Drupe

Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
The development sequence of a typical drupe, a smooth-skinned (nectarine) type of peach (Prunus persica) over a 7 1⁄2-month period, from bud formation in early winter to fruit ripening in midsummer
Assorted drupes
The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit)
'Elena', a freestone prune plum
The pit of a nectarine
Unripe drupes of black pepper
'Black Butte' blackberry, a bramble fruit of aggregated drupelets
A ripe areca nut
Ginkgo "fruits", often noted as drupe-like

Indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin, and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrena) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

- Drupe
Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed

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Walnuts

Walnut

Walnuts
Inside of a walnut in growth
Three-segment walnut
Walnut shell inside its green husk
Walnuts in their shells available for sale in a supermarket in the United States
Common walnut in growth
California black walnut in growth
A three-segment shell which occurs rarely
Walnut in shell and a nutcracker utensil used to break the shell
Video of cracking a walnut
Walnuts as a snack
A large serving of shelled walnuts
Georgian snack Gozinaki made from roasted walnuts and honey
Applesauce coffee cake garnished with walnuts
Walnuts as collectibles
Muraba made from young walnuts
Artistic depiction of two walnuts

A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe of any tree of the genus Juglans (family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.

Coconut

Member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.

Member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.

De-husked coconut fruit showing the characteristic three pores resembling a face
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
A wa'a kaulua (double-hulled canoe) from Hawai'i. Catamarans were one of the early technological innovations of Austronesian peoples that allowed them to colonize the islands of the Indo-Pacific and introduce coconuts and other canoe plants along their migration routes.
Fossil "Cocos" zeylanica from the Miocene of New Zealand, approximately the size of a strawberry at 3.5 cm long
Coconut leaves
Coconut palm heavy with fruit
Coconut inflorescence unfurling
Palms tolerate the saline and infertile soils of laterite type in Goa, India
A coconut plantation in Efate, Vanuatu
Coconut trees on a beach in Upolu, Samoa
Coconut germinating on Punaluʻu Beach on the island of Hawaiʻi
The Pacific flying fox (Pteropus tonganus) feeding on nectar and pollen from coconut flowers in Fiji
Worker in the Philippines using a bamboo bridge network to collect sweet coconut sap from cut flower stalks for the production of lambanog, a distilled alcoholic drink
Red nata de coco in syrup from the Philippines
Macapuno preserves sold in the United States
Coconuts being sold on a street in India
Coconut trees line the beaches and corniches of Oman
Immature green coconuts sold in Bangladesh for coconut water and their soft jelly-like flesh
Soft immature coconut meat are usually eaten as is
Coconut milk, a widely used ingredient in the cuisines of regions where coconuts are native
Coconut water drink
Ubod (coconut heart of palm) from the Philippines
Bahalina, a traditional coconut wine (tubâ) from the Philippines fermented from coconut sap and mangrove bark extracts
Extracting coir, the fiber from the coconut husk, in Sri Lanka
Coconut buttons in Dongjiao Town, Hainan, China
A "coconut monkey" from Mexico, a common souvenir item carved from coconut shells
Fish curry being served in coconut shell in Thailand
Pusô, woven pouches of rice in various designs from the Philippines
Coconut trunk
Making a rug from coconut fiber
Palaspas, woven palm fronds during Palm Sunday celebrations in the Philippines
A canang, an offering of flowers, rice, and incense in woven coconut leaves from Bali, Indonesia

The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.

Prunus spinosa

Species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae.

Species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae.

Plant in flower in early spring
Blackthorn shrub in the Vogelsberg
Sloe flower, fruit, seed and leaves illustrated by Otto Wilhelm Thomé (1885)
Pocket plum gall on blackthorn, caused by the fungus Taphrina pruni
Blackthorn in blossom
Global plum and sloe output in 2005
Grafted blackthorn tree; called a husband and wife tree

The fruit, called a "sloe", is a drupe 10 – in diameter, black with a purple-blue waxy bloom, ripening in autumn and harvested – traditionally, at least in the UK – in October or November after the first frosts.

Bramble in August. Unripe fruit visible on second-year side shoots in the background with late flowers from the tip-flowering of first-year growth.

Bramble

Any rough, tangled, prickly shrub, usually in the genus Rubus, which grows blackberries, raspberries, or dewberries.

Any rough, tangled, prickly shrub, usually in the genus Rubus, which grows blackberries, raspberries, or dewberries.

