Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death
Donato Bramante
View from the Tiber on Ponte Sant'Angelo and the Basilica. The iconic dome dominates the skyline of Rome.
Temple of Vesta, Rome, 205 AD. As one of the most important temples of Ancient Rome, it became the model for Bramante's Tempietto
Tempietto
St. Peter and the Apostles on the Facade of St. Peter's Basilica
Palladio's engraving of Bramante's Tempietto
Bishops at the Second Vatican Council in 1962
Plan of Bramante's Tempietto in Montorio
Crepuscular rays are seen in St. Peter's Basilica at certain times each day.
The Piazza del Campidoglio
An early interpretation of the relative locations of the circus, and the medieval and current Basilicas of St. Peter.
The Romanesque Florence Baptistery was the object of Brunelleschi's studies of perspective
One possible modern interpretation
Pope Sixtus IV, 1477, builder of the Sistine Chapel. Fresco by Melozzo da Forlì in the Vatican Palace.
Maarten van Heemskerck - Santa Maria della Febbre, Vatican Obelisk, Saint Peter's Basilica in construction (1532)
Four Humanist philosophers under the patronage of the Medici: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Angelo Poliziano and Demetrius Chalcondyles. Fresco by Domenico Ghirlandaio.
A conjectural view of the Old St. Peter's Basilica by H. W. Brewer, 1891
Cosimo de' Medici the Elder, head of the Medici Bank, sponsored civic building programs. Posthumous portrait by Pontormo.
Bramante's plan
The Church of the Certosa di Pavia, Lombardy
Raphael's plan
Scuola Grande di San Marco, Venice
Michelangelo's plan
Raphael's unused plan for St. Peter's Basilica
Bramante's dome
Facade of Sant'Agostino, Rome, built in 1483 by Giacomo di Pietrasanta
Sangallo's design
Classical Orders, engraving from the Encyclopédie vol. 18. 18th century.
St. Peter's Basilica from Castel Sant'Angelo showing the dome rising behind Maderno's façade.
The Dome of St Peter's Basilica, Rome.
1506 medal by Cristoforo Foppa depicting Bramante's design, including the four flanking smaller domes
Courtyard of Palazzo Strozzi, Florence
The engraving by Stefan du Pérac was published in 1569, five years after the death of Michelangelo
Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence.
The dome was brought to completion by Giacomo della Porta and Fontana.
The dome of Florence Cathedral (the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore)
Architectural details of the central part looking upward into the dome
The church of San Lorenzo
Michelangelo's plan extended with Maderno's nave and narthex
Palazzo Medici Riccardi by Michelozzo. Florence, 1444
Maderno's façade, with the statues of Saint Peter (left) and Saint Paul (right) flanking the entrance stairs
Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua, the façade
The narthex
Façade of Santa Maria Novella, 1456–70
Maderno's nave, looking towards the chancel
The crossing of Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan (1490)
The apse with St. Peter's Cathedra supported by four Doctors of the Church
picture above
The altar with Bernini's baldacchino
The Palazzo Farnese, Rome (1534–1545). Designed by Sangallo and Michelangelo.
Bernini's Cathedra Petri and Gloria
Palazzo Pandolfini, Florence, by Raphael
St. Peter's Basilica and the piazza at night
Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne.
One of the two fountains which form the axis of the piazza.
