Dugu Xin

Dugu Xin (503 – 24 April 557 ), Xianbei name Qimitou, known as Dugu Ruyuan before 540, was a prominent military general and official during the chaotic Northern and Southern Dynasties period.wikipedia
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Yuwen Tai

Emperor WenYu-Wen Tai
In 534, Dugu Xin followed Emperor Xiaowu of Northern Wei to the west to join the warlord Yuwen Tai, and in the ensuing years led Western Wei forces against their archnemesis, the Eastern Wei.
In winter 537, the Western Wei general Dugu Xin captured the former Northern Wei capital Luoyang, and several other nearby provinces also surrendered to Western Wei.

Xianbei

Xianbei languageXianbicolonised by Turkic people
Dugu Xin (503 – 24 April 557 ), Xianbei name Qimitou, known as Dugu Ruyuan before 540, was a prominent military general and official during the chaotic Northern and Southern Dynasties period.

Empress Dugu (Northern Zhou)

Empress Dugudaughtereldest daughter
He rose to high ranks under Yuwen Tai, and his eldest daughter married Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Yu.
She was the oldest daughter of Dugu Xin, a major general under Yuwen Tai, Yuwen Yu's father and paramount general of Western Wei.

Dugu sisters

3 daughters
Dugu Xin was described as an extremely handsome man and was fond of wearing strange clothes, he is best remembered today by his 3 daughters: it is because of their marriages that 2 sons-in-law, 1 grandson-in-law and 2 grandsons of his became emperors of 3 Chinese dynasties, all after his death.
All were daughters of the Western Wei general Dugu Xin.

Emperor Ming of Northern Zhou

Emperor MingYuwen YuMing Di
He rose to high ranks under Yuwen Tai, and his eldest daughter married Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Yu.
During his term as a provincial governor, he married the daughter of the key general Dugu Xin as his wife.

Dugu Qieluo

Empress DuguDuchess Dugu QieluoDugu Jialuo
During the Sui dynasty, Dugu Xin was honored as Duke Jing of Zhao by Emperor Wen of Sui (who married his seventh daughter Dugu Qieluo), and in 583 the empress built a temple dedicated to his memory in the capital Daxingcheng.
Dugu Qieluo was born in 544, as the seventh daughter of the Western Wei general Dugu Xin, who was of Xianbei ethnicity (or Xianbeinized Xiongnu); her mother, Lady Cui, was Han Chinese.

Yuwen Hu

When the Northern Zhou dynasty replaced Western Wei, Dugu Xin was created Duke of Wei, but was soon forced by the powerful regent Yuwen Hu to commit suicide for challenging him.
About a month after Emperor Xiaomin took the throne, two of the most senior officials, Zhao Gui the Duke of Chu and Dugu Xin the Duke of Wei, showed signs of displeasure about Yuwen Hu's hold on power.

Emperor Wen of Sui

Emperor WenYang JianWéndi
During the Sui dynasty, Dugu Xin was honored as Duke Jing of Zhao by Emperor Wen of Sui (who married his seventh daughter Dugu Qieluo), and in 583 the empress built a temple dedicated to his memory in the capital Daxingcheng.
In 557, Dugu Xin, impressed with Yang Jian, gave his daughter, Empress Dugu Qieluo, to Yang and made her his wife.

Northern and Southern dynasties

Southern and Northern DynastiesSouthern DynastiesNorthern Dynasties
Dugu Xin (503 – 24 April 557 ), Xianbei name Qimitou, known as Dugu Ruyuan before 540, was a prominent military general and official during the chaotic Northern and Southern Dynasties period.

Emperor Xiaowu of Northern Wei

Emperor XiaowuYuan XiuXiao Wu Di
In 534, Dugu Xin followed Emperor Xiaowu of Northern Wei to the west to join the warlord Yuwen Tai, and in the ensuing years led Western Wei forces against their archnemesis, the Eastern Wei.

Western Wei

Western Wei dynasty
In 534, Dugu Xin followed Emperor Xiaowu of Northern Wei to the west to join the warlord Yuwen Tai, and in the ensuing years led Western Wei forces against their archnemesis, the Eastern Wei.

Eastern Wei

Dong WeiEastern Wei dynastyEastern
In 534, Dugu Xin followed Emperor Xiaowu of Northern Wei to the west to join the warlord Yuwen Tai, and in the ensuing years led Western Wei forces against their archnemesis, the Eastern Wei.

Liang dynasty

LiangSouthern LiangLiang Empire
Despite an early debacle (after which he fled to and stayed for 3 years in the southern Liang dynasty before returning to the northwest), he captured the former Northern Wei capital Luoyang from Eastern Wei in 537.

Northern Wei

Northern Wei DynastyWeiand future dynasties
Despite an early debacle (after which he fled to and stayed for 3 years in the southern Liang dynasty before returning to the northwest), he captured the former Northern Wei capital Luoyang from Eastern Wei in 537.

Luoyang

ChengzhouLuoyang CityLuoyang, China
Despite an early debacle (after which he fled to and stayed for 3 years in the southern Liang dynasty before returning to the northwest), he captured the former Northern Wei capital Luoyang from Eastern Wei in 537.

Northern Zhou

Northern Zhou dynastyZhou dynastyfrom China
When the Northern Zhou dynasty replaced Western Wei, Dugu Xin was created Duke of Wei, but was soon forced by the powerful regent Yuwen Hu to commit suicide for challenging him.

Wu Zetian

Empress WuEmpress Dowager WuEmpress Wu Zetian
In fact, every Chinese emperor from 604 to 907 (with the exception of Wu Zetian and self-proclaimed rebels) was his descendant.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
During the Sui dynasty, Dugu Xin was honored as Duke Jing of Zhao by Emperor Wen of Sui (who married his seventh daughter Dugu Qieluo), and in 583 the empress built a temple dedicated to his memory in the capital Daxingcheng.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
During the Sui dynasty, Dugu Xin was honored as Duke Jing of Zhao by Emperor Wen of Sui (who married his seventh daughter Dugu Qieluo), and in 583 the empress built a temple dedicated to his memory in the capital Daxingcheng.

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi’an Jiaotong UniversityXian Jiaotong UniversityXi'an Jiao Tong University
(Remains of the temple were discovered in 1997 on the campus of Xi'an Jiaotong University.

Emperor Taizong of Tang

Emperor TaizongLi ShiminTaizong
Li Shimin's grandmother Duchess Dugu was a sister of Empress Dugu, both of whom were daughters of Dugu Xin, a major Xianbei general during Sui's predecessor dynasty Northern Zhou.

Emperor Gaozu of Tang

Emperor GaozuLi YuanGaozu
His son and Li Yuan's father Li Bing, of Han ethnicity, inherited the title of the Duke of Tang and married a daughter of the prominent Xianbei general Dugu Xin.

Gao Jiong

Gao Bin served on the staff of the Xianbei general Dugu Xin, and on the orders of Western Wei's paramount general Yuwen Tai in 554, changed his family name to Dugu as well.