Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.FairbanksDouglas Fairbanks SeniorDouglas Fairbanks StudiosDouglas Fairbanks Production CompanyDouglas Fairbanks Sr.Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., ProductionsDouglas Fairbanks, SeniorFairbanks' fatherFairbanks, Douglas
Douglas Fairbanks (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer.wikipedia
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Swashbuckler film

swashbucklingswashbucklerswashbuckler films
He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies.
The most famous of those were the films of Douglas Fairbanks, such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), which defined the genre.

Robin Hood (1922 film)

Robin Hood1922 film version1922
He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies. For the remainder of his career in silent films he continued to produce and star in ever more elaborate, impressive costume films, such as The Three Musketeers (1921), Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), The Black Pirate (1926), and The Gaucho (1927).
Robin Hood is a 1922 adventure film starring Douglas Fairbanks and Wallace Beery.

United Artists

UAUnited Artists Media GroupUnited Artists Pictures
Fairbanks was a founding member of United Artists.
Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios.

The Thief of Bagdad (1924 film)

The Thief of BagdadThe Thief of Baghdad1924 version
He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies. For the remainder of his career in silent films he continued to produce and star in ever more elaborate, impressive costume films, such as The Three Musketeers (1921), Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), The Black Pirate (1926), and The Gaucho (1927).
The Thief of Bagdad is a 1924 American silent swashbuckler film directed by Raoul Walsh and starring Douglas Fairbanks, and written by Achmed Abdullah and Lotta Woods.

The Mark of Zorro (1920 film)

The Mark of Zorro19201920 film version
He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies.
The Mark of Zorro is a 1920 silent adventure romance film starring Douglas Fairbanks and Noah Beery Sr..

Mary Pickford

Mary Mary Pickford FoundationMary Pickford Award
With his marriage to Mary Pickford in 1920, the couple became Hollywood royalty and Fairbanks was referred to as "The King of Hollywood", a nickname later passed on to actor Clark Gable.
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.

Douglas Fairbanks Jr.

Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.Douglas Fairbanks CompanyDouglas Fairbanks Jnr
Fairbanks was born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman (spelled "Ulman" by Douglas Fairbanks Jr. in his memoirs) in Denver, Colorado, the son of Hezekiah Charles Ullman (September 15, 1833 – February 23, 1915) and Ella Adelaide (née Marsh; 1847–1915).
He was the son of actor Douglas Fairbanks and was once married to Joan Crawford.

The Private Life of Don Juan

His final film was The Private Life of Don Juan (1934).
The Private Life of Don Juan is a 1934 British comedy-drama film directed by Alexander Korda and starring Douglas Fairbanks, Merle Oberon and Benita Hume.

Anita Loos

Anita and John LoosChéri
His athleticism was not appreciated by Griffith, however, and he was brought to the attention of Anita Loos and John Emerson, who wrote and directed many of his early romantic comedies.
She went on to write many of the Douglas Fairbanks films, as well as the stage adaptation of Colette’s Gigi.

John Emerson (filmmaker)

John Emerson
His athleticism was not appreciated by Griffith, however, and he was brought to the attention of Anita Loos and John Emerson, who wrote and directed many of his early romantic comedies.
John Emerson (born Clifton Paden on May 29, 1874 – March 7, 1956) was an American stage actor, playwright, producer, and director of silent films (many featuring Douglas Fairbanks).

Paramount Pictures

ParamountParamount StudiosParamount Home Entertainment
In 1916, Fairbanks established his own company, the Douglas Fairbanks Film Corporation, and would soon get a job at Paramount.
Because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, and Wallace Reid.

Frederick Warde

He went with the acting troupe of Frederick Warde, beginning a cross country tour in September 1899.
Warde had two notable film achievements, one being the "discovery" of Douglas Fairbanks Sr. and persuading him to move from Denver to join Warde's New York City actors troupe.

Pickfair

Pickfair ManorPickford home
During the years they were married, Fairbanks and Pickford were regarded as "Hollywood Royalty," famous for entertaining at their Beverly Hills estate, Pickfair.
Phillips sold the property to actor Douglas Fairbanks in 1918.

