East European Plain

Approximate extent of the East European Plain.

Vast interior plain extending east of the North European Plain, and comprising several plateaus stretching roughly from 25 degrees longitude eastward.

- East European Plain
Approximate extent of the East European Plain.

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Typical view of the Central Russian Upland (Belgorod Oblast)

Central Russian Upland

Typical view of the Central Russian Upland (Belgorod Oblast)
The Upland's position in the European map

The Central Russian Upland (also Central Upland and East European Upland) is an upland area of the East European Plain and is an undulating plateau with an average elevation of 230 –.

The location of the Black Sea

Black Sea

The location of the Black Sea
The estuary of the Veleka in the Black Sea. Longshore drift has deposited sediment along the shoreline which has led to the formation of a spit. Sinemorets, Bulgaria
Black Sea coast of western Georgia, with the skyline of Batumi on the horizon
Swallow's Nest in Crimea
Coastline of Samsun in Turkey
A sanatorium in Sochi, Russia
Coast of the Black Sea at Ordu
Kapchik Cape in Crimea
The Black Sea near Constanța, Romania
Ice on the Gulf of Odessa
The bay of Sudak, Crimea
The Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, crosses the Bosporus strait near its entrance to the Black Sea. Connecting Europe and Asia, it is one of the tallest suspension bridges in the world.
This SeaWiFS view reveals the colorful interplay of currents on the sea's surface.
Black Sea coast in Ordu, Turkey
The port of Poti, Georgia
Phytoplankton blooms and plumes of sediment form the bright blue swirls that ring the Black Sea in this 2004 image.
The Bosporus, taken from the International Space Station
Map of the Dardanelles
A 16th-century map of the Black Sea by Diogo Homem
Greek colonies (8th–3rd century BCE) of the Black Sea (Euxine, or "hospitable" sea)
Ivan Aivazovsky. Black Sea Fleet in the Bay of Theodosia, just before the Crimean War
Yalta, Crimea
Amasra, Turkey, is located on a small island in the Black Sea.
Black Sea beach in Zatoka, Ukraine
Soviet frigate Bezzavetny (right) bumping the USS Yorktown during the 1988 Black Sea bumping incident
Ukrainian Navy artillery boat U170 in the Bay of Sevastopol
Jellyfish
Actinia
Actinia
Goby
Stingray
Goat fish
Hermit crab, Diogenes pugilator
Blue sponge
Spiny dogfish
Seahorse
Black Sea common dolphins with a kite-surfer off Sochi

The Black Sea is a marginal mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean lying between Europe and Asia, east of the Balkans, south of the East European Plain, west of the Caucasus, and north of Anatolia.

North European Plain coloured in green.

North European Plain

Geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), along with small parts of northern France and the Czech Republic.

Geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), along with small parts of northern France and the Czech Republic.

North European Plain coloured in green.
Topography of Europe.

The North European Plain is connected to the East European Plain, together forming the majority of the Great European Plain (European Plain).

Polesia

Natural and historical region that starts from the farthest edge of Central Europe and encompasses Eastern Europe, including Eastern Poland, the Belarus–Ukraine border region and Southwestern Russia.

Natural and historical region that starts from the farthest edge of Central Europe and encompasses Eastern Europe, including Eastern Poland, the Belarus–Ukraine border region and Southwestern Russia.

Polesie in 1613 (detail of Radziwiłł map)
Polesie in May 1920

One of the largest forest areas on the continent, Polesia is located in the southwestern part of the Eastern-European Lowland, the Polesian Lowland.

Approximate extent of the East European Plain.

Volga Upland

Approximate extent of the East European Plain.

The Volga Upland, also known as the Volga Uplands, Volga Hills, or Volga Plateau, (Russian: Приволжская возвышенность - Privolzhskaya vozvyshennost) is a vast region of the East European Plain in the European part of Russia that lies west of the Volga River and east of the Central Russian Upland.

Montane plains as seen in Horton Plains in Sri Lanka.

Plain

Flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation, and is primarily treeless.

Flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation, and is primarily treeless.

Montane plains as seen in Horton Plains in Sri Lanka.
A small, incised alluvial plain from Red Rock Canyon State Park (California).
A flood plain in the Isle of Wight.
The Kakanui Range dominates the eastern horizon of the Maniototo Plain
Curry County, eastern New Mexico, on the North American Great Plains
The Llanos, an area of land with relatively high relief in Venezuela
Nineveh Plains (Bozan, Iraq)
A field plain in Liminka, Finland
View of Fields at Biccavolu, Eastern coastal plains, Andhra Pradesh, India
Yilan Plain, Taiwan
View of the South Småland peneplain at Store Mosse National Park in Sweden.
North Somerset Levels taken from Dolebury Warren, England, UK
Terrain near the central German town of Fulda.
The Wallachian Plain, in the southern part of Argeș County.
View of Messara from the hill of Phaestus, Greece.
Cumberland Plain bushland in Western Sydney, Australia.
Looking southeast across the Taieri Plain, Otago, New Zealand.

