Official portrait, 2017
Putin in 2021
Trump at the New York Military Academy in 1964
Five-year-old Vladimir Putin with his mother, Maria, in July 1958
Trump (far right) and wife Ivana in the receiving line of a state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Putin in the KGB, c. undefined 1980
Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
Putin's Stasi "Ausweis" (identification card). He was assigned as a KGB agent in Dresden, as a mid-level liaison to the "Stasi" (East German intelligence agency) in 1985. He held a job as a translator as a "cover" for his KGB work.
Entrance of the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City
Putin, Lyudmila Narusova and Ksenia Sobchak at the funeral of Putin's former mentor Anatoly Sobchak, Mayor of Saint Petersburg (1991–1996)
Trump and New Jersey Generals quarterback Doug Flutie at a 1985 press conference in the lobby of Trump Tower
Putin as FSB director, 1998
Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Putin with President Boris Yeltsin on 31 December 1999, when Yeltsin announced his resignation
Trump at a New York Mets baseball game in 2009
Vladimir Putin as acting president on 31 December 1999
Trump and President Bill Clinton in June 2000
Putin taking the presidential oath beside Boris Yeltsin, May 2000
Trump speaking at CPAC 2011
Putin with Tom Brokaw before an interview on 2 June 2000
Trump campaigning in Arizona, March 2016.
Putin with Junichiro Koizumi, Jacques Chirac, Gerhard Schröder, George W. Bush and other state leaders in Moscow during the Victory Day parade, 9 May 2005.
2016 electoral vote results. Trump won 304–227
Putin, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush and Lyudmila Putina at the state funeral of Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, April 2007
Women's March in Washington on January 21, 2017
Putin with Dmitry Medvedev, March 2008
Trump is sworn in as president by Chief Justice John Roberts
Nikolai Patrushev is believed to be one of the closest advisors to Putin
Trump speaks to automobile workers in Michigan, March 2017
Putin at a bilateral meeting with U.S. president Barack Obama during the G8 summit in Ireland, 17 June 2013
Trump and group of officials and advisors on the way from White House complex to St. John's Church
Putin in talks with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande, 17 October 2014
Trump examines border wall prototypes in Otay Mesa, California.
Putin meets with U.S. president Barack Obama in New York City to discuss Syria and ISIL, 29 September 2015
Trump with the other G7 leaders at the 45th summit in France, 2019
Putin and the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin meeting with members of Mishustin's Cabinet, 21 January 2020
Trump and Xi Jinping at 2018 G20 Summit.
Putin (dressed in the yellow hazmat suit) visits coronavirus patients at a Moscow hospital, 24 March 2020
Trump, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, and Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi at the 2017 Riyadh summit in Saudi Arabia
Putin's first deputy chief of staff Sergey Kiriyenko (left) is in charge of Russia's domestic politics.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meeting with Taliban delegation in Qatar in September 2020
Putin holds a video call with U.S. president Joe Biden on 7 December 2021
Trump meets Kim Jong-un at the Singapore summit, June 2018
Putin visited China and met with Chinese leader Xi Jinping on 4 February 2022. China had allegedly requested that Russia delay the invasion until after the completion of the Beijing Winter Olympics.
Putin and Trump shaking hands at the G20 Osaka summit, June 2019
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan met with Putin in Moscow just hours after Russia's invasion of Ukraine began.
Trump and his third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett.
Protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in Nice, France, 27 February 2022
Trump conducts a COVID-19 press briefing with members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force on March 15, 2020
Putin hosted a meeting of the Russian-led military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), in Moscow, Russia, 16 May 2022
Poland's president Andrzej Duda visited the White House on June 24, 2020, the first foreign leader to do so since the start of the pandemic.
