Early modern period

early moderncolonial eraearly modern eraEarly Modern Ageearly modern historyearly modern timesearly-moderncolonialcolonial periodearly modern world
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.wikipedia
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Late Middle Ages

late medievallate medieval periodlate mediaeval
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle Ages and preceded the onset of the early modern period (and in much of Europe, the Renaissance).

Renaissance

the RenaissanceEarly RenaissanceEuropean Renaissance
1800) and is variously demarcated by historians as beginning with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Renaissance period in Europe, the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, and the Age of Discovery (especially the voyages of Christopher Columbus beginning in 1492 but also with Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India in 1498) and ending around the French Revolution in 1789.
The traditional view focuses more on the early modern aspects of the Renaissance and argues that it was a break from the past, but many historians today focus more on its medieval aspects and argue that it was an extension of the Middle Ages.

Proto-globalization

early modern globalizationglobalizing
Historians in recent decades have argued that from a worldwide standpoint, the most important feature of the early modern period was its globalizing character.
Proto-globalization or early modern globalization is a period of the history of globalization roughly spanning the years between 1600 and 1800, following the period of archaic globalization.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
The Early Modern Period, sometimes referred to as the "European Age and Era of the Islamic Gunpowders", from about 1500 to 1800, included the Age of Enlightenment and the Age of Exploration.

Post-classical history

post-classicalPostclassicPostclassical Era
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
The post-classical period is one of the five or six major periods world historians use: (1) early civilization; (2) classical societies; (3) post-classical; (4) early modern; (5) long nineteenth century; and (6) contemporary or modern era.

Gunpowder empires

Islamic gunpowder empiresgunpowder empireIslamic Gunpowders
In the Islamic world, the Ghurid dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, and the Ottoman, Suri, Safavid, and Mughal empires grew in strength (three of which are known as gunpowder empires for the military technology that enabled them).
The three empires were among the strongest and stablest economies of the early modern period, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture, while their political and legal institutions were consolidated with an increasing degree of centralisation.

Mercantilism

mercantilistmercantilemercantilists
The early modern period also included the rise of the dominance of the economic theory of mercantilism.
Mercantilism became the dominant school of economic thought in Europe throughout the late Renaissance and the early-modern period (from the 15th to the 18th centuries).

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
In the Islamic world, the Ghurid dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, and the Ottoman, Suri, Safavid, and Mughal empires grew in strength (three of which are known as gunpowder empires for the military technology that enabled them).
In the early modern period, an educated, urban-dwelling Turkish-speaker who was not a member of the military-administrative class would often refer to himself neither as an Osmanlı nor as a Türk, but rather as a Rūmī, or "Roman", meaning an inhabitant of the territory of the former Byzantine Empire in the Balkans and Anatolia.

Azuchi–Momoyama period

Azuchi-Momoyama periodMomoyama periodAzuchi–Momoyama
By the 16th century, Asian economies under the Ming dynasty and Mughal Bengal were stimulated by trade with the Portuguese, the Spanish, and the Dutch, while Japan engaged in the Nanban trade after the arrival of the first European Portuguese during the Azuchi–Momoyama period.
During this short period, Japanese society and culture underwent the transition from the Middle Ages to the early modern period.

Ethiopian Highlands

highlandsEthiopian PlateauEthiopian montane forests
In the Ethiopian Highlands, the Solomonic dynasty established itself in the 13th century.
In the southern parts of the Ethiopian Highlands once was located the Kingdom of Kaffa, a medieval early modern state, whence the coffee plant was exported to the Arabian Peninsula.

Renaissance music

RenaissancemusicRenaissance composer
European music of the period is generally divided between Renaissance and Baroque.
As in the other arts, the music of the period was significantly influenced by the developments which define the Early Modern period: the rise of humanistic thought; the recovery of the literary and artistic heritage of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; increased innovation and discovery; the growth of commercial enterprises; the rise of a bourgeois class; and the Protestant Reformation.

Scientific Revolution

scientificscientific revolutionsscience
His book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) began modern astronomy and sparked the Scientific Revolution.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.