East European Plain

Vistula

"Visla" redirects here.

"Visla" redirects here.

Widespread flooding along the Vistula River in south-eastern Poland
Vistula valley east (upstream) of Toruń
Death of Princess Wanda, by Maximilian Piotrowski, 1859
A Vistulan stronghold in Wiślica once stood here.
The 11th century Benedictine Abbey in Tyniec overlooks the Vistula.
Vistula river near the Duke of Masovia Castle in Czersk
Vistula river in Warsaw near the end of the 16th century. The right side shows the Sigismund Augustus bridge built 1568–1573 by Erazm Cziotko (c. 500 m long).
Vistula river (Vistvla fluvivs) in Toruń in 1641
Jewish Feast of trumpets (Święto trąbek) at the banks of the Vistula, Aleksander Gierymski, 1884
Kierbedź Bridge over the Vistula in Warsaw (c. 1900). This framework bridge was constructed by Stanisław Kierbedź in 1850–1864. It was destroyed by the Germans in 1944.
Vistula River in spa town Wisła (1939) just before the World War II
Biała Wisełka
Lake Morskie Oko, White Dunajec Springs
Vistula flooding south of Warsaw, 2004
"Vistula Shore" painted by Bogdan Cierpisz in 1898, oil on canvas

Three principal geographical and geological land masses of the continent meet in its river basin: the Eastern European Plain, Western Europe, and the Alpine zone to which the Alps and the Carpathians belong.

Freight yard in Michurinsk, agricultural center in Tambov Region

Oka–Don Lowland

Flat plain in European Russia, bounded on the north by the Oka River (and the Meshchera Lowlands), on the south by the Don River, on the west by the Central Russian Upland, and on the east by the Volga Upland.

Flat plain in European Russia, bounded on the north by the Oka River (and the Meshchera Lowlands), on the south by the Don River, on the west by the Central Russian Upland, and on the east by the Volga Upland.

Freight yard in Michurinsk, agricultural center in Tambov Region

The area is part of the larger East European Plain.

Moldova

Landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

Landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

Kievan-rus-1015-1113-(en)
The Principality of Moldavia and the modern boundaries of Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania
Territorial changes of Moldavia following the Treaty of Bucharest 1812.
A map of Greater Romania between 1920 and 1940.
Monument to the villagers who died in World War II, the village Cojușna, Strășeni District.
Bessarabia Germans evacuating after the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia in 1940.
Bălți in Soviet Moldavia in 1985
Deputy Gheorghe Ghimpu replaces the Soviet flag on the Parliament with the Romanian flag on 27 April 1990.
Protests outside the Parliament building in 2009
The Moldovan Parliament
Presidential Palace, Chișinău
Ministry of Internal Affairs of Moldova, Chișinău
Accession to the EU is a central issue in Moldovan politics
President of Georgia Salome Zourabichvili, President of Moldova Maia Sandu, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the 2021 Batumi International Conference. In 2014, the EU signed Association Agreements with all the three states.
A soldier of the Moldovan Army at the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany
Scenery in Moldova, with Dniester River
Beach on the shore of Dniester River near Vadul lui Vodă
Cave churches at Old Orhei, part of the only national park in the country
Toltrele Prutului near Fetești, Edineț District
Noted for its vivid portrayal of the lower Dniester river, Henryk Sienkiewicz's novel With Fire and Sword opens with a description of saigas as a way to highlight the story's exotic setting. Saigas are a critically endangered species that is now extinct in Moldova.
A proportional representation of Moldova exports, 2019
Moldova GDP by sector
Real GPD per capita development of Moldova, 1973 to 2018
MallDova shopping centre in Chișinău
Mileștii Mici is home to the world's biggest wine cellars.
Chișinău International Airport.
Ethnic map of the Republic of Moldova (2014)
The National Library of Moldova
Moldovans wearing national costumes in Chișinău
Popular Moldovan dishes accompanied by sauerkraut and mămăligă.
Zdob și Zdub performing at the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest.
Moldova national football team in 2015
Moldavian Orthodox church in Condrița.

Phytogeographically, Moldova is split between the East European Plain and the Pontic–Caspian steppe of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom.

The European Plain marked in grey

European Plain

Plain in Europe and is a major feature of one of four major topographical units of Europe - the Central and Interior Lowlands.

Plain in Europe and is a major feature of one of four major topographical units of Europe - the Central and Interior Lowlands.

The European Plain marked in grey
Topography of Europe
Biomes of the Western Palearctic realm

The Great European Plain is divided into the North European Plain (Central/Middle European Plain) and the East European Plain.