Drug withdrawal

withdrawalwithdrawal symptomswithdrawal syndromeopioid withdrawalwithdrawal symptomwithdrawal syndromesalcohol withdrawalcrashDrug withdrawal syndromegoing off the medication
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.wikipedia
305 Related Articles

Physical dependence

dependencedrug dependencyphysical
This may occur as physical dependence, psychological dependence or both.
Physical dependence is a physical condition caused by chronic use of a tolerance-forming drug, in which abrupt or gradual drug withdrawal causes unpleasant physical symptoms.

Opioid

opioidsopioid-induced constipationopioid analgesic
For example, prolonged use of an antidepressant medication is likely to cause a much different reaction when discontinued compared to discontinuation of an opioid, such as heroin.
Opioids are also frequently used non-medically for their euphoric effects or to prevent withdrawal.

Nicotine

nicotine addictionnicotine sulfateaddicted to nicotine
Withdrawal from nicotine can cause irritability, fatigue, insomnia, headache, and difficulty concentrating.
It is used for the treatment of tobacco use disorders as a smoking cessation aid and nicotine dependence for the relief of withdrawal symptoms.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug userecreational drugs
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.

Comedown (drugs)

comedowncomedown or crashcome down
There are different stages of withdrawal as well; generally, a person will start to feel bad (crash or come down), progress to feeling worse, hit a plateau, and then the symptoms begin to dissipate.
Comedown or crashing is a phase of drug withdrawal that involves the deterioration in mood and energy that occurs when a psychoactive drug, typically a stimulant, clears from the blood.

Heroin

diamorphinediacetylmorphinesmack
For example, prolonged use of an antidepressant medication is likely to cause a much different reaction when discontinued compared to discontinuation of an opioid, such as heroin.
The withdrawal syndrome from heroin may begin within as little as two hours of discontinuation of the drug; however, this time frame can fluctuate with the degree of tolerance as well as the amount of the last consumed dose, and more typically begins within 6–24 hours after cessation.

Benzodiazepine

benzodiazepinesbenzodiazapinesbenzo
However, withdrawal from certain drugs (barbiturates, benzodiazepines, alcohol, glucocorticoids) can be fatal.
A slow and gradual withdrawal customised to the individual and, if indicated, psychological support is the most effective way of managing the withdrawal.

Delirium tremens

delerium tremensalcohol withdrawal deliriumDT
Alcohol is one of the most dangerous drugs from which to withdraw.

Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome

benzodiazepine withdrawalwithdrawal syndromebenzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome—often abbreviated to benzo withdrawal—is the cluster of signs and symptoms that emerge when a person who has been taking benzodiazepines, either medically or recreationally, and has developed a physical dependence, undergoes dosage reduction or discontinuation.

Caffeine

caffeinatedHealth effects of caffeineNo-Doz
Caffeine can produce a mild form of drug dependence – associated with withdrawal symptoms such as sleepiness, headache, and irritability – when an individual stops using caffeine after repeated daily intake.

Alcoholism

alcoholicalcoholicsalcohol
However, withdrawal from certain drugs (barbiturates, benzodiazepines, alcohol, glucocorticoids) can be fatal.

Substance dependence

addictiondependencedrug dependence
In order for the symptoms of withdrawal to occur, one must have first developed a form of drug dependence.
Substance dependence, also known as drug dependence, is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use. A drug addiction, a distinct concept from substance dependence, is defined as compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences.

Craving (withdrawal)

cravingcravingsdrug craving
When going through a withdrawal period, craving is a psychological urge for the substance that is being withheld.

Drug detoxification

detoxdetoxificationclean
Drug detoxification is variously the intervention in a case of physical dependence to a drug; the process and experience of a withdrawal syndrome; and any of various treatments for acute drug overdose.

Cold turkey

go cleanwithdrawalwithdrawal symptoms
The term "cold turkey" is used to describe the sudden cessation use of a substance and the ensuing physiologic manifestations.

Hangover

hungoverhung overhangovers
Some symptoms such as changes in sleep pattern and gastrointestinal distress are attributed to direct effects of the alcohol intoxication, or withdrawal symptoms.

Symptom

symptomsnon-specific symptomssymptomatic
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.

Psychological dependence

psychologicalpsychological dependencypsychological or behavioral dependence
This may occur as physical dependence, psychological dependence or both.

Dose–response relationship

dose-response relationshipdose-dependentdose-response curve
Dependence arises in a dose-dependent manner and produces withdrawal symptoms that vary with the type of drug that is consumed.

Antidepressant

antidepressantsanti-depressantanti-depressants
For example, prolonged use of an antidepressant medication is likely to cause a much different reaction when discontinued compared to discontinuation of an opioid, such as heroin.

Drug injection

intravenous drugintravenous drug useinjecting drug user
The route of administration, whether intravenous, intramuscular, oral or otherwise, can also play a role in determining the severity of withdrawal symptoms.

Intramuscular injection

intramuscularinjection into a muscleinjection into muscle
The route of administration, whether intravenous, intramuscular, oral or otherwise, can also play a role in determining the severity of withdrawal symptoms.