A Gentleman from Mississippi

His Broadway appearances included the popular A Gentleman from Mississippi in 1908–09.
Douglas Fairbanks played the leading role of Bud Haines.

Beverly Hills, California

Beverly HillsBeverly Hills, CACity of Beverly Hills
Fairbanks leased the Beverly Hills mansion Grayhall and was rumored to have used it during his courtship of Pickford.
In 1919, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford bought land on Summit Drive and built a mansion, finished in 1921 and nicknamed "Pickfair" by the press.

The Gaucho

For the remainder of his career in silent films he continued to produce and star in ever more elaborate, impressive costume films, such as The Three Musketeers (1921), Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), The Black Pirate (1926), and The Gaucho (1927).
The Gaucho (the official full title of the film is Douglas Fairbanks as The Gaucho ) is a 1927 silent film starring Douglas Fairbanks and Lupe Vélez set in Argentina.

Owen Moore

Owen
After the divorce, Fairbanks was determined to have Pickford become his wife, but she was still married to actor Owen Moore.
In 1916, Pickford met actor Douglas Fairbanks, Pickford filed for a divorce from Moore, when she agreed to his demand of $100,000 settlement.

The Black Pirate

For the remainder of his career in silent films he continued to produce and star in ever more elaborate, impressive costume films, such as The Three Musketeers (1921), Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), The Black Pirate (1926), and The Gaucho (1927).
It stars Douglas Fairbanks, Donald Crisp, Sam De Grasse, and Billie Dove.

Academy Awards

Academy AwardOscarOscars
He was also a founding member of The Motion Picture Academy and hosted the first Oscars Ceremony in 1929. Fairbanks was elected first President of the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences that same year, and he presented the first Academy Awards at the Roosevelt Hotel.
AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.

The Three Musketeers (1921 film)

The Three Musketeers1921Douglas Fairbanks' version
For the remainder of his career in silent films he continued to produce and star in ever more elaborate, impressive costume films, such as The Three Musketeers (1921), Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), The Black Pirate (1926), and The Gaucho (1927).
It was directed by Fred Niblo and stars Douglas Fairbanks as d'Artagnan.

Motion Picture & Television Fund

Motion Picture Relief FundMotion Picture and Television FundMotion Picture and Television Fund Foundation
In 1921, he, Pickford, Chaplin, and others, helped to organize the Motion Picture Fund to assist those in the industry who could not work, or were unable to meet their bills.
The MPTF was created by such industry luminaries as Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Conrad Nagel, Milton Sills, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., and D. W. Griffith.

East High School (Denver)

East High SchoolEastDenver East
He attended Denver East High School, and was expelled for cutting the wires on the school piano.
Douglas Fairbanks, was expelled from East High School; went on to become one of the most famous silent movie stars of all time

Charlie Chaplin

ChaplinCharles ChaplinChaplinesque
In 1917, they joined Fairbanks' friend Charlie Chaplin selling war bonds by train across the United States.
Frustrated with their lack of concern for quality, and worried about rumours of a possible merger between the company and Famous Players-Lasky, Chaplin joined forces with Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and D. W. Griffith to form a new distribution company – United Artists, established in January 1919.

The Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel

Roosevelt HotelHollywood Roosevelt HotelHotel Roosevelt
Fairbanks was elected first President of the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences that same year, and he presented the first Academy Awards at the Roosevelt Hotel.
It was financed by a group that included Louis B. Mayer, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and Sid Grauman.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

AcademyAMPASthe Academy
He was also a founding member of The Motion Picture Academy and hosted the first Oscars Ceremony in 1929. Fairbanks was elected first President of the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences that same year, and he presented the first Academy Awards at the Roosevelt Hotel.
Their first organizational meeting was held on May 11. At that meeting Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. was elected as the first president of the Academy, while Fred Niblo was the first vice-president, and their first roster, composed of 230 members, was printed.