In May 2000, Putin introduced seven federal districts for administrative purposes. In January 2010, the 8th North Caucasus Federal District (shown here in purple) was split from the Southern Federal District. In March 2014, the new 9th Crimean Federal District was formed after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. In July 2016, it was incorporated into the Southern Federal District.
Trump boards helicopter for COVID-19 treatment on October 2, 2020
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (beyond 2014 are forecasts)
Trump discharged on October 5, 2020, from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Putin with religious leaders of Russia, February 2001
Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment, December 18, 2019
Putin with Russia's long-serving minister of defense, Army General Sergey Shoygu, in the Eastern Military District, 2013
Trump displaying the front page of The Washington Post reporting his acquittal by the Senate
Russian opposition protest in Moscow, 26 February 2017
Trump at a 2020 campaign rally in Arizona
Putin attends the Orthodox Christmas service in the village Turginovo in Kalininsky District, Tver Oblast, 7 January 2016
2020 Electoral College results, Trump lost 232–306
Putin's visit to the United States, November 2001
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi signing the second impeachment of Trump
Putin with Indian prime minister Modi in New Delhi
Trump speaks at the "Rally to Protect Our Elections" in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2021.
Putin with Xi Jinping during a state visit to Moscow, May 2015
Trump talking to the press, March 2017
Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Turkmenistan, in October 2017
Fact-checkers from The Washington Post, the Toronto Star, and CNN compiled data on "false or misleading claims" (orange background), and "false claims" (violet foreground), respectively.
Ukrainian president Zelenskyy, German chancellor Merkel, French president Macron and Putin met in Paris on 9 December 2019 in the "Normandy Format" aimed at ending the War in Donbass.
Putin with Pope John Paul II and Holy See's Secretary of State Angelo Sodano on 5 June 2000.
Putin with Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi and U.S. president George W. Bush at the NATO-Russia Council meeting in Rome on 28 May 2002.
Putin with U.S. president Donald Trump at the summit meeting in Helsinki, Finland, 16 July 2018
Putin held a meeting in Sochi with German chancellor Angela Merkel to discuss Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline in May 2018
According to Putin, he and Russia have a particularly good relationship to neighboring country Finland. Picture of Putin handshaking with Sauli Niinistö, the president of Finland, in August 2019.
Putin and his wife Lyudmila meeting with Queen Elizabeth II, her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2005
Putin and Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro on 22 May 2015
Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro and Putin in Moscow, on 16 February 2022, few days before the war in Ukraine. The meeting was urgently scheduled by Putin to discuss and detail important points about the two countries and the world. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS
Putin with Iranian president Hassan Rouhani and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, September 2018
Putin opens the Wall of Grief, a monument to victims of Stalinist repression, October 2017
Vladimir Putin's public approval 1999–2020 (Levada, 2020)
The Levada Center survey showed that 58% of surveyed Russians supported the 2017 Russian protests against high-level corruption.
Putin driving a Formula One car, 2010 ([[:File:Vladimir Putin driving a Formula 1.ogv|video]])
Putin and Lyudmila Putina at their wedding, 28 July 1983
Putin's close associate Arkady Rotenberg is mentioned in the Panama Papers, pictured 2018
Putin receives Barack Obama at his residence in Novo-Ogaryovo, 2009
Putin and wife Lyudmila in New York at a service for victims of the 11 September attacks, 16 November 2001
Normandy Format talks in October 2016 where Lavrov is the right-hand man of Putin while to his left is Vladislav Surkov; Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Angela Merkel and Petro Poroshenko are identifiable participants to this round table of twelve
Putin with the chairman of the African Union and Senegalese President Macky Sall in Sochi, Russia, 3 June 2022

