Drupe

Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
The development sequence of a typical drupe, a smooth-skinned (nectarine) type of peach (Prunus persica) over a 7 1⁄2-month period, from bud formation in early winter to fruit ripening in midsummer
Assorted drupes
The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit)
'Elena', a freestone prune plum
The pit of a nectarine
Unripe drupes of black pepper
'Black Butte' blackberry, a bramble fruit of aggregated drupelets
A ripe areca nut
Ginkgo "fruits", often noted as drupe-like

Indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin, and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrena) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

- Drupe
Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed

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Diagram of a typical drupe, in this case a peach, illustrating the layers of both the fruit and the seed; the pyrene is the hardened endocarp which encloses the seed

Pyrena

Diagram of a typical drupe, in this case a peach, illustrating the layers of both the fruit and the seed; the pyrene is the hardened endocarp which encloses the seed

A pyrena or pyrene (commonly called a "pit" or "stone") is the fruitstone within a drupe or drupelet produced by the ossification of the endocarp or lining of the fruit.

Mango fruit

Mango

Mango fruit
Closeup of flowers and immature fruits on an 'Alphonso' mango tree
A mango stone
The seed inside of a mango pit
'Carabao', a typical "Southeast Asian type" polyembryonic mango cultivar
'Langra', a typical "Indian type" monoembryonic mango cultivar
Mango fruits – single and halved – grown in Brazil
Unripe green mangos in Rincón, Puerto Rico
Major flavor chemicals of 'Alphonso' mango from India
An image of Ambika under a mango tree in Cave 34 of the Ellora Caves
The "hedgehog" style is a form of mango preparation
Alphonso mango chunks
Sliced Ataulfo mangoes
A glass of mango juice
Mango chutney

A mango is an edible stone fruit produced by the tropical tree Mangifera indica which is believed to have originated from the region between northwestern Myanmar, Bangladesh, and northeastern India.

Longitudinal section of a female flower of a squash plant (courgette), showing the ovary, ovules, pistil and petals

Fruit anatomy

Plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.

Plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.

Longitudinal section of a female flower of a squash plant (courgette), showing the ovary, ovules, pistil and petals
Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
A schematic picture of an orange hesperidium
A segment of an orange that has been opened to show the pulp (juice vesicles) of the endocarp
Almond endocarp

The types of fleshy fruits are berries, pomes, and drupes.

Jujube

Species in the genus Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.

Species in the genus Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.

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Jujube seed
Dried jujube fruits
Jujube date attacked by an insect larva
Foliage at Hyderabad, India
Leaf margin
Flowers
Flowers
Bark
Fruit
Fruit cross section

The fruit is an edible oval drupe 1.5 – deep; when immature it is smooth-green, with the consistency and taste of an apple with lower acidity, maturing brown to purplish-black, and eventually wrinkled, looking like a small date.

Longitudinal section of female flower of squash showing pistil (=ovary+style+stigma), ovules, and petals. The petals and sepals are above the ovary; such a flower is said to have an inferior ovary, or the flower is said to be epigynous.

Ovary (botany)

Ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

Ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

Longitudinal section of female flower of squash showing pistil (=ovary+style+stigma), ovules, and petals. The petals and sepals are above the ovary; such a flower is said to have an inferior ovary, or the flower is said to be epigynous.
Cross section of Tulip ovary
Simple fruits are derived from one ovary of a single flower, while aggregate fruits are derived from many ovaries of one flower. Differently, a multiple fruit is derived from multiple ovaries each from their own individual flowers.
The orange is a simple fruit called a hesperidium. It is the mature ovary of a single orange blossom. Though it seems to have sections when cut open, all of these sections together come from a single ovary that develops into different layers.
The raspberry is an aggregate fruit. Each raspberry develops from one flower, but its flower has many ovaries that become the small circular drupes making up the raspberry. There is a seed in each drupe.Longitudinal_section_of_raspberry_flower.gif
The pineapple is a multiple fruit. Each of the purple spikes in this picture are a separate flower, so the whole structure is an inflorescence. This means that the small sections of a pineapple are each a fruit that develop from a separate ovary, and together they make up a multiple fruit.
Ovary insertion: I superior II half-inferior III inferior. a androecium g gynoecium p petals s sepals r receptacle. The insertion point is where a, p, and s converge.
The syncarpous ovary of this melon is made up of four carpels, and has one locule.
In this Peganum harmala, the ovary of a fruit has split into valves.
The seeds in a tomato fruit grow from placental areas at the interior of the ovary. (This is axile placentation in a bi-locular fruit.)
The placentae in Lunaria are along the margins of the fruit, where two carpels fuse. (This is parietal placentation in a bi-locular fruit.)
The valves of Lunaria fruit fall to reveal a septum that was between the two carpels of the ovary.

Further complicating this, culinary nuts are not always botanical nuts; some culinary nuts such as the coconut and almond are another type of fruit called a drupe.

Red-fruited raspberries

Raspberry

Edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus.

Edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus.

