Douglas MacArthur

General Douglas MacArthurGeneral MacArthurMacArthurGen. Douglas MacArthurGen. MacArthurDoug MacArthurGeneral of the Army Douglas MacArthurOld Soldiers Never DieDouglas A. MacArthurDouglas McArthur
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.wikipedia
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Arthur MacArthur Jr.

Arthur MacArthur, Jr.Arthur MacArthurGeneral Arthur MacArthur
He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur Jr. the first father and son to be awarded the medal. A military brat, Douglas MacArthur was born 26 January 1880, at Little Rock Barracks, Little Rock, Arkansas, to Arthur MacArthur Jr., a U.S. Army captain, and his wife, Mary Pinkney Hardy MacArthur (nicknamed "Pinky").
His son, Douglas MacArthur, was one of only five men promoted to the five-star rank of General of the Army during World War II.

42nd Infantry Division (United States)

42nd Infantry Division42nd DivisionRainbow Division
In 1917, he was promoted from major to colonel and became chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division.
In addition, Douglas MacArthur, then a major, suggested to William A. Mann, the head of the Militia Bureau, that he form another division from the non-divisional units of several states.

Douglas MacArthur's escape from the Philippines

evacuatedeparted Corregidorescape from the Philippines
In March 1942, MacArthur, his family and his staff left nearby Corregidor Island in PT boats and escaped to Australia, where MacArthur became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area.
On 11 March 1942, during World War II, General Douglas MacArthur and members of his family and staff left the Philippine island of Corregidor and his forces, which were surrounded by the Japanese.

Occupation of Japan

occupationoccupied JapanAllied occupation of Japan
He officially accepted the Surrender of Japan on 2 September 1945 aboard the, which was anchored in Tokyo Bay, and he oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.

Philippine Army

ArmyPhilippine Commonwealth ArmyPA
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
After the establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth on November 15, 1935, President Manuel L. Quezon sought the services of General Douglas MacArthur to evolve a national defense plan.

President Truman's relief of General Douglas MacArthur

dismissal of General Douglas MacArthurcontentiously removed from commanddismissed General Douglas MacArthur
MacArthur was contentiously removed from command by President Harry S. Truman on 11 April 1951.
On 11 April 1951, U.S. President Harry S. Truman relieved General of the Army Douglas MacArthur of his commands after MacArthur made public statements which contradicted the administration's policies.

South West Pacific Area (command)

South West Pacific AreaSouthwest Pacific AreaSouth West Pacific Area Command
In March 1942, MacArthur, his family and his staff left nearby Corregidor Island in PT boats and escaped to Australia, where MacArthur became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area.
General Douglas MacArthur was appointed as the Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area, on its creation on 18 April 1942.

Civilian Conservation Corps

CCCCivil Conservation CorpsCivilian Conservation Corp
As such, he was involved in the expulsion of the Bonus Army protesters from Washington, D.C. in 1932, and the establishment and organization of the Civilian Conservation Corps.
General Douglas MacArthur was placed in charge of the program but said that the number of Army officers and soldiers assigned to the camps was affecting the readiness of the Regular Army.

Arthur MacArthur Sr.

Arthur MacArthur, Sr.Arthur MacArthurArthur MacArthur Sr
Arthur Jr. was the son of Scottish-born jurist and politician Arthur MacArthur Sr., Arthur would later receive the Medal of Honor for his actions with the Union Army in the Battle of Missionary Ridge during the American Civil War, and be promoted to the rank of lieutenant general.
He was the father of General Arthur MacArthur, Jr., and the grandfather of General Douglas MacArthur.

Bonus Army

Bonus MarchBonus Expeditionary Forcebonus
As such, he was involved in the expulsion of the Bonus Army protesters from Washington, D.C. in 1932, and the establishment and organization of the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Army Chief of Staff General Douglas MacArthur commanded a contingent of infantry and cavalry, supported by six tanks.

Office of the Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines

Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the PhilippinesMilitary Advisormilitary advisers
He retired from the US Army in 1937 to become Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines.
The Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government was U.S. Major General Douglas MacArthur, who was assisted by Major Dwight Eisenhower and Major James Ord; along with four officers from the Philippine Department, under Major General Lucius Holbrook (1936-1938) and Major General Grunert (1940-1941), and retired Lieutenant Colonel Sidney L. Huff.

