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Airborne early warning and control

AWACSairborne early warningAEW&C
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel.
China reportedly ordered one Phalcon for $250 million, which entailed retrofitting a Russian-made Ilyushin-76 cargo plane [also incorrectly reported as a Beriev A-50 Mainstay] with advanced Elta electronic, computer, radar and communications systems.

Israel Aerospace Industries

IAIIsrael Aircraft IndustriesIsraeli Aircraft Industries
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel.
In March 2004 IAI signed a $1.1 billion contract with India to install three EL/W-2090 AWACS systems on Russian-made Ilyushin Il-76 transports, which are based in part on IAI's earlier EL/M-2075 Phalcon platform which was developed in the 1990s.

Active electronically scanned array

AESAAESA radaractive phased array
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel. Instead of using a rotodome, a moving radar found on some AEW&C aircraft, the Phalcon uses the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA), an active phased array radar.

EL/W-2090

PhalconAWACSAWACS project
It was surpassed by newer versions—the EL/W-2085 and the EL/W-2090.
It is a development of the EL/M-2075 system, described by the Federation of American Scientists as the most advanced AEW&C system in the world under 1993 article.

Chilean Air Force

Air ForceFuerza Aérea de ChileFACH
In May 1994 the aircraft was delivered to the Chilean Air Force, where it is known as the Condor.

IAI EL/W-2085

EL/W-2085IAI EitamG550 CAEW
It was surpassed by newer versions—the EL/W-2085 and the EL/W-2090.
The EL/W-2085 was developed from the single-band EL/M-2075 "Phalcon" system.

Israeli Air Force

Israel Air ForceIAFAir Force
The Israeli Air Force installed the Phalcon system on Boeing 707 aircraft, which replaced its E-2Cs which were retired in mid-1990s.

Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye

E-2 HawkeyeE-2C HawkeyeE-2C
The Israeli Air Force installed the Phalcon system on Boeing 707 aircraft, which replaced its E-2Cs which were retired in mid-1990s.
Both Israel and Singapore now employ the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Eitam, a Gulfstream G550-based platform with Elta's EL/W-2085 sensor package (a newer derivative of the airborne Phalcon system) for their national AEW programs.

Radar

radar stationradarsradar system
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel. Instead of using a rotodome, a moving radar found on some AEW&C aircraft, the Phalcon uses the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA), an active phased array radar.

Elta Systems

EltaElta Electronics IndustriesIAI Elta
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel.

Air supremacy

air superiorityairaerial superiority
Its primary objective is to provide intelligence to maintain air superiority and conduct surveillance.

Surveillance

electronic surveillancestakeoutmonitoring
Its primary objective is to provide intelligence to maintain air superiority and conduct surveillance.

Pulse repetition frequency

PRFpulse repetition frequenciesmedium pulse repetition frequency
Radar modes include high PRF search and full track, track-while-scan, a slow scan detection mode for hovering and low-speed helicopters (using rotor blade returns) and a low PRF ship detection mode.

Phased array

phased array radarphased-arrayphased-array radar
Instead of using a rotodome, a moving radar found on some AEW&C aircraft, the Phalcon uses the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA), an active phased array radar.

Radar warning receiver

RWRradar warning receiversdetect
AESA radars operate on a pseudorandom set of frequencies and also have very short scanning rates, which makes them difficult to detect and jam.

Radio jamming

jammingjammedjam
AESA radars operate on a pseudorandom set of frequencies and also have very short scanning rates, which makes them difficult to detect and jam.

Fuselage

hullaircraft fuselageairframe
The radar can be mounted on the an aircraft's fuselage or on the top inside a small dome.

Boeing 707

707Boeing 707-300Boeing 707-321B
The system can be fitted to a number of aircraft, including the Boeing 707, Boeing 767 and Boeing 747 series aircraft.

Boeing 767

Boeing 767-300ERBoeing 767-300Boeing 767-200
The system can be fitted to a number of aircraft, including the Boeing 707, Boeing 767 and Boeing 747 series aircraft.

Boeing 747

Boeing 747-200747Boeing 747-100
The system can be fitted to a number of aircraft, including the Boeing 707, Boeing 767 and Boeing 747 series aircraft.

LATAM Chile

LAN AirlinesLAN ChileLAN
Under a contract signed with Chile in 1989, the first Phalcon system to be installed was fitted to a former LanChile Boeing 707, and was first flown in 1993.