In January 2017, a U.S. intelligence community assessment expressed high confidence that Putin personally ordered an influence campaign, initially to denigrate Hillary Clinton and to harm her electoral chances and potential presidency, then later developing "a clear preference" for Donald Trump.

- Vladimir Putin

Trump repeatedly praised and rarely criticized Russian president Vladimir Putin, but opposed some actions of the Russian government.

- Donald Trump

500 related topics


Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

American intelligence agencies concluded that Russian president Vladimir Putin personally ordered the covert operation, code named Project Lakhta, while Putin denied the allegations. At the 2018 Helsinki summit, Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.–Russia relationship.
The Russian Institute for Strategic Studies began working for the Russian presidency after 2009.
Initially in 2016 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, "I think the idea that fake news on Facebook influenced the election in any way, I think is a pretty crazy idea."
Former site of the Internet Research Agency in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Debbie Wasserman Schultz resigned her position as chairperson of the DNC.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange
John O. Brennan, Assistant to the President for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security, in the Oval Office, January 4, 2010
James R. Clapper
President Obama ordered the United States Intelligence Community to investigate election hacking attempts since 2008.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel criticized the CAATSA sanctions against Russia, targeting EU–Russia energy projects.
Special counsel Robert Mueller directed the FBI from 2001 to 2013.
Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak met with a number of U.S. officials.
Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions talked with the Russian ambassador during the Trump campaign and recused himself from the investigation.
Jared Kushner, President Trump's son-in-law and senior advisor, failed to disclose meetings with Russian officials.
Hillary Clinton said Vladimir Putin held a grudge against her due to her criticism of the 2011 Russian legislative election.
Trump's transition team dismissed the U.S. Intelligence community conclusions.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov called American accusations "nonsense".

The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goals of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political and social discord in the United States.

According to the U.S. intelligence community, the operation—code named Project Lakhta —was ordered directly by Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Hillary Clinton

American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker who served as the 67th United States secretary of state from 2009 to 2013, as a United States senator representing New York from 2001 to 2009, and as first lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001 as the wife of President Bill Clinton.

Clinton in 2016
Mementos of Hillary Rodham's early life, shown at the William J. Clinton Presidential Center
Rodham in Maine South High School's 1965 yearbook
Rodham (center) campaigning for Wellesley College Government President in 1968, an election which she later won
Hillary and Bill lived in this house in Little Rock's Hillcrest neighborhood while he was Arkansas Attorney General (1977–1979).
Bill and Hillary Clinton with President Ronald and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Clinton in 1992
Clinton presenting her health care plan, September 1993
Hillary Clinton speaks about the 1993 health care plan at GWU Hospital.
Read Across America Day in Maryland, 1998
Inauguration Day walk down Pennsylvania Avenue to start Bill's second term as president, January 20, 1997
Results of the 2000 United States Senate election in New York. Clinton won the counties in blue.
Reenactment of Hillary Rodham Clinton's swearing-in as a U.S. senator by Vice President Al Gore in the Old Senate Chamber, as Bill and Chelsea look on
Official photo as U.S. senator
Clinton listens as the chief of naval operations, Admiral Michael Mullen, responds to a question during his 2007 confirmation hearing with the Senate Armed Services Committee
Clinton at the 2007 CDA National Convention
Clinton campaigning at Augsburg College in Minneapolis, Minnesota, two days before Super Tuesday, 2008
State-by-state popular votes in the Democratic primaries and caucuses, shaded by percentage won: Obama in purple, Clinton in green. (Popular vote winners and delegate winners differed in New Hampshire, Nevada, Missouri, Texas and Guam.)
Clinton speaks on behalf of her former rival, Barack Obama, during the second night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention
Official secretary of state portrait, 2009
Associate Judge Kathryn Oberly of the D.C. Court of Appeals administers the oath of office of secretary of state to Hillary Rodham Clinton as her husband Bill Clinton holds the Bible
Clinton and Obama at the 21st NATO summit, April 2009
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Clinton hold a "reset button", March 2009
Greeting service members at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, October 2010
The London meeting to discuss NATO military intervention in Libya, March 29, 2011
Clinton with Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi during her December 2011 visit to Myanmar
Clinton, along with members of the national security team, receive an update on Operation Neptune Spear in the White House Situation Room on May 1, 2011. Everyone in the room is watching a live feed from drones operating over the Osama bin Laden complex.
Obama and Clinton honor the Benghazi attack victims at the Transfer of Remains Ceremony, held at Andrews Air Force Base on September 14, 2012
Clinton addressing email controversy with the media at the UN Headquarters on March 10, 2015
Clinton in September 2014
Clinton campaigning for president in Manchester, New Hampshire, in October 2016, with Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren (seated)
Clinton, accepting Senator Bernie Sanders' endorsement in New Hampshire, July 2016
Clinton delivering her concession speech
The Clintons at Donald Trump's inauguration
Clinton and her husband attend a wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery after the inauguration of Joe Biden
Copies of What Happened at an event on Clinton's book tour promoting the memoir
2016 presidential campaign logo
Clinton worked at Rose Law Firm for fifteen years. Her professional career and political involvement set the stage for public reaction to her as the first lady.
Clinton in April 2015

A member of the Democratic Party, she was the party's nominee for president in the 2016 presidential election, becoming the first woman to win a presidential nomination by a major U.S. political party; Clinton won the popular vote, but lost the Electoral College vote, thereby losing the election to Donald Trump.

