Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death
Donato Bramante
Temple of Vesta, Rome, 205 AD. As one of the most important temples of Ancient Rome, it became the model for Bramante's Tempietto
Palladio's engraving of Bramante's Tempietto
Roman representation of the god Tiber, Capitoline Hill in Rome
Plan of Bramante's Tempietto in Montorio
Capitoline Wolf, a sculpture of the mythical she-wolf suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus
The Piazza del Campidoglio
The Ancient-Imperial-Roman palaces of the Palatine, a series of palaces located in the Palatine Hill, express power and wealth of emperors from Augustus until the 4th century.
The Romanesque Florence Baptistery was the object of Brunelleschi's studies of perspective
The Imperial fora belong to a series of monumental fora (public squares) constructed in Rome by the emperors. Also seen in the image is Trajan's Market.
Pope Sixtus IV, 1477, builder of the Sistine Chapel. Fresco by Melozzo da Forlì in the Vatican Palace.
The Roman Empire at its greatest extent in 117 AD, approximately 6.5 e6km2 of land surface.
Four Humanist philosophers under the patronage of the Medici: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Angelo Poliziano and Demetrius Chalcondyles. Fresco by Domenico Ghirlandaio.
The Roman Forum are the remains of those buildings that during most of Ancient Rome's time represented the political, legal, religious and economic centre of the city and the neuralgic centre of all the Roman civilisation.
Cosimo de' Medici the Elder, head of the Medici Bank, sponsored civic building programs. Posthumous portrait by Pontormo.
Trajan's Column, triumphal column and place where the relics of Emperor Trajan are placed.
The Church of the Certosa di Pavia, Lombardy
The Pyramid of Cestius and the Aurelian Walls
Scuola Grande di San Marco, Venice
15th-century illustration depicting the Sack of Rome (410) by the Visigothic king Alaric I
Raphael's unused plan for St. Peter's Basilica
Detail view on an illustration by Raphael portraying the crowning of Charlemagne in Old Saint Peter's Basilica, on 25 December 800
Facade of Sant'Agostino, Rome, built in 1483 by Giacomo di Pietrasanta
Almost 500 years old, this map of Rome by Mario Cartaro (from 1575) shows the city's primary monuments.
Classical Orders, engraving from the Encyclopédie vol. 18. 18th century.
Castel Sant'Angelo or Hadrian's Mausoleum, is a Roman monument radically altered in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance built in 134 AD and crowned with 16th and 17th-century statues.
The Dome of St Peter's Basilica, Rome.
Fontana della Barcaccia by Gian Lorenzo Bernini in 1629
Courtyard of Palazzo Strozzi, Florence
Carnival in Rome, c. 1650
Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence.
A View of the Piazza Navona, Rome, Hendrik Frans van Lint, c. 1730
The dome of Florence Cathedral (the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore)
Bombardment of Rome by Allied planes, 1943
The church of San Lorenzo
The municipi of Rome
Palazzo Medici Riccardi by Michelozzo. Florence, 1444
The Piazza della Repubblica, Rome
Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua, the façade
The Palazzo del Quirinale, now seat of the President of the Italian Republic
Façade of Santa Maria Novella, 1456–70
Satellite image of Rome
The crossing of Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan (1490)
Aerial view of part of Rome's Centro Storico
picture above
Stone pines in the Villa Doria Pamphili
The Palazzo Farnese, Rome (1534–1545). Designed by Sangallo and Michelangelo.
The Esquilino rione
Palazzo Pandolfini, Florence, by Raphael
Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome's Cathedral, built in 324, and partly rebuilt between 1660 and 1734
Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne.
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, one of the four papal major basilicas and has numerous architectural styles, built between the 4th century and 1743
Palazzo Te, Mantua
St. Peter's Basilica at night from Via della Conciliazione in Rome
St Peter's Basilica
The Pantheon, built as a temple dedicated to "all the gods of the past, present and future"
The vestibule of the Laurentian Library
The Colosseum is still today the largest amphitheater in the world. It was used for gladiator shows and other public events (hunting shows, recreations of famous battles and dramas based on classical mythology).
Il Gesù, designed by Giacomo della Porta.
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument
Villa Capra "La Rotonda"
The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana in EUR district
Keystone with a profile of a man, Palazzo Giusti, Verona, Italy
The Temple of Aesculapius, in the Villa Borghese gardens
The House of the Blackheads in Riga, Latvia
The Trevi Fountain. Construction began during the time of Ancient Rome and was completed in 1762 by a design of Nicola Salvi.
Royal Summer Palace in Prague is considered the purest Renaissance architecture outside of Italy.
Fontana dei Fiumi by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1648
Cathedral of St James, Šibenik
Flaminio Obelisk, Piazza del Popolo
English Renaissance: Hardwick Hall (1590–1597).
Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II at sunset
French Renaissance: Château de Chambord (1519–39)
The Vatican Caves, the place where many popes are buried
Juleum in Helmstedt, Germany (example of Weser Renaissance)
Rome chamber of commerce in the ancient Temple of Hadrian
Antwerp City Hall (finished in 1564)
The Sapienza University of Rome, founded in 1303
Courtyard of Wawel Castle exemplifies first period of Polish Renaissance
Biblioteca Casanatense
Cloister of the Convent of Christ, Tomar, Portugal, (1557–1591), Diogo de Torralva and Filippo Terzi.
National Central Library
The Palace of Facets on the Cathedral Square of the Moscow Kremlin.
The Teatro dell'Opera di Roma at the Piazza Beniamino Gigli
Nordic Renaissance: Frederiksborg Palace (1602–20)
The Spanish Steps
The Escorial (1563–1584), Madrid
Ostia Lido beach
Cathedral Basilica of Salvador built between 1657 and 1746, a UNESCO WHS.
The Vatican Museums are the 3rd most visited art museum in the world.
The large Basilica of San Francisco in Quito, built between 1535 and 1650, a UNESCO World Heritage Site city.
Via Condotti
Spaghetti alla carbonara, a typical Roman dish
Concia di zucchine, an example of Roman-Jewish cuisine
Sepulchral inscription for Tiberius Claudius Tiberinus, a Plebeian and professional declaimer of poetry. 1st century AD, Museo Nazionale Romano
Stadio Olimpico, home of A.S. Roma and S.S. Lazio, is one of the largest in Europe, with a capacity of over 70,000.
Stadio dei Marmi
Rome–Fiumicino Airport was the tenth busiest airport in Europe in 2016.
Port of Civitavecchia
Roma Metrorail and Underground map, 2016
Conca d'Oro metro station
FAO headquarters in Rome, Circo Massimo
WFP headquarters in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the Square Samuel-Paty in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris in 1956 near the Baths of Diocletian
The Piazza della Repubblica, Rome
Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome's Cathedral, built in 324, and partly rebuilt between 1660 and 1734

