Duchy of Głogów

Silesia 1249-1273: Creation of the Duchy of Głogów (green) for Konrad I from the territory of Bolesław II the Bald of Legnica (violet)
Głogów Castle (initially wooden gord; brick walls were built after 1291)
Silesia 1249-1273: Creation of the Duchy of Głogów (green) for Konrad I from the territory of Bolesław II the Bald of Legnica (violet)

One of the Duchies of Silesia ruled by the Silesian Piasts.

- Duchy of Głogów

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City in western Poland.

Children of Głogów Monument, commemorating the Polish defense of Głogów in 1109
17th-century view of the city
Early 20th-century view of the city
Głogów Copper Smelter in the 1970s

In the course of the fragmentation under Duke Bolesław II the Bald and his younger brother, the Duchy of Głogów under Duke Konrad I was established in 1251.


Town in Lower Silesian Voivodeship in south-western Poland.

Wołów (as Wohlau) around 1750

At that time Wołów belonged to the Duchy of Głogów, after 1312 to the Duchy of Oleśnica.

Krosno Odrzańskie

City on the east bank of Oder River, at the confluence with the Bóbr.

Crossen a. d. Oder in 1900

When the Duchy of Wrocław was finally divided in 1251, the town became part of the newly created Duchy of Głogów under Konrad I.


Town in western Poland, on the Bóbr river, with 25,731 inhabitants (2019).

Medieval town walls with the old Augustinian monastery in the background
Żagań Palace
Former Lutheran chapel
Model of Stalag Luft III at the Żagań Historical Museum
Memorial to 50 Allied POWs murdered by the Germans after the Great Escape
Polish Army barracks
District court in Żagań

In 1251, it became part of the newly created Duchy of Głogów under Henry's grandson Konrad I.

John I Albert

Tomb effigy from Wawel

John I Albert (Jan I Olbracht; 27 December 1459 – 17 June 1501) was King of Poland (1492–1501) and Duke of Głogów (1491–1498).


Town and municipality on the Oder river in the Lower Silesian region of Poland.

Partially preserved medieval city walls
Oder bridge

After the partition of the Duchy of Głogów by Konrad's sons in 1273, Ścinawa became the capital of a duchy in its own right under the rule of Konrad II the Hunchback.

Silesian Piasts

The Silesian Piasts were the elder of four lines of the Polish Piast dynasty beginning with Władysław II the Exile (1105–1159), eldest son of Duke Bolesław III of Poland.

Fragmentation of Silesia 1172/73
Golden eagle of the Upper Silesian Piasts.
Monarchy of the Silesian Henries.
Henry IV. at his court
The gatehouse to the Silesian Piasts castle in Brzeg (1554-1560) with sculptures of the Piast rulers from Siemowit to Frederick II of Legnica
The last legitimate Silesian Piast – George William, Duke of Liegnitz

Bolesław established the duchy of Legnica, Konrad I Glogow, Henry III kept Wroclaw together with Ladislaus, who would become archbishop of Salzburg.

Sigismund I the Old

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until his death in 1548.

Portrait by Kulmbach, 1511-1518
Sigismund (far right) with Emperor Maximilian I and brother Vladislaus II in Vienna, 1515. Woodcut by Albrecht Dürer
Sigismund grants a noble status to the professors of the Jagiellonian University, 1535. Painting by Jan Matejko
Medal featuring the profile of Sigismund I, by Giovanni Maria Mosca
Chicken War in 1537 by Henryk Rodakowski. Seated Sigismund is accompanied by his wife Bona Sforza and royal court whilst being surrounded by an angry mob at Lwów High Castle
Polish-Lithuanian army during the Battle of Orsha in 1514, by Hans Krell
Sigismund's halfarmour, Polish Army Museum
Queen Bona Sforza was instrumental in establishing alliances for Poland. She was known for being a notorious conspirator.
Prussian Homage, by Jan Matejko, 1882. Albrecht Hohenzollern receives the Duchy of Prussia in fief from Poland's King Sigismund I the Old, 1525
A posthumous portrait by Lucas Cranach the Younger made in around 1553
Hanging of the Sigismund Bell in 1521, by Jan Matejko
Medal of Sigismund I the Old.
18th-century depiction by Marcello Bacciarelli
As one of the Magi by Joos van Cleve, {{circa|1520}}<ref>{{cite web|author=Marcin Latka|title=Commissions from the territories of today's Poland in the workshop of Joos van Cleve|url=https://artinpoland.weebly.com/en/commissions-from-the-territories-of-todays-poland-in-the-workshop-of-joos-van-cleve|work=artinpoland.weebly.com|access-date=18 January 2016}}</ref>
Portrait made by Andreas Jungholz, 1546
Portrait of Sigismund I in an advanced age by Anonymous Painter, 1550
Sigismund I the Old's tomb by Bartolommeo Berrecci, Sigismund's Chapel, Wawel Cathedral
Sigismund I the Old by Jan Matejko, c. 1880

Finally, his eldest brother Vladislaus II, King of Bohemia and Hungary, granted him the duchies of Głogów (1499) and Opava (1501), and in 1504 Sigismund became governor of Silesia and Lower Lusatia.

Duchies of Silesia

The Duchies of Silesia were the more than twenty divisions of the region of Silesia formed between the 12th and 14th centuries by the breakup of the Duchy of Silesia, then part of the Kingdom of Poland.

Duchies of Silesia within the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire (1618)
Brzeg Castle, place of death of the last duke of the Piast dynasty in 1675
Duchies of Silesia within the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire (1618)
1172/3-1177{{legend|orange|Bolesław I}}{{legend|green|Jarosław}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko I}}
1177-1185{{legend|orange|Bolesław I}}{{legend|green|Jarosław}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko I}}{{legend|darkblue|Konrad}}
1185-1201{{legend|orange|Bolesław I}}{{legend|green|Jarosław}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko I}}
1201-1202{{legend|orange|Henry I}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko I}}
1206-1217{{legend|orange|Henry I}}{{legend|lightgreen|Władysław Odonic}}{{legend|violet|Lubusz Land}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko I, {{spaces|7}}1211: Casimir I}}
1217-1230{{legend|orange|Henry I}}{{legend|yellow|Casimir I}}
1241-1243{{legend|orange|Bolesław II}}{{legend|lightblue|Mieszko Lubuski}}{{legend|lightgreen|Władysław Opolski}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko II}}
1243-1248{{legend|orange|Bolesław II}}{{legend|lightgreen|Władysław Opolski}}{{legend|yellow|Mieszko II, {{spaces|7}}1246: Władysław {{spaces|7}}Opolski}}{{legend|darkgreen|Santok}}{{legend|pink|Kalisz}}{{legend|violet|Kępno}}{{legend|lightblue|Lelów}}

Konrad Spindleshanks (Konrad Laskonogi), the youngest, in 1177 also claimed his rights and received the Duchy of Głogów from his brother Bolesław, who after Konrad's death about 1180/90 again inherited it.

Duchy of Legnica

One of the Duchies of Silesia.

Greatest extent of territory of the Duchy
 during the reign of Henry V (orange)
Legnica Castle
Greatest extent of territory of the Duchy
 during the reign of Henry V (orange)
First geographical map of Lower Silesia (to south) by Martin Helwig, 1561
Brzeg Castle
Coat of arms of the Duchy, Odrzańska Gate, Brzeg

Furthermore, he came into conflict with his younger brother Konrad, who, originally predestined for an ecclesiastical career as Bishop of Passau, also demanded his distributive share and had to be paid off by Bolesław with the newly created Duchy of Głogów in 1251.