush, 1982
Manafort greeting President Ronald Reagan, 1987
Manafort has represented Angolan rebel leader Jonas Savimbi.
Manafort was a lobbyist for former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos.
Manafort lobbied on behalf of former Zairean President Mobutu Sese Seko.
Pro-Russia Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, for whom Manafort lobbied

The indictment came at the request of Robert Mueller's Special Counsel investigation.

On December 23, 2020, U.S. President Donald Trump pardoned Manafort.

2016 United States presidential election

The 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.

The 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.

The incumbent in 2016, Barack Obama. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 2017.
Campaign signs of third-party candidates Jill Stein and Gary Johnson, October 2016 in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
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map
map
A general election ballot, listing the presidential and vice presidential candidates
Trump campaigns in Phoenix, Arizona, October 29, 2016
Clinton campaigns in Raleigh, North Carolina, October 22, 2016
President Barack Obama casting his vote early in Chicago on October 7, 2016
Vote margin swing by state 2012 to 2016. Only twelve states (as well as the District of Columbia and Nebraka's 2nd congressional district) shifted more Democratic. The large swing in Utah is mostly due to the votes for third candidate Evan McMullin and the 2012 candidacy of Utah's Mitt Romney.
Final polling averages for the 2016 election by state. Polls from lightly shaded states are older than September 1, 2016.
Results by state, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Results by vote distribution among states. The size of each state's pie chart is proportional to its number of electoral votes.
Results by county. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
A discontinuous cartogram of the 2016 United States presidential election
A continuous cartogram of the 2016 United States presidential election
A discretized cartogram of the 2016 United States presidential election using squares
A discretized cartogram of the 2016 United States presidential election using hexagons
Results of election by congressional district, shaded by winning candidate's percentage of the vote
County swing from 2012 to 2016
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Johnson
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Jill Stein
Results by state, shaded according to margin of victory

The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former secretary of state Hillary Clinton and U.S. senator from Virginia Tim Kaine, in what was considered one of the greatest upsets in American history.

A formal Special Counsel investigation headed by former FBI director Robert Mueller was initiated in May 2017 to uncover the detailed interference operations by Russia, and to determine whether any people associated with the Trump campaign were complicit in the Russian efforts.

Crossfire Hurricane (FBI investigation)

Crossfire Hurricane was the code name for the counterintelligence investigation undertaken by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from July 31, 2016, to May 17, 2017, into links between Russian officials and associates of Donald Trump and "whether individuals associated with [his] presidential campaign were coordinating, wittingly or unwittingly, with the Russian government's efforts to interfere in the 2016 U.S. presidential election".

Trump was not personally under investigation until May 2017, when his firing of FBI director James Comey raised suspicions of obstruction of justice, which triggered the Mueller investigation.

James Comey

American lawyer who was the 7th director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 2013 until his dismissal in May 2017.

American lawyer who was the 7th director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 2013 until his dismissal in May 2017.

Comey as a US Attorney
Comey, President Obama, and outgoing FBI Director Robert Mueller at Comey's nomination to become FBI Director, June 21, 2013
Comey at the Oval Office following the San Bernardino attack, December 3, 2015
Obama receives an update from Comey and Homeland Security Advisor Lisa Monaco on the Orlando nightclub shooting, June 12, 2016
Comey at annual FBI and Birmingham Civil Rights Institute conference, May 25, 2016
Comey's October letter

President Donald Trump fired Comey on May 9, 2017.

Statements from Trump and the White House suggested that Comey had been fired to ease the "pressure" Trump was under due to the Russia investigation.