Draa River

DraaDraa ValleyDar'a valleyDraa River ValleyOued DraaDara valleyDraâDràa valleyDrâaEmbouchure de l'oued Dr'a
The Draa (, ; also spelled Dra or Drâa, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Morocco's longest river, at 1100 km.wikipedia
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Mohammed ash-Sheikh

Sultan MuhammadMuhammad al-ShaykhMohammad al-Sheikh
The inhabitants of the Draa are called in Arabic Drawa, in Shilha Idrawiyn, the most famous Drawi (singular of Drawa) undoubtedly being Sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh (1490–1557).
"Al-Drawi at-Tagmadert" means: the man from the Draa river valley, from Tagmadert.

French protectorate in Morocco

French MoroccoMoroccoFrench protectorate
In the first half of the 20th century, the lowest course of the Draa marked the boundary between the French protectorate of Morocco and the area under Spanish rule.
It shared territory with the Spanish protectorate, established and dissolved the same years; its borders consisted of the area of Morocco between the "Corridor of Taza" and the Draa River, including sparse tribal lands, and the official capital was Rabat.

Ouarzazate

OuarzazatOuarzazate provinceOuarzazate, Morocco
In 1971, the (El) Mansour Eddahabi dam was constructed to service the regional capital of Ouarzazate and to regulate the flow of the Draa.
Ouarzazate is an important holiday destination in Morocco, as a base for excursions across the Draa Valley and into the desert.

Tamegroute

Tamgroute
The village of Tamegroute, near Zagora, is well known for its Zawiya. Its cradle was in the Draa valley in Tagmadert, the current district of Fezouata between Zagora and Tamegroute. Later in the 17th century Mawlay Ismail Ibn Sharif sends his son to stay in Beni Zouli and also in the zawiya Nasiriyya of Tamegroute in 1675/76.
Tamegroute (also spelled Tamgrout; Arabic تامكروت) is a village located in the Draa River valley in southern Morocco.

Zagora, Morocco

Zagora
In the province there are 23 villages and two towns: Zagora and Agdz. Its cradle was in the Draa valley in Tagmadert, the current district of Fezouata between Zagora and Tamegroute.
Zagora (Berber language: Tazagurt, زاكورة) is a town in the Draa River valley in the Drâa-Tafilalet region of southeastern Morocco.

Dadès River

DadèsDades River
It is formed by the confluence of the Dadès River and Imini River.
It is a tributary of the Draa River.

Tan-Tan

TantanTan Tan
It flows from the High Atlas mountains, initially south-eastward to Tagounite, and from Tagounite mostly westwards to its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean somewhat north of Tan-Tan.
It is located on the banks of the wadi Oued Ben Jelil, which flows into the Draa River 15 km north of the town.

Agdz

In the province there are 23 villages and two towns: Zagora and Agdz.
Agdz lies at the feet of Djebel Kissane and along the shores of the Draa River.

Morocco

MoroccanSultanate of MoroccoKingdom of Morocco
The Draa (, ; also spelled Dra or Drâa, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Morocco's longest river, at 1100 km.
Relict populations of the West African crocodile persisted in the Draa river until the 20th century.

Petroglyph

petroglyphsrock carvingrock carvings
The pre-history of the valley of the Draa goes back thousands of years, as is evidenced by the many rock art engravings or petroglyphs in its surroundings and most of all by the find of the Venus of Tan-Tan. See also: List of Stone Age art, Art of the Upper Paleolithic, Saharan rock art, Rock art of Figuig, Rock art of south Oran (Algeria), Tadrart Acacus, Rock art, Petroglyph, Neolithic
* The Draa River valley

Almoravid dynasty

AlmoravidsAlmoravidAlmoravid Empire
Four centuries later in 1053/54 the Almoravids began their advance on central Morocco.
The dynasty originated among the Lamtuna and the Gudala, nomadic Berber tribes of the Sahara, traversing the territory between the Draa, the Niger, and the Senegal rivers.

Venus of Tan-Tan

The pre-history of the valley of the Draa goes back thousands of years, as is evidenced by the many rock art engravings or petroglyphs in its surroundings and most of all by the find of the Venus of Tan-Tan.
It was discovered in 1999, during an archaeological survey by Lutz Fiedler, state archaeologist of Hesse, Germany, in a river terrace deposit on the north bank of the Draa River a few kilometers south of the Moroccan town of Tan-Tan.

Imini River

It is formed by the confluence of the Dadès River and Imini River.
It flows from eastern Atlas Mountains and enters Ouarzazate River, which enters Draa River.