United States Military Academy

West PointU.S. Military AcademyArmy
Raised in a military family in the American Old West, MacArthur was valedictorian at the West Texas Military Academy, and First Captain at the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he graduated top of the class of 1903.
Congressional hearings, which included testimony by cadet Douglas MacArthur, investigated his death and the pattern of systemic hazing of freshmen.

Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal

Little Rock ArsenalFederal Arsenal at Little RockMacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History
A military brat, Douglas MacArthur was born 26 January 1880, at Little Rock Barracks, Little Rock, Arkansas, to Arthur MacArthur Jr., a U.S. Army captain, and his wife, Mary Pinkney Hardy MacArthur (nicknamed "Pinky").
Besides being the last remaining structure of the original U.S. military installation and one of the oldest buildings in central Arkansas, it was also the birthplace of General Douglas MacArthur, who became the supreme commander of U.S. forces in the South Pacific during World War II.

Distinguished Service Cross (United States)

Distinguished Service CrossDistinguished Service CrossesDSC
In the fighting on the Western Front during World War I, he rose to the rank of brigadier general, was again nominated for a Medal of Honor, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross twice and the Silver Star seven times.
Two recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross during World War I went on to earn the Medal of Honor in World War II – Major (later Brigadier General) Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. of the 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, son of the former President, and Brigadier General (later General of the Army) Douglas MacArthur of the 42nd Division.

Arthur MacArthur III

Arthur MacArthurArthur IIILt. Arthur MacArthur
Arthur and Pinky had three sons, of whom Douglas was the youngest, following Arthur III, born on 1 August 1876, and Malcolm, born on 17 October 1878.
He was the elder brother of General Douglas MacArthur (1880–1964).

Philippines campaign (1941–1942)

invasion of the PhilippinesPhilippines CampaignJapanese invasion of the Philippines
He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur Jr. the first father and son to be awarded the medal.
General Douglas MacArthur was recalled from retirement by the U.S. War Department and named commander of USAFFE on 26 July 1941.

Gertrude Hull

After these two rejections, he was given coaching and private tutoring by Milwaukee high school teacher Gertrude Hull.
She coached and privately tutored General Douglas MacArthur in preparation for passing his West Point entrance examinations.

Ulysses S. Grant III

Ulysses S. Grant, IIIU.S. Grant IIIUlysses
Hazing was widespread at West Point at this time, and MacArthur and his classmate Ulysses S. Grant III were singled out for special attention by southern cadets as sons of generals with mothers living at Craney's.
He graduated sixth in his class in 1903 (Douglas MacArthur graduated first in that class).

Lieutenant general (United States)

Lieutenant GeneralLt. Gen.LTG
Arthur Jr. was the son of Scottish-born jurist and politician Arthur MacArthur Sr., Arthur would later receive the Medal of Honor for his actions with the Union Army in the Battle of Missionary Ridge during the American Civil War, and be promoted to the rank of lieutenant general.
Douglas MacArthur, who served as a four-star general and Army Chief of Staff, reverted to two stars after his CoS tour ended but chose to stay on active duty in the United States Army.

Bataan

Bataan PeninsulaBataan ProvinceBataan Province, Philippines
MacArthur's forces were soon compelled to withdraw to Bataan, where they held out until May 1942.
Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US.

United States Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Army Corps of EngineersArmy Corps of EngineersCorps of Engineers
At the time it was customary for the top-ranking cadets to be commissioned into the United States Army Corps of Engineers, so MacArthur was commissioned as a second lieutenant in that corps.
They were Alexander Macomb, George B. McClellan, Henry W. Halleck, Douglas MacArthur, and Maxwell D. Taylor.

Pacific War

Pacific TheaterPacificPacific Theatre
He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
As the Japanese troops converged on Manila, General Douglas MacArthur, began executing plans to make a final stand on the Bataan Peninsula and the Island of Corregidor in order to deny the use of Manila Bay to the Japanese.

United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee

United States Olympic CommitteeU.S. Olympic CommitteeUSOC
He served on the court-martial of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell and was president of the American Olympic Committee during the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
He led the United Nations Command in the Korean War with initial success; however, the controversial invasion of North Korea provoked Chinese intervention, and a series of major defeats.
Acting on Secretary of State Acheson's recommendation, President Truman ordered Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur to transfer matériel to the South Korean military while giving air cover to the evacuation of US nationals.

General of the Army (United States)

General of the ArmyGeneralfive-star general
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Although the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), Omar Bradley, was eventually awarded a fifth star, such a promotion does not come with that office; Bradley's elevation was a political move so that he would not be outranked by his subordinate, Douglas MacArthur.