Eastern Air Lines

Eastern AirlinesEasternEastern Air TransportPitcairn AviationEastern AirEALEastern Air Lines, Inc.Eastern Air Transport IncorporatedEastern ShuttleFlight 14
Eastern Air Lines, also colloquially known as Eastern, was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991.wikipedia
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Eddie Rickenbacker

Edward V. RickenbackerCaptain Eddie RickenbackerEdward Vernon Rickenbacker
Eastern was one of the "Big Four" domestic airlines created by the Spoils Conferences of 1930, and was headed by World War I flying ace Eddie Rickenbacker in its early years.
He was also a race car driver and automotive designer, a government consultant in military matters and a pioneer in air transportation, particularly as the long-time head of Eastern Air Lines.

Frank Lorenzo

1983 strike of Continental Airlines pilotsFranz LorenzoSystemOne
Frank Lorenzo acquired Eastern in 1985 and moved many of its assets to his other airlines, including Continental Airlines and Texas Air.
He is most famous for his takeover of Eastern Air Lines, and his leadership of Texas International Airlines and its successor holding company Texas Air Corporation between 1972 and 1990, through which he formed or acquired a number of major U.S. airlines including Continental Airlines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, New York Air and People Express Airlines.

Miami International Airport

MiamiMiami, FloridaMiami Army Air Field
Before its dissolution it was headquartered at Miami International Airport in an unincorporated area of Miami-Dade County, Florida.
In the past, it has been a hub for Braniff International Airways, Eastern Air Lines, Air Florida, the original National Airlines, the original Pan American World Airways ("Pan Am"), United Airlines, Iberia Airlines and Fine Air.

Frank Borman

BormanFrank F. Borman IIBorman, Frank
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, during the deregulation, labor disputes and high debt loads strained the company under the leadership of former astronaut Frank Borman.
After retiring from NASA and the USAF in 1970, he became senior vice president for operations at Eastern Air Lines.

Eastern Air Lines Shuttle

Eastern Air Shuttle
Eastern pioneered hourly air shuttle service between New York City, Washington, DC and Boston in 1961 as the Eastern Air Lines Shuttle.
Eastern Air Lines Shuttle (or Eastern Air Shuttle) was the brand name of Eastern's air shuttle that began on April 30, 1961.

Pitcairn Aircraft Company

Pitcairn-Cierva Autogiro CompanyAutogiro Company of AmericaPitcairn Autogiro Company
Eastern Air Lines was a composite of assorted air travel corporations, including Florida Airways and Pitcairn Aviation.
The business started with the formation of Pitcairn Flying School and Passenger Service on 2 November 1924, which later became Eastern Airlines.

Airline

scheduled commercialairlinescarrier
Eastern Air Lines, also colloquially known as Eastern, was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991.
Some of the carriers that won these routes would, through time and mergers, evolve into Pan Am, Delta Air Lines, Braniff Airways, American Airlines, United Airlines (originally a division of Boeing), Trans World Airlines, Northwest Airlines, and Eastern Air Lines.

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International AirportAtlantaAtlanta, Georgia
American Airlines obtained many of Eastern's routes from Miami to Latin America and the Caribbean, while Delta Air Lines, Eastern's main competitor at Hartsfield Airport in Atlanta, acquired many of Eastern's Lockheed L-1011 aircraft.
Later those two airlines, now known as Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.

Floyd D. Hall

A new management team headed by Floyd D. Hall took over on 16 December 1963, and Rickenbacker left his position as Director and Chairman of the Board on December 31, 1963, aged 73.
Floyd D. Hall (April 4, 1916 – April 26, 2012) was an American businessman and pilot who served as chairman and chief executive of Eastern Airlines from 1964 to 1976 between the tenures of Eddie Rickenbacker and Frank Borman.

Trans World Airlines

TWATranscontinental & Western AirTranscontinental and Western Air
Although Eastern had purchased four 747s, the delivery slots were sold to Trans World Airlines (TWA) when Eastern decided to purchase the L-1011.
With American, United, and Eastern, it was one of the "Big Four" domestic airlines in the United States formed by the Spoils Conference of 1930.

Continental Airlines

ContinentalContinental Air LinesContinental Air Services
Frank Lorenzo acquired Eastern in 1985 and moved many of its assets to his other airlines, including Continental Airlines and Texas Air. In 1989, Lorenzo sold Eastern Air Lines Shuttle to real estate mogul Donald Trump (who named it the Trump Shuttle) while selling other parts of Eastern to his Texas Air holding company and its subsidiary, Continental Airlines, at terms disadvantageous to Eastern.
1987 saw the creation of Continental's OnePass frequent flier program (jointly with Eastern Airlines); and, in 1988, Continental formed its first strategic partnership (and the first international airline alliance of its kind) with Scandinavian Airlines.

North American Aviation

North AmericanNorth American Aviation, Inc.NA: North American
In 1929, Clement Keys, the owner of North American Aviation, purchased Pitcairn.
NAA did retain ownership of Eastern Air Lines until 1938.