He introduced Renaissance architecture to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his plan for St. Peter's Basilica formed the basis of design executed by Michelangelo.

- Donato Bramante

The return of the Pope Gregory XI from Avignon in September 1377 and the resultant new emphasis on Rome as the center of Christian spirituality, brought about a surge in the building of churches in Rome such as had not taken place for nearly a thousand years.

- Renaissance architecture

The city hosted artists like Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Botticelli and Bramante, who built the temple of San Pietro in Montorio and planned a great project to renovate the Vatican.

- Rome

In the late 15th century and early 16th century, architects such as Bramante, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and others showed a mastery of the revived style and ability to apply it to buildings such as churches and city palazzo which were quite different from the structures of ancient times.

- Renaissance architecture

Among others, a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture in Rome is the Piazza del Campidoglio by Michelangelo.

- Rome
Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death

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St. Peter's Basilica

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View from the Tiber on Ponte Sant'Angelo and the Basilica. The iconic dome dominates the skyline of Rome.
St. Peter and the Apostles on the Facade of St. Peter's Basilica
Bishops at the Second Vatican Council in 1962
Crepuscular rays are seen in St. Peter's Basilica at certain times each day.
An early interpretation of the relative locations of the circus, and the medieval and current Basilicas of St. Peter.
One possible modern interpretation
Maarten van Heemskerck - Santa Maria della Febbre, Vatican Obelisk, Saint Peter's Basilica in construction (1532)
A conjectural view of the Old St. Peter's Basilica by H. W. Brewer, 1891
Bramante's plan
Raphael's plan
Michelangelo's plan
Bramante's dome
Sangallo's design
St. Peter's Basilica from Castel Sant'Angelo showing the dome rising behind Maderno's façade.
1506 medal by Cristoforo Foppa depicting Bramante's design, including the four flanking smaller domes
The engraving by Stefan du Pérac was published in 1569, five years after the death of Michelangelo
The dome was brought to completion by Giacomo della Porta and Fontana.
Architectural details of the central part looking upward into the dome
Michelangelo's plan extended with Maderno's nave and narthex
Maderno's façade, with the statues of Saint Peter (left) and Saint Paul (right) flanking the entrance stairs
The narthex
Maderno's nave, looking towards the chancel
The apse with St. Peter's Cathedra supported by four Doctors of the Church
The altar with Bernini's baldacchino
Bernini's Cathedra Petri and Gloria
St. Peter's Basilica and the piazza at night
One of the two fountains which form the axis of the piazza.
Evening aerial view of the piazza and facade
View of Rome from the Dome of St. Peter's Basilica
Air vents for the crypt in St. Peter's Basilica
Cardinals at Mass in Saint Peter's Basilica two days before a papal conclave, 16 April 2005.
The inauguration of Pope Francis in 2013
Silhouette of St. Peter's Basilica at sundown (view from Castel Sant'Angelo).
alt= A marble statue showing a matronly woman in a sweeping cloak supporting a cross which stands beside her and presenting a set of nails to the viewer with her left hand|Saint Helena
alt= This statue shows a Roman soldier, with a cloak furling around him, gazing upward while he supports a long spear with his right hand and throws out his other hand in amazement.|Saint Longinus
alt= This statue shows an elderly man, bare-chested, and draped, looking up despairingly as he supports a large cross, arranged diagonally.|Saint Andrew
alt= This statue shows the saint as a young woman, who, with a sweeping dramatic gesture, displays a cloth on which there is an image of the face of Jesus.|Saint Veronica
alt= A pair of bronze doors divided into sixteen panels containing reliefs depicting scenes mainly from the life of Jesus and stories that he told.|The Holy Door is opened only for great celebrations.
alt= A large memorial set in a niche. The marble figure of a kneeling pope is surrounded by allegoric marble figures, and sculptured drapery surfaced with patterned red stone.|The tomb of Alexander VII, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1671–1678.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org/Docs/seminarians4.htm|website=saintpetersbasilica.org|title=The Seminarian GuidesNorth American College, Rome|access-date=29 July 2009}}</ref>
alt= Peter is shown as a bearded man in draped garment like a toga. He is seated on a chair made of marble, and has his right hand raised in a gesture of blessing while in his left hand he holds two large keys. Behind the statue, the wall is patterned in mosaic to resemble red and gold brocade cloth.|The bronze statue of Saint Peter holding the keys of heaven, attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio.
alt= This marble statue shows the Virgin Mary seated, mourning over the lifeless body of Jesus which is supported across her knees.|The Pietà by Michelangelo, 1498–1499, is in the north aisle.

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican (Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply Saint Peter's Basilica (Basilica Sancti Petri), is a church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City, the papal enclave that is within the city of Rome, Italy.

Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world by interior measure.