Early Modern Englishwikipedia
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
EnglishEarly Modernearly modern EnglishJacobeanElizabethan Englisharchaic EnglishElizabethan periodShakespearean EnglishOlde English19th century British English

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift.

Middle English

Middle EnglishMiddleEnglish
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
Middle English was succeeded in England by the era of Early Modern English, which lasted until about 1650.

Modern English

modern EnglishEnglishModern
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
With some differences in vocabulary, texts from the early 17th century, such as the works of William Shakespeare and the King James Bible, are considered to be in Modern English, or more specifically, are referred to as using Early Modern English or Elizabethan English.

King James Version

King James BibleKing James VersionKJV
Modern readers of English can understand texts written in the late phase of the Early Modern English, such as the King James Bible and the works of William Shakespeare, and they have greatly influenced Modern English.
The title of the first edition of the translation, in Early Modern English, was "THE HOLY BIBLE, Conteyning the Old Teſtament, AND THE NEW: Newly Tranſlated out of the Originall tongues: & with the former Tranſlations diligently compared and reuiſed, by his Maiesties ſpeciall Comandement".

Middle Scots

Scotsmiddle Scots
Before and after the accession of James I to the English throne in 1603, the emerging English standard began to influence the spoken and written Middle Scots of Scotland.
Subsequently, the orthography of Middle Scots differed from that of the emerging Early Modern English standard.

Le Morte d'Arthur

Le Morte d'ArthurMorte d'ArthurWinchester Manuscript
Texts from the earlier phase of Middle English, such as the late-15th century Le Morte d'Arthur (1485) and the mid-16th century Gorboduc (1561), may present more difficulties but are still obviously closer to Modern English grammar, lexicon and phonology than are 14th-century Middle English texts, such as the works of Geoffrey Chaucer.
The Middle English of Le Morte d'Arthur is much closer to Early Modern English than the Middle English of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.

Ye olde

ye oldeYe Olde ShoppeOlde Englishe
"Ye olde" is a pseudo-Early Modern English stock prefix, used anachronistically, suggestive of a Merry England, Deep England or "old, as in Medieval old" feel.

Shakespeare's influence

Shakespearean dialoguereceptionadding two to three thousand words to the English language
The towering importance of William Shakespeare over the other Elizabethan authors was the result of his reception during the 17th and the 18th centuries, which directly contributes to the development of Standard English.
Early Modern English as a literary medium was unfixed in structure and vocabulary in comparison to Greek and Latin, and was in a constant state of flux.

Phonological history of English high front vowels

pin–pen mergerweak vowel mergerweak-vowel merger
The spellings that became established in Early Modern English are mostly still used today, although the qualities of the sounds have changed significantly.

H-dropping

h''-droppingh-droppingdropped
The instances of /h/ in coda position were lost during the Middle English and Early Modern English periods, although they are still reflected in the spelling of words such as taught (now pronounced like taut) and weight (now pronounced in most accents like wait).

Received Pronunciation

RPreceived pronunciationBBC English
It is clear that the r sound (the phoneme ) was probably always pronounced with following vowel sounds (more in the style of today's Northern English, Irish or Scottish accents and less like today's typical London or standard British accents).
RP is often believed to be based on the accents of southern England, but it actually has most in common with the Early Modern English dialects of the East Midlands.

History of English

history of Englishstandardization of English spellinghistory of the English language
Early Modern English – the language used by Shakespeare – is dated from around 1500.

Anglic languages

AnglicEnglishAnglic language
The Anglic languages (also called the English languages or Insular Germanic languages ) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it. These include Middle English, Early Modern English, and Modern English; Early Scots, Middle Scots, and Modern Scots; and the now extinct Yola and Fingallian in Ireland.

Thou

thoutheethe
Early Modern English had two second-person personal pronouns: thou, the informal singular pronoun, and ye, the plural (both formal and informal) pronoun and the formal singular pronoun.
This comes from a merging of Early Modern English second person singular ending -st and third person singular ending -s into -s (the latter a southern variation of -þ (-th)).

Old English

Old EnglishAnglo-SaxonSaxon
The Old English period is followed by Middle English (12th to 15th century), Early Modern English (c. 1480 to 1650) and finally Modern English (after 1650).

Phonological history of English diphthongs

coil–curl mergerline–loin mergerpane-pain merger
The earliest stage of Early Modern English had a contrast between the long mid monophthongs (as in pane and toe respectively) and the diphthongs (as in pain and tow respectively).

Phonological history of English high back vowels

foot–strut splitPfoot–strut splitfoot''–''strut'' split
The origin of the split is the unrounding of in Early Modern English, resulting in the phoneme.

William Tyndale

William TyndaleTyndaleTindal
"Thou and "ye" were both common in the early-16th century (they can be seen, for example, in the disputes over Tyndale's translation of the Bible in the 1520s and the 1530s) but by 1650,"thou" seems old-fashioned or literary. It has effectively completely disappeared from Modern Standard English but is still in use in some situations. In many churches in the United Kingdom and the United States, primarily those that use the King James Bible, "thou" is still used to address God in prayer and is felt to denote reverence. "Thou" also remains in regular use in particular regional English dialects, but its pronunciation is often reduced to "tha".
Tyndale was writing at the beginning of the Early Modern English period.

American English

EnglishAmericanEnglish-language
A number of words and meanings that originated in Middle English or Early Modern English and that have been in everyday use in the United States have since disappeared in most varieties of British English; some of these have cognates in Lowland Scots.

Unaccusative verb

unaccusative verbunaccusativeunergative
The rules for the auxiliaries for different verbs were similar to those that are still observed in German and French (see unaccusative verb).
The most well-known test is auxiliary selection in languages that use two different temporal auxiliaries (have and be) for analytic past/perfect verb forms (e.g. German, Dutch, French, Italian; even Early Modern English).

England

EnglishEnglandBritish
With the English Renaissance literature in the Early Modern English style appeared.

Hiberno-English

IrishIrelandIrish accent
It is clear that the r sound (the phoneme ) was probably always pronounced with following vowel sounds (more in the style of today's Northern English, Irish or Scottish accents and less like today's typical London or standard British accents).
This word appears in Shakespeare (though he wrote in Early Modern English rather than Middle English), but is seldom heard these days in British English, although pockets of usage persist in some areas (notably South Wales, Devon, and Cornwall).