Duchy of Carinthia

CarinthiaCarinthianDuke of CarinthiaDukes of CarinthiaCarinthian dukesDuchyCarinthiansDuchess of CarinthiaKärntenProvince of Carinthia
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.wikipedia
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Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976, and was the first newly created Imperial State after the original German stem duchies.
During internal struggles of the ruling Ottonian dynasty, the Bavarian territory was considerably diminished by the separation of the newly established Duchy of Carinthia in 976.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.
As a result, Ottokar II of Bohemia effectively assumed control of the duchies of Austria, Styria, and Carinthia.

Slovenia

SloveneSlovenianRepublic of Slovenia
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.
Carantania, being the most important, was elevated into the Duchy of Carinthia in 976.

House of Habsburg

HabsburgHabsburgsHabsburg dynasty
Carinthia remained a State of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, though from 1335 it was ruled within the Austrian dominions of the Habsburg dynasty.
In a crucial step towards the creation of his own power base in the Eastern Alps, Rudolpf led a coalition against king Ottokar II of Bohemia who had taken advantage of the Great Interregnum in order to expand southwards, taking over first the Babenberg (Austria, Styria, Savinja), and then the Spanheim inheritance (Carinthia and Carniola).

History of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianBavarian history
The Bavarian stem duchy was incorporated into the Carolingian Empire when Charlemagne deposed Odilo's son Duke Tassilo III in 788.
During the reign of Louis the Child, Luitpold, Count of Scheyern, who possessed large Bavarian domains, ruled the Mark of Carinthia, created on the southeastern frontier for the defence of Bavaria.

Henry III, Duke of Bavaria

Henry the YoungerHenry IIIHenry III the Younger
He reverted the possession of the territories to the Luitpoldings, when he split Carinthia from the Bavarian lands and installed the former Duke Berthold's son Henry the Younger as duke in 976.
Henry III (940 – 5 October 989), called the Younger, a member of the Luitpolding dynasty, was the first Duke of Carinthia from 976 to 978, Duke of Bavaria from 983 to 985 and again Duke of Carinthia from 985 to 989.

Henry II, Duke of Bavaria

Henry II of BavariaHenry the WranglerHenry II
Duke Henry's son Henry II "the Quarreller" from 974 onwards, revolted against his cousin Emperor Otto II, whereupon he was deposed as Duke of Bavaria in favour of Otto's nephew Duke Otto I of Swabia.
Henry II (951 – 28 August 995), called the Wrangler or the Quarrelsome (Heinrich der Zänker), a member of the German royal Ottonian dynasty, was Duke of Bavaria from 955 to 976 and again from 985 to 995, as well as Duke of Carinthia from 989 to 995.

1920 Carinthian plebiscite

Carinthian Plebisciteplebiscitereferendum
By the Carinthian Plebiscite in October 1920, the main area of the duchy formed the Austrian state of Carinthia.
The principle of self-determination, championed by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, was taken up by both Slovenes and German-Austrians in the Carinthian, Styrian and Carniolan lands of the defunct Habsburg empire.

March of Carinthia

CarinthiaCarinthian MarchCarinthian
From 889 to 976 it was the Carinthian March of the renewed Bavarian duchy, though in 927 the local Count Berthold of the Luitpolding dynasty was vested with ducal rights by the German king Henry the Fowler.
When the march of Carinthia was raised into a Duchy in 976, a new Carinthian march (that is, a march defending the Carinthian duchy) was created.

March of Styria

StyriaMargrave of StyriaCarantanian March
The realm of the Carinthian dukes initially comprised a vast territory including the marches of Styria (marchia Carantana), Carniola and Istria, they also ruled over the Italian March of Verona in the south.
Under the overlordship of the Carinthian dukes from 976 onwards, the territory evolved to be called Styria, so named for the town of Steyr, then the residence of the Otakar margraves.

Adalbero, Duke of Carinthia

AdalberoAdalbero of EppensteinAdalbero of Carinthia
Carinthia however remained a separate entity, and in 1012 Count Adalbero I of Eppenstein, Margrave of Styria since about 1000, was vested with the duchy by the last Ottonian emperor Henry II, while the Istrian march was separated and given to Count Poppo of Weimar.
980 – 29 November 1039) was Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona from 1011 or 1012 until 1035.

