Douglas C-47 Skytrain

C-47Douglas DakotaDakotaDouglas C-47ADouglas C-47Douglas C-47BC-47 DakotaDakotasC-47 SkytrainC-47s
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.wikipedia
2,088 Related Articles

Douglas DC-3

DC-3DakotaDouglas DC-3/C-47
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
Military versions, including the C-47 Skytrain (designated the Dakota in British Royal Air Force (RAF) service), and Russian- and Japanese-built versions, brought total production to over 16,000.

Military glider

glidergliderstransport glider
The C-47 differed from the civilian DC-3 in numerous modifications, including being fitted with a cargo door, hoist attachment, and strengthened floor, along with a shortened tail cone for glider-towing shackles, and an astrodome in the cabin roof. In Europe, the C-47 and a specialised paratroop variant, the C-53 Skytrooper, were used in vast numbers in the later stages of the war, particularly to tow gliders and drop paratroops.
These engineless aircraft were towed into the air and most of the way to their target by military transport planes, e.g., C-47 Skytrain or Dakota, or bombers relegated to secondary activities, e.g., Short Stirling.

The Hump

Hump airliftHumpHump Route
Possibly its most influential role in military aviation, however, was flying "The Hump" from India into China.
Chiang's foreign minister, T. V. Soong, estimated that 12,000 tons of materiel could be delivered monthly by air from India if 100 C-47 Skytrain-type transports were committed to an airlift.

Douglas C-54 Skymaster

C-54C-54 SkymasterDouglas C-54A
The expertise gained flying "The Hump" was later be used in the Berlin Airlift, in which the C-47 played a major role, until the aircraft were replaced by Douglas C-54 Skymasters.
Like the Douglas C-47 Skytrain derived from the DC-3, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian airliner, the Douglas DC-4.

Paratrooper

paratroopersparatroopparatroops
In Europe, the C-47 and a specialised paratroop variant, the C-53 Skytrooper, were used in vast numbers in the later stages of the war, particularly to tow gliders and drop paratroops.
Cargo aircraft of the period (for example the German Ju 52 and the American C-47) being small, they rarely, if ever, jumped in groups much larger than 20 from one aircraft.

Astrodome (aeronautics)

astrodomea hemispherical, clear rotating "astrodomedome
The C-47 differed from the civilian DC-3 in numerous modifications, including being fitted with a cargo door, hoist attachment, and strengthened floor, along with a shortened tail cone for glider-towing shackles, and an astrodome in the cabin roof.
Astrodomes were prominent on many Royal Air Force (RAF) and Commonwealth-operated multi-engined aircraft of the Second World War, and on foreign aircraft ordered by them for their use, such as the Liberator and Dakota, as the RAF performed many of its operations and other flying at night.

Indian Air Force

Air ForceIAFRAF India
With all of the aircraft and pilots having been part of the Indian Air Force prior to independence, both the Indian Air Force and Pakistan Air Force used C-47s to transport supplies to their soldiers fighting in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947.
New aircraft added to the fleet included the US-built Vultee Vengeance, Douglas Dakota, the British Hawker Hurricane, Supermarine Spitfire, and Westland Lysander.

Douglas XCG-17

XCG-17CG-17
XCG-17
The Douglas XCG-17 was an American assault glider, developed by the conversion of a C-47 Skytrain twin-engine transport during World War II.

British European Airways

BEAB.E.A.civil aviation
Conversion of Dakota to Rolls-Royce Dart power and used by BEA to prove turboprop engines prior to entry into service of Vickers Viscount.
Within Europe, this resulted in BOAC resuming Imperial Airways' pre-war routes to continental Europe augmented by Royal Air Force Transport Command non-military flights from Croydon Airport, using Douglas Dakotas in RAF livery flown by crews in RAF uniforms, and UK domestic air services operated by the Associated Airways Joint Committee (AAJC), which had been formed of several pre-war charter companies on 27 June 1940.

Siege of Bastogne

Bastognedefense of Bastognerelief of Bastogne
Additionally, C-47s were used to airlift supplies to the embattled American forces during the Battle of Bastogne.

Allied invasion of Sicily

Sicilyinvasion of SicilyOperation Husky
During the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, C-47s dropped 4,381 Allied paratroops.
The 144 Douglas C-47 transports arrived at the same time as an Axis air raid; the first echelon of troop carrying planes dropped their loads without interference, when an Allied naval vessel fired on the formation.

Buffalo Airways

[1Buffaloin 2012
After World War II, thousands of surplus C-47s were converted to civil airline use, some remaining in operation in 2012, as well as being used as private aircraft.

Douglas Aircraft Company

DouglasDouglas AircraftDouglas Aircraft Co.
The company is most famous for the "DC" (Douglas Commercial) series of commercial aircraft, including what is often regarded as the most significant transport aircraft ever made: the Douglas DC-3, which was also produced as a military transport known as the C-47 Skytrain or "Dakota" in British service.

Douglas AC-47 Spooky

AC-47 ''SpookyAC-47Douglas AC-47D Spooky
A gunship variation, using three 7.62 mm miniguns, designated AC-47 "Spooky", often nicknamed "Puff the magic dragon", also was deployed.
The AC-47 was a United States Air Force C-47, (the military version of the DC-3) that had been modified by mounting three 7.62 mm General Electric miniguns to fire through two rear window openings and the side cargo door, all on the left (pilot's) side of the aircraft, to provide close air support for ground troops.

Lisunov Li-2

PS-84Li-2Lisunov Li-2P
* (also as Lisunov Li-2)
Some military versions of the Li-2 also had bomb racks and a dorsal turret, unlike the military C-47 development of the DC-3.

Capital Airlines

Pennsylvania Central AirlinesCapitalCentral Airlines
It was too expensive for the smaller operators which were its main target: only three were sold to Capital Airlines.
;June 22, 1957: A Capital Airlines Douglas C-47 (N88835), which was on a training flight, crashed near Clarksburg, Maryland The aircraft was destroyed and the crew were all killed.

Royal Air Force

RAFairmanBritish
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.

Airlift

strategic airlifttactical airliftstrategic airlifter
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
It was used extensively by the Allies during World War II and remains in front line service with various military operators.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
It was used extensively by the Allies during World War II and remains in front line service with various military operators.

Long Beach, California

Long BeachLong Beach, CAStreets of Long Beach
More than 10,000 aircraft were produced in Long Beach and Santa Monica, California and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

Santa Monica, California

Santa MonicaSanta Monica, CACity of Santa Monica
More than 10,000 aircraft were produced in Long Beach and Santa Monica, California and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

Oklahoma City

Oklahoma City, OklahomaOklahoma City, OKOklahoma (Oklahoma City)
More than 10,000 aircraft were produced in Long Beach and Santa Monica, California and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.