Bramble in August. Unripe fruit visible on second-year side shoots in the background with late flowers from the tip-flowering of first-year growth.
Pink blackberry flower, Wellington, New Zealand
Blackberry fruit from a bramble
Scything woodland brambles in Kent, England, preparatory to poisoning emerging new spring shoots

Each small unit is called a drupelet.

Diagram of a typical drupe, in this case a peach, illustrating the layers of both the fruit and the seed; the pyrene is the hardened endocarp which encloses the seed

Pyrena

Diagram of a typical drupe, in this case a peach, illustrating the layers of both the fruit and the seed; the pyrene is the hardened endocarp which encloses the seed

A pyrena or pyrene (commonly called a "pit" or "stone") is the fruitstone within a drupe or drupelet produced by the ossification of the endocarp or lining of the fruit.

Damson

The damson or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp.

The damson or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp.

Damson flowers
Comparison of plum stones: Shropshire damson shown top row, second from left (no. 2). From Charles Darwin's Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication
Shropshire Damson, shown at centre left. Other plums shown are Imperial Gage (labelled 1), Lombard (3), Maynard (4) and Yellow Egg (5).
Slivovitz is a distilled beverage made from damson plums.

insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree.

Pistachio

Small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.

Small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.

Leaves of a pistachio tree in Syria.
Dormant Kerman pistachio trees in California.
Pistachio fruit, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Razavi Khorasan, Iran
Pistachio nuts from Iran
Pistachio Turkish delight

The fruit is a drupe, containing an elongated seed, which is the edible portion.

Prunes

Prune

Dried plum, most commonly from the European plum .

Dried plum, most commonly from the European plum .

Prunes
Raw, fresh prune plums that have not been dried into prunes
Russian prunes in chocolate with an almond in the middle

Most prunes are freestone cultivars (the pit is easy to remove), whereas most plums grown for fresh consumption are clingstone (the pit is more difficult to remove).

Avocado

Tree originating in the Americas which is likely native to the highland regions of south-central Mexico to Guatemala.

Tree originating in the Americas which is likely native to the highland regions of south-central Mexico to Guatemala.

Native Oaxaca criollo avocados, the ancestral form of today's domesticated varieties
Persea americana, young avocado plant (seedling), complete with parted pit and roots
A seedless avocado, or cuke, growing next to two regular Ettinger avocados
A common technique to germinate avocados at home is to use toothpicks poked into the avocado pit to suspend the pit partially in water.
Young avocado sprout
Avocado houseplant leaf with ruler to indicate size
P. americana, avocado plant flowers
First international air shipment of avocados from Los Angeles to Toronto for the Canadian National Exhibition, 1927
Avocado has elliptical-shaped leaves
Avocado salad, and a tomato and black olive salsa, on a toasted baguette
Indonesian-style avocado milkshake with chocolate syrup
A guacamole mix (right) used as a dip for tortilla chips (left).
Sliced avocado
Unusual avocado variety from Cebu, Philippines

The avocado fruit is a climacteric, single-seeded berry, due to the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed, rather than a drupe.

Display of various foods

Food

Any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.

Any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.

Display of various foods
A typical aquatic food web
Foods from plant sources
Various raw meats
Structure of sucrose
Salt mounds in Bolivia
Typical Balinese cuisine in Indonesia
A French basil salmon terrine, with eye-appealing garnishes
A refrigerator helps to keep foods fresh.
Many types of fish ready to be eaten, including salmon and tuna
Cooking with a wok in China
A stainless steel frying pan
A traditional asado (barbecue)
Café Procope in Paris was founded in 1686
The Allyn House restaurant menu (5 March 1859)
SeaWiFS image for the global biosphere
Global average daily calorie consumption in 1995
Food imports in 2005
Population density by country
A tractor pulling a chaser bin
Packaged household food items
Packaged food aisles of supermarket in Portland, Oregon, United States of America
Some essential food products including bread, rice and pasta
MyPlate replaced MyPyramid as the USDA nutrition guide.
Salmonella bacteria is a common cause of foodborne illness, particularly in undercooked chicken and chicken eggs.

Fleshy fruits (distinguishable from dry fruits like grain, seeds and nuts) can be further classified as stone fruits (cherries and peaches), pome fruits (apples, pears), berries (blackberry, strawberry), citrus (oranges, lemon), melons (watermelon, cantaloupe), Mediterranean fruits (grapes, fig), tropical fruits (banana, pineapple).