Miami-Dade County, Florida

Miami-Dade CountyMiami-DadeDade County
Before its dissolution it was headquartered at Miami International Airport in an unincorporated area of Miami-Dade County, Florida.
After Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, New York City to an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County Around 1991 the Miami-Dade County lost a few corporations, including Eastern Airlines, which folded in 1991.

Lockheed L-1011 TriStar

Lockheed L-1011L-1011Lockheed Tristar
American Airlines obtained many of Eastern's routes from Miami to Latin America and the Caribbean, while Delta Air Lines, Eastern's main competitor at Hartsfield Airport in Atlanta, acquired many of Eastern's Lockheed L-1011 aircraft.
The original L-1011-1 first flew in November 1970 and entered service with Eastern Air Lines in 1972.

Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation

Lockheed Super ConstellationSuper ConstellationLockheed L-1049G Super Constellation
Initially 95-seat Lockheed Constellation 1049s and 1049Cs left New York-LaGuardia every two hours, 8 am to 10 pm, to Washington National and to Boston.
Eastern Air Lines ordered 10 aircraft, while Trans World Airlines (TWA) followed with an order for 14.

Logan International Airport

Logan AirportBostonBoston Logan International Airport
Initially 95-seat Lockheed Constellation 1049s and 1049Cs left New York-LaGuardia every two hours, 8 am to 10 pm, to Washington National and to Boston.
As of April 1957, the Official Airline Guide showed 49 weekday departures on American, 31 Eastern, 25 Northeast, 8 United, 7 TWA domestic, 6 National, 6 Mohawk, 2 TCA and one Provincetown-Boston.

Rolls-Royce RB211

RB211RB.211Rolls-Royce RB.211
Due to massive delays in the L-1011 program, mainly due to problems with the Rolls-Royce RB211 engines, Eastern leased two Boeing 747-100s from Pan Am between 1970 and 1972 and operated the aircraft between Chicago and San Juan as well as from New York to Miami and San Juan.
Eastern Airlines was interested, but required greater range and needed to operate long routes over water.

Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport

San JuanLuis Munoz Marin International AirportLuis Muñoz Marin International Airport
Services from San Juan, Puerto Rico's Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport were expanded.
The certified airlines operating in Puerto Rico in 1950 were Pan American World Airways, Eastern Air Lines, Riddle Aviation Co., Caribbean Atlantic Airlines, British Airways, Iberia, Dominican Airlines and Flying Tigers Airline.

Texas Air Corporation

Texas AirTexas Air CorpTexas Air Corp.
Frank Lorenzo acquired Eastern in 1985 and moved many of its assets to his other airlines, including Continental Airlines and Texas Air.
In 1986 the company acquired Eastern Air Lines and People Express, with its Frontier Airlines included.

If You Had Wings

If You Could Fly
It remained the official airline of Walt Disney World and sponsored a ride at the Magic Kingdom park (If You Had Wings in Tomorrowland where Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin is currently located) until its contracting route network forced Disney to switch to Delta shortly before Eastern's 1989 bankruptcy filing.
It was a two-person Omnimover dark ride in Tomorrowland in the Magic Kingdom, sponsored by Eastern Air Lines.

Rockefeller Center

Rockefeller PlazaSimon & Schuster Building30 Rockefeller Plaza
In 1975, Eastern was headquartered at 10 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City.
The remainder of the original complex originally hosted printed media as well as Eastern Air Lines.

LaGuardia Airport

La Guardia AirportLaGuardiaNew York–LaGuardia, New York
Initially 95-seat Lockheed Constellation 1049s and 1049Cs left New York-LaGuardia every two hours, 8 am to 10 pm, to Washington National and to Boston.
Even before the project was completed LaGuardia had won commitments from the five largest airlines (Pan American Airways, American, United, Eastern Air Lines and Transcontinental & Western Air) to begin using the new field as soon as it opened.

Colonial Airlines

Canadian Colonial AirlinesCities served
In 1956 Eastern bought Colonial Airlines, giving the airline its first routes to Canada.
The airline operated for a period of five years during which a fierce competition was fought for its control between Eastern Air Lines and National Airlines.

Trump Shuttle

Trump Airlinesairline industryTrump Air
In 1989, Lorenzo sold Eastern Air Lines Shuttle to real estate mogul Donald Trump (who named it the Trump Shuttle) while selling other parts of Eastern to his Texas Air holding company and its subsidiary, Continental Airlines, at terms disadvantageous to Eastern.
The landing rights and some of the physical assets necessary to operate the shuttle flights were originally part of Eastern Air Lines and known as the Eastern Air Lines Shuttle.

Douglas DC-8

DC-8Douglas DC-8-62McDonnell Douglas DC-8
In 1960, Eastern's first jets, Douglas DC-8-21s, started to take over the longer flights, like the non-stops from Chicago and New York to Miami.
In the closing months of 1955, other airlines rushed to follow suit: Air France, American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, and Sabena ordered 707s; United Airlines, National Airlines, KLM, Eastern Air Lines, Japan Air Lines, and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) chose the DC-8.