Palazzo Te, Mantua
Evening aerial view of the piazza and facade
St Peter's Basilica
View of Rome from the Dome of St. Peter's Basilica
The vestibule of the Laurentian Library
Air vents for the crypt in St. Peter's Basilica
Il Gesù, designed by Giacomo della Porta.
Cardinals at Mass in Saint Peter's Basilica two days before a papal conclave, 16 April 2005.
Villa Capra "La Rotonda"
The inauguration of Pope Francis in 2013
Keystone with a profile of a man, Palazzo Giusti, Verona, Italy
Silhouette of St. Peter's Basilica at sundown (view from Castel Sant'Angelo).
The House of the Blackheads in Riga, Latvia
alt= A marble statue showing a matronly woman in a sweeping cloak supporting a cross which stands beside her and presenting a set of nails to the viewer with her left hand|Saint Helena
Royal Summer Palace in Prague is considered the purest Renaissance architecture outside of Italy.
alt= This statue shows a Roman soldier, with a cloak furling around him, gazing upward while he supports a long spear with his right hand and throws out his other hand in amazement.|Saint Longinus
Cathedral of St James, Šibenik
alt= This statue shows an elderly man, bare-chested, and draped, looking up despairingly as he supports a large cross, arranged diagonally.|Saint Andrew
English Renaissance: Hardwick Hall (1590–1597).
alt= This statue shows the saint as a young woman, who, with a sweeping dramatic gesture, displays a cloth on which there is an image of the face of Jesus.|Saint Veronica
French Renaissance: Château de Chambord (1519–39)
alt= A pair of bronze doors divided into sixteen panels containing reliefs depicting scenes mainly from the life of Jesus and stories that he told.|The Holy Door is opened only for great celebrations.
Juleum in Helmstedt, Germany (example of Weser Renaissance)
alt= A large memorial set in a niche. The marble figure of a kneeling pope is surrounded by allegoric marble figures, and sculptured drapery surfaced with patterned red stone.|The tomb of Alexander VII, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1671–1678.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org/Docs/seminarians4.htm|website=saintpetersbasilica.org|title=The Seminarian GuidesNorth American College, Rome|access-date=29 July 2009}}</ref>
Antwerp City Hall (finished in 1564)
alt= Peter is shown as a bearded man in draped garment like a toga. He is seated on a chair made of marble, and has his right hand raised in a gesture of blessing while in his left hand he holds two large keys. Behind the statue, the wall is patterned in mosaic to resemble red and gold brocade cloth.|The bronze statue of Saint Peter holding the keys of heaven, attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio.
Courtyard of Wawel Castle exemplifies first period of Polish Renaissance
alt= This marble statue shows the Virgin Mary seated, mourning over the lifeless body of Jesus which is supported across her knees.|The Pietà by Michelangelo, 1498–1499, is in the north aisle.
Cloister of the Convent of Christ, Tomar, Portugal, (1557–1591), Diogo de Torralva and Filippo Terzi.
The Palace of Facets on the Cathedral Square of the Moscow Kremlin.
Nordic Renaissance: Frederiksborg Palace (1602–20)
The Escorial (1563–1584), Madrid
Cathedral Basilica of Salvador built between 1657 and 1746, a UNESCO WHS.
The large Basilica of San Francisco in Quito, built between 1535 and 1650, a UNESCO World Heritage Site city.

