35 mm movie projector in operation
Muybridge in 1899
Simulation of a spinning zoopraxiscope
Galloping horse, animated using photos by Muybridge
An early projector and seats from a movie theater
Muybridge's childhood home in Kingston upon Thames
1910's 35mm hand-cranked tinplate toy movie projector manufactured by Leonhard Müller in Nuremberg, Germany.
Photo of Vernal Falls at Yosemite by Eadweard Muybridge, 1872
35 mm Kinoton FP30ST movie projector, with parts labeled. (Click thumbnail for larger text.)
One of a series of Muybridge photos documenting the construction of the San Francisco Mint
Mechanical sequence when image is shown twice and then advanced. 
Outer sprockets rotate continuously while the frame advance sprockets are controlled by the mechanism shown – a Geneva drive.
Albumen silver print photograph of Muybridge in 1867 at base of the Ulysses S. Grant tree "71 Feet in Circumference" in the Mariposa Grove, Yosemite, by Carleton Watkins
Imaging lens Diastar of an Askania 35 mm movie projector (focal length: 400 mm)
Muybridge's The Horse in Motion, 1878
Christie AW3 platter, BIG SKY Industries console, and Century SA projector
Animated gif from frame 1 to 11 of The Horse in Motion. "Sallie Gardner", owned by Leland Stanford, running at a 1:40 pace over the Palo Alto track, 19 June 1878
nonrewind in Royal – Malmö, Sweden
Plate 175. Crossing brook on stepping-stones with a fishing pole and can, 1887
A diagram of the VistaVision format
American bison canteringanimated using 1887 photos by Eadweard Muybridge
A photo of a 35 mm film print featuring all four audio formats (or "quad track")- from left to right: SDDS (blue area to the left of the sprocket holes), Dolby Digital (grey area between the sprocket holes labelled with the Dolby "Double-D" logo in the middle), analog optical sound (the two white lines to the right of the sprocket holes), and the Datasat time code (the dashed line to the far right.)
Lawn tennis, serving, 1887
Simulated wide screen image with 1.96 to 1 ratio as it would be seen in a camera viewfinder or on a theater screen
Horse and rider jumping, 1887
Simulated anamorphed image with 1.33 to 1 ratio (4:3) as it would appear on a frame of film
Patent model of one of Muybridge's machines for photographing objects in motion, 1879
Eadweard Muybridge statue at the Letterman Digital Arts Center in the Presidio of San Francisco
Title page of the first edition of Descriptive Zoopraxography
Cooking eggs at the Witches' Cauldron (c. 1867–1871)
Bay Shore, San Quentin (c. 1867–1874)
Sitka from Japanese Island (1868)
Fort Tongass, Group of Indians (1868)
South Farallon Island, Sea Lions in Main Top Bay (c. 1867–1872)
Mosquito Fall (c. 1868–1873)
Paiute Chief's Lodge (c. 1870)
A Modoc Warrior on the War Path (1873)
Original collotype
Side view
Front view
Original collotype
Front view
Alternative view
Athletes, Boxing
Spinning disc
Mirrored animation detail
A Couple Waltzing
Spinning disc
Animation detail
Animation of original Muybridge sequence (1887)

Eadweard Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer known for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.

- Eadweard Muybridge

Eadweard Muybridge developed his Zoopraxiscope in 1879 and gave many lectures with the machine from 1880 to 1894.

- Movie projector
35 mm movie projector in operation

1 related topic


Black-and-white picture of a coloured zoopraxiscope disc, circa 1893 by Eadweard Muybridge and Erwin F. Faber


Black-and-white picture of a coloured zoopraxiscope disc, circa 1893 by Eadweard Muybridge and Erwin F. Faber
Black-and-white animation of a colored zoopraxiscope (without distortion, hence the elongated form)

The zoopraxiscope (initially named zoographiscope and zoogyroscope) is an early device for displaying moving images and is considered an important predecessor of the movie projector.

It was conceived by photographic pioneer Eadweard Muybridge in 1879 (and built for him by January 1880 to project his famous chronophotographic pictures in motion and thus prove that these were authentic).