Dukun

dukun santetshamanshamans
A dukun is a Malay term for shaman.wikipedia
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Pawang

In common usage the dukun is often confused with another type of shaman, the pawang.
Pawang are usually associated with mountains in contrast to the traditional healers (dukun or bomoh) who are most often linked to rivers.

Bomoh

Tok Bomoh
The term is used mainly in Malaysia and parts of Sumatra, whereas most Indonesians use the word dukun.

Silat

pesilatIndonesian martial arts, silatkontaw silat
In some communities, such as the Kadayan of Sabah, dukun are also required to learn silat before they can be initiated.
The village shamans or dukun would often learn silat both as part of their craft and for defending themselves while travelling.

Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalay-language
A dukun is a Malay term for shaman.

Folk healer

white witchtraditional healerhealer
Their societal role is that of a traditional healer, spirit medium, custom and tradition experts and on occasion sorcerers and masters of black magic.

Mediumship

mediummediumsspirit medium
Their societal role is that of a traditional healer, spirit medium, custom and tradition experts and on occasion sorcerers and masters of black magic.

Magic (supernatural)

magicsorcerymagical
Their societal role is that of a traditional healer, spirit medium, custom and tradition experts and on occasion sorcerers and masters of black magic.

Black magic

dark magicdark artsblack arts
Their societal role is that of a traditional healer, spirit medium, custom and tradition experts and on occasion sorcerers and masters of black magic.

Kejawèn

KejawenKebatinanJavanese beliefs
The dukun is the very epitome of the kejawen or kebatinan belief system indigenous to Java.

Java

Java IslandJavaneseJava, Indonesia
The dukun is the very epitome of the kejawen or kebatinan belief system indigenous to Java. Dukun are most common on the island of Java, though the island of Madura is especially feared for being very powerful practitioners of dark magic, and Bali is well regarded for its dukun.

Animism

animistanimisticanimists
Very strong and ancient beliefs of animism, ancestor worship and shamanism are held by the people of the Nusantara.

Veneration of the dead

ancestor worshipancestor venerationancestral worship
Very strong and ancient beliefs of animism, ancestor worship and shamanism are held by the people of the Nusantara.

Shamanism

shamanshamansshamanic
A dukun is a Malay term for shaman. Very strong and ancient beliefs of animism, ancestor worship and shamanism are held by the people of the Nusantara.

Malay world

Alam MelayuMalayMalay-speaking world
Very strong and ancient beliefs of animism, ancestor worship and shamanism are held by the people of the Nusantara.

Hindus

HinduShrimantHindoos
In the pre-colonial past, dukun were exempt from paying taxes, as with Hindu priests and Buddhist monks.

Buddhism

BuddhistBuddhistsBuddhadharma
In the pre-colonial past, dukun were exempt from paying taxes, as with Hindu priests and Buddhist monks.

Sukarno

SoekarnoPresident SukarnoBung Karno
Indonesians who are known to have employed dukun include former President Sukarno, former president Suharto, former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX and Sultan Hamengkubuwana X and many more.

Suharto

SoehartoPresident SuhartoGeneral Suharto
Indonesians who are known to have employed dukun include former President Sukarno, former president Suharto, former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX and Sultan Hamengkubuwana X and many more.

Megawati Sukarnoputri

Megawati SoekarnoputriMegawatiPresident Megawati
Indonesians who are known to have employed dukun include former President Sukarno, former president Suharto, former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX and Sultan Hamengkubuwana X and many more.

Hamengkubuwono IX

Hamengkubuwana IXSri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IXSri Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX
Indonesians who are known to have employed dukun include former President Sukarno, former president Suharto, former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX and Sultan Hamengkubuwana X and many more.

Hamengkubuwono X

Hamengkubuwana XSri Sultan Hamengkubuwono XSultan Hamengkubuwono X
Indonesians who are known to have employed dukun include former President Sukarno, former president Suharto, former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX and Sultan Hamengkubuwana X and many more.

Madura Island

MaduraMadureseisland of Madura
Dukun are most common on the island of Java, though the island of Madura is especially feared for being very powerful practitioners of dark magic, and Bali is well regarded for its dukun.

Bali

Bali, IndonesiaBalineseBali Island
Dukun are most common on the island of Java, though the island of Madura is especially feared for being very powerful practitioners of dark magic, and Bali is well regarded for its dukun.

Dayak people

DayakDayaksDyak
The Dayak people of Kalimantan are also feared for their use of dukun when head-hunting.