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican (Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply Saint Peter's Basilica (Basilica Sancti Petri), is a church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City, the papal enclave that is within the city of Rome, Italy.

- St. Peter's Basilica

He introduced Renaissance architecture to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his plan for St. Peter's Basilica formed the basis of design executed by Michelangelo.

- Donato Bramante

Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world by interior measure.

- St. Peter's Basilica

The construction of the Sistine Chapel with its uniquely important decorations and the entire rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica, one of Christendom's most significant churches, were part of this process.

- Renaissance architecture

In the late 15th century and early 16th century, architects such as Bramante, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and others showed a mastery of the revived style and ability to apply it to buildings such as churches and city palazzo which were quite different from the structures of ancient times.

- Renaissance architecture

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Rome

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Capital city of Italy.

Capital city of Italy.

Roman representation of the god Tiber, Capitoline Hill in Rome
Capitoline Wolf, a sculpture of the mythical she-wolf suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus
The Ancient-Imperial-Roman palaces of the Palatine, a series of palaces located in the Palatine Hill, express power and wealth of emperors from Augustus until the 4th century.
The Imperial fora belong to a series of monumental fora (public squares) constructed in Rome by the emperors. Also seen in the image is Trajan's Market.
The Roman Empire at its greatest extent in 117 AD, approximately 6.5 e6km2 of land surface.
The Roman Forum are the remains of those buildings that during most of Ancient Rome's time represented the political, legal, religious and economic centre of the city and the neuralgic centre of all the Roman civilisation.
Trajan's Column, triumphal column and place where the relics of Emperor Trajan are placed.
The Pyramid of Cestius and the Aurelian Walls
15th-century illustration depicting the Sack of Rome (410) by the Visigothic king Alaric I
Detail view on an illustration by Raphael portraying the crowning of Charlemagne in Old Saint Peter's Basilica, on 25 December 800
Almost 500 years old, this map of Rome by Mario Cartaro (from 1575) shows the city's primary monuments.
Castel Sant'Angelo or Hadrian's Mausoleum, is a Roman monument radically altered in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance built in 134 AD and crowned with 16th and 17th-century statues.
Fontana della Barcaccia by Gian Lorenzo Bernini in 1629
Carnival in Rome, c. 1650
A View of the Piazza Navona, Rome, Hendrik Frans van Lint, c. 1730
Bombardment of Rome by Allied planes, 1943
The municipi of Rome
The Piazza della Repubblica, Rome
The Palazzo del Quirinale, now seat of the President of the Italian Republic
Satellite image of Rome
Aerial view of part of Rome's Centro Storico
Stone pines in the Villa Doria Pamphili
The Esquilino rione
Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome's Cathedral, built in 324, and partly rebuilt between 1660 and 1734
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, one of the four papal major basilicas and has numerous architectural styles, built between the 4th century and 1743
St. Peter's Basilica at night from Via della Conciliazione in Rome
The Pantheon, built as a temple dedicated to "all the gods of the past, present and future"
The Colosseum is still today the largest amphitheater in the world. It was used for gladiator shows and other public events (hunting shows, recreations of famous battles and dramas based on classical mythology).
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument
The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana in EUR district
The Temple of Aesculapius, in the Villa Borghese gardens
The Trevi Fountain. Construction began during the time of Ancient Rome and was completed in 1762 by a design of Nicola Salvi.
Fontana dei Fiumi by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1648
Flaminio Obelisk, Piazza del Popolo
Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II at sunset
The Vatican Caves, the place where many popes are buried
Rome chamber of commerce in the ancient Temple of Hadrian
The Sapienza University of Rome, founded in 1303
Biblioteca Casanatense
National Central Library
The Teatro dell'Opera di Roma at the Piazza Beniamino Gigli
The Spanish Steps
Ostia Lido beach
The Vatican Museums are the 3rd most visited art museum in the world.
Via Condotti
Spaghetti alla carbonara, a typical Roman dish
Concia di zucchine, an example of Roman-Jewish cuisine
Sepulchral inscription for Tiberius Claudius Tiberinus, a Plebeian and professional declaimer of poetry. 1st century AD, Museo Nazionale Romano
Stadio Olimpico, home of A.S. Roma and S.S. Lazio, is one of the largest in Europe, with a capacity of over 70,000.
Stadio dei Marmi
Rome–Fiumicino Airport was the tenth busiest airport in Europe in 2016.
Port of Civitavecchia
Roma Metrorail and Underground map, 2016
Conca d'Oro metro station
FAO headquarters in Rome, Circo Massimo
WFP headquarters in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the Square Samuel-Paty in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris in 1956 near the Baths of Diocletian
The Piazza della Repubblica, Rome
Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome's Cathedral, built in 324, and partly rebuilt between 1660 and 1734

Majestic works, as the new Saint Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and Ponte Sisto (the first bridge to be built across the Tiber since antiquity, although on Roman foundations) were created.

The city hosted artists like Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Botticelli and Bramante, who built the temple of San Pietro in Montorio and planned a great project to renovate the Vatican.

Among others, a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture in Rome is the Piazza del Campidoglio by Michelangelo.