Duodenal atresia

Duodenal atresia is the congenital absence or complete closure of a portion of the lumen of the duodenum.wikipedia
25 Related Articles

Double bubble (radiology)

double bubble signdouble-bubble sign
Radiography shows a distended stomach and distended duodenum, which are separated by the pyloric valve, a finding described as the double-bubble sign.
The finding is typically pathologic, and implies either duodenal atresia, duodenal web, annular pancreas, and on occasion midgut volvulus, a distinction that requires close clinical correlation and, in most cases, surgical intervention.

Down syndrome

Down's syndrometrisomy 21Downs Syndrome
Approximately 20–40 percent of all infants with duodenal atresia have Down syndrome.
Other frequent congenital problems include duodenal atresia, pyloric stenosis, Meckel diverticulum, and imperforate anus.

Polyhydramnios

Hydramniosexcess amniotic fluidexcess fluid in the amniotic sac
It causes increased levels of amniotic fluid during pregnancy (polyhydramnios) and intestinal obstruction in newborn babies. During pregnancy, duodenal atresia is associated with increased amniotic fluid in the uterus, which is called polyhydramnios.

Gastric lavage

stomach pumpstomachs pumpedstomach pumped
Early treatment includes removing fluids from the stomach via a nasogastric tube, and providing fluids intravenously.
Lavage is also the initial treatment for duodenal atresia in newborns, a condition where the small intestine is closed distal to the stomach, causing food and fluid to accumulate in the stomach.

Lumen (anatomy)

lumenluminalintraluminal
Duodenal atresia is the congenital absence or complete closure of a portion of the lumen of the duodenum.

Duodenum

duodenaldodecadactylumduodenal cap
Duodenal atresia is the congenital absence or complete closure of a portion of the lumen of the duodenum.

Radiography

radiographradiographicradiographs
The diagnosis of duodenal atresia is usually confirmed by radiography.

X-ray

X-raysX raysoft X-ray
An X-ray of the abdomen shows two large air filled spaces, the so-called "double bubble" sign.

Pylorus

pyloric sphincterpyloricpyloric antrum
The air is trapped in the stomach and proximal duodenum, which are separated by the pyloric sphincter, creating the appearance of two bubbles visible on x-ray.

Amniotic fluid

amnioticamniotic fluid cellsamniotic fluid membranes
During pregnancy, duodenal atresia is associated with increased amniotic fluid in the uterus, which is called polyhydramnios.

Bile

biliarybiliousgall
Bilious vomiting commonly occurs within the first day of life.

Nasogastric intubation

nasogastric tubenasogastricnasogastric aspiration
Early treatment includes removing fluids from the stomach via a nasogastric tube, and providing fluids intravenously.

Intravenous therapy

intravenousintravenouslyinjection into a vein
Early treatment includes removing fluids from the stomach via a nasogastric tube, and providing fluids intravenously.

Minimally invasive procedure

minimally invasiveminimally invasive surgerynon-invasive
The definitive treatment for duodenal atresia is surgery (duodenoduodenostomy), which may be performed openly or laparoscopically.

Laparoscopy

laparoscopiclaparoscopic surgerylaparoscopically
The definitive treatment for duodenal atresia is surgery (duodenoduodenostomy), which may be performed openly or laparoscopically.

Pancreas

pancreaticexocrine pancreaspancreatic development
This is where sections of the pancreas completely encircle the duodenum, and may even lead to duodenal atresia.

Sylvia Rexach

Her death certificate states the cause as an intestinal obstruction, complicated by a duodenal atresia.

Potter sequence

Potter's SyndromePotter syndromeBilateral renal agenesis dominant type
Other abnormalities include anal atresia, absence of the rectum and sigmoid colon, esophageal and duodenal atresia, and a single umbilical artery.

Annular pancreas

annuler pancreasduodenal stenosis
Unfortunately, this double-bubble sign is not pathognomonic for annular pancreas, as it can also be observed in other conditions, such as duodenal atresia and intestinal malrotation.