East African Highland bananas

matokematookeibitokefrom the East African Highlands
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.wikipedia
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Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region. Matoke locally also known as matooke, amatooke, ekitookye in south western Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda and ikitoke in Rwanda, is a starchy variety of banana.
The cooking bananas of East Africa belong to a different group, the East African Highland bananas, so would not qualify as "true" plantains on this definition.

Rwanda

🇷🇼RwandanRepublic of Rwanda
Matoke locally also known as matooke, amatooke, ekitookye in south western Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda and ikitoke in Rwanda, is a starchy variety of banana.
Subsistence crops grown in the country include matoke (green bananas), which occupy more than a third of the country's farmland, potatoes, beans, sweet potatoes, cassava, wheat and maize.

List of banana cultivars

AAAAAAAB
East African Highland bananas are triploid (AAA) cultivars.
East African Highland bananas (AAA-EA subgroup)

Blood banana

M acuminata'' ssp. ''zebrinaMusa acuminata'' subsp. ''zebrina
Their paternal parent is the blood banana subspecies (M. acuminata ssp.
Introduced eastward to Africa, they became the ancestors for the genetically distinct and commercially important East African Highland bananas (Mutika/Lujugira subgroup of the AAA group).

Katogo (food)

Katogo
Matoke are also used to make a popular breakfast dish called Katogo in Uganda.
It is served in most regions of Uganda and is defined as a mixture of ingredients.The main ingredients of the dish are matooke and a sauce (beef, offal, beans)

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
zebrina) of the wild banana species Musa acuminata.
Commonly known as blood bananas. Native to Java. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for the dark red patches of color on their predominantly dark green leaves. They have very slender pseudostems with fruits containing seeds like that of grapes. It is one of the earliest bananas spread eastwards to the Pacific and westward towards Africa where it became the paternal parent of the East African Highland bananas (the Mutika/Lujugira subgroup of the AAA group). In Hawaii it is known as the Mai'a 'Oa', and is of cultural and folk medicinal significance as the only seeded bananas to be introduced to the islands before European contact.

Cooking banana

plantainplantainscooking plantain
Cooking plantain
Africa is considered a second centre of diversity for Musa cultivars: West Africa for some plantains and the central highlands for East African Highland bananas (Musa AAA-EAHB; known as matoke in Uganda), most of which are cooked, although some are primarily used to make beer.

Banana beer

urwagwabananabananas
The Mbidde clone set contains 14 cultivars. Mbidde means 'beer', and clones belonging to this clone set are usually used for making banana beer. Their pulp is bitter and astringent with sticky brown excretions.
Banana beer is made from ripe (but not over-ripe) East African Highland bananas (Musa acuminata Colla (AAA-EA), Mbidde clone set).

Ugandan cuisine

Uganda
Cuisine of Uganda
The starch traditionally comes from posho (maize meal) or matooke (steamed and mashed green banana) in the South, or an ugali-like dish made from millet in the North.

Rwandan cuisine

Cuisine of Rwanda
Matoke is a dish made from baked or steamed plantains.

List of African dishes

pap en wors
List of African dishes

Polyploidy

tetraploidpolyploidtriploid
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.

African Great Lakes

Great LakesGreat Lakes regionGreat Lakes region of Africa
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.

Crop

cropsfood cropfood crops
They are a staple food crop in Uganda, Tanzania and other Great Lakes countries, and are used to make matoke.

Uganda

🇺🇬UgandanUGA
Matoke locally also known as matooke, amatooke, ekitookye in south western Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda and ikitoke in Rwanda, is a starchy variety of banana. Matoke are also used to make a popular breakfast dish called Katogo in Uganda. They are a staple food crop in Uganda, Tanzania and other Great Lakes countries, and are used to make matoke. The medium-sized green fruits, which are of a specific group of banana, the East African Highland bananas (Musa AAA-EA), are known in the Bantu languages of Uganda as matoke.

Buganda

Kingdom of BugandaBagandaBuganda Region
The Buganda tribe of Uganda do however pride themselves in making the best matoke dishes.

Bantu languages

BantuBantu languageBantu-speaking
The medium-sized green fruits, which are of a specific group of banana, the East African Highland bananas (Musa AAA-EA), are known in the Bantu languages of Uganda as matoke.

Lake Victoria

VictoriaLake NalubaaleVictoria Nyanza
Cooking bananas have long been and still are a common staple crop around the Lake Victoria area of Uganda, and in the West and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
East African Highland bananas are easily distinguishable from other banana cultivars by the numerous black (or more rarely brown or bronze) blotches on their pseudostems, giving them the appearance of polished metal.

Inflorescence

cymeinflorescencescymes
The inflorescence has peduncles covered with coarse hair.

Peduncle (botany)

pedunclepedunclesstalk
The inflorescence has peduncles covered with coarse hair.

Bract

phyllariesspathebracts
The bracts are ovate to lanceolate in shape with outer surfaces that are purple to brown and inner surfaces which are red fading to yellow towards the base.

Tepal

tepalsperigoneperianth
The male flowers have cream colored tepals with yellow lobes.

Stamen

antheranthersstamens
The anthers are pink, while the stigmata are orange.