Relations would worsen considerably, however, following Vladimir Putin's return to the position in 2012.

Joe Biden

American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States.

Official portrait, 2021
Biden at Archmere Academy in the 1950s
Biden in the Syracuse 1968 yearbook
Results of the 1972 U.S. Senate election in Delaware
Biden and his second wife, Jill, met in 1975 and married in 1977
Biden with President Jimmy Carter, 1979
Biden shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan, 1984
Biden speaking at the signing of the 1994 Crime Bill with President Bill Clinton in 1994
Senator Biden accompanies President Clinton and other officials to Bosnia and Herzegovina, December 1997
Biden addresses the press after meeting with Prime Minister Ayad Allawi in Baghdad in 2004.
Biden at the White House in 1987
Biden campaigns at a house party in Creston, Iowa, July 2007
Biden speaks at the August 23, 2008, vice presidential announcement at the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois
Biden being sworn in as vice president on January 20, 2009
President Obama congratulates Biden for his role in shaping the debt ceiling deal which led to the Budget Control Act of 2011.
Biden during a visit to Baghdad
Biden, Obama and the national security team gathered in the White House Situation Room to monitor the progress of the May 2011 mission to kill Osama bin Laden
Biden and Obama, July 2012
Official vice president portrait, 2013
Biden with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, March 9, 2016
Biden with Vice President-elect Mike Pence on November 10, 2016
Biden with Barack Obama and Donald Trump, at the latter's inauguration on January 20, 2017
Biden at his presidential kickoff rally in Philadelphia, May 2019
Biden takes the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. at the Capitol, January 20, 2021
Biden with his Cabinet, July 2021
Biden meeting with Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg in the Oval Office, June 7, 2021
Biden in a video conference with Vice President Harris and the U.S. National Security team, discussing the Fall of Kabul on August 15, 2021
Percent change from a year earlier
Biden, UK prime minister Boris Johnson and UN secretary-general António Guterres at the opening ceremony of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on November 1, 2021
Biden with Ketanji Brown Jackson in the Oval Office
Biden with refugees from Ukraine in Warsaw, March 2022
President Barack Obama and Biden talk with Xi Jinping, February 14, 2012
President Obama presents Biden with the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction, January 12, 2017

Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris defeated incumbent president Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence in the 2020 presidential election.

He attended a G7 summit, a NATO summit, and an EU summit, and held one-on-one talks with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

Arms control treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union (and its successor state, the Russian Federation).

Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan sign the INF Treaty.
SS-20 launchers
Paul Nitze, 1983
Protest in Amsterdam against the nuclear arms race between the US/NATO and the Soviet Union
Reagan and Gorbachev shake hands after signing the INF Treaty ratification during the Moscow Summit on 1 June 1988.
A Soviet inspector examines a BGM-109G Gryphon ground-launched cruise missile in 1988 prior to its destruction.
Accompanied by their NATO counterparts, Soviet inspectors enter a nuclear weapons storage area at Greenham Common, UK, 1989.
John R. Bolton holds a meeting with Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in Moscow on 23 October 2018.
United States test firing a conventionally configured ground-launched medium-range cruise missile on 18 August 2019.

Amidst continuing growth of China's missile forces, US President Donald Trump announced on 20 October 2018 that he was withdrawing the US from the treaty due to supposed Russian non-compliance.

In February 2007, the Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin gave a speech at the Munich Security Conference in which he said the INF Treaty should be revisited to ensure security, as it only restricted Russia and the US but not other countries.

Volodymyr Zelenskyy

Ukrainian politician and former comedic actor who has served as the 6th and current president of Ukraine since 2019.