Holy Roman Emperor

EmperorHoly Roman EmperorsImperial
In the early modern period, the Holy Roman Empire was a union of territories in Central Europe under a Holy Roman Emperor the first of which was Otto I.
The Holy Roman Emperor, officially the Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum), and also the German-Roman Emperor (Römisch-deutscher Kaiser), was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (considered by itself and by the Roman Catholic Church to be the successor of the Roman Empire) during the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
1500), known as the Middle Ages, through the beginning of the Age of Revolutions (c. However, "Renaissance" is properly used in relation to a diverse series of cultural developments that occurred over several hundred years in many different parts of Europe—especially central and northern Italy—and it spans the transition from late medieval civilization to the opening of the early modern period.
Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Ruled by King Osman Mahamuud during its golden age, it controlled much of northern and central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
In the early modern period, successor states to the Adal Sultanate and Ajuran Sultanate began to flourish in Somalia.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Many major events caused Europe to change around the start of the 16th century, starting with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the fall of Muslim Spain and the discovery of the Americas in 1492, and Martin Luther's Protestant Reformation in 1517.
The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic to European colonization during the Early Modern period.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
Some early modern European titles (especially in German states) included elector (German: Kurfürst, Prince-Elector, literally "electing prince"), margrave (German: Markgraf, equivalent to the French title marquis, literally "count of the borderland"), and burgrave (German: Burggraf, literally "count of the castle").

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
However, "Renaissance" is properly used in relation to a diverse series of cultural developments that occurred over several hundred years in many different parts of Europe—especially central and northern Italy—and it spans the transition from late medieval civilization to the opening of the early modern period.
The Italian Renaissance marked the transition from the medieval period to the modern age as Europe recovered, economically and culturally, from the crises of the Late Middle Ages and entered the Early Modern Period.

Flanders

FlemishVlaanderenFlemings
Tales of atrocities committed during his military operations in Flanders became part of Dutch and English folklore, forming a central component of the Spanish Black Legend.
In the Early modern period, the term Flanders was associated with the southern part of the Low Countries: the Southern Netherlands.

Witch-hunt

witch huntwitch trialwitch trials
Secular courts could still try non-Christians for blasphemy (most of the witch trials went through secular courts).
The classical period of witch-hunts in Early Modern Europe and Colonial North America took place in the Early Modern period or about 1450 to 1750, spanning the upheavals of the Reformation and the Thirty Years' War, resulting in an estimated 35,000 to 100,000 executions, with the most recent estimate at 40,000.

Witchcraft

witchwitchessorcery
The Inquisition prosecuted individuals accused of a wide array of crimes related to heresy, including sorcery, blasphemy, Judaizing and witchcraft, as well for censorship of printed literature.
Historically, the predominant concept of witchcraft in the Western world derives from Old Testament laws against witchcraft, and entered the mainstream when belief in witchcraft gained Church approval in the Early Modern Period.

Christendom

Christian worldChristian EuropeChristian
The siege of Belgrade has been characterized as having "decided the fate of Christendom". The Protestant Reformation and rise of modernity in the early 16th century entailed the start of a series of changes in the Corpus Christianum.
In its historical sense, the term usually refers to the Middle Ages and to the Early Modern period during which the Christian world represented a geopolitical power that was juxtaposed with both the pagan and especially the Muslim world.

Modernity

modernmodern societymodern life
The Protestant Reformation and rise of modernity in the early 16th century entailed the start of a series of changes in the Corpus Christianum.
In historiography, the 17th and 18th centuries are usually described as early modern, while the long 19th century corresponds to "modern history" proper.

Old World

OldAfro-Eurasianancient
The rise of sustained contacts between previously isolated parts of the globe, in particular the Columbian Exchange that linked the Old World and the New World, greatly altered the human environment.
This definition remained influential throughout the Middle Ages (see T and O map) and the Early Modern period.

Printing

Printprintedprinter
Johannes Gutenberg is credited as the first European to use movable type printing, around 1439, and as the global inventor of the mechanical printing press.
In the Muslim world, printing, especially in Arabic scripts, was strongly opposed throughout the early modern period, though sometimes printing in Hebrew or Armenian script was permitted.