Otto I, Duke of Carinthia

Otto IOtto of WormsOtto I of Carinthia
Nevertheless, Henry the Younger was the first and also the last Luitpolding duke; as he chose to join the unsuccessful War of the Three Henries against Emperor Otto II, he lost Carinthia two years later and was succeeded by the Emperor's nephew Otto I, a scion of the Salian dynasty.
950 – 4 November 1004), called Otto of Worms, a member of the Salian dynasty, was Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death.

Carantania

CarinthiaCarantanian marchKingdom of Carantania
In the seventh century the area was part of the Slavic principality of Carantania, which fell under the suzerainty of Duke Odilo of Bavaria in about 743.
The borders of the later Carantania state, which was under the feudal overlordship of the Carolingians, and its successor (the March of Carinthia, 826–976), as well as of the later Duchy of Carinthia (from 976), extended beyond historical Carantania.

March of Verona

Margrave of VeronaVeronaMarca Veronensis et Aquileiensis
The realm of the Carinthian dukes initially comprised a vast territory including the marches of Styria (marchia Carantana), Carniola and Istria, they also ruled over the Italian March of Verona in the south.
Seized by King Otto I of Germany in 952, it was held by the Dukes of Bavaria; from 976 in personal union with the Duchy of Carinthia.

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
A constituent part of the Habsburg Monarchy and of the Austrian Empire, it remained a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary until 1918.

Duchy

duchiesdukedomdukedoms
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.

Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IIIEmperor Henry IIIHenry VI
In 1039 Carinthia was inherited by Emperor Henry III himself, who split off the Carniolan march the following year and granted it to Margrave Poppo of Istria.
Upon the death of his father on in 1039, Henry became the sole ruler of the kingdom, succeeding his father as Duke of Carinthia and King of Italy.

Bernhard von Spanheim

BernhardBernhard of CarinthiaDukes of Spannheim
The most outstanding of the Spanheim dukes was Bernhard, the first Carinthian duke who was actually described and honoured in documents as "prince of the land".
Bernhard von Spanheim (or Sponheim; 1176 or 1181 – 4 January 1256), a member of the noble House of Sponheim, was Duke of Carinthia for 54 years from 1202 until his death.

Sponheim family

House of SponheimSponheimSpanheim
The remainder of Carinthia passed from Duke Henry III to his godchild Henry from the House of Sponheim, who ruled as Henry IV, from 1122 to his early death the following year.
They were immediate Counts of Sponheim until 1437 and Dukes of Carinthia from 1122 until 1269.

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IIEmperor Henry IIHenry II of Germany
Carinthia however remained a separate entity, and in 1012 Count Adalbero I of Eppenstein, Margrave of Styria since about 1000, was vested with the duchy by the last Ottonian emperor Henry II, while the Istrian march was separated and given to Count Poppo of Weimar.
As a consequence of his revolt, the Emperor stripped the Duchy of Bavaria of its southeastern territories bordering Italy and formed the Duchy of Carinthia.

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor

Conrad IIEmperor Conrad IIKonrad II
Adalbero was removed from office in 1035 after he had fallen out of favour with the Salian Emperor Conrad II.
In 978 Emperor Otto II appointed his nephew Otto of Worms as Duke of Carinthia after deposing the rebellious Duke Henry I of Carinthia during the War of the Three Henries.

Ulrich III, Duke of Carinthia

Ulrich IIIUlrich III of CarinthiaUlric III of Carinthia
The last Spanheim duke was Ulrich III; he signed an inheritance treaty with his brother Archbishop Philip of Salzburg, who however could not prevail against the Bohemian king Ottokar II Přemysl.
1249 and Duke of Carinthia from 1256 until his death, the last ruler from the House of Sponheim.

Ottokar II of Bohemia

Ottokar IIPřemysl Otakar IIOtakar II of Bohemia
The last Spanheim duke was Ulrich III; he signed an inheritance treaty with his brother Archbishop Philip of Salzburg, who however could not prevail against the Bohemian king Ottokar II Přemysl.
He also held the titles of Margrave of Moravia from 1247, Duke of Austria from 1251, Duke of Styria from 1260, as well as Duke of Carinthia and landgrave of Carniola from 1269.

Philip of Spanheim

PhilipPhilip of SalzburgPhilipp of Carinthia
The last Spanheim duke was Ulrich III; he signed an inheritance treaty with his brother Archbishop Philip of Salzburg, who however could not prevail against the Bohemian king Ottokar II Přemysl.
He held the title of a Count of Lebenau (1254–1279) and was nominal Duke of Carinthia.

Cisleithania

AustrianCisleithania (Austria)Austria
A constituent part of the Habsburg Monarchy and of the Austrian Empire, it remained a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary until 1918.