Official portrait, 2019
Zelenskyy in 2022
Zelenskyy in Prague in 2009
Kvartal 95 performance in 2018
Zelenskyy and then Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, 19 April 2019
Zelenskyy with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the Federal Chancellery Complex in Berlin, June 2019.
Zelenskyy and Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko in Zhytomyr, October 2019.
U.S. vice president Mike Pence and U.S. delegation meets with Zelenskyy in Warsaw on 1 September 2019
Zelenskyy meets with U.S. president Donald Trump in New York City on 25 September 2019
Zelenskyy and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 16 October 2020
Zelenskyy and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, in February 2021
Zelenskyy, Ukraine's defense minister Andriy Taran and U.S. secretary of defense Lloyd Austin on 31 August 2021
Zelenskyy and U.S. president Joe Biden on 1 September 2021
Zelenskyy and Azerbaijan's president Ilham Aliyev on 17 December 2019
Zelenskyy and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on 1 November 2021
Ukraine's Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) chairman Ruslan Stefanchuk, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Ukraine's Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal after signing of the application for membership in the European Union during the war on 28 February 2022
President Volodymyr Zelenskyy visits a military hospital for soldiers fighting in the Kyiv region, 13 March
Zelenskyy with Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki, Czech Prime Minister Fiala and Slovenian Prime Minister Janša, Kyiv, 15 March
Zelenskyy in Kyiv region after it was freed from the occupation, 4 April
Zelenskyy and Russian President Putin met in Paris on 9 December 2019 in the "Normandy Format" aimed at ending the War in Donbass.
Zelenskyy with NATO secretary general Jens Stoltenberg in June 2019
Zelenskyy in the Donetsk region in June 2021
Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Olena Zelenska in 2019 parliamentary election
The film premiere of I, You, He, She
Zelenskyy leaving 10 Downing Street after a meeting with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson in October 2020
Zelenskyy in Kyiv region after it was freed from the occupation, 4 April
Zelenskyy near the front line in the Kharkiv Oblast, 29 May

During his presidential campaign, Zelenskyy promised to end Ukraine's protracted conflict with Russia, and he has attempted to engage in dialogue with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

On 22 April, U.S. president Donald Trump congratulated Zelenskyy on his victory over the telephone.

Viktor Yanukovych

Former politician who served as the fourth president of Ukraine from 2010 until he was removed from office in the Maidan Revolution in 2014, after a long series of protests in support of the European Union by diverse civil-society groups.

Official portrait, 2010
Viktor Yanukovych (First round) – percentage of total national vote, 2004
Viktor Yanukovych (Second round) – percentage of total national vote, 2004
Viktor Yanukovych (Final round) – percentage of total national vote, 2004
Russian President Vladimir Putin meets Prime Minister Yanukovych during a visit to Kyiv (22 December 2006).
Supporters of Viktor Yanukovych in Dnipropetrovsk, December 2009
Viktor Yanukovych (First round) – percentage of total national vote (35.33%), 2010
Viktor Yanukovych (Second round) – percentage of total national vote (48.95%), 2010
Yanukovych with Poland's President Bronisław Komorowski, 3 February 2011
Yanukovych, Nicolas Sarkozy and Dmitry Medvedev before the beginning of the Nuclear Security Summit, 2010
Yanukovych and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 17 May 2010 near Memorial to the Holodomor Victims in Kyiv.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is greeted by Yanukovych in Kyiv, Ukraine, 2 July 2010
Barack Obama talks with President Viktor Yanukovych during a pull aside at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit at the Coex Center in Seoul
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff greets Yanukovych upon his arrival to the Planalto Palace in Brasília, Brazil, 25 October 2011.
Signing documents with President Dmitry Medvedev, 2010
The results of the 2012 parliamentary election. Yanukovych's Party of Regions is in blue.
Mass protests in Kyiv, December 2013
Anti-riot police forces consisting of Internal Troops holding protective position and Berkut special policemen shooting in Kyiv riots, January 2014
Yanukovych signing the Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine with representatives of the parliament opposition, February 2014
Yanukovych and Putin during moleben celebrated by metropolitan Lazarus of Crimea in memory of 1025th anniversary of Christianization of Kyivan Rus.

