Duff Cooper

Alfred Duff CooperDuff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich The Right Honourable '''Alfred Duff Cooper The Right Honourable '''Duff Cooper''' DSO (Alfred) Duff CooperCooper, DuffDuffSir Alfred Duff CooperSir Duff Cooper
Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.wikipedia
239 Related Articles

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeasement policy
In the intense political debates of the late 1930s over appeasement, he first put his trust in the League of Nations, and realised that war with Germany was inevitable.
However, by the time of the Munich Pact—concluded on 30 September 1938 among Germany, Britain, France, and Italy—the policy was opposed by most of the British left and Labour Party, by Conservative dissenters such as Winston Churchill and Duff Cooper, and even by Anthony Eden, a former proponent of appeasement.

Charles de Gaulle

de GaulleGeneral de GaulleGénéral de Gaulle
His most important role was representative to Charles de Gaulle's Free France (1943–44) and ambassador to France from 1944–48.
Duff Cooper (Minister of Information) had an advance copy of the text of the address, to which there were no objections.

The Coterie

At New College Oxford (1908–11), his Eton friendship with John Nevile Manners won him entry into a famous circle of young aristocrats and intellectuals known as the Coterie, including Patrick Shaw-Stewart, Raymond Asquith, Sir Denis Anson, Edward Horner and the celebrated Lady Diana Manners.
Its members included Lady Diana Manners, then considered a famous beauty in England; Duff Cooper, who became a Conservative politician and a diplomat; Raymond Asquith, son of the Prime Minister H. H. Asquith and a famed barrister; Maurice Baring; Patrick Shaw-Stewart, a managing director of Barings Bank and war poet; Nancy Cunard and her friend Iris Tree; Edward Horner and Sir Denis Anson.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
When Winston Churchill became prime minister in May 1940, he named Cooper as Minister of Information.
In a safe Conservative seat, the official Conservative candidate Duff Cooper was opposed by Ernest Petter, an independent Conservative.

Ministry of Information (United Kingdom)

Ministry of InformationMinister of InformationBritish Ministry of Information
When Winston Churchill became prime minister in May 1940, he named Cooper as Minister of Information.
Neville Chamberlain's resignation and replacement by Winston Churchill on 10 May 1940 resulted in Reith's sacking and the appointment of Duff Cooper.

W. Samuel Patten

Sam Patten
Cooper's affairs included the Franco-American Singer sewing-machine heiress Daisy Fellowes, the socialite Gloria Guinness, the French novelist Louise Leveque de Vilmorin and the writer Susan Mary Alsop (then an American diplomat's wife, by whom he had an illegitimate son, William Patten Jr, who later fathered W. Samuel Patten.).
Patten's father is Bill Patten Jr., whose mother was prominent Washington, D.C. socialite Susan Mary Alsop; Patten Jr.'s father was later alleged to have been the British politician Duff Cooper, with whom his mother had an affair while married to her first husband Bill Patten.

John Julius Norwich

Norwich, John JuliusLord NorwichJohn Julius
John Julius, his only legitimate child, was born in 1929.
Norwich was the son of Conservative politician and diplomat Duff Cooper, later Viscount Norwich, and of Lady Diana Manners, a celebrated beauty and society figure.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
He denounced the Munich agreement of 1938 as meaningless, cowardly, and unworkable, as he resigned from the cabinet.
But there was opposition from the start; Clement Attlee and the Labour Party opposed the agreement, in alliance with two Conservative MPs, Duff Cooper and Vyvyan Adams, who had been seen up to then as a die hard and reactionary element in the Conservative Party.

Alfred Cooper

Sir Alfred Cooper
He was the only son of fashionable society doctor Sir Alfred Cooper (1843–1908), a surgeon and specialist in the sexual problems of the upper classes, and Lady Agnes Duff, daughter of James Duff, 5th Earl Fife.
Cooper and his wife had four children together, the youngest being Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, the prominent British statesman of the 1930s and 1940s.

Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin

Louise de VilmorinLoulou
Cooper's affairs included the Franco-American Singer sewing-machine heiress Daisy Fellowes, the socialite Gloria Guinness, the French novelist Louise Leveque de Vilmorin and the writer Susan Mary Alsop (then an American diplomat's wife, by whom he had an illegitimate son, William Patten Jr, who later fathered W. Samuel Patten.).
For a number of years, she was the mistress of Duff Cooper, British ambassador to France.

Rupert Hart-Davis

Sir Rupert Hart-DavisHart-DavisHart-Davis, Rupert
The book was eventually published in 1932 by his nephew Rupert Hart-Davis to critical praise and lasting success.
He was well placed to secure Duff Cooper's life of Talleyrand, as Cooper was his uncle.

William IV of the United Kingdom

William IVKing William IVDuke of Clarence
One of his maternal great-grandmothers was Lady Elizabeth FitzClarence, an illegitimate daughter of King William IV who fathered eight children with Dorothea Jordan.
Although William IV is not the direct ancestor of the later monarchs of the United Kingdom, he has many notable descendants through his illegitimate family with Mrs. Jordan, including former Prime Minister David Cameron, TV presenter Adam Hart-Davis, author and statesman Duff Cooper, and the first Duke of Fife, who married Queen Victoria's granddaughter Louise.

