Double bass

bassupright bassacoustic bassstring bassdouble-bassbassistdouble bassistdouble-bassistcontrabassdouble basses
For the contrabass voice, see Basso profondo; for the frequency range in general, see Sub-bass.wikipedia
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Concert band

wind ensemblewind bandband
It is a standard member of the orchestra's string section, as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo, and chamber music in Western classical music.
A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, and occasionally including the double bass or bass guitar.

Orchestra

symphony orchestraorchestralchamber orchestra
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of Western classical music, which combines instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as the violin, viola, cello, and double bass, brass instruments such as the horn, trumpet, trombone and tuba, woodwinds such as the flute, oboe, clarinet and bassoon, and percussion instruments such as the timpani, bass drum, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, and mallet percussion instruments each grouped in sections.

String instrument

stringsstringstring instruments
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).

String section

stringsstringstring arrangement
It is a standard member of the orchestra's string section, as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo, and chamber music in Western classical music. Classical bass students learn all of the different bow articulations used by other string section players (e.g., violin and cello), such as détaché, legato, staccato, sforzato, martelé ("hammered"-style), sul ponticello, sul tasto, tremolo, spiccato and sautillé.
It normally consists of first and second violins, violas, cellos, and double basses.

Double bass concerto

concertos
It is a standard member of the orchestra's string section, as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo, and chamber music in Western classical music.
A double bass concerto is a notated musical composition, usually in three parts or movements (see concerto), for a solo double bass accompanied by an orchestra.

Tango music

tangotangosTango (music)
The bass is used in a range of other genres, such as jazz, 1950s-style blues and rock and roll, rockabilly, psychobilly, traditional country music, bluegrass, tango and many types of folk music.
It is traditionally played on a solo guitar, guitar duo, or an ensemble, known as the orquesta típica, which includes at least two violins, flute, piano, double bass, and at least two bandoneóns.

Acoustic bass guitar

acoustic bassbassarco bass
The notes of the open strings are E1, A1, D2, and G2, the same as an acoustic or electric bass guitar.
Like the traditional electric bass guitar and the double bass, the acoustic bass guitar commonly has four strings, which are normally tuned E-A-D-G, an octave below the lowest four strings of the 6-string guitar, which is the same tuning pitch as an electric bass guitar.

Psychobilly

punkabillypsycho-billyPsychobillies
The bass is used in a range of other genres, such as jazz, 1950s-style blues and rock and roll, rockabilly, psychobilly, traditional country music, bluegrass, tango and many types of folk music. Laminated (plywood) basses, which are widely used in music schools, youth orchestras, and in popular and folk music settings (including rockabilly, psychobilly, blues, etc.), are very resistant to humidity and heat, as well to the physical abuse they are apt to encounter in a school environment (or, for blues and folk musicians, to the hazards of touring and performing in bars).
It is often played with an upright double bass, instead of the electric bass which is more common in modern rock music, and the hollowbody electric guitar, rather than the solid-bodied electric guitars that predominate in rock.

Cello

cellistvioloncellocellos
Classical bass students learn all of the different bow articulations used by other string section players (e.g., violin and cello), such as détaché, legato, staccato, sforzato, martelé ("hammered"-style), sul ponticello, sul tasto, tremolo, spiccato and sautillé.
The cello often plays the bass part, both in chamber music such as string quartets and the orchestra's string section, where the cello may be reinforced an octave lower by the double basses.

Violin family

stringsstringviolin
The instrument's exact lineage is still a matter of some debate, with scholars divided on whether the bass is derived from the viol or the violin family.
The standard modern violin family consists of the violin, viola, cello, and double bass.

Electric upright bass

Electric Bassstick bassBass
While these smaller-body instruments appear similar to electric upright basses, the difference is that small-body travel basses still have a fairly large hollow acoustic sound chamber, while many EUBs are solid body, or only have a small hollow chamber.
The electric upright bass (EUB) is an instrument that can perform the musical function of a double bass.

Youth orchestra

Youth Philharmonic Orchestrayouth symphonies
Laminated (plywood) basses, which are widely used in music schools, youth orchestras, and in popular and folk music settings (including rockabilly, psychobilly, blues, etc.), are very resistant to humidity and heat, as well to the physical abuse they are apt to encounter in a school environment (or, for blues and folk musicians, to the hazards of touring and performing in bars).
Because young children do not usually start playing double bass until a later age than those playing the smaller instruments, double bass players in youth orchestras tend to be in the early to mid-20s.

Gasparo da Salò

Gasparo da SaloDa Salòda Salò-di Bertolotti
Some existing instruments, such as those by Gasparo da Salò, were converted from 16th-century six-string contrabass violoni.
Gasparo da Salò (May 20, 1542 - April 14, 1609) is the name given to Gasparo Bertolotti, one of the earliest violin makers and an expert double bass player.

Larry Hurst

Double bass professor Larry Hurst argues that the "modern double bass is not a true member of either the violin or viol families".
Larry Hurst is an American double bassist and professor.

Glossary of musical terminology

uptempoup-tempocolla parte
Classical bass students learn all of the different bow articulations used by other string section players (e.g., violin and cello), such as détaché, legato, staccato, sforzato, martelé ("hammered"-style), sul ponticello, sul tasto, tremolo, spiccato and sautillé.

Transposing instrument

transposingtransposing instrumentstransposition
The bass is a transposing instrument and is typically notated one octave higher than tuned to avoid excessive ledger lines below the staff.
For some instruments (e.g., the piccolo or the double bass), the sounding pitch is still a C, but in a different octave; these instruments are said to transpose "at the octave".

Franz Simandl

Simandl
The classic 19th century Franz Simandl method does not use the low E string in higher positions because older gut strings, set up high over the fingerboard, could not produce clear tone in these higher positions.
Franz Simandl (August 1, 1840 – December 15, 1912) was a double-bassist and pedagogue most remembered for his book New Method for the Double Bass, known as the Simandl book, which is to this day used as a standard study of double bass technique and hand positions.

Giovanni Bottesini

BottesiniJuan Bottesini
The French bow was not widely popular until its adoption by 19th-century virtuoso Giovanni Bottesini.
Giovanni Bottesini (22 December 1821 – 7 July 1889), was an Italian Romantic composer, conductor, and a double bass virtuoso.

Fiddle

fiddlerfiddlingfiddles
The rabeca (or rabeca chuleira) is a type of fiddle from northeastern Brazil and northern Portugal used in Brazilian forró music.
Hungarian, Slovenian, and Romanian fiddle players are often accompanied by a three-stringed variant of the viola—known as the kontra—and by double bass, with cimbalom and clarinet being less standard yet still common additions to a band.

Viol

viola da gambabass violgambist
The instrument's exact lineage is still a matter of some debate, with scholars divided on whether the bass is derived from the viol or the violin family. The double bass is the only modern bowed string instrument that is tuned in fourths (like a viol), rather than fifths, with strings usually tuned to E 1, A 1, D 2 and G 2.
The bow is held underhand (palm up), similar to a German double bass bow grip, but away from the frog towards the balance point.

String (music)

stringsstringguitar string
However, the resonance of the wood, combined with the violin-like construction, flat-wound strings, and long scale length, gives the double bass a much richer tone than the bass guitar, in addition to the ability to use a bow, while the fretless fingerboard accommodates smooth glissandos and legatos.
On string instruments that the player plucks or bows directly (e.g., double bass), this enabled instrument makers to use thinner strings for the lowest-pitched strings, which made the lower-pitch strings easier to play.

Endpin

end pinRock Stop
This endpin is generally thicker and more robust than that of a cello, because of the greater mass of the instrument.
The endpin or spike is the component of a cello or double bass that makes contact with the floor to support the instrument's weight.

Pizzicato

pluckedbare fingerspizzicati
The double bass is played with a bow (arco), or by plucking the strings (pizzicato), or via a variety of extended techniques.
In jazz and bluegrass, and the few popular music styles which use double bass (such as French modern chanson, American psychobilly and rockabilly), pizzicato is the usual way to play the double bass.

Ghost note

Dead noteghost notesanti-accent
In jazz and related styles, bassists often add semi-percussive "ghost notes" into basslines, to add to the rhythmic feel and to add fills to a bassline.
Ghost notes are often used by electric bass players and double bass players in a range of popular music and traditional music styles.

Red Mitchell

Keith MitchellMitchellRed Mitchell Jazz Trio
This tuning was used by the jazz player Red Mitchell and is used by some classical players, notably the Canadian bassist Joel Quarrington.
Keith Moore "Red" Mitchell (September 20, 1927 – November 8, 1992), was an American jazz double-bassist, composer, lyricist, and poet.