Both Russian President Dmitry Medvedev (April 2010 ) and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin (June 2010 ) soon stated they noticed a big improvement in relations with Ukraine since Yanukovych's presidency.

Manafort would later go on to serve as campaign chairman for Donald Trump in 2016.

George W. Bush

American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

Official portrait, 2003
George W. Bush with his parents, Barbara and George H. W. Bush, c. undefined 1947
Governor Bush (right) with father, former president George H. W. Bush, and wife, Laura, 1997
2000 electoral vote results
2004 electoral vote results
George W. Bush re-election campaign stop in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Deficit and debt increases from 2001 to 2009. Gross debt has increased over $500billion each year since the 2003 fiscal year.
President Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act into law, January 8, 2002
President Bush delivering a statement on energy, urging Congress to end offshore oil drill ban, June 18, 2008
President Bush discussing border security with Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff near El Paso, November 2005
President Bush with hurricane victims in Biloxi, September 2, 2005
President Bush announcing his nomination of Alberto Gonzales as the next U.S. Attorney General, November 10, 2004
Countries visited by President George W. Bush during his time in office
President Bush with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Shanghai, October 21, 2001. Russia had cooperated with the U.S. in the war on terror.
President Bush, beside firefighter Bob Beckwith, addressing rescue workers at the World Trade Center site
Countries with major military operations throughout the war on terror launched by Bush, including those launched after his presidency
President Bush and President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan in Kabul, March 1, 2006
President Bush, with Naval Flight Officer Lieutenant Ryan Philips, after landing on the USS Abraham Lincoln prior to his Mission Accomplished speech, May 1, 2003
Gallup/USA Today Bush public opinion polling from February 2001 to January 2009
Protest against the Iraq War in New London, Connecticut on May 23, 2007
Countries with a U.S. military presence in 2007
Charlie Strong (left), Texas Longhorns head football coach, George W. Bush and Reverend Jesse Jackson hold up a Texas Longhorns football jersey at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2014
Bush eulogizing his father at the National Cathedral, December 5, 2018
George W. Bush and Laura at the inauguration of Joe Biden
George W. Bush Presidential Center, on the campus of Southern Methodist University

Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that American withdrawal from the ABM Treaty was a mistake.

However, the party's nomination eventually went to Donald Trump, whom Bush refused to endorse.

Pussy Riot

Russian feminist protest and performance art group based in Moscow that became popular for its provocative punk rock music which later turned into a more accessible style.

Members of the band in January 2012
Pussy Riot members
Pussy Riot performing at the Texas State Capitol in 2021
Pussy Riot performing at Lobnoye Mesto in Red Square, on January 20, 2012
Interior of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior
In 1931, Joseph Stalin ordered the demolition of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow
Graffiti in Warsaw, Poland
Protest in Berlin, Germany in June 2012
Protests in Moscow in June 2012
Protest in Tel Aviv, Israel in August 2012

The group's lyrical themes included feminism, LGBT rights, opposition to Russian President Vladimir Putin and his policies, and Putin's links to the leadership of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Speaking as much to western European and North American audiences as to Russian ones, Pussy Riot anticipated Donald Trump's victory two weeks before the outcome of the 2016 United States presidential election was declared and released "Make America Great Again", depicting a dystopian world where President Trump enforced his values through beatings, shaming, and branding by stormtroopers.

Dmitry Peskov

Official portrait, 2018
Portrait in 2019
Peskov with President Putin at a conference, 12 December 2012

Dmitry Sergeyevich Peskov (born 17 October 1967) is a Russian diplomat and the press secretary for Russian President Vladimir Putin.

In January 2016, Donald Trump's personal lawyer, Michael Cohen, sent an e-mail to Dmitry Peskov asking for help with a business deal in Moscow.

Masha Gessen

Gessen in 2015
Masha Gessen at the Moscow International Book Festival, 2011

Masha Gessen (born 13 January 1967) is a Russian-American journalist, author, translator and activist who has been an outspoken critic of the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, and the former president of the United States, Donald Trump.