Dorothea Jordan

Dorothy JordanMrs. JordanMrs Jordan
One of his maternal great-grandmothers was Lady Elizabeth FitzClarence, an illegitimate daughter of King William IV who fathered eight children with Dorothea Jordan.
Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich British diplomat, Cabinet member and author (22 February 18901 January 1954)

Wixenford School

WixenfordWixenford Preparatory School
He attended two prep schools, including Wixenford School.
Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich (1890–1954), Conservative politician and diplomat

Gloria Guinness

Gloria RubioGloria Rubio y Alatorre
Cooper's affairs included the Franco-American Singer sewing-machine heiress Daisy Fellowes, the socialite Gloria Guinness, the French novelist Louise Leveque de Vilmorin and the writer Susan Mary Alsop (then an American diplomat's wife, by whom he had an illegitimate son, William Patten Jr, who later fathered W. Samuel Patten.).
Among Guinness's lovers were David Beatty, 2nd Earl Beatty, and the British ambassador to France Duff Cooper, who wrote of her, "I have never loved anybody physically so much or been so supremely satisfied".

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainMr. ChamberlainNeville
This brought him close to the Chancellor of the Exchequer Neville Chamberlain, who thought highly of him.
In common with the rest of the Cabinet, except Duff Cooper, he agreed with Baldwin that the King should abdicate if he married Simpson, and on 6 December he and Baldwin both stressed that the King should make his decision before Christmas; by one account, he believed that the uncertainty was "hurting the Christmas trade."

Daisy Fellowes

Marguerite Séverine PhilippineMarguerite-Séverine-Philippine DecazesThe Hon. Mrs. Reginald Fellowes
Cooper's affairs included the Franco-American Singer sewing-machine heiress Daisy Fellowes, the socialite Gloria Guinness, the French novelist Louise Leveque de Vilmorin and the writer Susan Mary Alsop (then an American diplomat's wife, by whom he had an illegitimate son, William Patten Jr, who later fathered W. Samuel Patten.).
Among Fellowes's lovers was Duff Cooper, the British ambassador to France.

Harry Cust

Harry Cockayne CustHenry 'Harry' CustHenry John "Harry" Cockayne-Cust
On 2 June 1919 he married Lady Diana Manners, whose family were initially opposed to the match (she was officially the daughter of the 8th Duke of Rutland, but was widely believed – including by herself – to be the daughter of Harry Cust).
Internationally famous for her beauty, she married the politician Duff Cooper in 1919.

Susan Mary Alsop

Cooper's affairs included the Franco-American Singer sewing-machine heiress Daisy Fellowes, the socialite Gloria Guinness, the French novelist Louise Leveque de Vilmorin and the writer Susan Mary Alsop (then an American diplomat's wife, by whom he had an illegitimate son, William Patten Jr, who later fathered W. Samuel Patten.).
While in Paris, she began an affair with the English Secretary of State for War Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, that lasted until Cooper's death in 1954.

Duff Cooper Prize

Duff Cooper Memorial Award1975 Duff Cooper PrizeDuff Cooper Memorial Prize
After Cooper's death, a British literary award, the Duff Cooper Prize, was established in his name.
The prize was established in honour of Duff Cooper, a British diplomat, Cabinet member and author.

Financial Secretary to the War Office

Department of the Financial and Parliamentary Secretary (Finance Department)Financial SecretaryFinancial Secretary, War Office
In January 1928 he was appointed Financial Secretary to the War Office, not a job he would have chosen.

Oldham (UK Parliament constituency)

OldhamOldham constituencyOldham parliamentary constituency
Within weeks Cooper was selected for the winnable seat of Oldham, where he was elected at the General Election in October 1924, with a 13,000 majority over the sitting Labour member.

Financial Secretary to the Treasury

Shadow Financial Secretary to the TreasuryFinancial Secretaries to the TreasuryFinancial Secretary
In June 1934 he was appointed Financial Secretary to the Treasury, a traditional stepping stone to the Cabinet.

Vyvyan Adams

Samuel Vyvyan Adams
Fellow appeasement-critic and Conservative Party MP Vyvyan Adams described Cooper's actions as "the first step in the road back to national sanity."
He was opposed to appeasement of Mussolini (in Abyssinia) and Hitler, and was one of the two Conservative MPs (with Duff Cooper) to oppose the Munich agreement with Hitler in 1938.

1931 Westminster St George's by-election

Westminster St George's by-election1931a crucial by-election
The March 1931 by-election for the constituency of Westminster St George's (caused by the death of Cooper's recent boss, Laming Worthington-Evans), saw Beaverbrook's Empire Free Trade Crusade party threatening the Conservative position at a time when satisfaction with Baldwin's leadership was at a low.
The eventual Conservative candidate was Alfred Duff Cooper, who had been MP for Oldham from 1924 until his defeat in 1929.