Fezouata Formation

FezouataFezouata biotaFezouata formations
The valley contains the Fezouata formations, which are Burgess shale-type deposits dating to the Lower Ordovician, filling an important preservational window between the common Cambrian lagerstätten and the Late Ordovician Soom shale.
The fossils occur within an area of 500 km 2, in southeast Morocco's Draa Valley, north of Zagora.

Saharan rock art

rock artrock art paintingsSaharan
See also: List of Stone Age art, Art of the Upper Paleolithic, Saharan rock art, Rock art of Figuig, Rock art of south Oran (Algeria), Tadrart Acacus, Rock art, Petroglyph, Neolithic

Tagmadert

Saadi principality of Sus and Tagmadert
Its cradle was in the Draa valley in Tagmadert, the current district of Fezouata between Zagora and Tamegroute.
Tagmadert (also Tagumadert, Tagmad(d)art, Tigumedet) is a city in the Draa River valley in Morocco.

Maqil

Banu Ma'qilMa'qil
In 1255 the Beni Ḥassān (the Maqil Arabs) invaded the valley.
They mainly settled in and around Morocco's Saharan wolds and oases; in Tafilalet, Wad Nun (near Guelmim), Draa and Taourirt.

Abu Bakr ibn Umar

Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar
Yusuf ibn Tashfin took command of North Morocco, while Abu Bakr ibn Umar was leader in the Sahara, Tafilalt and the Draa.
He immediately captured the Draa valley, then moved along the Wadi Nul (along the edge of the Anti-Atlas, picking up the adherence of the Sanhaja tribes of the Lamta and the Gazzula (Jazzula) to the Almoravid movement.

Saadi dynasty

SaadiSaadianSaadians
The Draa made an important comeback in the history of Morocco with the rise of the dynasty of the Saadi or Bani Zaydan as their original name was.
They came from Tagmadert in the valley of the Draa River.

Ismail Ibn Sharif

IsmailMoulay IsmailMoulay Ismael
Later in the 17th century Mawlay Ismail Ibn Sharif sends his son to stay in Beni Zouli and also in the zawiya Nasiriyya of Tamegroute in 1675/76.
The Zaouia of Dila controlled central Morocco, the Zaouia of Illigh established its influence from Souss to the Draa River, the marabout Sidi al-Ayachi took possession of the northwestern plains, the Atlantic coast as far as Taza, the Republic of Salé became an independent state at the mouth of the Bou Regreg, and the city of Tétouan became a city-state under the control of the Naqsis family.

Tamnougalt

Tamnougalt is a kasbah and date palm oasis in the Atlas Mountains, and located in the Draa River valley in Morocco, some 95 kilometers south of Ouarzazate.

Atlas Mountains

AtlasAtlas Mountain SystemAtlas mountain range
When in 680 Uqba ibn Nafi the governor of Ifriqiya came to Morocco with his Arab army, and fought the Masmuda a tribe of the Atlas Mountains, they consequently fled to the Draa river valley; Ukba pursued them and inflicted a crushing defeat on them there.
On the heights of Ouarzazate the massif is cut through by the Draa Valley which opens southward.

Hanno the Navigator

HannoHanno IIHanno the Carthaginian
The first reference to the Draa River in historical times comes from Hanno, a navigator from Carthage (living around 550 B.C.), who set out for a mission to establish a colony on the west coast of Africa.
The very purpose of the voyage, the consolidation of the route to the gold market, is not even mentioned."The historian Raymond Mauny, in his 1955 article "La navigation sur les côtes du Sahara pendant l'antiquité", argued that the ancient navigators (Hannon, Euthymène, Scylax, etc.) could not have sailed south in the Atlantic farther than Cape Bojador. He pointed out that antique geographers knew of the Canary Islands but nothing further south. Ships with square sails, without stern rudder, might navigate south, but the winds and currents throughout the year would prevent the return trip from Senegal to Morocco. Oared ships might be able to achieve the return northward, but only with very great difficulties. Mauny assumed that Hanno did not get farther than the Drâa. He attributed artifacts found on Mogador Island to the expedition described in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax and notes that no evidence of Mediterranean trade further south had yet been found.

Shilha language

ShilhaTashelhitTachelhit
Two languages are spoken in the area: a local variety of Colloquial Arabic which is closely related to Hassaniya, and Shilha or Tashelhiyt, a Berber language.
Shilha is spoken in an area covering c. 100,000 square kilometres, comprising the western part of the High Atlas mountains and the regions to the south up to the Draa River, including the Anti-Atlas and the alluvial basin of the Sous River.

Rock art of Figuig

Figuig
See also: List of Stone Age art, Art of the Upper Paleolithic, Saharan rock art, Rock art of Figuig, Rock art of south Oran (Algeria), Tadrart Acacus, Rock art, Petroglyph, Neolithic