2018 United Nations OCHA map of the area, showing Israeli occupation arrangements
CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.
East Jerusalem zoning
Monument to Israeli Arab casualties in October 2000 riots, Nazareth
Map of East Jerusalem. The Arab areas are coloured green, while the Jewish areas are blue.
The Merneptah Stele (13th century BCE). The majority of biblical archeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as "Israel," the first instance of the name in the record.
Residential neighborhood in Ramallah.
William McLean's 1918 plan was the first urban planning scheme for Jerusalem. It laid the foundations for what became West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem.
Dolphinarium Massacre memorial at the Tel Aviv Dolphinarium site with the names of the victims written in Russian
Old Roman era gate beneath the Damascus Gate (Bab al-'Amud) in Jerusalem
The Large Stone Structure, an archaeological site in Jerusalem
Military equipment confiscated from Karine A
1961 Jordan Tourism Map of Jerusalem
IDF Caterpillar D9
King Hussein flying over the Temple Mount while it was under Jordanian control, 1965
Map of Israel and Judah in the 9th century BCE
The aftermath of a bus bombing in Haifa in 2003
Aerial view of the ancient Jewish cemetery on Mount of Olives
Portion of the Temple Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, written during the Second Temple period
Early Israeli construction of West Bank barrier, 2003
2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli occupation arrangements.
Kfar Bar'am, an ancient Jewish village, abandoned some time between the 7th–13th centuries CE.
Israeli forces uncover a smuggling tunnel in Gaza, May 2004
Israeli West Bank barrier in Jerusalem
The 13th-century Ramban Synagogue in Jerusalem
Rocket and mortar shells from Gaza into Israel, February 2009
Jerusalem municipal area, under Israel in 2000
Jews at the Western Wall in the 1870s
IDF Caterpillar D9 armoured bulldozer. Military experts cited the D9 as a key factor in keeping IDF casualties low.
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing areas they consider settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, walls, etc.
The First Zionist Congress (1897) in Basel, Switzerland
The Israeli Air Force (IAF) AH-64 Apache were used as platform for shooting guided missiles at Palestinian targets and employed at the targeted killings policy against senior militants and terrorists leaders.
East Jerusalem, with Israeli West Bank barrier in the background
UN Map, "Palestine plan of partition with economic union"
The iconic picture of Faris Odeh, who was killed in early November 2000, throwing a stone at an Israel Defense Forces tank in the Gaza Strip.
Dome of the Rock in the Old City
Territory held by Israel: The Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt in 1982.
UN map showing a series of Israeli "Inner Settlements" – each represented as red crosses – with clusters in the Old City, to the south adjacent to the City of David (shown as "Beit Hazofe" (בית הצופה, "Observation House")) and Ma'ale HaZeitim, and to the north around Shimon HaTzadik.
Israel's 1980 law declared that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel."
The new building is Schmidt's Girls College.
Shimon Peres (left) with Yitzhak Rabin (center) and King Hussein of Jordan (right), prior to signing the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994.
The site of the 2001 Tel Aviv Dolphinarium discotheque massacre, in which 21 Israelis were killed.
Köppen climate classification map of Israel and the Golan Heights
Population pyramid of Israel
Immigration to Israel in the years 1948–2015. The two peaks were in 1949 and 1990.
Road sign in Hebrew, Arabic, and English
The Dome of the Rock and the Western Wall, Jerusalem.
Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center at Bar-Ilan University
Mount Scopus Campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
The Knesset chamber, home to the Israeli parliament
Political system of state of Israel
Supreme Court of Israel, Givat Ram, Jerusalem
Map of Israel showing the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights
Israeli West Bank barrier separating Israel and the West Bank
Area C of the West Bank, controlled by Israel under Oslo Accords, in blue and red, in December 2011
Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat at the signing ceremony of the Oslo Accords with then US President Bill Clinton
Squad commanders exercise at Eliakim training base in 2012
Iron Dome is the world's first operational anti-artillery rocket defense system.
Change in per capita GDP of Israel since 1950. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
The Diamond Exchange District in Ramat Gan
Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. Its building is optimized for computer trading, with systems located in an underground bunker to keep the exchange active during emergencies.
Matam high-tech park in Haifa
The world's largest solar parabolic dish at the Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center.
Ben Gurion International Airport
Ein Bokek resort on the shore of the Dead Sea
Shmuel Yosef Agnon, laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Zubin Mehta
Shrine of the Book, repository of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Jerusalem
A meal including falafel, hummus, French fries and Israeli salad
Teddy Stadium of Jerusalem
Boris Gelfand, chess Grandmaster

East Jerusalem (القدس الشرقية, al-Quds ash-Sharqiya; מִזְרַח יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, Mizraḥ Yerushalayim) is the sector of Jerusalem that was held by Jordan during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, as opposed to the western sector of the city, West Jerusalem, which was held by Israel.

- East Jerusalem

Israel has effectively annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, though these actions have been rejected as illegal by the international community, and established settlements within the occupied territories, which are also considered illegal under international law.

- Israel

While Peres had limited settlement construction at the request of US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, Netanyahu continued construction within existing Israeli settlements and put forward plans for the construction of a new neighbourhood, Har Homa, in East Jerusalem.

- Second Intifada

With the stated purpose of preventing infiltration during the Second Intifada, Israel decided to surround Jerusalem's eastern perimeter with a security barrier.

- East Jerusalem

After a controversial visit by Likud leader Ariel Sharon to the Temple Mount, the Second Intifada began.

- Israel

Palestinian tactics focused on Israeli civilians, soldiers, police and other security forces, and methods of attack included suicide bombings, launching rockets and mortars into Israel, kidnapping of both soldiers and civilians, including children, shootings, assassination, stabbings, stonings, and lynchings.

- Second Intifada
2018 United Nations OCHA map of the area, showing Israeli occupation arrangements

14 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Yasser Arafat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, in December 1994

Yasser Arafat

9 links

Palestinian political leader.

Palestinian political leader.

Yasser Arafat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, in December 1994
Arafat with Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine leader, Nayef Hawatmeh and Palestinian writer Kamal Nasser at press conference in Amman, 1970
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser (center) mediating an agreement between Arafat and Jordanian King Hussein to end to the Black September conflict, during the emergency Arab League summit, September 1970
Yasser Arafat visits East Germany in 1971; background: Brandenburg Gate
Yasser Arafat with Bhim Singh, founder of Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party, in the 1970s.
Arafat in a Palestinian refugee camp in Southern Lebanon, 1978
Arafat with Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish (center) and PFLP leader George Habash (right) in Syria, 1980
Arafat with Iranian Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan, days after Iranian Revolution
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Arafat during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993
Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat receiving the Nobel Peace Prize following the Oslo Accords
Arafat with PNA cabinet members Yasser Abed Rabbo (left) and Nabil Shaath (right) at a meeting in Copenhagen, 1999
Arafat with Ehud Barak and Bill Clinton at Camp David Summit, 2000
Arafat's "temporary" tomb in Ramallah, 2004
Honour guard at attention over Yasser Arafat's tombstone in mausoleum, opened 10 November 2007 at the PNA presidential headquarters in Ramallah
Arafat mausoleum

Opposed to the 1948 creation of the State of Israel, he fought alongside the Muslim Brotherhood during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

It called for a Palestinian national authority over every part of "liberated" Palestinian territory, which refers to areas captured by Arab forces in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War (present-day West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza Strip).

After the September 2000 outbreak of the Second Intifada, negotiations continued at the Taba summit in January 2001; this time, Ehud Barak pulled out of the talks to campaign in the Israeli elections.

Palestinian National Authority

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Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993.
CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.
The Palestinian legislative election in 2006, Hamas (green) and Fatah (yellow)
Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), President of the Palestinian Authority since 2005 (disputed since 2009).

The Palestinian Authority was formed in 1994, pursuant to the Gaza–Jericho Agreement between the PLO and the government of Israel, and was intended to be a five-year interim body.

East Jerusalem was excluded from the Accords.

Negotiations with several Israeli governments had resulted in the Authority gaining further control of some areas, but control was then lost in some areas when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) retook several strategic positions during the Second ("Al-Aqsa") Intifada.

Central Israel and Area C (blue), the part of the West Bank under full Israeli control, 2011
(For a more up-to-date, interactive map, see here).

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

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One of the world's most enduring conflicts, beginning in the mid-20th century.

One of the world's most enduring conflicts, beginning in the mid-20th century.

Central Israel and Area C (blue), the part of the West Bank under full Israeli control, 2011
(For a more up-to-date, interactive map, see here).
The Palestinian Arab Christian-owned Falastin newspaper featuring a caricature on its 18 June 1936 edition showing Zionism as a crocodile under the protection of a British officer telling Palestinian Arabs: "don't be afraid!!! I will swallow you peacefully...".
The Arab revolt of 1936–1939 in Palestine, motivated by opposition to mass Jewish immigration.
Land in the lighter shade represents territory within the borders of Israel at the conclusion of the 1948 war. This land is internationally recognized as belonging to Israel.
A peace movement poster: Israeli and Palestinian flags and the words peace in Arabic and Hebrew.
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993.
Israeli settlers in Hebron, West Bank
A fatally wounded Israeli school boy, 2011
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing what the CIA regards as settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, and walls
Palestinian refugees, 1948
Home in Balata refugee camp demolished during the second Intifada, 2002
Remains of an Egged bus hit by suicide bomber in the aftermath of the 2011 southern Israel cross-border attacks. Eight people were killed, about 40 were injured.
An Israeli child wounded by a Hamas Grad rocket fired on the city of Beer Sheva is taken to a hospital
Area C, controlled by Israel under Oslo Accords, in blue and red, in December 2011
Protest against land confiscation held at Bil'in, 2011
A neighbourhood in Ariel, home to the Ariel University
Israel's attack on Gaza in 2009
The barrier between Israel and Palestine and an example of one of the Israeli-controlled checkpoints
Bank of Palestine
Bar chart showing Israeli and Palestinian deaths from September 2000 to July 2014

Following several years of unsuccessful negotiations, the conflict re-erupted as the Second Intifada in September 2000.

Occupied Palestinian Territory is the term used by the United Nations to refer to the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip—territories which were captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, having formerly been controlled by Egypt and Jordan.

When Israel became a state after the war in 1948, 77% of Palestine's land was used for the creation on the state.

Bill Clinton, Yitzhak Rabin, Yasser Arafat at the White House in 1993

Oslo Accords

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Bill Clinton, Yitzhak Rabin, Yasser Arafat at the White House in 1993
Area C, controlled by Israel under Oslo Accords, in blue and red, in December 2011

The Oslo Accords are a pair of agreements between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo II Accord, signed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995.

A number of agreements were reached, until the Oslo process ended after the failure of the Camp David Summit in 2000 and the outbreak of the Second Intifada.

While Peres had limited settlement construction at the request of US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, Netanyahu continued construction within existing Israeli settlements, and put forward plans for the construction of a new neighborhood, Har Homa, in East Jerusalem.

City of Bethlehem, West Bank

West Bank

7 links

Landlocked territory near the coast of the Mediterranean in Western Asia.

Landlocked territory near the coast of the Mediterranean in Western Asia.

City of Bethlehem, West Bank
The Cave of the Patriarchs is one of the most famous holy sites in the region.
King Hussein flying over the Temple Mount in Jerusalem when it was under Jordanian control, 1965
City of Jericho, West Bank
U.S. President George Bush and Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, 2008
View of the Judaean Mountains from Ramallah
Map of West Bank settlements and closures in January 2006: Yellow = Palestinian urban centers. Light pink = closed military areas or settlement boundary areas or areas isolated by the Israeli West Bank barrier; dark pink = settlements, outposts or military bases. The black line = route of the Barrier
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing areas considered settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, walls, etc.
250px
West Bank barrier (Separating Wall)
Qalandiya Checkpoint between Ramallah and Jerusalem
Northern Governorates
Palestinian girl in Nablus
Jewish children in Tal Menashe.
Settlement of Ariel
Residential neighborhood of Ramallah
Road in the West Bank
Checkpoint before entering Jericho, 2005

It is bordered by Jordan and the Dead Sea to the east and by Israel (see Green Line) to the south, west, and north.

The West Bank's borders also include the lands that comprise East Jerusalem.

Transfer of the East Jerusalem Palestinian population (a 2002 poll at the height of the Al-Aqsa intifada found 46% of Israelis favoring Palestinian transfer of Jerusalem residents).

Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem

Palestine Liberation Organization

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Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية, Munaẓẓamat at-Taḥrīr al-Filasṭīniyyah) is a Palestinian nationalist political and militant organization founded in 1964 with the initial purpose of establishing Arab unity and statehood over the territory of former Mandatory Palestine, in opposition to the State of Israel.

However, despite its participation in the Oslo Accords, the PLO continued to employ tactics of violence in the following years, particularly during the Second Intifada of 2000–2005.

In 1988, however, the PLO officially endorsed a two-state solution, contingent on terms such as making East Jerusalem capital of the Palestinian state and giving Palestinians the right of return to land occupied by Palestinians prior to 1948, as well as the right to continue armed struggle until the end of "The Zionist Entity."

A depiction of Syria and Palestine from CE 650 to 1500

Palestinians

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Ethnonational group descending from peoples who have inhabited the region of Palestine over the millennia, and who are today culturally and linguistically Arab.

Ethnonational group descending from peoples who have inhabited the region of Palestine over the millennia, and who are today culturally and linguistically Arab.

A depiction of Syria and Palestine from CE 650 to 1500
Palestinian mother and child
A loom at work making a traditional Palestinian keffiyeh in Hebron, Palestine. The keffiyeh is a traditional headdress with origins in Arabia
A veiled Arab woman in Bersheeba, Palestine c.1940
Tawfiq Canaan (1882–1964) was a pioneering Palestinian ethnographer and Palestinian nationalist. Deeply interested in Palestinian folklore (principally Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Nabatean, Syrio-Aramaic and Arab), Canaan wrote several books and more than 50 articles on the matter
Depiction of Palestine in the time of Saul c. 1020 BC according to George Adam Smith's 1915 Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land
Palestinian children in Hebron
Edward Said and Daniel Barenboim in Sevilla, 2002
Saladin's Falcon, the coat of arms and emblem of the Palestinian Authority
Khalil Beidas's 1898 use of the word "Palestinians" in the preface to his translation of Akim Olesnitsky's [[:File:Olesnitsky A. The Holy Land. Vol. 1 (Russian).djvu|A Description of the Holy Land]]
A 1930 protest in Jerusalem against the British Mandate by Palestinian women. The sign reads "No dialogue, no negotiations until termination [of the Mandate]"
UN stamp to commemorate the Palestinian struggle
Musa Alami (1897-1984) was a Palestinian nationalist and politician and was viewed in the 1940s as the leader of the Palestinians
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, leader of the Army of the Holy War in 1948
Yasser Arafat, Nayef Hawatmeh and Kamal Nasser in a Jordan press conference in Amman, 1970
Protest for Palestine in Tunisia
Palestinian refugees in 1948
Palestinian girls in Nablus
Christians from Gaza
Palestinian Druze family making bread 1920
Areen Omari, a Palestinian actress and producer, attends a motion picture ceremony
Palestinian market at Jaffa, 1877 painting
The Umm al-Fahm Art Gallery
Palestinian novelist and non-fiction writer Susan Abulhawa
Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet
Palestinian-American writer Naomi Shihab Nye
Samah Sabawi is a Palestinian dramatist, writer and journalist.
Kamanjeh performer in Jerusalem, 1859
American radio personality and record producer DJ Khaled, of Palestinian descent
Palestinians attending prayers at the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the holiest site in Christianity
Palestinian Christian Scouts on Christmas Eve in front of the Nativity Church in Bethlehem, 2006
Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron
Jews in 'Ben Zakai' house of prayer, Jerusalem, 1893.
Tomb of Jethro in Hittin, Northern Israel.
Muslims pray in Jerusalem, 1840. By David Roberts, in The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, and Nubia
A Palestinian Christian family in Ramallah, Ottoman Palestine, 1905
Married Eastern Orthodox priest from Jerusalem with his family (three generations), circa 1893
Palestinian students and John Kerry
Palestinian students
Palestinian students
Musakhan: The Palestinian National dish.
A plate of hummus, garnished with paprika and olive oil and pine nuts
A Palestinian youth serving Falafel in Ramallah.
Kanafeh: a Palestinian dessert.
The Alhamra Cinema, Jaffa, 1937, bombed December 1947
Villagers in Halhul at an open-air cinema screening c. 1940
A woman from Bethlehem, c. 1940s.
Young woman of Ramallah wearing dowry headdress, c. 1898–1914
Ramallah woman, c. 1920, Library of Congress
A Traditional Women's Dress in Ramallah, c. 1920.
Girls in Bethlehem costume pre-1885.
Palestinian Dabke folk dance being performed by men
Palestinian women dancing traditionally, Bethlehem c. 1936
Marco Zaror is a Chilean martial artist of Palestinian descent.
Nicolás Massú is a Chilean tennis player of Palestinian descent.
Roberto Bishara Adawi is a footballer of Palestinian descent.

Despite various wars and exoduses, roughly one half of the world's Palestinian population continues to reside in the territory of former British Palestine, now encompassing the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (the Palestinian territories) as well as Israel.

In this combined area,, Palestinians constituted 49 percent of all inhabitants, encompassing the entire population of the Gaza Strip (1.865 million), the majority of the population of the West Bank (approximately 2,785,000 versus some 600,000 Israeli settlers, which includes about 200,000 in East Jerusalem), and almost 21 percent of the population of Israel proper as part of its Arab citizens.

The expiration of this term without the recognition by Israel of the Palestinian State and without the effective termination of the occupation was followed by the Second Intifada in 2000.

Abbas in 2021

Mahmoud Abbas

5 links

President of the State of Palestine and the Palestinian National Authority.

President of the State of Palestine and the Palestinian National Authority.

Abbas in 2021
Abbas with President of the United States George W. Bush and Prime Minister of Israel Ariel Sharon at the Red Sea Summit in Aqaba, Jordan, 4 June 2003
Abbas with Ariel Sharon and George W. Bush in Aqaba, Jordan, 4 June 2003
Abbas with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, 18 January 2011
Abbas with U.S. President Donald Trump in Washington, D.C., 3 May 2017
Abbas with President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden in the Oval Office
Abbas meets with then United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and then Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
Abbas meets with then US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Abbas, Vladimir Putin, and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan opened Moscow's Cathedral Mosque, 23 September 2015.

Mahmoud Abbas was born on 15 November 1935 in Safed, in the Galilee region of Mandatory Palestine (now Israel).

On 14 December, Abbas called for an end to violence in the Second Intifada and a return to peaceful resistance.

On 15 January 2006, Abbas declared that, despite unrest in Gaza, he would not change the election date, unless Israel were to prevent Palestinians in East Jerusalem from voting.

Netanyahu in 2019

Benjamin Netanyahu

5 links

Israeli politician who served as the ninth prime minister of Israel from 1996 to 1999 and from 2009 to 2021.

Israeli politician who served as the ninth prime minister of Israel from 1996 to 1999 and from 2009 to 2021.

Netanyahu in 2019
Netanyahu studied at MIT between 1972 and 1976, earning SB and SM degrees.
Netanyahu (right) with Sorin Hershko, a soldier wounded and permanently paralyzed in Operation Entebbe, 2 July 1986
Netanyahu's first meeting with Palestinian President Yasser Arafat at the Erez crossing, 4 September 1996
Netanyahu sitting with U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat at the Wye River Memorandum, 1998
Prime Minister Netanyahu, with his son, at the Western Wall in 1998.
Netanyahu in a meeting with President Dmitry Medvedev in Russia, 24 March 2011
Netanyahu with Yohanan Danino, appointed Israel's Chief of Police in 2011
Netanyahu, Hillary Clinton, George J. Mitchell and Mahmoud Abbas at the start of the direct talks, 2 September 2010
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Netanyahu, Jerusalem, 23 July 2014
Netanyahu and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
Netanyahu, Joseph Dunford and Jewish veterans of the Red Army, Victory Day in Jerusalem, 9 May 2017
Netanyahu meets with President Donald Trump in Jerusalem, May 2017
Netanyahu meets with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, 24 January 2018
President Trump, joined by Netanyahu behind, signs the proclamation recognizing Israel's 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights, March 2019
Israelis protest against Netanyahu outside his official residence in Jerusalem on 30 July 2020
Netanyahu's motorcade departs the Prime Minister's residence on the early morning of July 11, 2021, a month after his ouster as Prime Minister.
Netanyahu at a memorial service of Ethiopian Israeli immigrants, in honor of their friends who died on their way to Israel.
One of Netanyahu's campaign posters during the 2009 Israeli legislative elections reading "Strong in security. Strong in economy."
White House Abraham Accords signing ceremony on 15 September 2020
Netanyahu publicly supported the Trump peace plan for the creation of the State of Palestine.
Standing with Israeli Minister of Defense Ehud Barak, Netanyahu holds an Iranian instruction manual for the anti-ship missile captured in Victoria Affair, March 2011
Protest against U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel, Tehran, 11 December 2017
Israelis in Ashkelon run for shelter following a missile alert during Operation Protective Edge
Benjamin Netanyahu at the grave of his brother Yoni Netanyahu, who was killed leading a counter-terrorist operation in 1976
Netanyahu lighting Hanukkah candles on the first night in the Prime Minister's office in Jerusalem with his wife, Sara and their sons, Yair and Avner, 1996
Netanyahu and Barack Obama
Netanyahu and Donald Trump during the signing of the Abraham Accords on 15 September 2020
Netanyahu with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Jerusalem, 31 March 2019

As Finance Minister, Netanyahu undertook an economic plan in order to restore Israel's economy from its low point during the Second Intifada.

Netanyahu was reported to be in a pivotal moment over these understandings, that were reported to include a compromise over permission on continuing the already approved construction in the West Bank in exchange for freezing all settlements thereafter, as well as continuing building in East Jerusalem, and at the same time stopping the demolition of houses of Arab inhabitants there.

His mother was born in 1912 in Petah Tikva, then in Ottoman Palestine, now Israel.

Jerusalem municipal area

Status of Jerusalem

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Disputed in both international law and diplomatic practice, with both the Israelis and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as their capital city.

Disputed in both international law and diplomatic practice, with both the Israelis and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as their capital city.

Jerusalem municipal area
Israel's parliament
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing refugee camps, fences, walls, and what at the time they regarded as settlements.

The main dispute revolves around the legal status of East Jerusalem and especially the Old City of Jerusalem, while broader agreement exists regarding future Israeli presence in West Jerusalem in accordance with Israel's internationally recognised borders.

Prime minister during the second intifada, Ariel Sharon was unequivocal in his support for an undivided Jerusalem.