Dov Ber of Mezeritch

Title page of Maggid Devarav L'Yaakov (Koretz, 1781 edition).
Mausoleum in Hanipol where he is buried alongside Zusha of Hanipol, Reb Leib HaKohen

Disciple of Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (the Baal Shem Tov), the founder of Hasidic Judaism, and was chosen as his successor to lead the early movement.

- Dov Ber of Mezeritch

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Shneur Zalman of Liadi

Influential rabbi and the founder and first Rebbe of Chabad, a branch of Hasidic Judaism, then based in Liadi in the Russian Empire.

Writing sample from the Brockhaus and Efron Jewish Encyclopedia (1906–1913)
The French retreat from Moscow
Kozienice Synagogue in Poland. Some Polish Hasidic leaders supported Napoleon
Petropavlovski fortress in St. Petersburg
New guesthouse next to his Ohel
His grave in Hadiach
The Tanya, a classic text of Hasidic philosophy
1875 edition of the Shulchan Aruch HaRav

Shneur Zalman was a prominent (and the youngest) disciple of Dov Ber of Mezeritch, the "Great Maggid", who was in turn the successor of the founder of Hasidic Judaism, Yisrael ben Eliezer, known as the Baal Shem Tov.

Elimelech of Lizhensk

Rabbi and one of the great founding Rebbes of the Hasidic movement.

The grave of Elimelech's daughter Ester Etel Elbaum (d. 1800) at the Old Jewish Cemetery in Frysztak, Poland, in 2013
The Biala Rebbe of America praying in the Ohel of Rabbi Elimelech. His grave is venerated in pilgrimage by "Mainstream"-Polish dynasties and their followers, as their spiritual path in Hasidism descends from his influence

He was part of the inner "Chevraya Kadisha" (Holy Society) school of the Maggid Rebbe Dov Ber of Mezeritch (second leader of the Hasidic movement), who became the decentralised, third generation leadership after the passing of Rebbe Dov Ber in 1772.

Baal Shem Tov

Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (c.

Gravestone of the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh (before restoration in 2006–2008) bearing the inscription רבי ישראל בעל שם טוב
Exterior of the Baal Shem Tov's synagogue in Medzhybizh, circa 1915. This shul no longer exists, having been destroyed by the Nazis. However, an exact replica was erected on its original site as a museum.
The Baal Shem Tov's personal Siddur (now in Chabad library archive #1994)
1758 Polish tax census of Medzhybizh showing "Baal Shem" as occupying house #95
A well outside Medzhybizh thought to be hand-dug by the Baal Shem Tov that still contains fresh water.
A portrait of Hayyim Samuel Jacob Falk (the Baal Shem of London), and not Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (the Baal Shem Tov)
Baal Shem Tov’s shul reconstructed (as a museum); August 4, 2008
Ohel of Baal Shem Tov; August 4, 2008
New guesthouse and synagogue next to Ohel of Baal Shem Tov (work in progress); August 4, 2008

These include Rabbi Yaakov Yosef Hakohen, rabbi of Polnoy; Rabbi Dovid Halperin, rabbi of Ostroha; Rabbi Israel of Satinov, author of Tiferet Yisrael; Rabbi Yoseph Heilperin of Slosowitz; and Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezrich (AKA the Maggid of Mezritch).

Hasidic philosophy

Hasidic philosophy or Hasidism (חסידות), alternatively transliterated as Hasidut or Chassidus, consists of the teachings of the Hasidic movement, which are the teachings of the Hasidic rebbes, often in the form of commentary on the Torah (the Five books of Moses) and Kabbalah (Jewish mysticism).

Rebuilt synagogue of the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh, Ukraine
Grave of Elimelech of Lizhensk, leading disseminator of Hasidism in Poland-Galicia
Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, successor to The Holy Jew, who continued the Peshischa School of Hasidism
Shneur Zalman of Liadi, founder of Chabad, the intellectual school in Hasidism
Pilgrimage gathering at Nachman of Breslov's burial place in Uman, Ukraine
Plaque on the mausoleum of Mordechai Yosef Leiner of Ishbitz, author of the antinomian Mei Hashiloach
Title page of Toldot Yaakov Yosef, 1867 edition. This work was the first published Hasidic text.
Title page of Maggid Devarav L'Yaakov (Koretz, 1781 edition).

Hasidic philosophy begins with the teachings of Yisroel ben Eliezer known as the Baal Shem Tov and his successors (most notably Dov Ber the Maggid of Mezeritch and his students).

Velyki Mezhyrichi

Village in the Korets Raion of the Rivne Oblast, Ukraine.

Memorial at the execution site of the Jews of the town.
Peter and Paul Church (wooden) in the village Velyki Mezhyrichi.
Church of St.Anthony in the village Velyki Mezhyrichi.

Undoubtedly the most significant event in the Jewish community of Mezhirichi was the arrival there of the Maggid, Rabbi Dov Ber.

Rebbe

Spiritual leader in the Hasidic movement, and the personalities of its dynasties.

Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn of Lubavitch
The Bostoner Rebbe feert tish, lit. "runs [a] table" in his synagogue in Beitar Illit

During his lifetime he was referred to mainly as "The holy" rather than as "Rebbe", and his disciples were "magidim" or "preachers", such as the Magid of Chernobyl or the Magid of Mezritch.

Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev

Hasidic master and Jewish leader.

Mausoleum of Rabbi Levi Yitzchak in the old cemetery in Berdychiv, May 2003.
His signature

After his wedding, he went to the Maggid of Mezritsch where he studied for several years.

Maggid

Traditional Jewish religious itinerant preacher, skilled as a narrator of Torah and religious stories.

The prophet Daniel, with a maggid behind, from Die Bücher der Bibel, by Ephraim Moses Lilien. While the term maggid is frequently used to refer to an itinerant Jewish preacher, in Jewish esoteric traditions a maggid is an angelic teacher; a spirit guide.

Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch (דוב בער ממזריטש) (1704/1710?-1772) is known as the Maggid (literally 'Sayer') of Mezritsh after being the Maggid of the town of Rovne.

Shmelke of Nikolsburg

Early Hasidic master and kabbalist, who is amongst the most important figures to early Polish Hasidism.

The tombstone of Shmuel Shmelke HaLevi in Nikolsburg

A leading disciple of Dov Ber of Mezeritch, he held rabbinic positions in Rychwal and Sieniawa, where he successfully introduced Hasidic Judaism to the region.

Aharon of Karlin (I)

One of the early rabbis of the sect who helped the rapid spread of Ḥasidism in Eastern Europe, and was distinguished for the fiery eloquence of his exhortations.

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He died one year before his master, Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch, and was succeeded by his disciple, Rabbi Shlomo of Karlin.