Red-fruited raspberries
European Rubus idaeus raspberry fruits on the plant
The fruit of four species of raspberry. Clockwise from top left: boulder raspberry, Korean raspberry, Australian native raspberry, and Mauritius raspberry.
Purple-fruited raspberry hybrid
Flower
Yellow cultivar
Worldwide raspberry yield
Raspberries from Serbia
Raspberries for sale in plastic punnets at Ljubljana Central Market
Halved raspberry with absent torus
Halved blackberry with present torus

An individual raspberry weighs 3 –, and is made up of around 100 drupelets, each of which consists of a juicy pulp and a single central seed.

Coconut

Member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.

Member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.

De-husked coconut fruit showing the characteristic three pores resembling a face
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
A wa'a kaulua (double-hulled canoe) from Hawai'i. Catamarans were one of the early technological innovations of Austronesian peoples that allowed them to colonize the islands of the Indo-Pacific and introduce coconuts and other canoe plants along their migration routes.
Fossil "Cocos" zeylanica from the Miocene of New Zealand, approximately the size of a strawberry at 3.5 cm long
Coconut leaves
Coconut palm heavy with fruit
Coconut inflorescence unfurling
Palms tolerate the saline and infertile soils of laterite type in Goa, India
A coconut plantation in Efate, Vanuatu
Coconut trees on a beach in Upolu, Samoa
Coconut germinating on Punaluʻu Beach on the island of Hawaiʻi
The Pacific flying fox (Pteropus tonganus) feeding on nectar and pollen from coconut flowers in Fiji
Worker in the Philippines using a bamboo bridge network to collect sweet coconut sap from cut flower stalks for the production of lambanog, a distilled alcoholic drink
Red nata de coco in syrup from the Philippines
Macapuno preserves sold in the United States
Coconuts being sold on a street in India
Coconut trees line the beaches and corniches of Oman
Immature green coconuts sold in Bangladesh for coconut water and their soft jelly-like flesh
Soft immature coconut meat are usually eaten as is
Coconut milk, a widely used ingredient in the cuisines of regions where coconuts are native
Coconut water drink
Ubod (coconut heart of palm) from the Philippines
Bahalina, a traditional coconut wine (tubâ) from the Philippines fermented from coconut sap and mangrove bark extracts
Extracting coir, the fiber from the coconut husk, in Sri Lanka
Coconut buttons in Dongjiao Town, Hainan, China
A "coconut monkey" from Mexico, a common souvenir item carved from coconut shells
Fish curry being served in coconut shell in Thailand
Pusô, woven pouches of rice in various designs from the Philippines
Coconut trunk
Making a rug from coconut fiber
Palaspas, woven palm fronds during Palm Sunday celebrations in the Philippines
A canang, an offering of flowers, rice, and incense in woven coconut leaves from Bali, Indonesia

The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.

Red cherries with stems

Cherry

"Cherry tree" and "cherry wood" redirect here.

"Cherry tree" and "cherry wood" redirect here.

Red cherries with stems
Prunus avium, sweet cherry (a true cherry species)
Prunus cerasus, sour cherry (a true cherry species)
Prunus tomentosa, Nanking cherry (a bush cherry species)
Prunus ilicifolia, hollyleaf cherry (a cherry laurel species)
Prunus serotina, black cherry (a bird cherry species)
The Cherry Seller, by Sara Troost (18th Century Netherlands)
Salvatore Postiglione Cherry time
Cherries with Monilinia laxa
Rainier cherries from the state of Washington, USA
Ripe sweet cherries in Tehran
Fresh Michigan cherries in a basket
Cherrywood desk of drawers
Germersdorfer variety cherry tree in blossom

A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).

Date palm

Flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit called dates.

Flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit called dates.

Date fruit clumps
Phoenix dactylifera trunk section. As with other members of the palm family, date palms do not produce tree rings.
Germination of date palm
Mazafati dates
Sooty mould, nymph and larval cuticle of Ommatissus lybicus - taken on date palm in Oman
Date palm stump showing the fibrous structure
A fresh date seller in Cairo, 1955
Antique date forks in rack
Sweet sap tapped from date palm in West Bengal, India
Dried date, peach, and apricot from Lahun, Fayum, Egypt. Late Middle Kingdom
Date Palm in the Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia
thumb|right|Fresh dates, clockwise from top right: crunchy, crunchy opened, soft out of skin, soft
Date seller in the old souq in Kuwait City

Dates contain a single stone about 2 - 2.5 cm long and 6 - 8 mm thick.

Almond

Species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries, including the Levant.

Species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries, including the Levant.

Almond in shell, shell cracked open, unshelled and blanched seed
Occasionally two seeds occur
Persian miniature depiction of the almond harvest at Qand-i Badam, Fergana Valley (16th century)
Almond tree with blossoming flowers, Valley of Elah, Israel
Flowering (sweet) almond tree
Blossoming of bitter almond tree
Almond cream cake covered in slivered almonds
Colomba di Pasqua, traditional Italian Easter bread
Danish cream cake covered with marzipan
Almond oil
Green almonds
Almond shell
Blanched almonds
A grove of almond trees
Almond blossoms
Young almond fruit
Mature almond fruit
An almond shaker before and during a harvest of a tree

The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut.