Dutch people

DutchDutchmanDutchmenDutch ancestryDutch (Netherlands)the Dutchpeopleethnic Dutchthe NetherlandsDutch
Dutch people (Dutch: ) or the Dutch are a Germanic ethnic group and nation native to the Netherlands.wikipedia
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Dutch Republic

United ProvincesDutchNetherlands
Under the Habsburgs, the Netherlands were organised into a single administrative unit, and in the 16th and 17th centuries the Northern Netherlands gained independence from Spain as the Dutch Republic.
It was a predecessor state of the Netherlands and the first fully independent Dutch nation state.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent (in 1606), are attributed to the Dutch.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
Dutch people (Dutch: ) or the Dutch are a Germanic ethnic group and nation native to the Netherlands.
Government-encouraged emigration efforts to reduce population density prompted some 500,000 Dutch people to leave the country after the war.

Aruba

ArubanA'''rubaAW
Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States.
In terms of country of birth, the population is estimated to be 66% Aruban, 9.1% Colombian, 4.3% Dutch, 4.1% Dominican, 3.2% Venezuelan, 2.2% Curaçaoan, 1.5% Haitian, 1.1% Peruvian, 1.1% Chinese, 6.2% other.

Culture of the Netherlands

Dutch cultureDutchculture
This, together with the growing number of Dutch intelligentsia and the Dutch Golden Age in which Dutch culture, as a whole, gained international prestige, consolidated the Dutch as an ethnic group.
The culture of the Netherlands is diverse, reflecting regional differences as well as the foreign influences built up by centuries of the Dutch people's mercantile and explorative spirit.

Suriname

SurinamSurinameseRepublic of Suriname
Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States.
They are descended mostly from Dutch 19th-century immigrant farmers, known as "Boeroes" (derived from boer, the Dutch word for "farmer"), and to a lesser degree other European groups, such as Portuguese from Madeira.

Curaçao

CuracaoCuraçaoanCuracoa
Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States.
There are also sizeable minorities of Dutch, Latin Americans, French, South Asians, East Asians, Javanese, Portuguese and Levantine Arab people.

Dutch Empire

DutchDutch coloniesDutch colony
For Dutch colonial history, see the article on the Dutch Empire.
Interaction between the Dutch and native population mainly took place in Sri Lanka and the modern Indonesian Islands.

History of the Netherlands

Dutch historyNetherlandsthe Netherlands
The text below hence focuses on the history of the Dutch ethnic group; for Dutch national history, please see the history-articles of the Netherlands.
The linguistic descendants of the Franks, the modern Dutch -speakers of the Netherlands and Flanders, seem to have broken with the endonym "Frank" around the 9th century.

Allochtoon

allochtonenfrom foreign originimmigrants
In sociological studies and governmental reports, ethnicity is often referred to with the terms autochtoon and allochtoon.
Dutch society consisted mostly of ethnic Dutch, with some colonial influences and sizeable minorities of German and Flemish heritage.

Verdinaso

National-solidarismDinaso Militanten Orde
During World War II, when both Belgium and the Netherlands fell to German occupation, fascist elements (such as the NSB and Verdinaso) tried to convince the Nazis into combining the Netherlands and Flanders.
The Verdinaso originally advocated Flemish and Dutch nationalism.

Grote rivieren

great riversbelow/above the great riversmajor Dutch rivers
In Dutch, the cultural division between North and South is also referred to by the colloquialism "below/above the great rivers" as the rivers Rhine and Meuse roughly form a natural boundary between the Northern Dutch (those Dutch living North of these rivers), and the Southern Dutch (those living South of them).
Also, the term is commonly used for a divide in Dutch culture linking to the broader Dutch-Flemish culture.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
Dutch people (Dutch: ) or the Dutch are a Germanic ethnic group and nation native to the Netherlands.

Batavi (Germanic tribe)

BataviBataviansBatavian
In the Low Countries, this phase began when the Franks, themselves a union of multiple smaller tribes (many of them, such as the Batavi, Chauci, Chamavi and Chattuarii, were already living in the Low Countries prior to the forming of the Frankish confederation), began to incur the northwestern provinces of the Roman Empire.
In the 16th-century emergence of a popular foundation story and origin myth for the Dutch people, the Batavians came to be regarded as their ancestors during their national struggle for independence during the Eighty Years' War.

Johannes Vermeer

VermeerJan VermeerVermeer, Johannes
Internationally, Dutch painters such as Rembrandt, Vermeer and Van Gogh are held in high regard.

Holland

DutchStates of Hollandwestern
They settled mainly east of the Elbe and Saale rivers, regions largely inhabited by Polabian Slavs After the capture of territory along the Elbe and Havel Rivers in the 1160s, Dutch settlers from flooded regions in Holland used their expertise to build dikes in Brandenburg, but also settled in and around major German cities such as Bremen and Hamburg and German regions of Mecklenburg and Brandenburg.
This usage is commonly accepted in other countries, and sometimes employed by the Dutch themselves.

Russian Mennonite

Russian MennonitesRussian" MennonitesMennonites
The Mennonites emigrated to Russia.
The Russian Mennonites (Russlandmennoniten, occasionally Ukrainian Mennonites ) are a group of Mennonites who are descendants of Dutch Anabaptists who settled for about 250 years in West Prussia and established colonies in the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine and Russia's Volga region, Orenburg Governorate, and Western Siberia) beginning in 1789.

Anna Mons

Anna
Arguably the most famous of which was Anna Mons, the mistress of Peter the Great.
Anna Mons (Áнна Монс; 1672–1714) was a Dutch commoner who almost succeeded in marrying Tsar Peter the Great.

Afrikaners

AfrikanerAfrikaanerAfrikaner people
By the eighteenth century there had emerged a new people in Africa who identified as "Afrikaners", rather than Dutchmen, after the land they had permanently adopted.
Afrikaners (Afrikaners, ) are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Flemish Movement

Flemish nationalistFlemish nationalismFlemish independence
This was followed by a nationalist backlash during the late 19th and early 20th centuries that saw little help from the Dutch government (which for a long time following the Belgian Revolution had a reticent and contentious relationship with the newly formed Belgium and a largely indifferent attitude towards its Dutch-speaking inhabitants) and, hence, focused on pitting "Flemish" culture against French culture, resulting in the forming of the Flemish nation within Belgium, a consciousness of which can be very marked among some Dutch-speaking Belgians.
Upon Belgium becoming an independent state from the Netherlands, there was an (administrative) reaction against the Dutch and their language.

Dutch Americans

DutchDutch AmericanDutch-American
The first Dutch people to come to Canada were Dutch Americans among the United Empire Loyalists.
Dutch Americans, not to be confused with the Pennsylvania Dutch, are Americans of Dutch descent whose ancestors came from the Netherlands in the recent or distant past.

West Frisian language

West FrisianFrisianWood Frisian
As a West Germanic language, Dutch is related to other languages in that group such as West Frisian, English and German.
Another rhyme on this theme, "Bûter, brea en griene tsiis; wa't dat net sizze kin is gjin oprjochte Fries" (in English, "Butter, bread and green cheese, whoever can't say that is no genuine Frisian") was used, according to legend, by the 16th century Frisian freedom fighter Pier Gerlofs Donia as a shibboleth that he forced his captives to repeat to distinguish Frisians from Dutch and Low Germans.

Indo people

IndoIndosIndo-European
Through the centuries there developed a relatively large Dutch-speaking population of mixed Dutch and Indonesian descent, known as Indos or Dutch-Indonesians.
In the Netherlands, the term Indische Nederlander includes all Dutch nationals who lived in the Dutch East Indies, either Dutch or mixed ancestry.

Dutch Surinamese

BoeroesDutchDutch Surinamese or Boeroes
Dutch Surinamese (Boeroes) are Surinamese people of Dutch descent.

Dutch Low Saxon

Low SaxonDutch SaxonLow Dutch
These dialects are usually grouped into six main categories; Hollandic, West-Flemish/Zealandic, East Flemish, Brabantic, Limburgish and Dutch Saxon.